JIM FARR’S NUMISMATIC BIBLIOGRAPHY
This is an annotated bibliography of what I have in my own personal numismatic library. It is not a comprehensive bibliography of all references pertinent to my interests, only what I actually own. I am always interested in knowing about important references that I don’t have, and I am especially always interested in receiving copies of articles from their authors if I don’t have them in my library.
I have not yet begun adding articles and bibliographies of authors that are available on-line unless I have printed them out to include in my own library.
I have written the annotations to make them easy for me to search. Names of Islamic dynasties are spelled as they are in Steve Album’s Checklist of Islamic Coins. I can find all references about the Golden Horde, Mamluks, Germany, Bavaria, Ireland, Yemen, etc, by searching the text for those key words. It’s not perfect, but it offsets my inability to remember what I have.
If you would like for me to send this bibliography to you as a WordPerfect or Word file, or if you would like to contact me about anything else, please email me at email@example.com.
Please note that I am neither a lending library nor a photocopy service. I am not a professional numismatist, only an avid collector. I have recently retired as a conservation biologist and use my time to pursue my coin hobby and other interests, to play with my dogs, to keep up my home, to travel a bit, and otherwise to relax. I simply do not have the time to make photocopies of my rare or out-of-print books or lengthy articles, so please don’t ask me to do it. The American Numismatic Association lends its books to members, the American Numismatic Society will photocopy short articles for members, and most libraries have an interlibrary loan service. Try them. That is how I got many of the works in my own library.
Entries with an asterisk (*) before the author are references added since the last update. A search for * will find the new titles.
Updated December 28, 2017
‘Abd al-Rahman, Husayn. Al-Nuqud. Matba’at al-Itimad, Cairo, 1940. Photocopy.
An introduction to the Islamic coinage of Egypt, beginning with the Umayyads and ending in 1939. It covers Umayyad, Abbasid, Fatimid, Ayyubid, Mamluk, Ottoman and post-Ottoman coinage. Very nice overview, easy to use.
‘Abd al-Wahhab, H. H. Al-nuqud al-Arabiyya fi Tunis/History of Tunisian Coinage. Banque Centrale de Tunis, Tunis, 1968. In Arabic. Photocopy.
The catalogue of the bank’s collection of Tunisian coinage. Includes ancient coins, Umayyad, Abbasid, Fatimid, Zirid of Qayrawan, and Hafsid dynasties. Legends written out.
Abramenko, V. V. O Meste Chekanki Genuezsko-tatarskikh Asprov s Bol’shoi Bukboi T/ On the Place of Minting Genoese-Tatar Aspers with a Large Letter T. In: Khromov, K. K., Vostochnaya Numizmatika v Ukraine: Ulus Dzhuchi, Krymskoe Khanstvo i Sopredel’nye Gosudarstva, XIII - XVIII vv, Sbornik Publikatsii Chast’ III, Izdatel’stvo Logos, Kiev, 2013, pp. 51-59.
Once thought to be struck in Tana, the author concludes that the coins were actually struck at Kaffa for use by the Golden Horde, not the Genoese in Kaffa. The article includes many photographs and drawings of this enigmatic type.
Abramishvili, Tamara Ysonovna. Katalog Trapezundskikh Asprov i Zapadnogruzinskikh Monet (Kirmaneuli) Gos. Muzeya Gruzii/ Catalogue of Trebizond Aspers and West Georgian Coins in the National Museum of Georgia. Tbilisi, 1984. (In Georgian, with Russian summary).
Catalogue of 456 Trebizond coins. The text is in Georgian, so it doesn’t help me much, but the plates are decent and there are tables with variations in legends. Unfortunately, the numbers don’t match up with the text descriptions or the plates.
Abywardene, T. M. de Silva. Price Catalogue of Ancient Coins of Ceylon. Careem & Co., Colombo, Ceylon, 1952.
An overview of the coinage of Ceylon. It concentrates primarily on the ancient coinage (B.C. 600 through the Kandy coinage), but also includes types through 1815. Several plates of minimal quality. There is a brief historical and geographical overview. Valuations in Ceylonese currency are included.
Adrianov, Yaroslav. Russkiye Monety 1700 - 2000 Godov: Istoricheskii Obzor I Katalog/ Russian Coins from 1700-2000: Historical Survey and Catalogue. Perm’, Russia, 2001.
Catalague of coins of Russia from the reign of Peter I (the Great) through the Soviet Union and post-Soviet Russia. An oversized book with good plates. Much data on individual issues and an attempt at valuations with comparisons to Krause.
Agat, Nurettin. Altinordu (Cuci Ogullari) Paralari Katalogu, 1250-1502/Catalogue of Coins of the Golden Horde (Jujid Dynasty), 1250-1502. Edebiyat Fakultesi Matbaasi, Istanbul, 1976.
Comprehensive treatment of the Islamic Golden Horde dynasty, with earlier issues of the Giray Khans included. No illustrations, but Arabic legends written out for all types, and a list of mints and dates precedes coin descriptions for each ruler. There is also a brief treatment of Sufid coinage. Tables and indexes of legends, mints, dates, varieties of tamgas.
Ahlstroem, Bjarne. Sveriges Besittningsmynt, 1561-1878. B. Ahlstroem Mynthandel AB, Stockholm, 1967. In Swedish, German and English.
Coins of Swedish possessions. Includes Reval, Narva, Riga, Livland, Elbing, Thorn, Pommern, Stralsund, Wismar, Bremen-Verden, Stade, Augsburg, Erfurt, Fuerth, Mainz, Nuernburg, Osnabrueck, Wuerzburg, Saint Bartholomew, and Uncertain mints.
Ahlstroem, Bjarne, Yngve Almer and Bengt Hemmingsson. Sveriges Mynt, 1521-1977. Numismatiska
Bokfoerlaget AB, Stockholm, 1976. Swedish and English.
Coins of Sweden.
Ahlstroem, Bjarne, Bernard F. Brekke, and Bengt Hemmingsson. Norges Mynter. Numismatiska Bokfoerlaget 7AB, Stockholm, 1976. Swedish and English.
The coinage of Norway from the Viking Age (ca. 995) through 1975.
al-’Ajjabi, Hamid. Jama’al-maskukat al-’arabiyya bi-Ifriqiya/ Collection of Arabic coins from Africa. Vol. I. Publications de l’institut National du Patrimoine, Tunis, 1988. In Arabic.
Catalogue of Islamic coins in the Musee du Bardo, Tunis. Includes Umayyad, Abbasid, Aghlabid, Fatimid, Zirid of Qayrawan, Hafsid, and early Ottoman coinage. Legends written out, good photographic plates.
al-’Ajjabi, Hamid. Jama’al-maskukat al-’arabiyya bi-Ifriqiya/ Collection of Arabic coins from Africa. Vol. II. Publications de l’institut National du Patrimoine, Tunis, 1996. In Arabic.
A continuation of the Islamic coinage in the Musee du Bardo. Includes later Ottoman and Husaynid coinage.
Akerman, John Yonge. Tradesmen’s Tokens Current in London and its Vicinity between the Years 1648 and 1672. Originally published London, 1849. Reprint by Burt Franklin, London, 1969.
A description of 2461 tokens of England from the 17th century, many with notes about the establishments or personalities who issued the tokens. Includes a token of James Farr (no. 711) of Fleet Street.
Akin, Alexander. The Sino-Sogdian Coinage of the Ikhshids of Samarkand. Unpublished Manuscript, Harvard University, January 19, 1998.
A nice historical overview of the relationship between China and the merchants of Sogdiana and a description of the square-holed Sogdian coins. The author drew from original Chinese sources that have not been treated elsewhere, and he also commented on various customs as gleaned from contemporary art. There are details about several of the rulers that I have not seen elsewhere.
Akindinov, S. V., A. M. Kamyshev and P. N. Petrov. Balasagun i Ordu - Monetnye Dvory Vtoroi Chetverti XIII Veka (Novye Fakty iz Istorii Kyrgyzstana)/ Balagasaghun and Ordu - Minting Centres of the 2nd Quarter of the 13th Century (New Facts from the History of Kyrgyzstan). Epigrafika Vostoka XXIX, pp. 14 - 28, 2011
Chingizid coins discovered in Kyrgyrstan from Ordu and Balasaghun. One of Ordu is dated AH 620, one of Balasaghun AH 630. Others undated. Coins are photographed with full descriptions..
Akopyan, A. V. Tipologiya Monetnogo Chekana Gyandzhi v. 1172-1217 gg.x./ The Typology of Coins Struck in Ganja from 1172-1217 AH. Pp. 84-87 In: Pyatnadtsataya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsia, Gosudarstvennyi Istoricheskii Muzei, Moscow, 2009.
Twelve coins struck in Ganja during the time of the Khanate, including those struck in the name of Nadir Shah Afshar, anonymous coins of the Khanate, and coins of the Georgian occupation.
Akopyan, A. V. Serebrynyi Chekan Gyandzhinskogo Khanstva (1747-1814)/ Silver Coinage of the Ganja Khanate (1747-1814). Epigrafika Vostoka XXIX, pp. 29-38, 2011.
Description of 13 different types of the Ganja Khanate. Nice photos, full descriptions with Arabic legends.
*Akopyan, A. V. Dvin v XI-XII vv. Istoriya Goroda v Svete Novogo Numizmaticheskogo Materiala/ Dvin in the 11th and 12th Centuries. The History of the Town in Light of New Numismatic Material. Pp. 245 - 275 In: T. N. Dzhakson and A. V. Akyopyan (eds.) Polytropos: Sbornik Nauchnykh Statei Pamyati Arkadiya Anatol’evicha Molchanova (1947-2010), Izdatel’stvo Indrik, Moscow, 2014.
Description of new types found in a hoard in the ancient city of Dvin. Includes Shaddadid coins of Shawur b. Fadl I, Byzantine coins after Dvin changed from Shaddadid hands, resumption of Shaddadid coinage under Abu Nasr Iskandar b. Shawur, apparent city coinage, anonymous with the legend min Allah. There followed Seljuq coins, Akhdabid coinage, Amir of Erzurum and Shams al-Din Ildegiz. Coins are described with Arabic legends written out and shown in high-quality photographic plates.
*Akopyan, A. V. and D. L. Aleksanyan. Gyandzhinskii Klad i Mednyi Chekan Kakhetinskogo Trarstva/ The Ganja Hoard and Copper Coins of the Kingdom of Kakhet’i. Epigrafika Vostoka XXXI, pp. 147 - 170, 2015.
A group of 44 previously unknown coins found in Ganja, from the Kakhet’i Kingdom in Eastern Georgia and Zagem, the capital. The coins are from the 1520s - 1550s, and some are dated AH 993. One of the coppers is of the la’nat type. Photographs, line drawings.
Akopyan, A. V. and I. K. Pagava. Neopublikovannyi Fels’ Abu Sa’ida, Chekanennyi v Barda’/ An Unpublished Fals of Abu Sa’id Struck in Barda’. P. 195 In: Trudy Mezhdunarodnykh Numizmaticheskikh Konferentsii. Monety i Denezhnoye Obrashchenie v Mongol’skikh Gosudarstvakh XIII-XV Vekov. IV - MNK Bolgar 2005, V - MNK Volgorad 2006, Numizmaticheskaya Literatura, Moscow, 2008.
An Ilkhan copper of Abu Sa’id from the mint of Barda’.
Aksenov, N. S. O Nachale Chekanki Polydeneg v Smolenskom Knyazhestve/ The Beginning of Striking Half Dengas in the Smolensk Principality. Numizmatika No. 2 (21), pp. 26-29, May, 2009.
Three principal types of coins from the 14th-15th centuries. The first two are anepigraphic with a lion on one side. The first group has a tamga that looks like a Cyrillic ‘yu” on its side. The second group has a column like the Lithuanian countermarks on Golden Horde coins. The third group has a lion with a legend around. The lion is looking left on one type, behind on another. Very nice photographs of the coins. The term “poludenga” is synonymous with “polushka.”
Aksenov, N. S. Chekanka Monet Knyazem Ivanom Vladimirovichem Pronskim/ The Coins of Prince Ivan
Vladimirovich Pronski. Numizmatika No. 4 (23), pp. 28-32, November, 2009.
Golden Horde coins with tamgas of Ryazan as countermarks. There is one very nice coin with the tamga on both sides of a coin that is not a countermark. Very good photos.
Aksenov, N. S. Nadchekanka Monet i Platezhnykh Slitkov v Tovarno-Denezhnykh Otnosheniyakh Rusi Posle 1369 g./ Countermarked Coins and Payment Bars in the Commodity-Monetary Relationship in Rus after 1369. Numizmatika 2010, No. 3, pp. 9-16, 2010.
Analysis and discussion of Ryazan and other nice countermarks on coins of the Golden Horde and on silver payment bars (grivnas?).
Aksenov, N. S. Nadchekanka Dzhuchidskikh Monet v Novosil’skom Knyazhestve i ee Motivatsiya/ Countermarked Jujid Coins in the Novosilka Principality. Numizmatika No. 2 (29), pp. 15-18, May, 2011.
Rare and unusual countermarks on Golden Horde coins and payment bars (Grivnas).
*Alaedini, Bahram. Persian Copper Coins from Safavids to Qajars. Yassavoli Publications, Tehran, 2013.
A photographic catalogue of 262 civic coppers. Each coin is depicted with a high-quality photograph and legends completely written out. There are no comprehensive catalogues of Persian civic copper coinage, so each new publication adds more to the published examples. My only complaint about this one is that it does not include catalogue numbers, so one must make reference to page numbers. There are two coins per page. Very nicely done.
Album, Stephen. An Umayyad Hoard from Afghanistan. ANS Museum Notes, Volume 17, pp. 241-246, 1971.
A description of 131 Umayyad silver dirhams found in Afghanistan. There was one new mint, Masabadhan, and four other previously unpublished types.
Album, Stephen. Notes on the Coinage of Muhammad ibn al'Husayn al'Rawwadi. Reprint from Revue
Numismatique, 6th serie, Volume XIV, 1972.
A note on the history and coinage of the short-lived Rawwadid dynasty of Azerbayjan (997-1016).
Album, Stephen. Power and Legitimacy: The Coinage of Mubariz al-Din Muhammad ibn al-Muzaffar at Yazd and Kirman. Le monde iranien et l'Islam, Vol. 2, pp. 157-171, 1974. Photocopy
A note on the Islamic Muzaffarid dynasty in southern Iran from the 14th century. In particular it describes the use of inscriptions on coins to legitimize power, especially using the names of the Caliph or other dynastic overlords.
Album, Stephen. A Hoard of Silver Coins from the Time of Iskandar Qara Qoyunlu. Numismatic Chronicle, Seventh Series, Vol. XVI, pp. 109-157, 1976. Photocopy.
A description of a hoard of Islamic coinage of the Qara Qoyunlu, Shirvanshah and Timurid dynasties. Much history, descriptions of coins with Arabic legends. Photographic plates.
Album, Stephen. Samanid Oversize Dirhams of the Fourth Century A.H. (Tenth Century A.D.). Numismatic Chronicle, Seventh Series, Vol. XVI, pp. 248-254, 1976.
A critical review of Mitchiner's treatise on multiple dirhems.
Album, Stephen. Marsden's Numismata Orientalia Illustrata. Attic Books, Ltd., New York, 1977.
A revised an updated edition of Marsden's original work published in 1823. Provides a decent general overview of Islamic coinage with values and bibliographies. Good historical overviews preceding each section. Sections on Far Eastern coinage very incomplete and not very useful. Nicely illustrated with line drawings.
Album, Stephen. The Coinage of Nur-Award, Atabeg of Lur Buzurg, 751-57 H./A.D. 1350-1356. Reprint from The American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, Volume 22, 1977.
The history and coinage of the only apparent Atabeg of Lur Buzurg in Iran to issue coinage (1350-1356).
Album, Stephen. A further note on Tamerlane & Babur. Numismatics International, Vol. 14, pp. 210-212, 1980.
A historical note that includes information on the relationships among the Mongols, Chaghatayid, Timurids and Sufids. No coin descriptions.
Album, Stephen. A late sixteenth century countermarked copper from Isfahan. Numismatics International, Vol. 16, pp. 55-57, 1982.
A description of a countermarked la’nat falus from Isfahan. It is the only published description of the la’nat coinage of the second period of Iranian civic coppers. The legend is translated, but not written out in Persian or transliterated.
Album, Stephen. Studies in Ilkhanid History and Numismatics. I. A Late Ilkhanid Hoard (743/1342). Studia Iranica, Vol. 13, pp. 49-116, 1984. Photocopy.
A description of a hoard of 281 silver coins of the late Islamic Mongol Ilkhanid dynasty, mostly from southern Iraq and southern Iran. Includes complete descriptions of coins and much historical information.
Album, Stephen. Studies in Ilkhanid History and Numismatics. II. A Late Ilkhanid Hoard (741/1340) as
Evidence for the History of Diyar Bakr. Studia Iranica, Vol. 14, pp. 43-76, 1985.
A description of a hoard of 273 silver coins of the Islamic Mongol Ilkhanid dynasty, mostly from the Jazira. Includes full coin descriptions, nice plates and an analysis of the history of the dynasty as elucidated from the coins.
Album, Stephen. Private Collection of Abbasid Coins. 1986?
Copy of Steve’s notes on his Abbasid collection. His handwritten descriptions of 726 Abbasid gold, silver and copper coins from his personal collection prior to its inclusion in the collection at Tuebingen. Legends meticulously written out by hand, alphabetically by mint, in date order within mints.
Album, Stephen. An Arab-Sasanian Dirham Hoard from the year 72 Hijri. Reprint from Studia Iranica, Volume 21(2). Published by the L'Association pour l'avancement des etudes Iraniennes, 1992.
A description of a hoard of countermarked Sasanian coins and later Arab-Sasanian types.
Album, Stephen. A Checklist of Popular Islamic Coins. Published by the Author, Santa Rosa, California, 1993.
A listing of Islamic coin types with rarity indices. Brief historical notes precede each section. Not illustrated. Important bibliographic information for specific dynasties.
Album, Stephen. The Coming of Age of Islamic Numismatics. Yarmouk Numismatics, Volume 7, pp. 37-46, 1995. Offprint.
A discussion of the rapid development of Islamic numismatics during the previous two decades, both in academic circles and in the collector-commercial (dealer) realm. The author relates several anecdotes of advances in the field from his own experience as both researcher and dealer and makes a case for systematic publication of collections, both private and public, either in print or electronically.
Album, Stephen. An Overview of the Coinage of Sistan. I. Before the Mongols. Yarmouk Numismatics, Volume 10, pp. 11-30, 1998.
An overview of the coins of Sijistan, Zaranj, Nimruz and Bust. It is not a catalogue or description of coins, but rather a narrative of the numismatic history. It includes Arab-Sasanian, Umayyad, Abbasid (with a table of names found on the coins), Tahirid, Saffarid, Samanid, Tamimid, and Ghaznavid. He gives a great synopsis of the succession of rulers and dynasties at each mint.
Album, Stephen. An Overview of the Coinage of Sistan. II. After the Mongols. Yarmouk Numismatics, Volume 11, pp. 7-17, 1999.
A continuation of his Sistan narrative. Includes Kart, Chingizid, Mehrabanid, Timurid, Shaybanid and Safavid.
Album, Stephen. Sylloge of Islamic Coins in the Ashmolean. Volume 10. Arabia and East Africa. Ashmolean Museum Oxford, 1999.
This is a fantastic and welcome volume on the coins in the Ashmolean, particularly the Shamma collection. It is the only recent and relatively comprehensive work on Arabian (especially Yemen) and East African dynasties. Dynasties covered in the catalogue are Abbasid, Fatimid, Rasulid, Qasimid, Sulayhid, Ziyadid, Najjahid, Mahdid, Ayyubid, Rassid, ‘Alid Rebel, Khwalanid, Amirs of ‘Athar, Tarafid, Zuray’id, Banu Sama, Wajihid, Buwayhid, Mukramid, Umayyad, Ikhshidid, Qarmatid, Harar, Kilwa, Mogadishu, Mombasa, Pemba and Zanzibar. Everycoin is photographed (not always clearly), legends are written out in Arabic, there is good introductory material, and fantastic bibliography and index. The book to have if you need the Arabian Peninsula or East Africa.
Album, Stephen. Sylloge of Islamic Coins in the Ashmolean. Volume 9. Iran after the Mongol Invasion.
Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 2001.
The second volume to appear in the Sylloge of Islamic Coins in the Ashmolean. It contains 1797 coins from more than 160 mints and 32 dynasties (including Civic Coppers) It is very heavy in Ilkhan, Muzaffarid, Jalayrid, Eretnid, Timurid, Safavid and later Shahs of Iran, Durrani, Barakzai, Aq Qoyunlu, Qara Qoyunlu and the Civic Coppers. Other dynasties are the Great Mongols (Chingizids), Golden Horde (a few rare mints, not the common mints), Walid, Ghilzay, Sarbadar, Amirs of Badakhshan, Khans of Karabakh (in Panahabad), Alikozay, Qalhat Amirs of Hormuz, Shirvanshahs (Khaqanid), Burhanid, Khans of Shimakhi, Injuyid, Qutlughkhanid, Khans of Ganja, Amir of Qunduz (Qunduz and Hisar mints), Mehrabanid and Kart. The collection tends to have many rarities, but not the common coins of the dynasties covered. This is a first-class catalogue with complete legends written out in Arabic and outstanding photos. A definite treasure.
Album, Stephen. Damghan and Bistam. Undated handwritten manuscript.
Hand list of 89 coins from Damghan and five coins from Bistam. Dynasties include Great Mongols, Ilkhans, Sarbadar, Walid, Chaghatayid, Timurid, Shaybanid and Safavid. Legends meticulously written out by hand, some coins with line drawings of cartouches and other designs.
Album, Stephen. Album Collection Inventory. Undated typed manuscript.
A list of Injuyid, Atabegs of Lur Buzurg, Muzaffarid, Jalayrid, Sarbadar, Walid, Mar’ashi Sayyid, Rebellion of Akhi Juq, Kart and Mehrabanid coins in his collection. Listed only by mint, date, metal and denomination, most with other descriptive notes. No other descriptions or illustrations.
Album, Stephen and Tony Goodwin. Sylloge of Islamic Coins in the Ashmolean. Volume 1. The Pre-Reform Coinage of the Early Islamic Period. Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, 2002.
This is a remarkable book. Not only is it a Sylloge of an impressive collection of Arab-Sasanian and Arab-Byzantine coins, but it also contains more than 100 pages of very thorough analysis of iconography, historical surveys, typology, provincial summaries, lists of mints, metrology, dates and dating, countermarks, imitations, forgeries, and chronologies. The book is well-indexed and has two good maps of mint locations. Steve Album did the Arab-Sasanian coinage (504 coins), and Tony Goodwin did the Arab-Byzantine (238 coins).
Alekseev, V. P. and P. G. Loboda. Materialy po Numizmatike i Arkeologii Drevnego Severnogo Prichernomor’ya/ Material on the Numismatics and Archaeology of the Northern Coast of the Black Sea . Sbornik Vestnikov Odesskogo Muzeya Numizmatiki Bypuski NoNo 1-30, Odesskii Muzei Numizmatiki, Odessa, 2008.
A collection of 30 papers written between 1999 and 2008 published in a single volume by the Odessa Numismatic Museum. Alekseev and Loboda wrote 29 of the reports, all on ancient coinage of Ukraine. Their papers are primarily on different rulers of Cimmerian Bosporus, but also include Tyra, Pantikapaion, Cherson, Olbia, Nikonia, Rome and others. A high-quality publication on thick glossy paper with excellent photos. One report is by Lebedev on Golden Horde coins of Qrim, listed separately in this bibliography.
Alfian, T. Ibrahim. Mata Uang Emas Kerajaan - Kerajaan di Aceh. Seri Penerbitan Museum Negeri Aceh, 1979. Photocopy.
A listing of gold coins from Atcheh. Each type is described with Arab legends transliterated, but not written out in Arabic. Each type is photographed.
Ali, Wijdan. Islamic Coins during the Umayyad, Abbasid, Andalusian and Fatimid Dynasties. Publication No 4046, Foundation for Science Technology and Civilisation, Manchester, 2004.
An 11-page overview of the early history of Islamic coinage. A few nice color photographs of representative coins.
Alieva, G. Materialy k Katalogy Monet Timura, Chekanennykh v Gorodakh Zapadnovo Irana i
Azerbaidzhana/Material towards a Catalogue of the Coins of Timur Struck in Towns of Western Iran and Azerbaijan. In: Rtveladze, E. V. (Ed.), Numizmatika Uzbekistana, Akademiya Nauk Uzbekskoi CCR, Tashkent, 1990, pp. 83-99.
A description of 123 coins of Timur, founder of the Timurid dynasty. Includes legends written out in Arabic.
Allan, John. Offa’s Imitation of an Arab Dinar. Numismatic Chronicle, 4th Series, Volume 14, pp. 77-89, 1914.
Examination of a unique gold Mancus of Offa (Anglo Saxon King of Mercia, 757-796). It is an inexact copy of an Abbasid Dinar of al-Mansur dated AH 157 (774 CE) with Offa Rex added to the center of the reverse. Anglo-Saxon England had significant trade relations only with the Carolingian Empire, so it is suggested that Offa became acquainted with the Abbasid Dinar through this route. The Carolingians in turn had close trading relations with the Muslim East, and significant quantities of Arab gold would have been expected in France as a result.
Allan, John. Catalogue of the Coins in the Indian Museum Calcutta, Volume IV: Native States. Originally published in Calcutta, 1926. Reprint by Indological Book Corporation, New Dehli, 1976.
The Indian coins of the Indian States. Each state has a brief introduction, then coins are listed with legends written out. Very useful as a supplement to or substitute for Krause. The plates are decent.
Allan, John. A Catalogue of the Indian Coins in the British Museum: Coins of Ancient India. Originally
published 1936. Reprinted by Eastern Book House, Patna, India, 1989.
Mostly Punchmarked coins of the Mauryan Empire and tribal issues of ancient India. Nicely organized to facilitate identification of types. The plates are mediocre, typical of Indian reprints.
Allen, Derek. An Introduction to Celtic Coins. British Museum Publications, London, 1978.
An introduction to the Celtic coinage of all of Europe, from the Danubian basin to England.
Allen, Derek and Daphne Nash. The Coins of the Ancient Celts. Edinburgh University Press, 1980.
An in-depth view of Celtic coinage throughout Europe, with a substantial bibliography and 41 plates.
Alptekin, Coskun. Selcuklu Paralari. Selcuklu Arastirmalari Dergisi, Volume 3, pp. 435-559, 1971. (Photocopy)
A description of 237 coins of the Great Seljuqs. Legends are written out completely but not transliterated or translated. All devices like swords, stars, etc. are drawn, and there is a table that allows one to find coins with different symbols on them. There are eleven plates of photographs which are probably excellent in the original, but they lose a lot in the photocopy.
Alram, Michael. Iranisches Personennamenbuch. Band IV. Nomina Propria Iranica in Nummis. Verlag der Oesterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, 1986.
Massive folio-sized book (larger even than Tuebingen) of ancient coins of Persia and Central Asia. It includes ancient Greek (Scythia, Pontos, Bosporus, Paphlagonia, Bithynia, Lycia, Cappadocia, Sophene, Armenia, Commagene, Greek Imperial, Byzantine), Achaemenid, Arsakid, Elymais, Characene. Persis, Sasanid, Ispahbads in Tabaristan, Sakas, Pahlavas, Yueh-chih, Sogdian, Baktria, Kushan, Kushano-Sasanian, Iranian Huns. One of the few references for Sogdian and other Central Asian coins that actually writes out the inscriptions as found on the coins as well as the transliteration. Especially strong in the Persian dynasties and the only catalogue I have found that is good for Persis. Plates are in a separate volume so can be examined alongside the descriptions in the text.
Alram, Michael, Reinhard Haertel and Manfred Schreiner (editors) Die Fruehzeit des Friesacher Pfennigs (etwa 1125-30 - etwa 1166). Verlag der Oesterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Wien, 2002.
An incredibly thorough analysis of the early time of the Friesacher Pfennigs of Austria and Germany. There are three articles, as follows:
Baumgartner, Ingeborg, Schriftquellen zur Fruehzeit der Pfennigs. Eine Einfuehrung, pp. 35-134.
A lengthy discourse on literary sources covering the origin and striking of the coins.
Winter, Heinz. Die Fruehzeit des Friesacher Pfennigs: Die Numismatische Evidenz, pp. 135-466.
Analysis of the coins providing a chronology and typology of the early issues. There is also a lengthy catalog of the early issues, including Salzburg, Kaernten, Aquileia, and modern forgeries. The catalogue contains more than 1000 coins. Also an analysis of hoards and a correlation with catalogue numbers from other works on these coins. There are 32 plates showing hundreds of different coins.
Linke, Robert and Manfred Schreiner. Materialanalytische Untersuchungen am Friesacher Pfennig Mittels Energiedispersiver Roentgenfluoreszenzanalyse, pp. 467-513.
Metallurgical analysis of the coins.
Aman ur-Rahman. Zahir-uddin Muhammad Babur: A Numismatic Study. Published by the author (with proceeds donated to the Himalayan Wildlife Foundation), Karachi, Pakistan, 2005.
The book begins with a chronology of Babur’s life emphasizing events with numismatic relevance. There is then a long treatment of the legends on his coins showing the evolution of his titles and explaining their relevance. Next there is a bit on Economy and Coin Circulation followed by a nice history of all of the mint towns that struck coins for Babur. Finally there is a fantastic catalogue of all known types of Babur’s coins, all with great photographs.
American Numismatic Society. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum. The Collection of the American Numismatic Society. Part 6. Palestine - South Arabia. American Numismatic Society, New York, 1991.
Beautiful oversized Sylloge volume covering Graeco-Palestine, Jewish Issues (Yehud, Hasmonaean, Herodian, Procurators, Jewish War against Rome, Judaea Capta, Roman administration under Domitian, Bar Cochba War, Provincial City Issues) Coins of the Decapolis and Provincia Arabia, South Arabia Felix (Sabaeans, Himyarites). Covers the so-called widow’s mites and the little concave Himyarite issues.
American Numismatic Society. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum. The Collection of the American Numismatic Society. Part 9. Graeco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek Coins. American Numismatic Society, New York, 1998.
Smaller format than Part 6, prepared by Osmund Bopearachchi. Includes pre-Seleucid coins of Bactria, Seleucids of Bactria, Bactrian and Indo-Greek. 1745 Coins are described and photographed. There are indices of Legends, Monograms and Symbols, and Types, as well as a table of monograms and an explanation of the Kharoshthi alphabet. Unlike Part 6, there are brief historical notes included throughout.
Amitai-Preiss, Nitzan and Reuven Amitai Preiss. Two Notes on the Protocol on Hulegu’s Coinage. Studies in Memory of Paul Balog. Israel Numismatic Journal, Volume 10, pp. 117-128, 1988-1989.
Traces the origin of the term Ilkhan and its use as an indication of subservience to Mongke, the great khan. Uses several examples of Ilkhan coinage of Hulagu to show the different protocols.
Andrews, Arthur. Australasian Tokens and Coins. Originally published by The Mitchell Library Foundation, Sydney, 1921. Reprinted by the Trustees of the Public Library of New South Wales, Sydney, 1965.
One of the classics on tokens and coins of Australia. Especially important for the token issues, which are fully described and accompanied by nice photographic plates. Nicely indexed.
Anokhin, V. A. Monetnoye delo Khersonesa I-III vv. n.e. Numizmatika i Epigrafika IV, pp. 3-88, 1963.
An extensive early article by Anokhin on the coinage of Cheronessus on the northern coast of the Black Sea (roughly AD 24 - 300). There is a long narrative numismatic history of the coinage followed by a catalogue of almost 300 coins. All of the legends of the coins are written out, and there are decent photos of them on plates. A nice article.
Anokhin, V. A. Monetnoye Delo Khersonesa (IV v. do n. e. - XII v. n. e.)/ The Coinage of Chersonesus, IV Century B. C. - XII Century A. D. Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 1977.
The original Russian edition of Anokhin (1980) on the ancient coins of the Black Sea area of Chersonesus.
Anokhin, V. A. The Coinage of Chersonesus, IV Century B. C. - XII Century A.D. Originally published in Russian. Translated by H. Bartlett Wells. BAR International Series 69, Oxford, 1980.
A historical overview of the ancient coinage of Cherronesus from early Greek through Byzantine issues. It includes a catalogue of 480 coins arranged by period, each coin photographed. Cherronesus is on the Bosporus on the northern coast of the Black Sea.
Anokhin, V. A. Monetnoe Delo Bospora. Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 1986.
Numismatic history and catalogue of the coins of Pantikapaion and Cimmerian Bosporus. The plates are decent, and many more coins are photographed than there are in his later work on Bosporus coinage. There is a rather extensive bibliography including perhaps 100 references in Russian.
Anokhin, V. A. Monety Antichnykh Gorodov Severo-Zapadnogo Prichernomor’ya/ Coins of the Ancient Cities of the Northwest Black Sea Coast. Naukova Dumka, Kiev, 1989.
A historical treatment and catalogue (in Russian) of coinage of the northern coast of the Black Sea. Most of the coinage is from Olbia, but there are also coins from Carcine, Cercinitis, and Tyra. The catalogue includes 566 coins, all photographed. Ancient Greek and Greek Imperial periods.
Anokhin, V. A. Istoriya Bospora Kimmeriiskogo/ The History of Cimmerian Bosporus. Odigitriya Numizmatika, Kiev, 1999.
A beautiful, well-illustrated overview of the coins of Cimmerian Bosporus. It includes Pantikapeion (with coins attributed to specific rulers) through the later Cimmerian Bosporus rulers. It is loaded with history and numismatic analyses.
*Anokhin, V. A. Antichnye Monety Severnogo Prichernomor’ya/ Ancient Coins of the Northern Coast of the Black Sea. Izdatel’skii Dom “Stiloc,” Kiev 2011
A catalogue of more than 2,200 coins of the area around southern Ukraine, each photographed and fully described. The book is only a catalogue, no historical overviews or other discussion. Coins are from the ancient cities of Thrace including Tyra, Olbia, Chersonessus, Feodosiya, Pantikapaion, Fanagoria, Cimmerian Bosporus and others. Very well done. Includes a nice photo of the author with his dog.
Anonymous. Al-nuqud al-tunisiyya abra al-tarikh/ History of Tunisian Coinage. Banque Centrale de Tunis, 1993. (In Arabic)
A slick bank publication illustrating the history of Tunisian coinage. There are beautiful color photos and a nice bibliography. There is more text than usual for a bank publication. The summaries of different periods might be good practice for learning Arabic vocubulary pertaining to history and numismatics.
Anonymous. Chelovek i Priroda v Pamyatnikakh Numizmatiki/ People and Nature in Numismatic Memorials. Gosudarstvennyi Ermitazh, St. Petersburg, 1996.
A booklet from the Hermitage Museum showing the portrayal of animals on coins and medals and a few famous people on medals. The coins are mostly, but not all, Russian.
Anonymous. Adventure Across the National Parks: Collection 2010-2021 “America the Beautiful” Quarters and Other Coins. Whitman Publishing, Atlanta, Georgia, 2010.
An introduction to coin collecting with a page on each park or national monument that will be featured on the new series of United States quarters.
Anton, William T., Jr. and Bruce Kesse. Forgotten Coins of the North American Colonies. Krause Publications, Iola, WI, 1992.
A catalogue and classification system for counterfeit English and Irish coppers that circulated in the North American colonies. Includes a few evasion pieces. Great photos.
Arab Bank Limited. Islamic Coins: A Selection of Islamic Coins Used Since the Beginning of Islam up to the Ottoman Period. Amman, Jordan, 1980.
A slick publication published on the occasion of the bank’s 50th anniversary. It has selected enlarged photos of several dynasties, including Sasanian, Arab-Sasanian, Arab-Byzantine, Umayyad, Abbasid, Tulunid, Aghlabid, Ikhshidid, Fatimid, Sulayhid, Zurayid (Yemen), Murabitid, Muwahhid, Hafsid, Hamdanid, Seljuq, Artuqid, Zengid, Ayyubid, Ilkhan, Mamluk and Ottoman. The few coins pictured have legends written out and translated. A few maps and charts. Bilingual (Arabic and English).
Arif, Aida S. A Treasury of Classical and Islamic Coins: The Collection of Amman Museum. Arthur Probsthain, London, 1986.
A mediocre catalogue of the coins in the Amman Museum. It includes Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Arab-Byzantine, Umayyad, Abbasid, Fatimid, Ayyubid, and Ottoman. The legends of all coins are written out, but not transliterated or translated. The plates are awful, done on nice paper, but so small as to be useless for identifying the coins in them.
Ariza Armada, Almudena. Un “Quirate” Almohade Anonimo, Acunado en Ceuta. III. Jarique de Numismatica Hispano-Arabe. Museo Arqueologico Nacional, Madrid, pp.355-372, 1990.
Description of an anonymous bronze square dirham of the Muwahhid dynasty struck in Ceuta (Sabta). Suggests it could be a contempory off-metal counterfeit or maybe a trial strike. Legends written out, photo.
Arroyo, Henri. Un Tresor de Dirhams de la Fin de l’Empire Merinide. Revue Numismatique, 6th Series, Vol. XVI, pp. 115-122, 1974. Photocopy.
Description of a hoard of Merinid square dirhams found near Meknes in Morocco. Each type is described in full with the legends written out in Arabic. There are photos of each of 18 coins.
Arroyo, Henri. Le Monnayage du Prince Buyide Taj ad-Dawla Abul-Husayn. Revue Numismatique, 6th Series, Vol. XX, pp. 113-116, 1978. Offprint.
A description of previously unknown Buwayid dirhams struck during the reign of Taj ad-Daula Abu’l-Husayn. Legends written out in Arabic and translated into French. Coins of this ruler were previously unknown.
Arroyo, Henri. Un Titre Monetaire Inedit du Sultan Saljuqide Sanjar ibn Malik Shah (512-552 A.H. = 1117-1157 A.D. Revue Numismatique, 6th Series, Vol. XXI, pp. 225-228, 1979.
The description of a new type of Great Seljuq dinar of Sanjar bin Malik Shah with a title, Malik raqab al-imam, not previously known.
Artuk, Ibrahim. Denizbaci Definesi/The Denizbaci Hoard. Turk Tarih Kurumu Basimevi, Ankara, 1966.
The description of an important hoard of Islamic coins found in Turkey. The dynasties included are Umayyad, Abbasid, Abbasid partisans, Umayyads of Spain, Idrisids, Aghlabids and Khalaf bin al-Muda, a contemporary of the Idrisids. The coins are fully described with Arabic legends written out. Good photos of reduced size.
Artuk. Ibrahim. Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Adina Basilan Sikkeler/Coins stuck in the Name of Suleyman the Magnificent. Turk Tarih Kurumu Basimevi, Ankara, 1972.
Comprehensive listing of the coins of the Islamic Ottoman Suleyman I (The Magnificent). The book is arranged by mint, with all types described with full Arabic legends. Nice photographic plates.
Artuk, Ibrahim and Cevriye Artuk. Istanbul Arkeoloji Muezeleri Teshirdeki Islami sikkeler Katalogu. Volumes I and II. Milli Egitim Basimevi, Istanbul, 1971-1974.
A catalogue of Islamic coins in the Istanbul Archaeological Museum. Includes descriptions of almost 2600 coins with 108 photographic plates. Full Arabic legends written out where legible. Particularly strong on Anatolian coinage.
Artuk, Ibrahim and Cevriye Artuk. Artukogullari Sikkeleri/Coins of the Artukids. Sumer Kitabevi, Istanbul, 1993.
A description of 154 coins issued by the Islamic Artuqid dynasty, all branches. Arabic legends written out, and many different dates of individual types described. All coins nicely photographed. Very good fold out genealogies. Includes coins with inscriptions only, so goes beyond Spengler and Sayles.
[Artuk, Ibrahim]. A Festschrift Presented to Ibrahim Artuk on the Occasion of the 20th Anniversary of the
Turkish Numismatic Society. The Turkish Numismatic Society, Istanbul, 1988.
A collection 20 papers on Turkish/Islamic numismatics. Papers are in Turkish, English or French, with some in more than one language. Particularly useful papers on Ottoman coinage in Yemen, previously unpublished coins of the Ottoman Ibrahim Bey, coins struck at Belgrad, and a paper on two Ilkhanid coins that bear the month, day and year they were struck.
Ashirov, S. A. And A. V. Kuznetsov. Klady i Kladoiskateli/ Hoards and Treasure Hunters. Akademii Nbauk Respubliki Uzbekistan, Izdatel’stvo ‘FAN’, Tashkent, 2009. (In Russian)
The first part of this book is a series of short articles about hoards and the people who found them. The remainder of the book is a list of important centrral Asian hoards arranged geographically with references to their descrptions. Covers ancient Khwarezm and Chach through Islamic coins of the Qarakhanids. Nice photos at the end.
Atakhodzhaev, A. Kh. and R. A. Imamberdiev. Novyi Samanidskii Monetnyi Dvor Khaqand/ A New Saminid Mint Khaqand. Numizmatika Tsentral’noi Azii, Vol X, pp. 109-114, 2011.
A Samanid Fals in the name of al-Malik I b. Nuh from AH 349 with the mint name Khaqand, written with and alif before the -qand and after a waw. This mint was apparently unknown prior to the Qarakhanids. Whether the mint is Khuqand, as previously read (with an inadvertent alif) or Khaqand (with a superfluous waw) seems to be unresovled.
Awad, Henri Amin. Seventh Century Arab Imitations of Alexandrian Dodecanummia. ANS Museum Notes, Vol. 18, pp. 113-117, 1972.
A brief note on early Islamic Arab-Byzantine coinage.
Aydin, Sennur. Kudret ve Huner: Sikke’nin iki Yuzu/Power and Skill: The Two Faces of a Coin. Yapi Kredi Bank, Istanbul, 1994.
The first of the series of catalogues of exhibitions of the bank’s coin collection. It includes a general history of the origin of Islamic coinage, then covers Arab-Byzantine, Arab-Sasanian, Umayyad, Umayyad of Spain, Abbasid, Tulunid, Fatimid, Ayyubid, Mamluk, Idrisid, Aghlabid, Tahirid, Saffarid, Banijurid, Sajid, Wajjahid (Oman), Samanid, Ikhshidid, Buwayhid, Marwanid, Rassid (2nd period), Rasulid, Shirvanshah. Beautiful color photos. Bilingual (Turkish and English).
Aydin, Sennur. Dogu-Bati Arasi Bir Gokkusagi: Selcuklu Sikkeleri/A Rainbow Linking East and West: Coins of the Seljuqs. Yapi Kredi Coin Collection Exhibitions No. 2. Yapi Kredi Bank, Istanbul, 1994.
A catalogue of a collection of coins of the Islamic Seljuqs of Rum. Includes a brief history of the dynasty and its coinage, with high quality enlarged photographs of a selection 93 coins. Does not include full Arabic inscriptions, but translates portions of many of them.
Aykut, Nezihi. Osmanli Deveti’nden Turkiye Cumhuriyeti’ne Devredilen Kaimeler ve Osmanli Bankasi
Banknotlari/ Ottoman Paper Money and Imperial Ottoman Bank Banknotes Transferred Ottoman Empire to Turkish Republic. Yapi ve Kredi Bankasi A. G., Numismatik Yayinlari No. 10, Istanbul, 1979.
One of the Yapi ve Kredi Bank’s booklets on Turkish numismatics. This one is an overview of Ottoman banknotes, written in Turkish with an English summary. Thirty-five different banknotes are described, all with reduced-size black-and-white photos.
Aykut, Nezihi. Some Coins of Mas’ud I, Qilijarslan II, and the Maliks. American Journal of Numismatics, Vol. 7-8, pp. 161-186, 1995-1996.
The numismatic history of the earliest times of the Seljuqs of Rum. It includes the individual sons of Qilij Arslan II who served as maliks of different portions of their territory.
Aykut, Tuncay (and Sevket Pamuk). Ak Akche. Mogol ve Ilhanli Sikkeleri (Mongol and Ilkhanid Coins). Yapi Kredi Yayinlari Ltd Sti, Istanbul, 1992.
A catalogue of Islamic Mongol (Chingizid) and Ilkhan coins in the Yapi ve Kredi Bank collection. Includes a general chapter on money, history and numismatics (by Pamuk), then a monetary history of the Mongol and Ilkhan dynasties, a thorough description of all coin types in the collection, and a catalogue of all coins. All coins photographed in color, all types fully described with photos, drawings, transliterations and translations. Text is bilingual (Turkish and English).
Azimov, R. And E. Rtveladze. Catalogue of Antique and Medieval Coins of Central Asia. Volume I. National Bank for Foreign Economic Activity of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, 1997.
A beautiful catalogue of 100 coins from the collection of the National Bank of Uzbekistan. It includes Achaemenids, Alexander the Great, Seleucid, Greco-Bactrian and imitations, Bactira, Indo-Greek, Parthia, Indo-Parthian, Kushan, Sasanian and imitations and countermarks, Hephthalite, Khoream, Chach, Sogdian, Turgesh Khanate, Bukhara, China, Umayyad, Abbasid, Arab-Sasanian, Samanid, Khwarizmshahs, Chaghatayids, Golden Horde, Timurid, Manghits of Bukhara, Khans of Khoqand, Khans of Khiva. Every coin is photographed enlarged and in color, and again at actual size in black and white.
Babaev, K. V. Monety Tmutarakanskogo Knyazhestva/ Coins of the Tmutarakan Principality. Drevlekhranilische, Moscow, 2009.
The Principality of Tmutarakan was a Black Sea enclave around present-day Kiev (Ukraine) in the 10th and 11th centuries CE. Most of their coins known to collectors are derived from Byzantine coinage. This book greatly expands the known types of Tmutarakan coinage into a single volume and suggests a chronology. The variety of types is much greater than I ever suspected. The book is published on high-quality glossy paper with excellent, crystal clear photographs, often accompanied by line drawings. A wonderful book for those interested in coinage and history of Russia, the Ukraine and the Black Sea.
Bacharach, Jere L. A Few Unpublished Mamluk Dirhems. ANS Museum Notes, Vol. 14, pp. 163-169, 1968.
A brief addendum to Balog's corpus on Mamluk coinage. It includes nine coins not found in Balog.
Bacharach, Jere L. The Dinar versus the Ducat. International Journal of Middle East Studies, Volume 4, pp. 77-96, 1973.
An examination of Mamluk monetary policy. Venetian Ducats, long an international currency, became a local Mamluk coinage in AH 801/ 1399 CE. The author examines why this occurred, why the Mamluks considered this unacceptable, and why it took a quarter of a century to respond with gold Dinars in Mamuk lands.
Bacharach, Jere L. The Coinage of Kafur: A Cautionary Tale. Studies in Memory of Paul Balog. Israel
Numismatic Journal, Volume 10, pp. 71-79, 1988-1989.
A discussion of Ikhshidid coinage with the Arabic letter kaf, and conclusions about the pitfalls of relying solely on numismatic evidence for establishing historical facts.
Bacharach, Jere L. Islamic History through Coins: An Analysis and Catalogue of Tenth-Century Ikhshidid Coinage. American University in Cairo Press, Cairo and New York, 2006.
Two-part book. The first explains what the study of coins can tell us about the people who issued them. Uses Ikhshidid coins to elucidate history of the dynasty. There follows a catalogue of coins issued by the Ikhshidids in all metals, including presentation pieces.
*Bacharach, Jere L. Signs of Sovereignty: The Shahada, Qur’anic Verses, and the Coinage of ‘Abd al-Malik. Muqarnas, Volume 27, pp. 1-30, 2010.
Very interesting analysis of changes in Arab-Byzantine and Arab-Sasanian coinage under the Umayyad ‘Abd al-Malik leading up to the conversion to an all-epigraphic coinage. The author postulates that all fo the changes had meaning directed toward either internal Kharijite opponents or external Byzantine foes. The domination of the all-epigraphic gold coinage after its introduction is ascribed to the fact that the weight standard was slightly less than that of prior Arab-Byzantine coinage and was traded by number of coins, not by weight. Gresham’s law prevailed.
Badarch, Nyamaa. The Coins of Mongol Empire and Clan Tamgha of Khans (XIII-XIV). Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, 2005.
(My review of the book for ONS Newsletter 186)
This is a beautifully produced book that should be in the library of anyone interested in the history and coins of the Mongol dynasties. The author was born in Mongolia and graduated as a historian-translator from the Institute of Asia and Africa of the University of Moscow. In recent years he has devoted himself to the collection and study of Mongol coins. His new book is a welcome result of his interest.
The first part of the book is an extensive and detailed analysis of the tamghas, symbols of individual clans and tribes, found on Mongol coins. As the author explains in his introduction, when a clan would split from another clan, the new clan would adopt a new tamgha formed by adding to or otherwise modifying the tamgha of the parent clan. This sets up the premise of his analysis that the evolving tamghas found on coins of the Chingizids, Golden Horde (Jujids), Ilkhans (Hulaguids), Chaghatayids and the Yuan Dynasty reflect the political and familial relationships of the issuers of the coins.
The analysis of the tamghas on coins is accompanied not only by line drawings and photographs of the coins on which the tamghas are found, but also by archaeological sites, artifacts, and contemporary artwork and documents with personal seals of the Mongol khans. There are also numerous diagrams showing the relationships among different tamghas and a final summary table showing how tamghas changed over time from the parent tamgha through the various divisions of the Chinghizids into separate dynasties and as modified by individual rulers.
The second part of the book attempts to be a comprehensive discussion of all known coins with Mongol inscriptions in Uighur or Phags-pa script. Each coin is photographed, and the Mongol inscriptions are written out, analyzed and translated. The author compares his translations to those of other scholars and explains his preferences based on Mongol history and religion. It is also pointed out that many of the Mongol legends are also found on official state seals of Mongol khans.
The section on Mongol script also continues to identify tamghas on coins. Both the tamgha and Mongol script sections of the book contain relevant historical notes.
The final part of the book is a catalogue of the Mongol coins in the author’s private collection. It contains 233 coins carefully selected by the author for their variety and quality. The catalogue is organized with two coins per page, each with an enlarged clear photograph, a smaller line drawing, metric information (diameter and weight) and a translation of the legends. While not a comprehensive collection, it contains some very rare coins that have not been published elsewhere, as well as well-struck and well-preserved examples of more common types. It is clearly a collection assembled by someone with a good eye for quality.
In short, the book is both important to numismatics and a delight to look at. Perhaps the highest compliment I can pay to the author is that his work clearly shows his love and appreciation for the history and coins of his homeland. He chose not only to provide his analyses of the material, but also to present the material in a manner that transcends the narrow subject matter. This is a book that I can unhesitatingly recommend to anyone interested in coins or Asian history.
Badarch, Nyamaa. Description of Mongol Scripts on the Ilkhanid Golden Coins. P. 196 In: Trudy Mezhdunarodnykh Numizmaticheskikh Konferentsii. Monety i Denezhnoye Obrashchenie v Mongol’skikh Gosudarstvakh XIII-XV Vekov. IV - MNK Bolgar 2005, V - MNK Volgorad 2006, Numizmaticheskaya Literatura, Moscow, 2008.
Transliteration and translation of Uighur legneds on gold coins of Abaqa, Ahmad, Arghun, Gaykhatu and Baidu. Nice photographs and line drawings of the obverse (with Mongol script) of all five coins.
Bahrfeldt, Emil. Das Muenzwesen der Mark Brandenburg. Three volumes. Original published by Verlag von W. H. Kuehl, Berlin, 1889, 1895 and 1913. Reprinted by Zentralantiquariat der deutschen demokratischen Republik, Leipzig, 1975.
The Coinage of Brandenburg, Germany.
Baidoun, Issa M. Sylloge of Islamic Coins in the Israel Museum. The Paul Balog Collection. Egypt, Vol. III, The Mamluks 1248-1517. EUT Edizioni Universita di Trieste, Trieste, 2011.
A high-quality catalogue of a very important collection of Mamluk coinage. Includes a contribution by Warren C. Schultz on Mamluk Mints in Egypt and the Islamic Monetary Tradition. There is also a biography of Paul Balog by Stefan Heidemann and Haim Gitler. Laid out in standard Sylloge format with coin descriptions and metrology on one page, photographs on the facing page.
*Baitanaev, B. A., A. O. Bragin and P. N. Petrov. Sairamskii Klad Timuridskikh Monet/The Sayram Hoard of Timurid Coins. Book 1, Part 1. Khikari, Almaty, 2014.
A hoard of 2669 coins, the majority Timurid, plus Jalayrid, Golden Horde, Qara Qoyunlu, Kart, Mehrabanid, Taghatimurid, and Chaghatayid. Coins are fully described with Arabic legends and plates of Petrov’s usual outstanding photographs. A monstrous and impressive work.
*Baitanaev, B. A., A. O. Bragin and P. N. Petrov. Sairamskii Klad Timuridskikh Monet, Kmiga II, Nadchekany/ The Sayram Hoard of Timurid Coins, Book 2, Coountermarks. Almaty, 2015.
A continuation of their earlier two books on this hoard, this time the descriptions of 2016 Timurid coins with countermarks. A beautiful production.
Balaguer, Anna M. Early Islamic Transitional Gold Issues of North Africa and Spain in the American
Numismatic Society. ANS Museum Notes, Volume 24, pp. 225-241, 1979.
A description of 11 dinars and 7 fractions from Spain and North Africa. All have Latin inscriptions or are anepigraphic. Full descriptions of coins and photographic plates.
Balaguer, Anna M. Las Emisiones Transicionales Arabe-Musulmanas de al-Andalus: Nueva Sintesis. I. Jarique de Estudios Numismaticos Hispano-Arabes, Institucion Fernando el Catolico, Zaragoza, pp. 11-28, 1988.
A discussion of the early transitional Arabic coins in Spain with Latin or bilingual legends. Mostly text, with some Latin inscriptions.
[Baldassari, Silvio] Islamic Coins: The Umayyad and Abbasid Dynasties. The Collection of Silvio Baldassari. Auction Leu 62, 18th May 1995 in Zurich, Leu Numismatics Ltd., Zurich.
A catalogue of 742 lots of Umayyad and Abbasid coins in gold and silver (no copper). It also includes dirhams of the Abbasid revolutionaries. A high proportion of the coins are photographed, and there are many rarities in the collection.
Balog, Paul. Tables de references des monnaies ikhchidites. Revue belge de Numismatique, Vol. 103, pp. 107-134, 1957. Photocopy.
Coins of the Islamic Ikhshidid dynasty of Egypt and Syria. Descriptions of coins, lists of dates/mintmarks. Bibliography.
Balog, Paul. The Coinage of the Mamluk Sultans of Egypt and Syria. ANS Numismatic Studies No. 12, New York, 1964.
An extensive work on the coinage of the Islamic Mamluk dynasty of Egypt and Syria. The standard work.
Balog, Paul. The Coinage of the Mamluk Sultans: Additions and Corrections. ANS Museum Notes, Vol. 16, pp. 113-171, 1970.
An update to his major corpus on Mamluk coinage.
Balog, Paul. The Fatimid Glass Jeton. Parts 1 and 2. Annali del Instituto Italiano di Numismatica, Volume 18/19, pp. 175-264, 1971-1972, and Volume 20, pp. 121-212, 1973.
The description of 435 glass jetons from the Fatimid dynasty in Egypt. The catalogue follows an introductory section explaining the history of study of these glass pieces, a discussion of their probably use in Fatimid society, and an explanation as to why they are so abundant. Many of the pieces are photographed in several high quality plates.
Balog, Paul. Umayyad, ‘Abbasid and Tulunid Glass Weights and Vessel Stamps. American Numismatic Society Numismatic Studies No. 13, New York, 1976.
Fantastic work describing over 900 glass weight and vessel stamps of the caliphate and Tulunids. There is good introductory material analyzing the wieghts and measures, chronological lists of officials, indexes of legends, substance names in English and Arabic, great photos and descriptions. Certainly one of the most important works on these objects, especially when combined with the earlier works of George Carpenter Miles.
Balog, Paul. New Considerations of Mamluk Heraldry. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, Vol. 22, pp. 183-211, 1977.
A discussion of the origins of heraldic devices found on Islamic coins of the Mamluk dynasty. It is a revision and extension of ideas presented in his corpus on Mamluk coinage.
Balog, Paul. La monetazione della Sicilia araba e le sue imitazioni nell’Italia meridionale. In: F. Gabrieli and U. Scerrato, Gli Arabi in Italia, Milano, 1979, pp. 611-628. (Photocopy)
A nice work on coins of Sicily with Arabic legends. It includes Aghlabid, Fatimid, and Norman coins as well as coins of the rebel Muhammad b. ‘Abbad. There is a decent historical overview in Italian, then discussions of the coins. No legends written out, but the plates are decent even in photocopy. Spahr and Travaini are definitely better, but this is the only reference I have found to the rebel coins of Muhammad b. ‘Abbad.
Balog, Paul. The Coinage of the Ayyubids. Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication Number 12, London, 1980.
The standard work on the Islamic Ayyubid dynasty, which existed in Egypt, Syria and western Arabia from 1169-1260 (AH 567-828). Includes a historical outline, genealogies, a discussion of each mint that issued coins, and an extensive catalogue with full descriptions of coins. Does not translate legends. There are indexes for mints and dates. Excellent photographic plates.
Bangkok National Museum. Coins in Thailand. Bangkok National Museum, Bangkok, 1973.
A decent bilingual book showing an overview of the history of the coinage of Thailand from the early Funan Kingdom to modern times. It includes a variety of bullet money, toks, Chieng money, tiger tongues, and other non-traditional forms of coinage. Photos are black and white.
Bank Negara Malaysia. The Currency Legacy: A Guide to Bank Negara Malaysia’s Collection. Bank Negara Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 1989.
A nice bank publication on coins and currency in the bank’s collection. It is primarily Malaysian coinage from primitive cowries, animal money, tampangs, hat money, through coinage of individual states, Dutch, Ceylonese, modern and world coins and banknotes. Very well done.
Bank Negara Malaysia. The Legendary Kijang. Bank Negara Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 1992.
A very well done bank publication. The Kijang, or muntjac or barking deer, is a small deer native to India and the Malaysian peninsula. It is featured on small gold coins of Kelantan from the 16th century, 20 of which are photographed in this publication. It also includes a brief history of Malaysia and Kelantan, a history of the Kijang coins, a myths surrounding the coins. Very informative. The Kijang is also the bank’s symbol or logo.
Bank Negara Malaysia. Johor Currency Heritage. Bank Negara Money Museum, Kuala Lumpur, 1994.
A nice publication giving an overview of the history of Johor and its coinage, followed by a catalogue of gold, silver and tin coins from there. There is an excellent bibliography. Very well done and actually useful.
Bank Negara Malaysia. Pameran Matawang Perdagangan Kepulauan Melayu/ Exhibition on Trade Currency of the Malay Archipelago. Money Museum Unit, Bank Negara Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 1995.
A catalogue that accompanied a coin exhibit. It is bilingual (Malay and English). Includes primitive money, odd forms like tampangs and animal money, coins of individual states, Sumatra, Indonesia, Atcheh, Java, Brunei, Trade dollars (U. S., South American, Hong Kong, British, etc.), British Sumatra and Java, Portuguese, Singapore. Nice photos, but all in black and white.
Bank Negara Malaysia. Terengganu Currency Heritage. Money Museum Unit, Bank Negara Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 1995.
Beautiful done overview of coinage of Terengganu. Includes a history of Terengganu and a catalogue of gold and tin coinage. The tin coinage includes the privately minted tokens (Jokoh) issued by various Chinese Kapitans. Excellent bibliography. Great supplement to Singh.
Bank Negara Malaysia. Kedah and Perlis Currency Heritage. Money Museum Unit, Bank Negara Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 1996.
Another very well done publication on Malaysian coinage by the Central Bank of Malaysia. This one has a history of Kedah and Perlis. Most of the booklet is devoted to coins of Kedah in Gold, Silver, Copper and Tin, including tin cockerels. There is only one coin from Perlis. There is an excellent bibliography. Great supplement to Singh.
Banque Centrale de Tunisie. Numismatique et Histoire de la Monnaie en Tunisie. Tome I. L’Antiquite. Tunis, 2006.
A magnificent large-format hardbound catalogue of the ancient coins of Tunisia, most from the bank’s collection. The first part of the book is a numsmatic history with high-quality photographs of coins, artifacts, ruins, maps and artwork. The second part is the catalogue of the coins. It covers Punic, Numidia, Roman, Vandals, Byzantine and Arab-Byzantine periods.
Banque Centrale de Tunisie. Numismatique et Histoire de la Monnaie en Tunisie. Tome II. Monnaies Islamiques. Tunis, 2007.
The second equally magnificent volume in this three-volume series. As in the first volume, it is divided into a richly illustrated numismatic history and a catalogue of the coins. It covers Umayyad, Abbasid, Aghlabid, Fatimid, Zirid, Hafsid, Almoravid, Almohadid, Merinid, Tulunid, Umayyad Spain, Ayyubid, glass vessel stamps and weights of the Abbasids and Fatimids, Ottoman, Pre-Husaynid, and Husaynid coins in the name of Ottoman sultans.
Banque Centrale de Tunisie. Numismatique et Histoire de la Monnaie en Tunisie. Tome III. L’Monnaie Contemporaine. Tunis, 2008.
The third and final volume in this series. This volume covers the modern period from the French Protectorate through modern independent Tunisia. It includes coins (including commemoratives), banknotes and medals. A truly impressive set of books.
Barag, Dan. The Islamic Candlestick Coins of Jerusalem. Studies in Memory of Paul Balog. Israel Numismatic Journal, Volume 10, pp. 40-48, 1988-1989.
An attempt to devise a chronology for the different types of Umayyad fulus with a candelabra and to assign the type to a particular historical event. It does not mention the alternative hypothesis that the candelabra may, in fact, be an inverted mosque.
Bartzak, Andrzej. The Early Abbasid Dinars of the Petrovci Hoard. Vjesnik Arheološkog muzeja u Zagrebu , 3rd Series, Volume XXX-XXXI, pp. 259-271, 1997-1998.
A small hoard of nine Abbasid dinars found in Petrovci, Serbia. The coins range in dates from AH 136 (al-Saffah/al-Mansur) to AH 172 (Harun al-Rashid). The coins were found with a gold torque, one gold earring and two pearls. Finds of Islamic dinars in Europe are rare.
Basok, Alexander. Imitations of 11th Century Byzantine Coins Found on the Taman Peninsula. The Celator, Volume 12, Number 11, pp. 6-15, 1998.
The history and coinage of the Tmutarakan Principality in present-day Ukraine. The coinage is derived from 11th Century Byzantine copper coinage. The author shows the different die varieties that he has discovered. One of the only accessible articles on these rare coins.
Basok, Alexander. Neizvestnye Zolotye Monety Shakhin Gireya/ Unknown Gold Coins of Shahin Giray.
Desyataya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Pskov, 15-20 April, 2002, pp.97-100, 2002.
Four alleged gold coins of Shahin Giray, the Giray Khan. (Several people who have seen the coins are convinced that the coins are forgeries, that gold coins of the Giray Coins do not exist).
Basu, S. P. The Second Supplementary Catalogue of Coins to Volume 1 of the Indian Museum Catalogue. Indian Museum, Calcutta, 1977.
Additions to the IMC collection of ancient India. Includes some punchmarked coins of the Mauryan Empire. Plates are better than most Indian publications.
Bates, Michael L. Notes on some Isma'ili Coins from Yemen. ANS Museum Notes, Vol. 18, pp. 149-162, 1972.
Islamic coinage of the Zuray'id and Sulayhid dynasties. This is a discussion of the history of the dynasties, not a description of the coins.
Bates, Michael L. The "Arab-Byzantine" Bronze Coinage of Syria: An Innovation by 'Abd al-Malik. In: A Colloquium in Memory of George Carpenter Miles (1904-1975), American Numismatic Society, pp. 16-27, 1976. Photocopy.
A discussion of the earliest Islamic coinage. He makes the case that it is not merely a continuation of Byzantine coinage and attempts to establish a chronology.
Bates, Michael L. The Coinage of the Mamluk Sultan Baybars I: Additions and Corrections. American
Numismatic Society Museum Notes, Vol. 22, pp. 161-181, 1977.
Additions and corrections to the coinage of the Islamic Mamluk sultan Baybars as described in Balog's corpus.
Bates, Michael L. The Ottoman Coinage of Tilimsan. ANS Museum Notes, Volume 26, pp. 203-214, 1981.
Gold coins of the Ottomans in Tilimsan (Tlemcen), Algeria. Sulayman I through Ahmad I. Full descriptions of coins and legends.
Bates, Michael L. History, Geography and Numismatics in the First Century of Islamic Coinage. Revue Suisse de Numismatique, Volume 65, pp. 231-261, 1986. Photocopy.
An analysis of 1st century Umayyad coinage of Damascus, with a plea for better comparative work of coinage issued by mints. It is a good rational historical work with criticism of earlier works on early coinage of the caliphate.
Bates, Michael. The Coinage of Spain under the Umayyad Caliphs of the East, 711-750. III. Jarique de
Numismatica Hispano-Arabe. Museo Arqueologico Nacional, Madrid, pp. 271-289, 1990.
A discussion of Latin and bilingual gold coins of the Umayyads in Spain. Latin legends are written, but not Arabic. No photos or drawings.
Bates, Michael L. The coinage of Mismar b. Salm, ruler of al-Qatif. In: Shaikh Abdullah bin Khalid al-Khalifa and Michael Rice, Bahrain through the Ages: The History. Kegan Paul International, London and New York, pp. 98-103, 1993.
Description of twelve silver and silver-plated copper coins in the name of Mismar b. Salm. Historical records indicate Mismar was head of a ruling family in al-Qatif (historical Bahrain, present-day Saudi Arabia). The coins were found in nearby Jubayl. The copper coins are undated, silver coins dated AH 273. Legends written out, mediocre photographs.
Bates, Michael. Khurasani Revolutionaries and al-Mahdi’s Title. Pp. 279-317 In: Farhad Daftary and Josef W. Meri (Eds.) Culture and Memory in Medieval Islam: Essays in Honour of Wilferd Madelung, The Institute of Ismaili Studies, I. B. Taurus, London and New York, 2003.
The author uses coin legends and contemporary accounts t o examine the beginning of the use of laqabs instead of given names (isms) as their offical names. Al-Mansur was the first Caliph to use a laqab as his official name. He began this practice in AH 145 after defeat of revolutionaries in Khurasan. His son began using the laqab al-Mahdi at the same time, with his title first appearing as a laqab on silver coins of al-Rayy in AH 145 where he was governor. Earlier coins in Khurasan with reference to al-Mahdi (Bukhara 143) have a religious meaning identifying him as “The Mahdi” rather than as a laqab. Neat use of coins to elucidate early Islamic history.
*Bates, Michael. The Coinage of al-Shash and Ilaq in the Caliphate. Unpublished Manuscript, pp. 1-42, 2008.
A nice review of the early (Abbasid) coinage of al-Shash (Chach, Tashkent), Binkat, Ma’din al-Shash and Nawkat Zakariya in its historical context. Needs to be published.
Battenberg, Christoph. Die Sammlung der Siegelstempel im Kentner-Museum Hannover. Sammlungskatalog 3, Kesnter-Museum Hannover, 1985.
A selection of 122 medieval and modern seals, mostly German, from the collection in the Kentner-Museum in Hannover, Germany. Each seal is described in detail with explanations of all the devices in the more complex design. The photographs are very clear and show both the seal as negative and as a positive impression. There are also historical notes explaining why a particular seal was made and for what it was used.
Batur, Enis. Asya'dan Anadolu'ya Inen Ruezgar: Beylikler Donemi Sikkeleri/The Wind Blowing from Asia to Anatolia: An Exhibition of Beylik Period Coins. Coin Collection Exhibitions 3, Yapi Kredi Bank, Istanbul, 1994.
A bilingual (Turkish and English) catalogue of an exhibit of Anatolian coinage. Enlarged photos with transliterations and translations of legends, historical introductions to each dynasty. Very well done. Includes Salduqids, Menkujakids, Danishmendids, Artuqids, Qarasids, Saruhan, Aydin, Germiyanid, Inanchids (Denizli, Ladik), Hamit, Menteshe, Eshrefid, Alanya, Eretnid, Qadi Burhan al-Din, Isfendiyarid, Karamanid. Good bibliography of major references.
Baumgartner, Egon. Die Bluetezeit der Friesacher Pfennige. I. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des
inneroesterreichischen Muenzwesens im 13. Jahrhundert. Numismatische Zeitschrift 73: 75-106, 1949. Xerox copy, in German.
Austrian pfennigs of the 13th century.
Baumgartner, Egon. Die Bluetezeit der Friesacher Pfennige. II. Die Friesacher Grenzmuenzung.
Numismatische Zeitschrift 78: 14-57, 1959. Xerox copy, in German.
Austrian coinage of the 13th century.
Baumgartner, Egon. Die Bluetezeit der Friesacher Pfennige. III. Die Friesacher Grenzlandmuenzung
(Fortsetzung und Schluss). Numismatische Zeitschrift 79: 28-63, 1961. Xerox copy, in German.
Austrian coinage of the 13th century.
*Bayani, Malekzade. Tariq Sikka/ Coin’s History, Volumes 1 and 2 (in a single volume). University of Tehran Press, 1394/1974.
A general study of ancient coins of Persia from Greek times through the Parthians. In Persian, so not really useful to me.
*Bayerische Vereinsbank. Raritaeten der Bayerischen Vereinsbank: Muenzen und Medaillen, Ausgrabungen, Miniaturen und Orden zu Festpreisen. Bayerische Vereinsbank, Munich, 1973.
A fixed-price catalogue of rarities from the collection of the Bayerische Vereinsbank. More than 200 coins and other things nicely photographed in black and white with brief descriptions. Mostly ancient and German, but world coins as well. Nicely done.
Beckenbauer, Egon. Bayerische Muenzkataloge. Band 5. Die Muenzen der Reichsstadt Regensburg. Hugo Geiger Verlag, Gruenwald, 1978.
The coinage of Regensburg (Bayern, Bavaria) from earliest times through the 18th century, with a catalogue from 1510 until 1803.
Bedoukian, Paul Z. Coinage of the Artaxiads of Armenia. Royal Numismatic Society Special Publication Number 10, London, 1978.
One of the key references on the coinage of the ancient Artaxiads, who ruled Armenia from before BC 190 until around 10 AD. There is a good historical overview of the different rulers, a long discussion of numismatic developments during each reign, and a catalogue with decent black and white plates.
Bedoukian, Paul Z. Coinage of Cilician Armenia. Revised Edition. Published by the Author, Danbury,
Connecticut, 1979. Original Edition published by the American Numismatic Society as Numismatic Notes and Monographs No. 147 in 1962.
A revised edition of the standard reference on the coinage of Cilician Armenia. It covers Armenia from Baron Roupen (1080-1095) through Levon V Lusignan (1373-1375), who surrendered the kingdom to the Moslems. The book includes an extensive bibliography, a decent history of the time, and excellent section on trade and commerce, an overview of the coinage, an extensive corpus of coins with all known variants on legends, an index of legends to facilitate identification, and 12 plates.
Bedoukian, Paul Z. The Copper of the Later Kings of Cilician Armenia. ANS Museum Notes, Volume 15, pp. 131-135, 1969.
A brief article about copper poghs of Levon the Usurper (1363-1365) and Gosdantin (1365-1374) of Armenia. There are nice enlarged line drawings of the coins and photographs in the plates.
Begovatov, E. A. Novyi Klad Kuficheskikh Monet Vblizi Bilyarska/ A New Hoard of Kufic Coins found near Bilyarsk. Pp. 237-239, In: I. V. Belotserkovskaya (ed.) Nauchnoye Naslediye A. P. Smirnova I Sovremenniye Problemy Arkheologii Volgo-Kam’ya. Trudy Gosudarstvennovo Istoricheskovo Muzeya Volume 122, Moscow, 2000.
The most interesting coins found were Ma’munid from the reign of ‘Ali b. Ma’man and a few Ziyarid dirhams. The author analyzes the hoard in light of other hoards found in the area.
There are no illustrations or descriptions of coins, but the article has a URL for a website of Kazan State University, Department of Archaeology, which has photos of the coins.
Behrens, Heinrich. Muenzen und Medaillen der Stadt und des Bisthums Luebeck. Verlag der Berliner
Muenzblaetter, Berlin, 1905. Reprint by D. Tietjen, Hamburg, 1972.
Coinage of the free city and bishopric of Luebeck from mid 12th century.
Beierlein, J. B. Die Bayerischen Muenzen des Hauses Wittelsbach, von dem Ende des zwoelften bis zur Mitte des sechzehnten Jahrhunderts (1180-1550). Dr. C. Wolf & Sohn, Muenchen, 1868. Reprint by Alfred Szego, Oakdale, New York, 1972.
Coinage of Bavaria, including Niederbayern, Bayern Ingolstadt, Bayern Landshut, and Bayern Muenchen.
Beitter, V. M. and E. G. Druzhinin. Dirkhemy Sakchi Kontsa XIII v./ Dirhams of Saqci from the end of the 13th Century. Pp. 142-143 In: Trudy Mezhdunarodnykh Numizmaticheskikh Konferentsii. Monety i Denezhnoye Obrashchenie v Mongol’skikh Gosudarstvakh XIII-XV Vekov. IV - MNK Bolgar 2005, V - MNK Volgorad 2006, Numizmaticheskaya Literatura, Moscow, 2008.
The types of Golden Horde or Noghaid coins from Saqci. One type with two variants has two tamgas, those of Toqtu and Noghai. The reverse has a name that can be read either as Noghai or an alternate spelling of Toqtu. A second type has an identical reverse, but the obverse lacks the tamga of Noghai. A third type, also from Saqci and dated AH 690, appears to have an undisputed rendering of Toqtu’s name. The authors also include the unique coin of Noghai from the Qrim mint first described by Severova. The authors do not resolve the question of the name on the disputed types, but mention that all mints but Bulghar during Toqtu’s name have his name on the coins. Bulghar coins from this time are anonymous. This observation suggests that Toqtu is the ruler noted on the Saqci coins with the Noghai tamga. (My note: Noghai’s center of activity was Romania and environs, so it might be reasonable to find Noghai named on coins there.)
Bektineev, Sh. I. Denezhnoe Obrashcheniye Velikogo Knyazhestva Litovskovo v XIII-XV vv/Circulation of Coins of the Great Princes of Lithuania in the 13th - 15th Centuries. Izdatel’ V. N. Milyutin, Minsk, 1994.
A short work on the coins circulating in medieval Lithuania. There is a lot of historical text and descriptions of coins. The plates are low-quality reproductions and line drawings. Includes the early pieces with a column
Belenitskii, A. M. Klad Serebryanykh Monet iz Pendzhikenta/ A Hoard of Silver Coins from Pendjikent.
Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XVII, pp. 92-100, 1966.
A small hoard of 18 coins, 6 Umayyad dirhams (Dimashq, Wasit (2), Kirman, Istakhr and al-Bab) and 12 Bukharkhudat drachms. The Bukharkhudat coins have Sogdian legends.
Bell, R. C. Commercial Coins, 1787-1804. Corbitt & Hunter, Newcastle upon Tyne, 1963.
Copper tokens of the British Isles.
Bell, R. C. Copper Commercial Coins, 1811-1819. Corbitt & Hunter, Newcastle upon Tyne, 1964.
Copper tokens of the British Isles.
Bell, R. C. Tradesmen's Tickets and Private Tokens, 1785-1819. Corbitt & Hunter, Newcastle upon Tyne, 1966.
Copper tokens of the British Isles
Bell, R. C. Specious Tokens and those struck for General Circulation, 1784-1804. Corbitt & Hunter, Newcastle upon Tyne, 1968.
Copper tokens of the British Isles.
Bell, R. C. Unofficial Farthings, 1820-1870. Seaby Publications, London, 1975.
Copper private issue farthings, England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales. Reigns of George IV, William IV and Victoria.
Bell, R. C. The Building Medalets of Kempson and Skidmore, 1796-1797. Frank Graham, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1978.
Bell, R. C. Political and Commemorative Pieces Simulating Tradesmen’s Tokens, 1770-1802. Schwer Publications, Felistowe, Suffolk, 1987.
Bell, Robert, John Whitmore and James Sweeney. Bell's Unofficial Farthings: A Supplement. Published by Whitmore, Malvern, 1994.
Contains new findings not in Bell's original work, as well as a new numbering system for the entire series, rarity indices, and discussions of die pairings and other information for certain series of the coins.
Bellinger, Alfred R. The Coins and Byzantine Imperial Policy. Speculum, Volume 31, pp. 70-81, 1956.
An examination of portraiture and religious iconography on Byzantine coins, especially gold coins, in light of political events. Gold coins tended to be much more carefully done than copper coins, indicating that coins were meant to communicate to the rich and powerful, not to the masses. This differs from Roman coinage, where copper coins also conveyed political and social messages intended for the lower classes.
Belova, L. N. Neskol’ko Neizdannikh Khersonesskikh Monet iz Sobraniya Ermitazha/ Some Unknown
Chersonesus Coins from the Hermatige Collection. Proshloye Nashei Rodini v Pamyatnikakh Numizmatiki, Gosudarstvennii Ordena Lenina Ermitazh, Leningrad, pp.144-151, 1977.
Photos and descriptions of nine previously unknown coins from Chersonesus (Ancient Greece, Black Sea, Thrace). These coins are in the Hermitage Museum collection.
Belyaev, Vladimir A. Monety Kitaiskogo Tipa za Predelami Podnebesnoi/Chinese Coin Types Outside the Celestial Empire. Pp. 48-50, Devyataya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Gosudarstvennyi Ermitazh, Sankt-Petersburg, 2001.
A review of the geographical range of round coins with square holes. Includes Khotan, Kuche, Gaochan, Sogd, Japan, Viet Nam, Korea, Qara Khitay, plus Malacca, Indonesia, Tibet, Thailand and Java. Not illustrated.
Belyaev, Vladimir A. Kitaiskii Serebryanyi Tsyan’, Vypushchennyi v Sin’tszyane/ Chinese Silver Cash Struck in Xinjiang. Desyataya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Pskov, 15-20 April, 2002, pp. 100-102, 2002.
A description of two silver square-holed cash from Xinjiang, year 1880. They have the Arabic legend “one silver miscal” on the reverse, the Chinese characters for “pure silver, one miscal” on the obverse. There are nice photos of both coins.
Belyaev, Vladimir A. Monety Kitaiskovo Tipa za Predelami Podnebesnoi/ Chinese coin types outside the Celestial Empire. Pp. 73-92 In: Gaidukov, P. G. (Ed.) Trudy Gosudarstvennovo Istoricheskovo Muzeya Vypusk 138, Numizmaticheskii Sbornik GIM, Tom XVI, Moscow, 2003.
A very nice overview of square-holed coinage from outside China proper. It includes ancient coins of Kuche, Khotan, Sogdiana, the Turgesh Khaganate, Uighur Khaganate, and Semirech’ye, and more modern coinage of Japan, Annam (Viet Nam), Korea, Tibet, Indonesia, Malacca, Trengannu, Kelantin, Thailand and Java. The Tibetan and Thai coins do not actually have square holes, but rather a square drawn in the center of the coin as part of the design. One significant omission - the square-holed Ilkhan tokens of Sultaniya 713 with the scorpion (which my friend Vladimir points out is actually an eight-pointed star and which I insist is two squares overlain at 45 degree angles).
*Belyaev, V. A. and I. V. Evstratov. Ukekskii Dirkham s Legendoi Tibetskim Pis’mom/An Ukek Dirham with Legend in Tibetan Script.. Numizmatika Zolotoi Ordy, pp. 27-34, 2013.
A description of a Golden Horde dirham from the reign of Toqtu, Ukek mint, with Tibetan script. Although the coin has been published previously, the authors were able to read the legend. It is a Tibetan transliteration of the Turkic Qutlugh Bolsun (Let it be blessed) known on several early Jujid coins.
Belyaev, V. A., V. N. Nastich and P. N. Petrov. Ordu al-A’zam v Khotane i Kabak: Novye Mongol’skiye Monetnye Dvory XIII v. / Ordu al-a’zam in Khotan and Kabak: New Mongol Mints of the 13th Century. Numizmatika No. 6, pp. 20-23, November, 2004.
Anonymous Chaghatayid coins with the mint names Qabaq (dated AH 644 and date missing) and al-Ordu al-a’zam Khotan, date missing. The Qabak (Kabak) coins have a tamga in the center. The Khotan issues have a Tibetan letter in the center. Legends written out and very clear photographs.
Belyaev, V. A. and S. V. Sidorovich. Analiz Monetnogo Splava Mednykh Monet Dinastii Yuan’/ Analysis of Metal Alloys of Copper Coins of the Yuan Dynasty. Pp. 84-92 In: Trudy Mezhdunarodnykh Numizmaticheskikh Konferentsii. Monety i Denezhnoye Obrashchenie v Mongol’skikh Gosudarstvakh XIII-XV Vekov. III - MNK Staryi Krym 2005, Numizmaticheskaya Literatura, Moscow, 2005.
Analysis of copper, lead, tin, zinc and other metals in Yuan dynasty coins and how it changed over time.
Belyaev, V. A. And S. V. Sidorovich. Ob Odnoi Nakhodke Veritel’noi Birki Dinastii Tan c Gorodishcha Ak-Beshim/ On the Find of a Tang Dynasty Bronze Tally of Credence from the Aq-Beshim Site. Materialy i Issledovaniya po Arkheologii Kyrgyzstana, vypusk 3, Bishkek, pp 49-53, 2008.
Description of a fantastic Tang-dynasty tally in the shape of a tortoise. From the reign of Tang empress Wu Zetian.
Belyaev, V. A. and S. V. Sidorovich. “Den’gi iz Zhivota Buddy” - Kitaiskie Khramovye Monety Perioda Mongol’skoi Dinastii Yuan’/ “Money from Buddha’s Belly” - Chinese Temple Coins from the Yuan Period. Materialy i Issledovaniya Otdela Numizmatiki,Trudy Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha, Volume XLVIII, pp. 105-116, 2009.
Buddhist temple coins of the Yuan period did not conform to any obvious standards of alloy composition or refining technology. The authors conclude that these temple pieces cannot be considered official coin emissions by the Yuan dynasty.
Belyaev, V. A. and S. V. Sidorovich. Apropos of the 13th Century Copper Dirhams of Bukhara with Chinese Characters. The 2nd Simone Assemani Synmposium on Islamic Coins, EUT (Edizioni Universita di Trieste, Trieste, pp. 200-209, 2010.
Description of two copper coins of Bukhara struck during the Mongol period. One from AH 660 has two Chinese characters bu-hua, and one from AH 663 has the single character ke. The former was struck by Alghu, son of Baydar, a Chaghatayid Khan, and the latter was struck under Qubilai, the Great Khan who succeeded Mongke. The authors conclude that the coins were struck for payment of taxes to the Mongol overlords by their appanages, and that the Chinese characters indicate that the coins were struck specifically for paying taxes and not to be circulated among other coins of Bukhara.
Belyaev, V. A. and S. V. Sidorovich. Novaya Interpretatsiya Ieroglifa Bao na Monetakh Mongol’skikh Ulusov/ A New Interpretation of the Character “Bao” on Mongol Coins. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XXIX, pp. 43-57, 2011.
Analysis of the character Bao on Salghurid coins of Abish bint Sa’ad and anonymous Chaghatayid coins of Khotan with Qaidu’s tamga. The character is a symbole of the ruler’s legitimacy and is directly related to a special meaning of the character as “treasure” in the sense of “imperial seal” or “khan’s seal.”
*Belyaev, V. A. and S. V. Sidorovich. Novye Tipy Serebryanhkh Monet Chingizidov Serediny XIII v./New Types of Silver Coins of the Chingizids from the Middle of the 13th Century. Numizmatika Zolotoi Ordy No. 3, pp 42 - 54, 2013.
Coins of Mongke with his tamga and the Uighur inscription Xi-ning as well as a unique dachao tongbao silver coin with the Arabic al-Ordu al-a’zam on the reverse.
*Belyaev, V. A. and S. V. Sidorovich. Issledovanie Nadchekanov na Monetakh s Legendoi Dachao Tunbao/ A Study of Countermarks on Coins with the Legend dachao tongbao. Pp. 84-106 In: .Numizmatika Zolotoi Ordy, No. 4, 2014.
An analysis and classification of countermarks on silver coins with the legend dachao tongbau discovered in a hoard in Longxi (Gansu Province). The coins were probably struck during the reign of Mongke Khan. Some of the countermarks were actually not applied after the production of the host coins, but were incorporated into the mold. Others are actual countermarks. Interesting part of Mongol history in China.
*Belyaev, V. A. and S. V. Sidorovich. Tanskaya Veritel’naya Birka dlya Predstavitelya Plemeni Teli/ A Tang Dynasty Tally of Credence for the Teli Tribe Representative. Pp. 276-284 In: T. N. Dzhakson and A. V. Akyopyan (eds.) Polytropos: Sbornik Nauchnykh Statei Pamyati Arkadiya Anatol’evicha Molchanova (1947-2010), Izdatel’stvo Indrik, Moscow, 2014.
A previously unknown Tang dynasty tally bestowed to Zi-tu-xia, presumably leader of the Teli tribe. Unlike other know tallies of this period, it is dated but lacks an indication of the owner’s rank. Medieval sources place the last visit of the Teli tribe to the Tang court occurred in 740 CE, but this tally dated 795 suggest that such visits occurred later as well. Illustrated on a high-quality plate.
*Belyaev, V. A. and S. V. Sidorovich. A Study of Countermarks on coins with the legend Dachao Tongbao. Numismatique Asiatique No. 24, pp. 7-27, December, 2017.
Silver square-holed coins with the legend dachao tongbao countermarked usually with a pair of marks from a large hoard found in Longxi (Gansu Province), China. The coins were believed to have been cast by the Great Mongols/Chingizids while encamped in Liupanshan between 1251 and mid 1260 CE. The authors describe the countermarks, note how the countermarks are usually paired, and provide an excellent critical review of the previous literature on these coins.
Belyakov, A. S. Medniye Moneti Belgorodskoi Chekanki Seredini XV v./ Copper coins struck in Belgorod in the Middle of the 15th Century. Numizmaticheskiye Issledovaniya po Istorii Yugo-vostochnoi Evropy, pp. 180-185. Akademiya Nauk SSR Moldova, Kishinev, 1990.
A short article on coins of medieval Moldavia (Romania). These are copper coins with the steer’s head obverse. The article has photos of the coins and has all legends completely written out.
Ben Rhomdane, Khaled. Supplement au Catalogue des Monnaies Musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale: Monnaies Almoravides et Almohades. Revue Numismatique, 6th Series, Vol. XXI, pp. 141-175, 1979. Photocopy.
Additions to Volume II of the Paris catalogues (Lavoix). It expands on the Murabitid and Muwahhid holdings in the collection. Legends are written out in Arabic, and there are photos of the coins.
Ben Rhomdane, Khaled. 25 Siecles de Monnaies Tunisiennes. Ministere du Culture, Agence Nationale du Patrimoine, Tunis, 1996.
A very nice popular publication on Tunisian coinage from ancient times to the present. One of the prettiest museum publications I have seen. Photos are enlarged and in color.
*Bendall, S. An Introducion to the Coinage of the Empire of Trebizond. Spink, London, 2015.
Very nice overview of the history and coinage of Trebizond. Each ruler has a nice historical introduction, and there are detailed descriptions of the coins including historical notes about the symbology and other aspects of their designs. There is also a section on imitation Trebizond coinage from Georgia. A lot of information in 72 pages.
Bendixen, Kirsten. Denmark’s Money. The National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, 1967.
A wonderful museum publication illustrating the history of coinage in Denmark from earliest times (some Roman, even some Islamic) through modern coinage. There are black and white photos on every page. There is even a chapter explaining what coin hoards tell us. Great overview, and photos of some rare coins.
*Bennett, Kirk. A Catalogue of Georgian Coins. Stephen Album Rare Coins, Santa Rosa, CA, 2014.
The first major catalogue of coins of Georgia in English. It includes ancient coins, Georgian-Sasanian, Umayyad, Abbasid, Ja’farid, Bagratid, Mongol (including Golden Horde), West Georgian (Kirmaneuli), Medieval, Persian, Ottoman, Civic coppers, Sirma Abazis and Russo-Georgian coins. Nice photographs and coin descriptions with rarity indices.
Beradze, G. G. O Nachale Monetnovo Chekana v Gosudarstve Sel’dzhukidov/ On the Beginning of Coinage of the Great Seljuqs. Epigrafika Vostoka, Vol. XXIII, pp. 48-51, 1985.
A short discussion of the coins of Tughril Beg and Chaghri Beg, the first Seljuqs to issue coins. There are no illustrations.
Berga, T. M. Coinage in Archaeological Monuments of Latvia, 9th-12th Centuries. Published by the Academy of Science of the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic, Institute of History, Riga, 1988. In Russian, with German and English summaries.
A monograph on European and Islamic coinage that has been found in the Baltic area of Latvia from early medieval times. The book is richly illustrated with many drawings, photos, plates and maps. The English and German summaries are extensive.
Berghaus, Peter. Der Muenzenfund von Werl (Westfalen) 1955, vergraben um 1240. In Harald Ingholt, Centennial Publication of the American Numismatic Society, New York, 1958, pp. 89-123.
A description of a hoard of 381 coins found near Koeln. It includes coins of Koeln, Andernach, Anrnsberg, Attendorn, Korbach, Smmchmallenberg, Soest, Paderborn, Lemgo, Lippstadt, Bueren, Canterbury, London, Schwalenberg, Dortmund, Bentheim, Hamm, Iserlohn, Herford and Wiedenbrueck. All coins predate 1240. They are described with photos.
Berghaus, Peter. Das paderborner Muenzwesen under Ferdinand II von Fuerstenberg, 1661-1683. Reprinted from Ferdinand von Fuerstenberg, Fuerstbischof von Paderborn und Muenster, 1661-1683, Ferdinand Molinski, Staedtische Sammlungen Paderborn, 1962.
A short history and catalogue of the coinage issued by Ferdinand II von Fuerstenberg for the bishopric of Paderborn in Westphalia.
Berghaus, Peter. Der Muenzschatz von Querenburg in der Bochumer Universitaet. Kleine Hefte der Muenzsammlung an der Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum, Doppelnummer 12/13, Universitaetsverlag Dr. Norbert Brockmeyer, Bochum, 1990
A description of a hoard of 123 15th century coins found on the campus of the Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum in 1966. Coins were found from the Low Countries (Flanders, Holland, Brabant and Geldern), the Grafschaft Mark, city of Dortmund, Grafschaft Limburg, Archbishopric of Trier, Herzogtum Juelich, Grafschaft Moers, Herzogtum Berg, Juelich-Berg, Aachen, Hennegau, Batenburg, Emsigerland, Tournai (France), and others.
Bergmann, E. von. Muenzen der Indschuiden. Numismatische Zeitschrift, vol. 3, pp. 143-165, 1871. Photocopy.
A description of coins of the Islamic Injuyid dynasty of Iran in the 14th century. Includes historical information.
Bergmann, E. von. Beitrage zur muhammedanischen Muenzkunde. Sitzungsberichte der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philos.-Hist. Klasse, Wien, vol. 73, pp. 129-170, 1873. Photocopy.
A note on some previously unpublished Islamic coins. Covers a Midrarid denar from north Africa, a Hasanwayhid coin, Fatimid, Saruhan and Karamanid coins. There is quite a bit of history.
Berman, Allen G. Papal Numismatic History: The Emancipation of the Papal State. Second Edition. Attic Books Ltd., South Salem, New York, 1991.
This is a general history of the papacy with a slant toward how it influenced the design and minting of papal coinage. It is not a catalogue. It is a revised version of Allen’s masters thesis.
Berman, Allen G. Papal Coins. Attic Books Ltd., South Salem, New York, 1991.
A complete catalogue of the coins of the popes from St. Gregory III (731-741) through the present. Includes 77 plates, valuations of every known type, historical information, and assistance in identifying coins. The book is set up much in the manner of Sear's books on Roman, Greek and Byzantine coinage.
Berman, Allen G. and Alex G. Malloy. Warman’s Coins and Currency. Wallace-Homestead Book Company, Radnor, Pennsylvania,1997.
A general book with prices of some of the more common ancient, medieval and modern coins and currency from the entire world. It includes some decent historical background, photos, and lists of references for different countries and time periods. Prices seem very inflated.
Berman, Ariel. Islamic Coins: Exhibition of L. A. Mayer Memorial Institute for Islamic Art. Central Press, Jerusalem, 1976.
A catalogue that accompanied a Museum exhibit of medieval Islamic coins that circulated in the Holy Land. Each coin is described with a translation of the legend or an attribution of where it is to be found in the Koran. Most are photographed (some enlarged). There are excellent maps of the geographic range of various dynasties. There are indexes of mint names, names of people, and coin legends, all in English, Arabic and Hebrew.
Berry, George. Medieval English Jetons. Spink & Son, London, 1974.
A history of the English Exchequer and accounting techniques, with a survey of jetons from the reigns of Edward I through Richard II.
Berry, George. Taverns and Tokens of Pepys' London. Seaby Publications Ltd., London, 1978.
A discussion of seventeenth century tokens issued by taverns mentioned in the diaries of Samuel Pepys. The author discusses great detail what is known about the taverns and their proprietors.
Berry, George. Seventeenth Century England: Traders and their Tokens. Seaby, London, 1988.
A cultural and historical overview of the various people and establishments that issued tokens in seventeenth century England.
*Bezuglov, S, I. Deneznoe Obrashchenie i Monetnoe Delo Tmutarakanskogo Knyazhestva (Konets X - Konets XI vv.). Nobye Aspekty/ Monetary Circulation and Affairs in Tmutarakan Principality (End of the 10th - End of the 11th Centuries). New Aspects. Pp. 39-44 In: Epokha Vikingov v Vostochnoi Erope v Pamyatnikak Numizmatike VIII - XI vv. St. Petersburg, 2014.
Byzantine prototypes and Tmutarakan imitations.
Biaggi, Elio. Monete e Zecche Medievali Italiane dal Sec. VII al Sec. XV. Montenegro s.a.s. Edizioni numismatiche di Eupremio Montenegro, Torino, 1992.
A wonderful catalogue of coins of medieval Italy from the 8th through the 15th centuries. Each of 3023 coin types is illustrated, fully described and given valuations in three grades. Rarity estimates are given, and all legends are written out. The introductory pages give a bibliography of essential references, guide to place names as written on coins, attribution of names of saints to their appropriate localities, and a history of medieval Italy. The catalogue is organized by coin-issuing locality, each preceded by a brief specific history of that locality and the coins it issued.
Bibliotheque Albert I. Mille ans de monnayage bruxellois 965-1965. Brussels, 1965.
The book that accompanied the exhibit of coins struck at the Brussels mint shown the Bibliotheque Albert I in 1965. There is a brief history of the mint along with historical overviews preceding each period of coinage. More than 500 coins were shown, including foreign coins struck by the mint, but only a fraction of these are photographed (enlarged, in black and white). A decent overview.
Biddulph, C. H. Coins of the Cholas. Numismatic Notes and Monographs No. 13, The Numismatic Society of India, Varanasi, 1968.
Early coinage of southern India (Tanjore) and Ceylon. There is an excellent historical treatment, good descriptions of the coins, and mediocre, but passable, plates.
Bidyabinod, B. B. Coins of the Non-Muhammadan Series. Supplementary Catalogue of the Coins in the Indian Museum. Indological Book House, Delhi, 1973.
Description of additions to the IMC collection of ancient and medieval India. No plates, no text. Includes some punchmarked coins of the Mauryan Empire.
Bikhazi, Ramzi J. Coins of al-Yaman 132-569 A.H. al-Abhath, vol. 23, pp. 3-127, 1970. Photocopy.
The history and coinage of Islamic dynasties in Yemen. Includes 'Abbasid, Rassid, Ziyadid, Fatimid, Sulayhid and Zuray'id dynasties. Coins arranged chronologically by date, rather than by dynasty. Full descriptions of coins and extensive historical information. There are several coins of unknown dynasties described as well.
Bikhazi, Ramzi Jibran. The Struggle for Syria and Mesopotamia (330-58/941-69) as Reflected on Hamdanid and Ikhshidid Coins. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, Vol. 28, pp. 137-186, 1983.
Hamdanid, Ikhshidid and Abbasid coins struck in Syria. The article is mostly history, with a catalogue of known coins from the relevant mints. One section translates the legends as they appear on coins, then there is a listing of coins by mint town.
Binder, Christian and Julius Ebner. Wuerttembergische Muenz- und Medaillen-Kunde. Volume I, Parts I-VI, and Volume II, Parts I-II. W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart, 1904-1915. Reprinted by W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart, 1969.
The coinage and medals of Wuerttemberg, Germany, from 1344 until the early 20th century. Includes Moempelgart, Weiltingen, Oels, Neuenstadt.
[Bird, Brian]. Anglo-Saxon and Norman Coins. Auction Catalogue, Glendining & Co., London, 20 November, 1974.
An important collection of Anglo-Saxon and Norman coins with some incredible rarities. No prices realized.
Biryukov, D. V. Bakriya do i posle Aleksandra. Izbrannye Stoletiya (Po Drevnim Pis’mennym Istochnikam i Numizmaticheskim Dannym)/. Bactria during and after Alexander. A select Century: (From Ancient Written Sources and Numismatic Data). Numizmatika Tsentral’noi Azii, Volume VIII, pp. 5-64, 2008.
An account of Bactrian and other Indo-Greek coins from Central Asia.
Blackburn, M. A. S. (Editor) Anglo-Saxon Monetary History: Essays in Memory of Michael Dolley. Leicester University Press, 1986.
Scholarly articles by various authors on Anglo-Saxon and Viking coinage in England. Includes historical perspectives, an analysis of hoards and a bibliography of the published works of Michael Dolley.
Blair, Sheila S. The Coins of the Later Ilkhanids: Mint Organization, Regionalism and Urbanism. ANS Museum Notes, Volume 27, pp. 211-230, 1982.
Description and historical background of the different types of silver coins issued by the later Ilkhans. No inscriptions, just diagrams of the major design elements. Photographic plates of some of the types.
Blake, Robert P. The Circulation of Silver in the Moslem East Down to the Mongol Epoch. Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, Vol 2, pp. 291-328, 1937.
An examination of the decline in silver coinage in Central Asia after about 1000 CE and its return in in the mid 13th century. The author examines trade patterns, exchange rates among competing monetary systems, taxation and political events, especially the waning control of the Abbasid Caliphate in the east with the subsequent emergence of new dynasties and the later emergence of the Mongol Empire. The author relies on several contemporary accounts of economic factors. Special focus on Bukharkhudat coinage and the monetary system of China.
Blau, O. Die Orientalischen Muenzen des Museums der Kaiserlichen Historisch-Archaeologischen Gesellschaft zu Odessa. Published by the Institute, Odessa, 1876 (Photocopy).
Includes Sasanian, Bukhara, Bactria, Umayyad (AE and AR), Abbasid (AE and AR), Tahirid, Saffarid, Samanid, Samanid imitations, Volga Bulghar, Ziyarid, Buwayhid, Qarakhanid, Khwarizmshahs, Rum Seljuq, Artuqid, Zangid, Fatimid, Muwahhid, Ayyubid, Mamluk, Chingizid, Ilkhan, Shirvanshahs (Khaqanid), Chaghatayid, Timurid, Shaybanid, Golden Horde, Aydin, Ottoman, ‘Alawi Sharif, Bagratid, Shemakka, Sheki, Karabakh, Mughal, Persian Shahs, Giray Khan, Genoese-Tatar, Malaysia, Tibet. There are a few photographic plates, good index of mints. Coin descriptions on ly partial.
Bohl, J. J. Abbildungen der Trierischen Muenzen. Hannover, 1837. Reprint by Numa Revue Internationale de Numismatique, Luxembourg, 1977.
Originally published as a supplement to Bohl's treatise on the coinage of the German state of Trier published in 1823. Contains illustrations of select coins from the earlier work, with reference to the original catalogue numbers. Covers the period 814 until 1802.
Bohnert, J., F. Wictor, R. Probst, G. Lorang, and E. Rauen. Dix siecles de monnaies au pays de Luxembourg: Catalogue des monnaies luxembourgeoises et de celles des fiefs de 1026 a 1968. Le Cercle Numismatique du Grand-Duche de Luxembourg, 1970.
Coinage of Luxembourg from 1026 until 1968, including the Abbaye d'Echternach (974-1155), the coinage of the Comte de Chiny (1258-1355), the Siegneurie de Moiry (1249-1329), the Siegneurie de Schoenecken (1316-1351), the Seigneurie de St-Vith (1346-1352), the Comte de Salm en Ardenne (Vielsalm) (1297-1306), the Seigneurie d'Orchimont (1432-1436), and the Terre Franche de Cugnon (1611-1672).
Bol’shakov, O. G. Vtoroi Fel’s Ikhrida, Pravitelya Kesha/ A Second Fals of Ikhrid Originating from Kesh. Epigrafika Vostoka XV, p. 165, 1963.
An example of a very rare Fals of the Dihqan of Kesh (or Kish) in the name of Ikhrid. The coin is now in Album, S206. Ikhrid was apparently killed by Abu Muslim in AH 751 or 752.
Bone, Harry. The Administration of Umayyad Syria: The Evidence of the Copper Coins. Ph.D. Dissertation, Princeton University, November, 2000.
A fantastic numismatic study using the coins as a means of elucidating historical information of the Umayyads in Syria. There is a good discussion of pre-reform copper coinage, including extensive coverage of the Standing Caliph coins (Arab-Byzantine). There is a good attempt at a chronology of all the coins. It covers mints in jund Dimashq, Hims, Qinnasrin, Filastin, al-Urdunn, al-Jazira, al-Mawsil, and Arminiya, which include about 30 or more mints. It will be fantastic if the work is converted from a dissertation to a high-quality publication.
[Bonhoff, Friedrich.] Sammlung Dr. med. Friedrich Bonhoff. Teil I. Deutsche Muenzen des Mittelalters. Auktion Katalog 293, Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. Muenzhandlung, Frankfurt am Main, 1977.
A massive collection of over 2000 lots, most photographed, of coins of medieval Germany. The catalogue is becoming a standard reference on the subject.
[Bonhoff, Friedrich.] Sammlung Dr. med. Friedrich Bonhoff. Teil II. Deutsche Muenzen des Mittelalters und der Neuzeit. Auktion Katalog 295, Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. Muenzhandlung, Frankfurt am Main, 1978.
Additional lots of coins of medieval Germany, along with modern coins of Germany and other countries.
Bonner, Michael. The Mint of Harunabad and al-Haruniyya, 168-171 H. American Journal of Numismatics, Volume 1, pp. 171-193.
Abbasid coinage from the short-lived mint of al-Haruniyya, in Armenia. Harunabad is a Persian name for the same mint. He catalogues sixteen different types struck at the mint during its four-year history and makes a case for the mint’s being in Armenia.
Boon, George C. Welsh Tokens of the 17th Century. National Museum of Wales, Cardiff, 1973.
A catalogue of the tradesmens tokens of 17th century Wales in the National Museum of Wales. Legends are written out, and most tokens are photographed, the remainder having line drawings.
Bopearachchi, Osmund and Wilfried Pieper. Ancient Indian Coins. Indicopleustoi Archaeologies of the Indian Ocean 2, Brepols, Turnhout, Belgium, 1998.
This is actually two books in one. The first part covers ancient tribal punchmark coins and was written by Wilfried Pieper. It has a great historical commentary on the coinage from the 5th century BC until ca AD 300. The cataloge covers local punch-marked coins, Magadha-Maurya, Ujjain, Eran, Deccan, North Indian and South Indian dynasties. Each type is nicely described and accompanied by a line drawing, with photographic plates at the end. Part two, by Bopearachchi, covers Bactrians through early Kushan. It, too, has a nice historical commentary followed by a catalogue of Greek coins (Alexander and imitation Athenian owls), Bactrians, Indo-Greeks, Indo-Scythians, Indo-Parthians, and early Kushans. The descriptions and plates are superb. An incredible book.
Bopearachchi, Osmund and Aman ur Rahman. Pre-Kushana Coins in Pakistan. Iftikhar Rasul IRM Associates, Karachi, Pakistan, 1995.
A beautiful production including primarily the private collection of Aman ur-Rahman. More than 1000 coins are described and photographed on high-quality plates, many enlarged. It includes the finds from several hoards and includes Achaemenid, pre-Graeco-Bactrian, Mauryan punchmarks, Graeco-Bactrian, Indo-Greek, Indo-Scythian and Indo-Parthian coins. There is a very nice historical overview. This is one of those books that is beautiful to look at even if you don’t collect the coins.
Bordea, Gh. Poenaru and Eugen Nicolae. Monede Rare si Inedite din Moesia Inferior. Tomis I. De la Augustus la Commodus. Buletinul Societatii Numismatice Romane, Nr. 131-133, Bucharest, pp. 89-107, 1987.
Roman and Roman Provincial coins of Moesia Inferior, all rare or previously unpublished. All coins are photographed and fully described in the article. In Romanian
Boreisha, Yurii and Aleksandr Kazarov. O Nadchekankakh ‘Kolyumn”: Vitovta Keistutovicha i Svidrigaily Ol’gerdovicha/ Column Countermarks: Witold Keistutovich and Svidrigaila Ol’gerdovich. Tesei, Minsk, Belarus, 2009.
Very important book on column countermarks on Golden Horde coins. The columns have been attributed to two rulers of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from the 1420s - 1430s. The authors present a typology of the various column countermarks and assign them to rulers.
Borg, Erkki. Suomi-Finland. Kirjapaino Verbi Oy, Helsinki, 1977. In Finnish.
Coins and banknotes of Finland from Alexander II (Czar of Russia when Finland was a grand duchy) through modern times.
*Bose, S. K. The Commercial Coinage of Koch Kingdom with Notes on the Seals, Medals, Non-judicial Stamps and Banking. Mira Bose, Kolkata, 2013.
Coinage of Cooch Behar. Includes a historical overview of the Cooch Behar rulers with their coin types and rarity indices, chapters by Nicholas Rhodes on coins of Islam Shah with the number 1477 and rare coins of Lakshiminarayana and a catalogue of coins in the Nicholas Rhodes coin cabinet. Nicely illustrated with good photographs.
Bosworth, Clifford Edmund. The Banu Ilyas of Kirman. Pp. 107-124, In: C. E. Bosworth (Ed.), Iran and Islam, In Memory of the Late Vladimir Minorsky. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 1971.
A history of the little-known Ilyasid dynasty in Kirman in the AH 350s. The Ilyasids were eventually overrun by the Buwayhids, who held Kirman until it was taken by the Seljuqs. Bosworth says that no coins were issued by the Ilyasids, but Album notes one extremely rare type that has been attributed to them.
Bosworth, Clifford Edmund. The New Islamic Dynasties. Columbia University Press, New York, 1996.
A historical overview of almost 200 Islamic dynasties, with lists of rulers, dates, and brief historical sketch for each dynasty. There are also notations of which rulers issued coins. Much of the information has come from coins.
Boudeau, E. Monnaies Francaises Provinciales. Cabinet de Numismatique, Paris, 1913. Reprinted by A. G. van der Dussen, Maastricht, 1985.
A fixed price sale of coins of feudal France and the low countries. 2,448 coins are described and many illustrated. In addition to the coins included in Poey d'Avant, it includes Alsace, Lorraine, Monaco, Savoy, Strasbourg, Metz, Hainaut, Namur, Flanders, Brabant and Holland. While most of the catalogue covers medieval coinage, some areas are covered into the early 18th century.
Boudeau, E. Monnaies Gauloises: Nouvelle Edition augmentee d'une Carte de la Gaule. Reprint by A. G. van der Dussen, Maastricht, 1970.
A price guide to Celtic coins of Gaul (France and the Low Countries) based on De La Tour. 480 coins are described, perhaps one in ten illustrated. There is a useful foldout map indicating the ranges of the various Celtic tribes. The prices are apparently in French Francs of the 1910's.
*Boussac, Pierre and Jean-Marie Delangre. Les Monnaies Anciennes: Richesses d’Antan. Tresors d’Aujourd’hui.
Les Editions de l’Estampille, Paris, 1976.
A very attractive overview of numismatics with emphasis on ancient and French coinage. Enlarged high-quality photographs with a brief hstorical overview of different eras of coinage. Includes a long section at the end with key dates in different historical periods from ancient through modern. Like a high quality bank publication, but privately done.
*Bragin, A. O. Nakhodki Monet Amira Timura i Timuridov na Territorii Zolotoi Ordy/ Finds of Coins of Amir Timur and the Timurids on Territory of the Golden Horde. Numizmatika Zolotoi Ordy, Volume 5, pp. 67-79, 2015.
Finds of Timurid coins correspond to routes of Timur’s troops during campaigns of Toqtamish in the Caucasus and Central Asia. He mentions a rare copper coin of Timur from the Sygnaq mint dated either 786 (from the abstracts) or 787 (date in the table). The coin is not illustrated, only mentioned.
*Bragin, A. O. and O. A. Batrakov. Zolotye Monety 2-go Pravleniya Sheibanida ‘Ubaidallakh-Khana (940-946/ 1534-1539)/ Gold Coins from the Second Reign of the Shaybanid Ubaydallah Khan (940-946/1534-1539). Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XXX, pp. 149-153, 2013.
Two small undated gold coins without mint name and with the name ‘Ubayd Allah Bahadur Khan were concluded to be from the khan’s second reign. These coins add ‘Ubayd Allah to the list of Shaybanid rulers who issued gold coins, now numbering five rulers. The coinsweigh 1.19 and 1.20 grams and are most likely 1/4 Tilla denominations.
Braun, Rolf and Ilse Braun. Opiumgewichte. Published by the Authors, Landau, 1983.
Historical treatment, descriptions and explanations of Asian "Opium" weights, actually used as general weights, including use with opium, gold, commodities, etc. Many photographs of different type weights and explanations of the significance of the different animal motifs used. In German, with French and English translations.
Brekke, B. F. The Copper Coinage of Imperial Russia, 1700-1917. Foerlagshuset Norder AB, Malmoe, 1977.
Imperial Russia, including the Crimea, Georgia, and the Central Asian Khanates of Bukhara, Khwarizm and Khuqand.
Brekke, B. F. The Copper Coinage of Imperial Russia, 1700-1917: Supplement. Russian Numismatic Society, Akron, Ohio, 1987.
A compilation of new types and dates discovered in the decade since his original book. There is a valuation guide compiled by James Elmen (Worldwide Coins of California). To be used in conjunction with the main volume. Not illustrated.
Brekke, B. F. and Anders Berglund. Danish Dennings. Russian Numismatic Society, Alexandria, VA, 1983. (Photocopy)
A history of the Pechora Company’s misadventures in northern Russia, as well as a history of coining operations of dennings (wire money) at Copenhagen and Gluckstadt. There is a foldout die correlation chart and detailed descriptions of the coin types. Legends are all written out.
Brethes, J. D. Contribution a l'histoire du Maroc par les recherches numismatiques: Monnaies inedites ou tres rares de notre Collection. Banque du Maroc, Casablanca, 1939. Photocopy.
A history of Morocco through its numismatics, although it contains information about lesser dynasties that did not issue coins. Includes ancient Greek, Judea, Carthage, Cyrenia, Rome, and Nabatea, Arab-Byzantine, Arab-Sasanian, Umayyad, Abbasid, Tulunid, Aghlabid, Fatimid, Spanish dynasties (Hudid of Zaragoza, Kings of Murcia), Umayyad of Spain, Idrisid, Hammudid of Malaga, Midrarid, Khazrunid, Murabitid, Muwahhid, Hafsid, Merinid, Wattasid, Ziyanid, Sa'adian, 'Alawi. Coin legends are transliterated into French but not written in Arabic. Contains much history, genealogies, photographic plates.
Breton, P. Napoleon. Illustrated History of the Coins and Tokens Relating to Canada. R. Paul Nadin-Davis Numismatic Service, Ottawa, 1983 Abridged Reprint.
The classic work on tokens of Canada. Bilingual. All tokens illustrated by line drawings.
Bright, Richard K. The Coinage of Kutch. Numismatics International, Dallas, Texas, 1975.
A booklet on the coins of the Indian state of Kutch from the 16th - 20th centuries. Unlike most books of this type, this one is actually useful. For many of the coins for which the designs are larger than the flans, the complete designs are drawn to aid in identification.
*Bronny, Klaus. The Coinage of Bhutan. Published by the author, Essen, 2014.
Expansive catalogue of coins of Bhutan from about 1790 until the advent of machine-struck coins. Approximately 1200 coins photographed and arranged into categories. The categories differ significantly from that used in KM. Much background information on Bhutanese history, Hindu and Buddhist symbolism. Useful overview of categories at the beginning before the detailed treatment in the catalogue. Along with Kris van den Cruyce, one of two comprehensive treatements of Bhutan.
Broome, Michael. The Silver Coins of Baybars I without Mint Name. ANS Museum Notes, Volume 24, pp. 219-223, 1979.
Concludes that several coin types of the Mamluk Baybars I without a mint name are from Damascus, Syria.
Broome, Michael. A Handbook of Islamic Coins. Seaby, London, 1985.
A historical treatment of the development of Islamic coinage from the earliest times to the present. Each chapter begins with the history of a dynasty or geographical area, then concludes with the development of the coinage. Richly illustrated with photographs of almost 400 coins.
Broome, Michael. Questions Raised by the New ‘Dirham’ Coinages of the 6th Century of the Hijra. Studies in Memory of Paul Balog. Israel Numismatic Journal, Volume 10, pp. 80-87, 1988-1989.
Silver Dirham coinages of the Rum Seljuqs and Ayyubids emerged after more than a century of predominantly copper and gold coinage in the Arabic world. The author raises the questions of where the silver for the new coinage came from, what was the base of the new designs, and was there a relationship between the designs of the coinage of the two dynasties. He suggests that an influx of wealth from Europeans defeated in the Crusades might have at least been partially responsible for the influx of silver.
Brotman, Irwin F. A Guide to the Temple Tokens of India. Shamrock Press, Los Angeles, 1970. Number 660 of 1000 copies, signed by author.
A catalogue of Indian temple tokens, nicely done with good photos on high quality paper. The text includes sections about the history and mythology of India and the Hindu religion. There are separate descriptions of various Hindu deities. Nice book.
Browder, Tim J. Maldive Islands Money. Society for International Numismatics, Santa Monica, California, 1969.
A monograph on coinage of the Islamic sultanate of the Maldive Islands from 1648 to the present. Has Arabic inscriptions with translations of each coin type, all known dates and denominations, and a photograph and line drawing of each coin type. There is a brief history and a good bibliography.
Bruce, Colin R., II, John S. Deyell, Nicholas Rhodes and William F. Spengler. The Standard Guide to South Asian Coins and Paper Money since 1556 AD. Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, 1981.
A standard catalogue of coins, banknotes and other paper (cheques, bonds, share certificates, etc.) of India and neighboring states, including Afghanistan, the Andaman Islands, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Maldive Islands, Nepal, Pakistan, Portugese India, Ceylon and Tibet.
Brunk, Gregory G. (Ed.) World Countermarks on Medieval and Modern Coins. Quarterman Publications, Lawrence, Mass, 1976.
A collection of papers from The Numismatist and the American Journal of Numismatics. It is divided into World, Europe, U. S., Latin America and the West Indies, and Africa, Asia and the Middle East.
Brunner, Christopher J. The Chronology of the Sasanian Kushanshahs. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, Vol. 19, pp. 145-164, 1974.
History of Sasanian coinage from 224 to 359. The article contains no coin descriptions, but references descriptions found in other numismatic literature.
[Bruun, L. E.] Sammlung des Herrn L. E. Bruun in Kopenhagen, Schwedische Muenzen. I. Teil, vom Mittelalter bis Gustav Adolph. Auction Catalogue of Adolph Hess Nachfolger, Frankfurt, 1914. Facsimile Reprint, Stockholm, 1967.
Covers coinage of Sweden from 994 until 1634. 991 lots, heavily illustrated on 35 separate plates.
Budde-Jones, Captain Kathryn. Coins of the Lost Galleons. Published by the Author, Kissimmee, Florida, 1993.
A 28-page booklet on Spanish cobs and later coins. The author works with Mel Fisher and was with him during the Atocha salvage. The booklet is an introduction to the coins covering minting techniques, denominations, cross designs, coin types, shields, coats of arms, monarchs of Spain, variations in coin designs among mints, mint marks, and maps.
Bugarchev, A. I. Monety Mokhshi iz Sobraniya Kazanskogo Kollektsionera A. F. Likhacheva (1832-1890)/ Coins of Mokhshi in the Collection of A F. Likhachev of Kazan (1832-1890). Pp. 49-55 In: Srednevekovyi Gorod Mokhshi i Naruchatskaya Zemlya/ The Medieval Town of Mohshi and the Lands around Narovchat, Penzenskii Institut Razvitiya Obrazovanniya, Penza, 2010.
A listing of coins of the Mokhshi mint of the Golden Horde in a 19th Century collection. There are illustrations of 20 types mostly taken from other publication.
*Bugarchev, A. I. The Hoard of Bulghar Coins of the Thirteenth Century from the Republic of Tatarstan. Pp. 5-15, Numizmatika Zolotoi Ordy, No. 4, 2014.
A hoard of 642 Golden Horde coins struck in Bulghar. The author distinguishes four types of silver dinar in the name of al-Nasir, as well as coins in the names of Mongke Khan and Ariq Buqa. The article contains other unpublished information about these coins and attempts to provide a chronology of the al-Nasir types.
Bugarchev, A. I. and O. V. Stepanov. Redkie Dzhuchidskie Monety XIII Veka/ Rare Jujid Coins of the 13th Century. Numizmatika Zolotoi Ordy, Vypusk 2, Kazan, pp. 60-65, 2012.
Includes Golden Horde coins of Kerman/Kirman and Bulghar, some of the latter without mint name. Some are anepigraphic. Aa few are previously unpublished. Coins fully described with nice photographic plates.
*Bugarchev, A. I. and O. V. Stepanov. Klad Zolotoordynskikh Monet iz Tatarstana/ A Hoard of Golden Horde Coins from Tatarstan. Numizmatka Zolotoi Ordy, No. 5, pp.16-21, 2015.
Description of a hoard of 254 Golden Horde coins. It includes coins in the name of al-Nasir, Monke, Ariq Boqa, in the name of al-Nasir with Mongke’s tamga, and anonymous issues. The coins are from the Bulghar and Bilyar mints. Excellent photographic plates.
*Bugarchev, A. I. and O. V. Stepanov. Nakhodki Dzhuchidskikh Monet XIII - nachala XIV v. v Iske-Kazani/ Finds of Jujid Coins of the 13th - Beginning of the 14th Century in Iske-Kazan. Proceedings of the 19th All-Russia Numismatic Conference, pp. 68-72, 2017
A small group of coins of the Golden Horde from Bulghar and without mint name. Most of the types are found in Singatullina.
*Bugava, L. N. And A. A. Shevchuk. Bypuski Dangov Nachal’nogo Perioda Pravleniya Khana Zolotoi Ordy Muhammad (771-772 g. kh)/ Emissions of Dangs of the Early Period of the Reign of the Golden Horde Khan Muhammad Bulaq (AH 771-772). Rus’. Litva. Orda v Pamyatnkakh Numizmatiki i Sfragistiki, Volume 2, pp. 51-60, 2016.
A nice die analysis of the early coinage from Ordu of Muhammad Bulaq of the Golden Horde. These coins have the date written partially in words and partially in ciphers continuing the style of coinage of ‘Abdallah Khan from AH 770. Nice line drawings with die linkages and a few photographs.
Bulliet, Richard W. A Mu’tazilite Coin of Mahmud of Ghazna. ANS Museum Notes, Volume 15, pp. 119-129, 1969.
A description of a unique Ghaznavid dirham, Nishapur 387, with a verse from the Quran not seen before on coins. Bulliet concludes that the legends represent adherence to the Mu’tazilite religious faction in Nishapur. This was an ultrarationalist faction that followed the legal code of the Hanafi law school.
Burgos, Fernando Alvarez. Catalogo General de las Monedas Espanolas, Vol. I. La Moneda Hispanica desde sus Origens hasta el Siglo V. Vico & Segarra, 1987. In Spanish.
The coinage of ancient Spain, including Greek and Roman influences.
Burkovskii, S. A. Chastnye Voprosy Mednogo Dzhuchidskogo Chekana/ Some Questions on Copper Jujid Coinage. Seriya “Numizmatika Zologoi Ordy”, Kniga Pervaya, AIR, Donetsk, Ukraine, 2009.
A nice volume devoted to Golden Horde copper coins. There are three separate articles as follows:
Burkovskii, S. A. And Yu. D. Kireev - Die analysis of Puls from Bulghar with Batu’s tamga within a triangle and the legend Qutlugh Bulsun.
Burkovskii, S. A. - Counterstamps with the Tarak Tamga on Jujid Puls
Burkovskii, S. A. - Information on Copper Coins struck at the Mints Azaq, Khwarizm, Tabriz, Sygnaq, Majar, Sarai and Saray al-Jadida
Excellent photographs and line drawings, legends written out in Arabic. This is the first publication I have seen with such a number of coppers from most of these mints.
Burkovskii, S. A. Numizmatika Zolotoi Ordy, Kniga Vtoraya/ Numismatics of the Golden Horde, Second Book. AIR, Dontesk, Ukraine, 2013.
The author’s second volume devoted to an in-depth analysis of Jujid coppers coins. This volume has two separate articles:
Burkovskii, S. A. Three-pronged/Trident Tamgas in the Epoch of Emir Edigu.
History of relations between Russia and the Golden Horde, particularly Edigu. Includes coins of Shadi Beg, Pulad, Kerim Birdi, Timur, and others. Lots of coin drawings and photos, but not as many descriptions as in the first volume.
Burkovskii, S. A. Material for the Investigation of Copper Struck in Golden Horde Bulghar.
Detailed analysis of Bulghar puls with a grate.
Burn, Jacob Henry. A Descriptive Catalogue of the London Traders, Tavern, and Coffee-House Tokens Current in the Seventeenth Century. Second Edition, London, 1855.
Seventeenth Century traders tokens in the Guildhall Library of the London Corporation with information about the issuers of the tokens. The James Farr 1/2d token from the Rainbow coffee house, Fleet Street, has two pages of information (pp. 109-110). Neat historical book, no illustrations.
Burn, Richard. Coins of Jahan Shah Kara Koyunlu and Some Contemporary Rulers. The Numismatic Chronicle, Fifth Series, Vol. XVIII (1935), pp. 173-197, London. Photocopy
A description of an apparent find of 127 coins, 93 of Jahan Shah of the Qara Qoyunlu, the remainder being Timurid, other Qara Qoyunlu, and a coin not of the apparent find of the Khans of Khoqand. There is a running historical narrative and descriptions of 127 coins, with Arabic legends written out only as completely as occur on the coins.
Burnasheva, R. Z. Monety Bukharskovo Khanstva Pri Mangytakh (Seredina XVIII - Nachalo XX v.)/ Coins of the Khans of Bukhara at the time of the Manghits ( Middle of the 18th - Beginning of the 20th Centuries). Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XVIII, pp. 113-128, 1967.
The first of two parts of a work covering the Manghits of Bukhara. This one covers the reigns of Shah Murad, Haidor Tora and Sayyid Husayn, the first three rulers of the dynasty. There are decent photos of all types described as well as all dates and date combinations (different dates on obverse and reverse) found on the more than 4000 Manghit coins found in the combined collections of the Hermitage, Museum of History in Moscow, and the Uzbekistan Museum of History.
Burnasheva, R Z. Monety Bukharskovo Khanstva Pri Mangytakh (Seredina XVIII - Nachalo XX v.)/ Coins of the Khans of Bukhara at the time of the Manghits ( Middle of the 18th - Beginning of the 20th Centuries). Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XXII, pp. 67-80, 1972.
The second part of the author’s work on the Manghits of Bukhara beginning with Nasrullah and going to the end of the dynasty. This part lacks photos, but has a continuation of the table with all of the date combinations.
Burnasheva, R. Z. Denezhnoe Obrashchenie v Gorodakh Yuzhnogo Kazakhstana v XV-XVIII vv./ Monetary Circulation in Towns of Southern Kazakhstan in the 15th - 18th Centuries. Mezhdunarodnyi Kazakhsko-Turetslii Universitet im. A. Yasabi, Turkestan, 2006.
Analysis of several hoards with line drawings of many coins, mostly copper. They include primarily civic coppers and a few coppers of the Timurids and the Amir of Qunduz. Mints include Bukhara, Samarqand, Akhsi, Jend, Herat, Khuttalan, Urdu, Karshi, Tashkand (Tashkent), Yasi, Sairam, Hisar, Turkestan, Sauran, Sighnaq, and Farkat. There are also many anepigraphic types with geometric designs and/or various animals (including many with fish). The author also describes many countermarks found on the coppers.
Burnasheva, R Z., E. A. Smagulov and M. K. Tuyakbaev. Klady I Monety Turkestana/ Hoards and Coins of Turkestan. Izdatel’stvo BAUR. Almaty, 2006.
Several hoards of coins found in Turkestan. Coins are primarily silver pieces of the Chaghatayids and Central Asian civic coppers. There is a long English summary.
Butak, Behzad. XI. XII. XIII. Yuzyillarda Resimli Turk Paralari/Figured Turkish Coins of the 11th, 12th and 13th Centuries. Pulhan Matbaasi, Istanbul, 1947.
Coins of the Artuqids, Zengids, Lu’lu’ids, Begteginids, Ildegizid, Salduqids, Menkujakid, Danishmendid, Ayyubid of Hisn Kayfa. Complete coin descriptions with Arabic legends and translations into Turkish. The model for the Spengler and Sayles books on these coins.
Butak, Behzad. XI. XII. XIII. Yuzyillarda Resimli Turk Paralari, Ek II: Giyas ud-Din Keyhusrev II bin
Keykubad’in. Puhlan Matbaasi, Istanbul, 1950.
A second supplement to his excellent work on figured Turkish coins. This supplement includes one Dinar and one Dirham of Ghiyas al-Din Kaykhusraw II of a modified lion and sun type. Each coin has two lions facing away with the sun above and between. Nice coins.
Buttrey, T. V., Ann Johnston, Kenneth M. MacKenzie, and Michael L. Bates. Greek, Roman, and Islamic Coins from Sardis. Archaeological Exploration of Sardis, Monograph 7, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1981.
A description of coin finds from a major archaeological undertaking in Sardis, Turkey. The Islamic coins include Saruhan, Aydin, Germiyan, Menteshe, Denizli, Hamit, and Ottoman. The Ottoman coins are primarily copper. Legends transliterated. Decent plates.
Buyurgan, Tunç and Kaan Uslu. Osmanlı İmparatorluğu ve Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Jeton, Marka ve Fişleri/ Ottoman Empire and Turkish Republic Tokens. Osmanlı Nümismatik Kültür Yayını #5, Istanbul, 2013.
Extensive catalogue of Turkish tokens, Ottoman and Republic. Includes transportation, communication (telephone), entrance, game, shpping, food & beverage, military, prison, community, daily wage, newspaper, vending machine and miscellaneous tokens, as well as other exonumia. It includes high-quality photographs of each type along with metrological data and rarity indices. In Turkish and English. Much more extensive than Kilar.
Buzdugan, George, Octavian Luchian and Constantin C. Oprescu. Monede si Bancnote Romanesti. Editura Sport-Turism, Bucharest, 1977.
The coinage and banknotes of Romania. Covers ancient Romania (Greek, Celtic, Roman, Byzantine), Wallachia, Moldavia, Transylvania and modern Romania. Coins are fully described with photos (poor) or line drawings and complete legends. Includes many varieties of otherwise similar coins. There is an English summary, extensive bibliography, and values.
Bykov, A. A. Abbasidskii Pamyatnii Dirgem Nachala IX Veka/ Abbasid Commemorative Dirham from the Beginning of the 9th Century. Sovetskoe Vostokovedenie, pp. 83-90, 1947. (Photocopy)
The description of an unusual Abbasid dirham dated AH 195 from the time of Caliph al-Mansur. There is no mint name. The central legends cite Umm Jafar bint Abu’l-Fadla, apparently referring to Zubaida, the wife of Harun al-Rashid. The description is of a single known coin.
Bykov, A. A. Daisam ibn Ibrakhim al-Kurdi i yevo Monety/ Daysam b. Ibrahim the Kurd and his Coins.
Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume X, pp. 14-37, 1955.
The coins of Daysam b. Ibrahim al-Kurd are listed in Album’s Checklist under Kurds of Adharbayjan (Azerbaijan). There are descriptions of two coins, Arminiya 330 and Ardabil 340, with beautiful enlarged photos. A majority of the article is a description of the history surrounding Daysam and his issuing of coins.
Bykov, A. A. Monety Daisama ibn Ibrakhima al-Kurdi. XXV Mezhdunarodnii Kongress Vostokovedov,
Izdatel’stvo Vostochnoi Literatury, Moscow, 1960.
This appears to be an offprint from a larger publication. It is a description of the coins of Daysam b. Ibrahim al-Kurd, listed in Album’s Checklist under Kurds of Adharbayjan (Azerbaijan). The author describes 11 coins, all dirhams, from the mints of Barda’, Adharbayjan, Arminiya and Ardabil, dated AH 325-341. Arabic legends are written out, and there are photos of each coin.
Bykov, A. A. Nakhodki Srednevekovykh Indiiskikh Monet v Vostochnoi Evrope/ Finds of Medieval Indian Coins in Eastern Europe. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XIX, pp. 73-80, 1969.
Finds of Dehli Sultanate coins (gold) of ‘Ala al-Din Muhammad II, Qutb al-Din Mubarak I, Ghiyas al-Din Tughluq I, Muhammad III b. Tughluq, and Firuz III. The sites where the coins were found are along the Volga and Kama rivers near Kazan’, between Moscow and Yaroslavl, and along other rivers west of Moscow near Minsk, Leningrad/St. Petersburg and Kiev.
Bykov, A. A. Redkii Samanidskii Fel’s/ A Rare Samanid Fals. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XX, pp. 72-73, 1971.
A beautifully preserved example of an extremely rare copper fals of Ishaq b. Ahmad, Akhsikath, AH 278. SNAT has only one example, a broken and holed piece dated AH 284. This coin is from the Samanids of Akhsikath, listed separately from the other Samanids in Album’s Checklist, and this is a different Ishaq b. Ahmad than the usurper who issued coins under the main Samanid line in AH 301.
Bykov, A. A. Dva Novykh Dirkhema Daisama ibn Ibrakhima al-Kurdi/ Two New Dirhams of Daysam ibn Ibrahim al-Kurdi. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XX, pp. 74-76, 1971.
Two dirhams of Daysam b. Ibrahim, listed in Album’s Checklist as the only ruler under Kurds of Adharbayjan. These two coins were struck in Barda’a, AH 325, and in Ardebil, AH 338, respectively, and both were in the collection of the Ermitage Museum.
Bykov, A. A. Monety Rashaddina, Uygurskovo Povstantsa. Strany i Narody Vostoka, Part XV, Afrika i Aziya, pp. 288-302, Moscow, 1973.
Rebel coinages from Xinjiang/Sinkiang. It includes much historical background, coin descriptions within the text, a map, and a few photos, mostly of Ghazi Rashid square-holed coppers.
[Byrne, Ray]. Coins and Tokens of the Caribees. Auction catalogue of Jess Peters, Inc., Decatur, Illinois, 1975.
Extensive catalogue of 1457 lots from Ray Byrne's collection of Caribbean coins and tokens. Includes tokens of non-British islands of Cuba, Curacao, Danish West Indies, Dominican Republic, Dutch West Indies, Guadeloupe, Isles du Vent, Haiti, Martinique, Puerto Rico, St. Bartholomew, St. Croix, St. Maarten, Santo Domingo, Vieque, and Dutch and French Guiana, as well as British pieces covered in Pridmore and Clermont and Wheeler.
Cahen, Claude. ‘Abdallatif al-Baghdadi et les Khwarizmiens. Pp. 149-166, In: C. E. Bosworth (Ed.), Iran and Islam, In Memory of the Late Vladimir Minorsky. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 1971.
‘Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi was a contempory of the Khwarizmshahs who wrote his memoirs recording events of his time. This article contains a biography of the Khwarizmshahs Muhammad b. Tekish, and account of the Battle of Erzinjan in AH 627, and a biography of Jalal al-Din Mangubarni, all taken from the contemporary memoirs of ‘Abd al-Latif. Interesting contemporary accounts of Khwarizmshah conflicts with the Great Khans (Mongols, Chingizids) and with the Seljuqs of Rum. Not a coin article, but interesting nonetheless.
Cahn, Erich B. Catalogues des Monnaies Suisses. I. Fribourg. Societe Suise de Numismatique, Berne, 1959. Reprinted by Johnson Reprint Corporation, New York, 1966. In French, with German introduction.
Coinage of the Canton of Fribourg, Switzerland, 1446-1848.
Cahn, Erich B. Bayerische Muenzkataloge. Band 3. Die Muenzen des Hochstifts Eichstaett. Verlag Hugo Geiger, Gruenwald bei Muenchen, 1962.
The coinage of the Bishopric of Eichstaett (Eichstaedt), Bavaria, from 985-1802.
Calico, F. Xavier. Florines de Aragon. X. & F. Calico, Barcelona, 1966.
A specialized publication devoted to the gold Florines of medieval Aragon, Spain. There are very few illustrations, but there are drawings of mint marks, legends through various rulers, etc. The Florine circulated widely and was imitated throughout Europe.
Campos Lopez, Teresa. Feluses en las excaviaciones de Jaen. In: A. Canto and V. Salvatierra (Eds.), IV. Jarique de Numismatica Andalusi, Universidad de Jaen, Museo Casa de la Moneda, pp. 111-120, 2000.
Spanish Umayyad coppers found in Jaen. A few are photographed and described.
Cannito, Ralph A. and Michael N. Fedorov. On Some Rare Early Qarakhanid Fulus. American Journal of Numismatics, Vol. 20, pp. 555-578, 2008.
Description of 47 Qarakhanid coppers from the late 4th and early 5th centuries AH. Decent discussion of early Qarakhanid history and how the coins contribute to our historical knowledge. Excellent photographic plates. It would be nice to have this sort of treatment of the entire Qarakhanid coinage to add photos or drawings to supplement Kochnev’s work.
Cannito, Ralph A. and Michael N. Fedorov. An Unpublished AH 607 Uzjend Dirham. American Journal of Numismatics, Vol. 20, pp. 579-5838, 2008.
A late Qarakhanid silver-washed dirham in the name of Qadir Khan.
Cano Avila, Pedro. Dirhemes Califales Hallados cerca de Alcaudete (Jaen). III. Jarique de Numismatica
Hispano-Arabe. Museo Arqueologico Nacional, Madrid, pp. 299-311, 1990.
Desriptions of legends and ornamentation of Spanish Umayyad dirhams found in Spain. No photos.
Canto Garcia, Alberto. El Periodo Omeya. El Emirato. La Aparicion de la Tipologia Califal. ‘Abd al-Rahman III: Sus Sucesores. I. Jarique de Estudios Numismaticos Hispano-Arabes, Institucion Fernando el Catolico, Zaragoza, pp. 29-41, 1988.
Typology, with names of other personages, found on Spanish Umayyad coins. Good bibliography.
Canto Garcia, Alberto and Tawfiq Ibrahim. Moneda Andalusi en al Alhambra, Palacio de Carlos V, Granada, Marzo-Agosto 1997. Archivos y Publicaciones Scriptorium, Granada, 1997.
A wonderful catalogue that accompanied an exhibit of Islamic coins at the Palacio de Carlos V in Granada in 1997. The first section follows the evolution of Islamic coinage in Spain from the origins of Islamic coinage through the Umayyads, Taifas, Almoravids, Almohades, and Nasrids of Granada. This section includes brief histories, nice maps, and an overview of the coins. The second section covers the use and manufacture of money and discusses hoards and counterfeiting. The third section is a catalogue of more than 200 coins and related objects,most nicely photographed and fully described. Finally there is a fantastic bibliography. A great book.
Cappe, Heinrich Philipp. Beschreibung der Muenzen von Goslar. E. S. Mittler und Sohn, Dresden, 1860.
Reprinted by Numismatischer Verlag Wolfgang Winkel, Bielefeld, 1974. Numbered copy 95 of limited reprinting of 200 copies.
The coinage of the German free city of Goslar. After 1802 was a part of Prussia, then Westphalia, then Hannover, then Prussia again. Covers 1039 (Holy Roman Empire) through 1764.
Carboni, Stefano. Following the Stars: Images of the Zodiac in Islamic Art. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1997.
An explanation of astrological motifs found in Islamic art and illustrations thereof. There are photos of nice of the Zodiac coins of the Mughal emperor Jahangir, but the book is not primarily numismatic. Very nicely illustrated.
Carter, Martha L. A Numismatic Reconstruction of Kushano-Sasanian History. ANS Museum Notes, Volume 30, pp. 215-261, 1985.
A chronology and history of the Kushano-Sasanians based on numismatic evidence. Nice piece of work.
Casey, P. J. Roman Coinage in Britain. Shire Archaeology 12, Third Edition. Shire Publications, Princes Risborough, England, 1994.
An interesting account of the coinage of Roman England, with emphasis on the economic and social history of the time. It is not a catalogue of Roman coins, but rather an explanation of how and why the coinage of Roman Britain developed.
Castelin, Karel. Grossus Pragensis. Der Pragen Groschen und seine Teilstuecke, 1300-1547. Klinkhardt & Biermann, Braunschweig, 1973.
The Prager Groschen of Bohemia. A history, with identification of coins and description of countermarked coins.
Cayon, Adolfo, Clemente Cayon and Juan Cayon. Las Monedas Espanolas del Tremis al Euro, del 411 a Nuestros Dias. Juan R. Cayon, Madrid, 1998.
A huge (almost 1300 page) much-improved replacement for the old Cayon and Castan. This incarnation begins with the Suevii in 411, covers the pre-Visigoth, Visigoth and Islamic coinages of Spain before getting into the more tradional medieval coinage of the previous volume. Each type is photographed. For Islamic coinage, prices (in 1998 pesetas) are given many mints for each type, including north African mints for dynasties like the Muwahhids and others that spanned the Mediterranean and the Strait of Gibraltar. A great overall reference for Spanish coins.
Charlton, J. E. 1964 Standard Catalogue of Canadian Coins, Tokens and Paper Money. 12th Edition. Whitman Publishing Co., Racine, Wisconsin, 1963.
Coins and tokens of Canada, 1670 until 1964.
Cheng Ren Jie. Chinese Copper Coins. Taiwan, 1997. (In Chinese).
The nicest publication I have seen on modern copper coins of China. There are almost 800 different types illustrated with high-quality color photos. It does not cover Sinkiang.
Chijs, J. A. van der. Catalogus der numismatische Afddeling van het Museum van het Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen. Lange & Co., Batavia, 1869.
First edition of a listing of the coins in the Museum of the Batavian Society for Art and Science. There are no illustrations and few coin descriptions. Most notations are references to other published works. You win some, you lose some.
Chosky, Jamsheed K. A Sasanian Monarch, His Queen, Crown Prince, and Deities: The Coinage of Wahram II. American Journal of Numismatics, Volume 1, pp. 117-135, 1989.
The Sasanian coinage of Vahran II.
Chu Cho-p’eng and Chu Sheng-t’ao. Xinjiang Red Cash. Hsin Hua Bookstore, Shanghai, 1991. (In Chinese)
The book has rubbings of Xinjiang/Sinkiang coinage of the Ch’ing Dynasty. It’s greatest use for the non-Chinese reader is the ability to compare one’s coins to different die varieties in the catalogue, one step in determining if a coin is counterfeit. The rubbings are not always clear, especially for the lower denominations.
Ciani, Louis. Les Monnaies Royales Francaises de Hugues Capet a Louis XVI. Paris, 1926. Reprint by A. G. Van der Dussen, Maestricht, The Netherlands, 1969.
Royal French coinage from Hugh Capet (956) until Louis XVI (1793).
Clain-Stefanelli, Elvira. Select Numismatic Bibliography. Stack's, New York, 1965.
An extensive bibliography of literature relating to numismatics. It covers major references to all fields of numismatics published through 1965.
Clain-Stefanelli, Elvira. Numismatic Bibliography. Battenberg-Verlag, Munich, 1985.
The most complete and most cited numismatic bibliography. It lists 18,311 references covering all facets of numismatics. Most include only the bibliographic citation, but there are some with notations elaborating a bit more about the subject. Especially noteworthy references are marked with an asterisk.
Clark, C. R. Florida Tokens. Published by the author, St. Petersburg, Florida, 1990.
The standard reference on Florida tokens in all metals (and other materials) from the 1880s until 1990. The book is arranged alphabetically by city. There are over 6,000 tokens listed, many photographed.
Clarke, Robert L. and A. Mohabat-Ayin. Modern Coinage or Iran, 1293 AH-1353 SH, 1876 AD-1974 AD. Numismatics International, Dallas, 1974.
A small book on the machine-struck coins of Iran under the shahs. Legends are transliterated but not written out in Persian.
de Clermont, Andre P. and John Wheeler. Spink's Catalogue of British Colonial and Commonwealth Coins. Spink and Son, London, 1986.
Coins and tokens of the British Commonwealth and Colonies, adapted from Pridmore and in the format of Krause and Mishler. Includes valuations.
Cobwright, Mullhulland Ignatious. Evasives 1993. Published by C.O.B., Beeston, England, 1993.
An work on the evasion coinage of 19th century England and Ireland. The only serious update of Atkins. Not illustrated.
Codera y Zaidin, Don Franciso. Tratado de Numismatica Arabigo-Espanola. Originally published by Libreria de M. Murillo, Madrid, 1879. Reprinted by Juan R. Cayon, Madrid, 1977.
Description of two museum collections of Islamic dynasties in Spain and adjacent North Africa. Includes early Latin-Arabic coins, Umayyads, the various Muluk al-Tawa'if, Almohades, Almoravids, and later coins. Full descriptions with Arabic legends written out and Spanish translations. There are many useful tables, 24 plates, and a supplement describing each mint town found on the various coins.
Codrington, H. W. Ceylon Coins and Currency. Memoirs of the Colombo Museum, Saries A., No. 3, Colombo, 1924. Reprinted 1975.
Catologue of all coins known to have circulated in Ceylon. Includes ancients, Roman and Byzantine, medieval Ceylon (Kandy Kings, etc., medieval India, Portugese, Dutch, British, Islamic, and others. Islamic coins include Umayyad, Fatimid, Ayyubid, Rum Seljuqs, Zengid, Mamluks, Ilkhan, Rasulid, and Indian sultanates. Also larins and early Persian shahs. A lot of good history. Coin legends transliterated only.
Codrington, O. A Manual of Musalman Numismatics. Originally published as Asiatic Society Monographs, Volume VII, Royal Asiatic Society, London, 1904. Reprinted by Eastern Book House, Patna, India, 1990.
A thorough (in 1904) list of legends, names, titles, mint towns, and other features of Islamic coins in English and Arabic. Very useful for coin identification. The list of mint towns explains which dynasties minted coins there and gives their location by modern country and with latitude and longitude!
Codrington, O. Further note on Musalman coins collected by Mr. G. P. Tate in Seistan. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, pp. 547-553, 1905.
Brief notes on Saffarid and Mehrabanid coins with legends fully written out where known.
Coffing, Courtney L. A Guide and Checklist of World Notgeld, 1914-1947, and Other Local Issue Emergency Monies. Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, 1988.
A list of cities from all countries issuing various forms of emergency money (Notgeld), including banknotes, coins, encased stamps, etc. There is an extensive bibliography on literature pertaining to emergency money. Few illustrations, and not even a guide to types. Except for the guide to the literature, probably minimally useful.
Coole, Arthur Brandon. Coins in China’s History. Fourth Edition, Inter-Collegiate Press, Mission, Kansas, 1965.
One of the classic publications on Chinese coins. It has a short historical overview, maps, reign titles, assistance in dating modern coins, and nice black and white photos of coins from ancient spades through modern coins. The end of the book has a neat year-by-year time line of the history of China.
Coole, Arthur Brandon. Encyclopedia of Chinese Coins, Volume 2. The Early Coins of the Chou Dynasty. Quarterman Publications, Inc., Lawrence, Masachusetts, 1973.
A very detailed catalogue of cowries (natural and other materials), ant-nose types, hollow-handle spades and thick and heavy spades of the Chou dynasty. All pieces illustrated with great help in reading and translating the characters found on these.
Coole, Arthur Brandon. Encyclopedia of Chinese Coins, Volume 5. Ch’i Heavy Sword Coins and Debatable Pieces of the Chou Era. Quarterman Publications, Inc., Lawrence, Massachusetts, 1976.
A very detailed catalogue of heavy pointed knives of ancient China. The debatable pieces are mostly Bridge Money and Fish Money. There are many, many types illustrated, and there are glossaries of the seal script characters and detailed discussions of reading the different seal characters.
Coole, Arthur Brandon. Encyclopedia of Chinese Coins, Volume 6. State of Ming Knife Coins and Minor Knife Coins. Quarterman Publications, Inc., Lawrence, Massachusetts, 1976.
In-depth catalogue of Ming knives and other smaller knife coins of ancient China. There are good drawings of the different types and glossaries/tables of the characters found on the different knives.
Cope, Geoffrey M. and P. Alan Rayner. The Standard Catalogue of English Milled Coinage in Silver, Copper and Bronze, 1662-1972. Spink and Son, London, 1975.
Detailed catalogue with rarity by grade, average condition, and varieties. Charles II through Elizabeth II.
Craig, Alan K. Gold Coins of the 1715 Spanish Plate Fleet: A Numismatic Study of the State of Florida
Collection. Florida Archaeology, Number 4, Florida Bureau of Archaeological Research, 1988.
A description of gold coinage of Colonial Spain in the Florida State collection. Includes a good historical treatment of the period. Focuses on Lima, Cuzco, Mexico and Santa Fe de Bogata mints. Beautiful color plates, line drawings illustrating 23 types. All the coins were salvaged from shipwrecks of the coast of Florida.
Craig, William D. Germanic Coinages (Charlemagne through Wilhelm II). William D. Craig, Mountain View, California, 1954. With Supplement.
An extensive guide to identification of coins of German states, with history and rulers of cities and states and a general monetary history of Germany.
Credit Communal de Belgique. One Money for Europe. Credit Communal de Belgique, Brussels, 1991.
Published in conjunction with an exhibit at the Credit Communal and the convening of the XIth International Numismatic Congress at the time of the introduction of the ECU as a potential single monetary unit for Europe. It is a series of short papers, the authors of which represent a who’s who of European numismatics. The papers cover Greek before Athenian Owls, Attic Tetradrachm, Magna Graecia, Federal Coinage in Greece, Roman Denarius, Roman Empire in general, Celts, Solidus and Besant in Western Europe, Carolingian, Denier of Friesach as international trade coin, Luxembourg coinage, Scandinavia, Catalonian solution to International Monetary Union, Union of Elector of the Rhine Burgundy, Return to large coinage, the Sterling, The Ducat, the Florin, Royal French coinage, the Thaler, the Maria Teresa Thaler, the Sovereign, Germanal Franc and the Latin Union, German Zollverein, Currency, Resistance to and problems of a common currency, the ECU. Great maps, outstanding photos.
Cresswell, O. D. Chinese Cash. Durst Publications, New York, 1979.
A decent introduction to Chinese Cash. Includes some historical notes, descriptions of the most common types, line drawings, and a few useful guides to identification not found elsewhere, especially tables of Chinese and Mongol characters found on coin reverses. Not comprehensive, but useful.
Cribb, Joe. The Sino-Kharosthi Coins of Khotan: Their Attribution and Relevance to Kushan Chronology, Part 1. Numismatic Chronicle, Volume 144, pp. 128-152, 1984.
Cribb, Joe. The Sino-Kharosthi Coins of Khotan: Their Attribution and Relevance to Kushan Chronology, Part 2. Numismatic Chronicle, Volume 145, pp. 136-149, 1985.
These two articles are a great discussion of copper and lead coins found around Khotan in Xinjiang/Sinkiang. The coins have inscriptions in both Chinese and Kharosthi. He provides line drawings and photos of all types, and there is an extensive analysis and explanation of the meanings of symbols and legends. He puts them all in a historical context and draws conclusions about Kushan history from the coins.
Cribb, Joe, Barrie Cook and Ian Carradice. The Coin Atlas: The World of Coinage from its Origins to the Present Day. Facts on File, New York, 1990.
An extensive overview of every coin-issuing country with a summary of the coinage, maps and many photographs of coins and related items. A very useful reference.
Crusafont i Sabater, M. Barcelona i la Moneda Catalana. Caixa de Pensions, Barcelona, 1989.
A really nice coffee table-type book on the coinage of Barcelona and Catalan. It covers ancient and medieval coinages, with hundreds of coins photographed, many greatly enlarged. There is a good historical overview of the development of the coinage and a good bibliography. Written in Catalan.
Crusafont, Miquel, Anna M. Balaguer and Philip Grierson. Medieval European Coinage 6. The Iberian Peninsula. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2013.
The third volume to appear in the Catalogue of the Coins in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. As with the other volumes to appear so far, the main part of the book is a detailed numismatic history, followed by plates of coins with descriptions on facing pages. The photos in this volume appear not to be as high quality as in the first two volumes, which is a disappointment for such an expensive book. This volume covers early Muslim issues (Umayyad, taifa and Almoravid, Almohads, Nasrids of Granada), Carolingians and coinage to 1100, Catalonia-Aragon, Kingdom of Majorca, Kingdom of Navarre, Castille-Leon, Kingdom of Portugal.
Cummings, Michael L. Modern Japanese Coinage: 1870-Date. Self Published. Tokyo, 1975. Signed by author.
A nice book with much more information about the modern coinage of Japan than found in Krause or other general publications. Includes a brief numismatic history of Japan. There are explanations of legends, a section on mints and mintmarks, lists of rulers, etc.
Cunningham, Alexander. Coins of the Indo-Scythians. Originally published London, 1888, 1889, 1890. Reprint by Indological Book House, Delhi, 1971.
A collection of papers on ancient India originally published in the Numismatic Chronicle. Part I is a general introduction with tables of monograms, legends and titles. Subsequent parts cover the Tochari, Kushans or Yue-ti, the Sakas, King Miaus (or Heraus), Kushans or Great Yue-Ti (again). The plates are on the good side of mediocre, and there are many tables of coins descriptions and much historical background.
Cunningham, Alexander. Coins of Mediaeval India from the Seventh Century down to the Muhammadan
Conquests. Originally published London, 1893. Reprint by Oriental Reprint, Delhi, 1967.
A nice treatment of medieval Indian coins, including Indo-Sasanian, bull and horseman, and other well-known types. The coins are described, but the legends are not written out in the original language, only transliterated. The plates are mediocre.
Cunz, Reiner. Moneta Goslariensis: Goslarer Muenzen des Mittelalters und der Neuzeit. Niedersaechsisches Muenzkabinett der Deutschen Bank, Hannover, 1989.
A brief pamphlet to accompany an exhibit of the coins of Goslar from early medieval times to the present. There are no illustrations. A decent bibliography and good, although short, historical overview.
Cunz, Reiner. Kleine Muenzgeschichte der Stadt Hannover, 1438-1674. Niedersaechsisches Muenzkabinett der Deutschen Bank, Hannover, 1991.
A nicely produced booklet to accompany an exhibit on the history of the coins of Hannover. Includes a good historical overview, some nice color photographs, and an extensive bibliography.
Cunz, Reiner. Vom Taler zur Mark: Einfuehrung in die Muenz- und Geldgeschichte Nordwestdeutschlands von 1500 bis 1900. Deutsche Bank, Hannover, 1996.
A booklet to accompany a travelling bank exhibit of the coinage of northwest Germany. Includes numerous color photos of coins and banknotes, a good bibliography, and a great historical overview. Mostly Lower Saxony and Braunschweig.
Curiel, Raoul and Rika Gyselen. Une Collection de Monnaies de Cuivre Arabo-Sasanides. Studia Iranica, Cahier 2. Association pour l’Avancement des Etudes Iraniennes, Paris, 1984.
Very good descriptions and guides to identification of early Islamic Arab-Sasanian copper coins. Nice line drawings and full legends.
Curtis, B. Thomas. Salah-ad-Din and the Jazira Campaigns of A.H. 578 and A.H. 581: The Evidence of the Figured Coins. Studies in Memory of Paul Balog. Israel Numismatic Journal, Volume 10, pp. 88-97, 1988-1989.
The author attempts to correlate the advent of various figural bronzes of the Turkish atabegs with specific historical events of Salah al-Din (Saladin).
Dalton, Richard. The Silver Token-Coinage Mainly Issued Between 1811 and 1812 Described and Illustrated. Reprint by Seaby, London, 1968 of original 1922 edition.
Silver token coinage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, Guernsey and the Isle of Man.
Dalton, Richard and S. H. Hamer. The Provincial Token-Coinage of the 18th Century. Reprint by Quarterman Publications, Lawrence, Mass., 1977, of original edition of 1910.
Token coinage of England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland.
Damali, Atom. 150 Devlet, 1500 Sultan: Islam Sikkeleri/ 150 Dynasties, 1500 Sultans: Islamic Coinage. Nilufer Vakfi Yayinlari, Istanbul, No Publication Date. In Turkish.
A handbook or introduction to Islamic coinage. It has 150 dynasties listed with chronologies of their rulers and examples of their coinage. There are fold-out maps showing the extent of reign of various dynasties, as well as good historical overviews for each of the dynasties. Already useful with my limited Turkish, and would be a great book to practice on if I ever get serious about learning.
Daniel, Howard A., III. The Catalog and Guidebook of Southeast Asian Coins and Currency. Volume I. France. Second edition. BNR Press, Portage, Ohio, 1978.
Coins, tokens and banknotes of French Cochin China, Indo-China, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam, Thailand and the Netherlands East Indies (French token). A decent overview.A continuation of the authors detailed guide to die varieties of Northern Sung cash.
Daoud, Dr. Mayssa Mahmoud. Archaeological and Artistic Study of the Fatimid Numismatic Set at the Museum of Islamic Art in Cairo. Dar al-Fikr al-‘Arabi, Cairo, 1991 (in Arabic, with English summary)
A very useful catalogue of Fatimid coins from the Museum collection. Most of the coin legends are written out in tabular form (more than 250 pages), and there are mediocre, but readable, photos on many photographic plates. The analysis of the coins is in Arabic. A great help for reading legends and identifying coins.
Dar, Shimon and Arie Kindler. The Coins from the Mamluk Enclosure at Nebi Hazuri. Studies in Memory of Paul Balog. Israel Numismatic Journal, Volume 10, pp. 129-136, 1988-1989.
A hoard of more than 100 coins, including Mamluk coins from 1260-1498 AD, indicates that the site was a long-term continuous Mamluk settlement.
Darley-Doran, Robert E. History of Currency in the Sultanate of Oman. The Central Bank of Oman, Muscat, 1990/1411.
A beautifully laid-out history of Islamic coinage in this part of the Arabian Peninsula. Not a catalogue, but richly illustrated with enlarged photographs. Each chapter is a different century of coinage from the earliest Umayyads to the present. Includes Abbasid, Saffarid, Wajihid, Buwayhid, Qarmatid, Mukramid, Qalhatid, Rasulid. The legends of most coins are written out in the Arabic text, with transliter-ations and translations in the English test.
Darley-Doran, Robert E. History of Currency in the State of Bahrain. Published on behalf of Bahrain Monetary Agency by Spink and Son, Ltd, London, 1996.
A slick publication that is a general survey of coinage of the Arabian peninsula over time. Includes ancient Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Sasanian, Arab-Sasanian, Umayyad, Abbasid, Zanj Rebellion, Aghlabid, Tulunid, Saffarid, Samanid, Fatimid, Umayyad of Spain,‘Abbadids of Seville, Murabitid, Kingdom of Murcia, Muwahhidid, Marinid, Hafsid, Ikhshidid, Qarmatid, Ayyubid, Amirs of ‘Aththar, Najahid, Sulayhid, Rasulid, Buwayhid, Ghaznavid, Qarakhanid, Hasanwayhid, Kakwayhid, Anazid, Great Seljuq, Iraq Seljuq, Zangid, Khwarezmshah, Batinid, Seljuq of Rum, Mamluk, Ottoman, Ilkhan, Qutlughkhanid, Injuyid, Muzaffarid, Timurid, Qalhatid, Aq Qoyunlu, Safavid, Afsharid, Qajar, Zand, Mughal, and modern coins. Beautiful photos, but coins not fully described. More of a coffee table book.
Daryaee, Touraj. The Use of Religo-Political Propaganda on the Coinage of Xusro II. ANS American Journal of Numismatics, Vol. 9, pp. 41-53.
Explanation of changes in types of Sasanian drachmas of Xusro II.
Davenport, John S. The Silver Dollars of Africa. Whitman Publishing Company, Racine, Wisconsin, 1959.
His first book on Thaler/Dollar-sized coins. It is a type catalogue including Algeria, Angola, Belgian Congo, Congo Free State, Comoros Islands, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, German East Africa, Ghana, Gold Coast, Ile de France, Morocco, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, South African Republic, Southern Rhodesia, Sudan, Tripoli, Tunis, Union of South Africa and Zanzibar. Also includes the Maria Teresa Thaler and various patterns and fantasies.
Davenport, John S. German Talers, 1700-1800. Second Edition. Spink & Son, Ltd., London, 1965.
Talers of German States from the 18th century. Includes a brief historical overview prior to each coin-issuing entity's entry.
Davenport, John S. German Church and City Talers, 1600-1700. Published by the author, Galesburg, Illinois, 1967.
Talers issued by German cities and ecclesiastical states or rulers in the 17th century.
Davenport, John S. The Talers of the Austrian Noble Houses. Organization of International Numismatists,
Galesburg, Illinois, 1972.
This is a small paperback book, 62 pages, that covers Austrian talers. It is done in the style of his larger books. It includes a map of the coverage, which goes into Bohemia, Silesia, Moravia and Hungary.
Davenport, John S. European Crowns, 1700-1800. Third Edition. Publishes by the author, Galesburg, Illinois, 1971.
Non-German crown-sized coins of Europe in the 18th century. Includes coinage of Austria and Hungary issued by the Habsburgs.
Davenport, John S. European Crowns, 1600-1700. Published by the author, Galesburg, Illinois, 1974.
Non-German crown-sized coins of Europe in the 17th century.
Davenport, John S. German Secular Talers, 1600-1700. Numismatischer Verlag P. N. Schulten, Frankfurt am Main, 1976.
A catalogue of talers issued by the rulers of German states in the 17th century.
Davenport, John S. European Crowns, 1484-1600. Numismatischer Verlag P. N. Schulten, Frankfurt am Main, 1977.
Non-German European crowns of the late 15th and entire 16th centuries.
Davenport, John S. German Talers, 1500-1600. Numismatischer Verlag P. N. Schulter, Frankfurt am Main, 1979.
German talers in the 16th century. Includes cities, states and ecclesiastical issues.
Davenport, John S. Eastern Baltic Regional Coinage, A. D. 1425-1581. Numismatics International, Dallas, 1996.
The coinage of several small Baltic states before they began to be absorbed by kingdoms. Includes Livonian Order, Archbishops of Riga, Joint coinages of Knights and Archbishop, Bishopric of Dorpat, Bishoprics of Oesel, Curland and Reval, Duchy of Curland, Teutonic Order of Knights in Prussia, and the City of Riga. Most coins drawn or photographed and provided with full descriptions. Includes maps and identification of coats of arms.
Davenport, John S. and Tyge Sondergaard. Large Size Silver Coins of the World. Published by the senior author, Galesburg, Illinois, 1972.
A catalogue of multiple talers of the world.
Davidovich, E. A. Klad Mednikh Dzhagataidskikh Monet XIII v./ A Hoard of Copper Chagatayid Coins of the13th Century. Doklady Akademii Nauk Tadzhikskoi SSR, Number 6, pp. 35-38, 1949.
A hoard of copper broad dirhams struck in Otrar, AH 654-656.
Davidovich, E. A. Nadpisi na Sredneaziatskikh Serebryanykh Monetakh XVI v./ Legends on Central Asian Silver Coins of the 16th Century. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume VII, pp. 30-40, 1953.
Reading of the legends of Shaybanid tankas from four rulers - Kuchunji, Abu Sa’id, ‘Ubayd Allah, ‘Abd Allah II, and others. There are line drawings of six coin types from the four named rulers.
Davidovich, E. A. Termezskii Klad Mednykh Poserebrennykh Dirkhemov 617/1220 g/ A Hoard of Silver-washed Copper Dirhams from Termez from 617/1220. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume VIII, pp. 43-55, 1953.
Two types of bronze broad dirhams from the reign of the Khwarizmshah Muhammad b. Tekish. Both types are dated AH 617 and are from the Termez (Tirmidh) mint. The second type has a really nice bow and arrow motif in the center of the obverse. Line drawings and descriptions of both types and lots of history.
Davidovich, E. A. Monetniye Nakhodki na Territorii Tadzhikistana v 1953 g./ Coin Finds in the Territory of Tadjikistan in 1953. Dokladi Akademii Nauk Tadzhikskoi SSR, Number 11, pp. 69-79, 1954.
An analysis of hoards of Ghaznavid dirhams plus a list of other hoards found in 1953, including Sogdian coins in Pendzhikent.
Davidovich, E. A. Vtoraya Moneta Samanida Nukha ibn Asada/ A Second Coin of the Samanid Nuh b. Asad. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XI, pp. 38-39, 1954.
The description of a rare copper fals in the Uzbekistan Museum of History in Tashkent. The coin was found in Tashkent in 1947. It was struck in Binkat (Tashkent/al-Shash), but the date is missing. There is an alif at the beginning, indicating either 1, 2 or 4 is the first word of the date, and it ends in mi’atin (200). The date falls somewhere in the range of 211-224.
Davidovich, E. A. Numizmaticheskiye Materialy dlya Istorii Razvitiya Feodal’nikh Otnoshenii v Srednei Azii pri Samanidakh/ Numismatic Material for the History of the Development of Feudal Relations in Central Asia at the time of the Samanids. Trudy Akademii Nauk Tadzhikskoi SSR, Volume XXVII, pp. 69-117, 1954.
Includes Bukhara at the time of Nasr b. Ahmad, Shash (Tashkent) during the AH 250s -260s, the Samanids of Akhsikath (Ferghana Valley, 9th to the beginning of the 11th centuries), Ispijab, Nasrabad. There are coin descriptions and genealogies throughout.
Davidovich, E. A. Ferganskiye Samanidy po Numizmaticheskim Dannym/ Samanids in Ferghana through Numismatic Evidence. Epigrafika Vostoka, Vol. XI, pp. 14-26, 1956.
A short article about the Samanids of Akhsikath in the Ferghana Valley. Legends of some of the coins are written out in the body of the text, but there are no formal coin descriptions or plates. The coins are all copper.
Davidovich, E. A. Numizmaticheskiye Materialy dlya Khronologii i Genealogii Sredneaziatskikh Karakhanidov/ Numismatic Material for a Chronology and Genealogy of the Central Asian Qarakhanids. Numizmaticheskii Sbornik, Ch. 2 [Trudy GIM, Vypusk 26, Moscow, pp. 91-119, 1957.
An early attempt to make sense of the myriad of names and titles on Qarakhanid coinage. There are some coin legends and reconstructions of coins in the text. The work on chronology and genealogy is largely superceded by Kochnev’s work.
Davidovich, E. A. Klad Sredneaziatskikh Pulov Pervoi Chetverti XVI v./ A Hoard of Central Asian Puls from the First Quarter of the 16th Century. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Vol. I, pp. 193-198, 1960.
A description of anonymous copper puls that appear to be from Bukhara from the first two decades of the AH 900s (Shaybanid Dynasty). There is a drawing of one of the coins, and it actually has the denomination pul on it.
Davidovich, E. A. Iz Oblasti Denezhnovo Obrashcheniya v Srednei Azii XI-XII vv./ Regional Monetary
Circulation in Central Asia in the 11th-12th Centuries. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Volume II, pp. 92-117, 1960.
An analysis of hoards of coins from Central Asia. Most of the coins discussed in the article are Qarakhanid. There are no coin descriptions, but rather an analysis of the circulation patterns.
Davidovich, E. A. Samanidskiye Monety Kuby/ Samanid Coins of Quba. Sovyetskaya Arkheologiya 1960(2), pp. 254-257, 1960.
A description of three Samanid dirhams dated AH 341, 349 and 356 from the Quba/Kuba mint in Ferghana. The legends are completely written out in Arabic. There are no photos or drawings.
Davidovich, E. A. Istoriya Monetnovo dela Srednei Azii XVII-XVIII vv. Zolotiye i Serebryaniye Moneti
Dzhanidov) (The History of Coinage of Central Asia in the 17th and 18th centuries: Gold and Silver Coins of the Janids). Academy of Science of Tadzhik SSSR, Dushanbe, 1964.
A detailed history of the coinage of the Islamic Janid dynasty of central Asia. Includes a good typology of coins in gold and silver and has Arabic legends written out. Good photographic plates and many like drawings of types in text.
Davidovich, E. A. Materiali dlya Kharacteristiki Chekana i Obrashcheniya Sredneaziatskikh Mednikh Monet XV v./Materials for Characterizing the Striking and Conversion of Central Asian Copper Coinage of the 15th Century. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Vol. V, pp. 225-248, 1965.
A description two large hoards (almost 2000 pieces) of copper coins of the Timurid and Shaybanid dynasties found in southern Tadzhikistan. Includes thorough descripitions and analyses of the coins, including Arabic inscriptions, countermarks, mints, dates. Photographic plates at the end of the article. Probably the best work on these Central Asian coppers.
Davidovich, Elena A. Po Povodu Dvukh Kladov Mednykh Monet XV v. iz Tadzhikistana/ On Two Hoards of Copper Coins of the 15th Century from Tadjikistan. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XVII, pp. 111-119, 1966.
The first hoard had 41 examples of coppers from Samarqand, AH 823, shown with nice line drawings and legends written out. She shows two die varieties of the reverse with the date. The second hoard had 37 coins, one from Urdu, AH 861, and the others all from AH 832. The latter were from Bukhara, Andijan, Karsh, Termiz, Shakhrukhi and Urdu. There are no line drawings of these, but they are described in the text with Arabic legends written out.
Davidovich, Elena A. Denezhnoye Obrashchennie v Maverannakhre pri Samanidakh/ Monetary Circulation in Transoxania. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Vol. VI, pp. 103-134, 1966.
An analysis of circulation of gold, silver and copper coins of the Samanids in 10th century Central Asia. The article does not contain coin descriptions, but rather is an analysis of hoards to examine the extent to which coins circulated at the time.
*Davidovich, Elena A. Novyi Sredneaziatskii Monetnyi Dvor Mukhammada Khorezmshakha (1200 - 1220)/ A New Central Asian Mint of Muhammad Khwarizmshah (1200-1220) Sovetskaya Arkheologiya, No. 1, pp. 277-284, 1969/
Khwarizmshah coins from Chaganian. These are large copper dirhams dated AH 615 and 616.
Davidovich, E. A. Klad Serebryanikh Monet XVI v. iz Takzhikistana/A Hoard of 16th Century Silver Coins from Tadzhikistan. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Vol. VIII, pp. 67-80, 1970.
A hoard of silver coins of the Islamic Shaybanid dynasty. She describes the coins with full Arabic legends. Includes three plates of photographs.
Davidovich, E. A. Denezhnoye Khozyaistvo Srednei Azii posle Mongol’skovo Zavoevaniya i reforma Mas’ud-Beka (XIII v.) (Monetary Economy of Central Asia after the Mongol Conquest and the Reform of Mas’ud Beg (13th Century). Academy of Science of the Tadzhik SSR and Academy of Science of the USSR, Moscow, 1972.
Monetary history and description of coins of the Islamic Chaghatayid dynasty. Includes a good typology of coins and has Arabic legends written out. A few photographic plates.
Davidovich, E. A. Denezhnaya Reforma Kuchkunji-Khana (XVI B.)/ Monetary Reform of Kuchkunji-Khan (16th Century). Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Vol. X, pp. 174-204, 1972.
Islamic coinage of the Shaybanid Kuchkunji. Includes many line drawings of coin types and full descriptions with Arabic legends.
Davidovich, E. A. Denezhnoye Khozyaistvo na Territorii Yuzhnovo Tadzhikistana i Uzbekistana vo Vtorom Desyatilyetii XVI v. (Materialy dlya Kharakteristiki obshchego i osobennogo v Denezhnom obrashchenii raznikh oblastei Srednei Azii/Copper coin economy in the Territory of Southern Tadzhikistan and Uzbekistan in the second decade of the XVIth Century (Material for the Characterization of general and specific monetary matters in different parts of Central Asia). Numizmaticheskii Sbornik I, Part Five, pp. 7-87. Trudi Gosudarstvennovo Ordena Lenina Istoricheskovo Muzeya, Moscow, 1977.
Description and analysis of central Asian copper coins during Shaybanid times. Her usual articles with nice line drawings and full descriptions of types.
Davidovich, E. A. Novye Dannye po Istorii Samanidov (Klad Mednykh Monet IX X vv. iz Samarkanda/ New Data on the History of the Samanids (A Hoard of Copper Coins of the 9th - 10th Centuries from Samarqand). In B. G. Gafurov and B. A. Litvinski, Srednaya Aziya v Drevnosti i Srednevekov’ye (Istoriya i Kul’tura), Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Moscow, pp. 112-125, 1977.
A hoard of 125 copper fulus of the Samanids and Samanids of Akhsikath, mostly from the earliest part of the dynasty, including some very rare types. Coins are from Samarqand, Usrushana, Shash, Akhsikath, Binket, Bukhara, Tunket-Ilak, Ferakh, Fergana, Barab. Coins are fully described with Arabic legends written out, and there are high-quality plates of the more noteworthy coins.
Davidovich, E. A. Kladi Drevnikh i Srednevekovikh Monet Tadzhikistana. (Hoards of Ancient and Medieval Coins from Tadzhikistan). Published by the Soviet Academy of Science and the Tadzhikistan Academy of Science, Moscow, 1979.
An analysis of 84 hoards, with ancients through 19th century Islamic. Includes ancient Greek, Kushan, Kushan-Sasanian, Roman, Sasanian, Umayyad, Abbasid, Ghaznavid, Qarakhanid, Kharizmshahs, Ghorid of Bamiyan (p. 232), Chaghatayid, Timurid, Amir of Qunduz, Shaybanid, Janid, Khans of Khoqand and Khans of Khiva. Many photographic plates, full descriptions of many coins, index of mints.
Davidovich, E. A. Istoriya Denezhnovo Obrashcheniya Srednevekovoi Srednei Azii (Medniye Moneti XV - Pervoi Chetverti XVI v v Maverannakhre)/History of Monetary Circulation in Medieval Central Asia (Copper Coins of the 15th - First Quarter of the 16th Century in Transoxania. Izdatel’stvo “Nauka” Glavnaya Redaktsiya Vostochnoi Literatury, Moscow, 1983.
An in-depth treatment of the copper coinage of the Islamic Shaybanid and Timurid dynasties. The first part of the book is a detailed typology of coin types and countermarks with lists of mints and dates. Arabic legends are written out in full. The second part of the book is a detailed history of coin circulation and metrology. All types are illustrated with line drawings in the text.
Davidovich, E. A. Klad Serebryanykh Monet (Tanga) Sheibanidov i Dzhanidov i Nekotoriye Voprosy Denezhnovo Obrashcheniya v XVI - XVII vv./ A Hoard of Silver Coins (Tankas) of the Shaybanids and Janids and some Questions of the Monetary Circulation in the 16th - 17th Centuries. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XXIV, pp. 78-93, 1988.
Description of a hoard of 55 Shaybanid and Janid tankas found in Denau, Uzbekistan. Coins fully described with Arabic legends. Some of the coins are unique or very rare. The author analyzed the hoard to address questions of weight and fineness of tankas, small tankas (Tangache) and Khanis at the time of the Timurids and Shaybanids.
Davidovich, E. A. Karakhanidskiye Fel’sy Khudzhanda 390/999-1000 g. (Voprosy atributsii)/ Qarakhanid fulus of Khujand dated AH 390 (Questions of Attribution). Near East and Georgia, Tbilisi, pp. 158-171, 1991.
The author examines three Qarakhanid fulus of Khujand 390. The are issues of Ahmad b. ‘Ali, the head of the Qarakhanid dynasty, and mention his brother, Ahmad b. ‘Ali as his vassal. One of the coins had been published by Lane-Poole in the BMC catalogues and read incorrectly.
Davidovich, E. A. Korpus Zolotyh i Serebryanyh Monet Sheibanidov, XVI Vek. (Corpus of Silver and Gold Coins of the Shaybanids, 16th Century). Published by the Russian Academy of Science, Moscow, 1992. In Russian.
An extensive treatment of the Islamic Shaybanid dynasty of central Asia (Uzbekistan). Based on a study of over 2700 coins, includes full descriptions of coins with Arabic legends, tables cross-referencing all mint and date combinations, and reasonable plates. Much historical text, but in Russian. The best reference on the dynasty.
Davidovich, E. A. Mukhammad b. Tekesh i Poslediniye Karakhanidy (Numizmaticheskie Korrektivy/
Muhammad bin Tekish and the Following Qarakhanids (Numismatic Corrections). Vostochnoe Istoricheskoe Istochnikovedenie i Spetsial’nye Istoricheskiye Distsipliny Vol. 2, pp. 172-199, 1994.
A discussion of the attribution of copper coinage from the early seventh century AH of the Kharizmshah Muhammad bin Tekish and contemporary Qarakhanids. Much of the discussion focuses on the different epithets found on the broad copper coinage. The article is not a catalogue or description of coins, but there are many legends written out in Arabic in the text. No coins are illustrated.
Davidovich, E. A. Noviye dirkhemy Akhsiketa - dlya istorii Kharakhanidov pervoi chetverti XI v./Newly found dirhams of Akhsikat - for the history of the 1st quarter of the 11th Century AD. Vostochnoe Istoricheskoe Istochnikovedenie i Spetsial’nie Istoricheskie Distsipliny Vol. 4, pp. 97-118, 1995.
A description of 37 Qarakhanid dirhams struck in Akhsikat (Ferghana). Includes full Arabic inscriptions and tables of legends.
Davidovich, E. A. O Standartakh Chistoty i Vesovikh Standartakh Serebryanykh Monet Timura i Timuridov (konyets XIV-XV vv./On the Standards of Fineness and Weight Standards of the Timur and Timurid Silver Coins (late 14th-15th centuries AD. Vostochnoe Istoricheskoe Istochnikovedeniy i Spetsial’nie Istoricheskie Distsipliny Vol. 4, pp. 119-154, 1995.
An analysis of the numismatic history of the early Timurids. There are some tables of coin legends, but no descriptions of specific coins.
Davidovich, E. A. Narshakhi i Kubavi o Reforme Gitrifa, Metalle i Kurse Monet Gitrifi (Otsenka dostovernocti Soobshchenii/Narshakhi and Qubawi on Ghitrif’s Reform, The Metallic Content and Circulation of the Ghitrifi Coins (estimation of authenticity of reports). Vostochnoe Istoricheskoe Istochnikovedenie i Spetsial’nie Istoricheskie Distsipliny Vol. 5, Moscow, pp. 17-69, 1997.
An extensive review of contemporary literature on the metallic content of one class of Arab-Bukharan coins. English summary, no coin descriptions.
Davidovich, Elena A. Monety Mukhammada b. Tekesha (1200-1200) iz Klada, Naidennovo na Territorii Starovo Termeza/ Coins of Muhammad b. Takish (1200-1220) from a Hoard Found on the Site of Stary Termez. Vostochnoe Istoricheskoe Istochnikovedenie i Spetsial’nie Istoricheskie Distsipliny Vol. 5, Moscow, pp. 189-203, 1997.
Previously unknown coins of the Khwarizmshah Muhammad bin Tekesh from Termez, Balkh, Chaganiyan, and Samarqand. Full descriptions with legends written out, nice line drawings of types. English summary.
[Davidovich, Elena A.] Bibliografiya Pechatnykh Rabot Eleny A. Davidovich/ Bibliography of Published Works of Elena A. Davidovich. In Antinova, E. V. And T. K. Kmrtychev, Tsentral’naya Aziya: Istochniki, Istoriya, Kul’tura, Izdatel’skaya Firma Vostochnaya Literatura RAN, Moscow, pp. 20-32, 2005.
List of Davidovich’s published works.
Davidovich, Elena A., A. E. Zhiravov and V. N. Kleshchinov. Serebryanye Monety Mukhammad-Sheibani-Khana 907-916 gg.kh. (1501-1510 gg.)/ Silver Coins of Muhammad-Shaybani-Khan 907-916 AH (1501-1510 AD). Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Oriental Studies, Moscow, 2006.
A major addition to our knowledge of Shaybanid coins of Muhammad Shaybani since Davidovich’s original work on this dynasty in 1992. There are wonderful photographs of coins from 18 different mints. Another important contribution from Prof. Davidovich.
Davis, W. J. The Nineteenth Century Token Coinage of great Britain, Ireland, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man, to which are Added Tokens of over One Penny of any Period. Reprint of original 1904 edition by B. A. Seaby Ltd., London, and Sanford J. Durst, New York, 1979.
The standard reference on tokens, particularly copper ones, of the British isles. It includes countermarks on coins from the period. In addition to a description of the tokens, there are historical notes on the entities who issued the pieces.
Davisson, Allan. Token Catalog and Handbook. 18th Century Tokens as Catalogued by Dalton and Hamer and selected other Britiesh Tokens. Published by the author, Cold Spring, Minnesota, 1991.
An extensive listing of British tokens for sale with historical information, an annotated bibliography of literature related to British tokens, and other information related to collecting and care of tokens. The tokens include a few medieval types, including 13th century sewn tokens.
De La Tour, Henri. Atlas de Monnaies Gauloises. Original published by E. Plon, Nourrit et Cie, Paris, 1892. Reprinted by Lund Humphries for Spink & Son, London, 1968
Fifty-five plates of line drawings of Celtic coins. The only text is a brief description of the coins on the plates and an alphabetical index. Each coin is attributed to the Celtic tribe that issued it. A standard reference.
Delmonte, A. Le Benelux D'Or. Jacques Schulman N.V., Amsterdam, 1964. In French and Dutch.
Gold coinage of the low countries from Celtic and Merovingian times until the present. Includes Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg, as well as all subdivisions.
Delmonte, A. Le Benelux D'Argent. Jacques Schulman N.V.,Amsterdam, 1967. In French, Dutch and English.
Crowns, Half-crowns, quarter crowns and siege coins struck in the territories of the former Northern and Southern Netherlands. 1506 until the early 19th century.
Delmonte, A. Supplement au Benelux D'Argent. Jacques Schulman N.V., Amsterdam, 1975. In French, Dutch and English.
A supplement to the earlier book on silver coinage of the low countries. It includes many new types and new dates, as well as updated rarity figures.
De Mey, Jean. Les Monnaies des Ducs de Brabant. I. (1106-1467). Numismatic Pocket No. 1, De Mey, Watermael, Belgium, 1974.
Coinage of the Low Countries, Brabant (Belgium and the Netherlands).
De Mey, Jean. Les Monnaies de Reckheim (1340?-1720). Numismatic Pocket No. 6, De Mey, Brussels, 1968.
Coinage of Belgium, Reckheim.
De Mey, Jean. Les Monnaies des Ducs de Brabant. II. 1467-1598 Numismatic Pocket No. 7, De Mey, Brussels, 1976.
Coinage of the Low Countries, Brabant (Belgium and the Netherlands).
De Mey, Jean. De Zeeuwse Munten. Numismatic Pocket No. 8, De Mey, Brussels, 1969. In Dutch.
Coinage of Zeeland (1168-1795), Middelburg (1572-74), Zierikzee (1575-76), Dutch East India Company (VOC) (1602-1794), and the Batavian Republic (1795-98). Netherlands.
De Mey, Jean. Les Monnaies de Bretagne (781-1547). Numismatic Pocket No. 10, De Mey, Brussels, 1970.
Coinage of Brittany, France.
De Mey, Jean. Les Monnaies de Namur (946-1714). Numismatic Pocket No. 11, De Mey, Brussels, 1971.
Coinage of Namur, Belgium.
De Mey, Jean. Les Monnaies de Bourgogne. Numismatic Pocket No. 14, De Mey, Brussels, 1973.
Coinage of Bourgogne (Burgundy), France, 900-1750.
De Mey, Jean. Les Monnaies du Comtat Venaissin. Numismatic Pocket No. 19, De Mey, Brussels, 1975.
Coinage of Avignon (1239-1696), including popes and anti-popes, and Orange (1182-1679). France.
De Mey, Jean. Les Monnaies du Tournaisis. Numismatic Pocket No. 20, De Mey, Brussels, 1975.
Coinage of Tournai (France and Belgium), 500-1709.
De Mey, Jean. Les Monnaies d'Alsace. Numismatic Pocket No. 23. De Mey, Brussels, 1976.
Upper Alsace (1406-1634), Bergheim, Colmar (1226-1705), Hagenau (1374-1705), Hanau Lichtenberg (1570-1736), Landau (siege coinage, 1702 and 1713), Montjoie/Froberg (1552-1578), Mulhouse, Murbach & Lure (1542-1682), Selz (1039-1161), Thann, and Wissembourg (1100-1633),
De Mey, Jean. Les Monnaies de Strasbourg. Numismatic Pocket No. 24. De Mey, Brussels, 1976.
A continuation of NP No. 23 on Alsace, covering Altdorf, Molsheim, Strasbourg Bishopric (Merovingian to 1779), City of Strasbourg (1273-1590).
De Mey, Jean and Bernard Poindessault. Repertoire de la Numismatique Francaise Contemporaine 1793 a nos Jours. De Mey, Brussels and Paris, 1972.
A detailed catalogue of modern French coins with much information that is not found in Krause. Values in four grades.
De Mey, Jean and Andre Van Keymeulen. Les Monnaies de Brabant. III. 1598-1790. Numismatic Pocket No. 18, De Mey, Brussels, 1974.
Coinage of the Low Countries, Brabant (Belgium, the Netherlands).
Den Duyts, F. Les Anciennes Monnaies des Comtes de Flandre, Ducs de Brabant, Comtes de Hainaut, Comtes de Namur, et Ducs de Luxembourg. Annoot-Braeckman, Gand (Ghent), Belgium, 1847. Reprint by Alfred Szego, Oakdale, New York, 1972.
Brabant (12th Century-1555), Flanders (12th Century-1584), Hainaut (1206-1467), Namur (1139-1555), and Luxembourg (1309-1411). Low Countries, Belgium, Netherlands.
Dennis, M. Wayne. Guide Bood of Wooden Money, 1931 - 1994, 8th Edition. Published by the author, Henderson, Nevada, 1995.
A brief history of wooden money, followed by a listing of all types known by the author. Includes only legally authorized issues, not advertising pieces. Not illustrated. Very useful and important.
De Pauw, R. Connaissance de la Numismatique. Numismatic Pocket No. 17, De Mey, Brussels, 1973.
An introduction to the study of numismatics. Includes discussion of metals, mintmarks, methods of manufacture, and history of evolution of coinage throughout the world.
De Saulcy, F. Recherches sur les Monnaies des ducs Hereditaires de Lorraine. Originally published Metz, 1841. Reprinted by A. G. van der Dussen, Maastricht.
The coinage of the dukes of Lorraine, from 1048 until 1737. Each duke is given a nice historical treatment, and there are full descriptions of the coins of each. There are 36 plates of line drawings.
De Saulcy, Louis Felicien. Numismatique des Croisades. Originally published by Firmin Didot Freres, Paris, 1847. Reprinted by Arnoldo Forni Editore, Bologna, 1974.
A reprint of one of the classic early numismatic works on the Crusades. There is extensive historical information under each ruler. The plates are line drawings typical of many 19th century French publications. For the coins themselves, the book has long been superceded by Schlumberger and Metcalf.
De Shazo, A. S. and Michael L. Bates. The Umayyad Governors of al-Iraq and the Changing Annulet Patterns of their Dirhams. Numismatic Chronicle, Seventh Series, Vol. XIV, pp. 110-118, 1974.
An analysis of Iraqi dirhams of the Umayyads. The change in annulet patterns, including the three types of Wasit 126, correspond to changes in governors in al-Iraq. Presence or absence of the word “fi” in the mint-date formula also corresponds to a change in governors. Neat paper.
Deutsche Bank. Geld. Second Edition. Deutsche Bank, Frankfurt am Main, 1983.
A wonderful, richly-illustrated book on the history of money worldwide. Includes coins and banknotes. Each chapter contains an overview of the subject matter, then there are photos of selected coins and detailed descriptions of the coins and their historical background.
Deutsche Bank. Austellung Geld: Eine Kulturgeschichte des Geldes. Deutsche Bank, Frankfurt am Main, 1988.
A nice booklet accompanying a bank exhibit of the history of money. Includes coins and banknotes.
Deutsche Bundesbank. Brakteaten der Stauferzeit, 1138 - 1254. Deutsche Bundesbank, Frankfurt am Main, 1977.
A beautiful catalogue of 106 Bracteates from medieval Germany. There is a good introductory numismatic history of the time, a discussion of the images found on bracteates, and a nice explanation of how bracteates were manufactured. The catalogue itself is simply outstanding. Each coin is pictured at actual size and greatly enlarged. For each coin there is not only a full description, but also information about the importance of the town where the coin originated, the meaning of the design, the significance of the issuer, etc. The photos are simply spectacular. Another outstanding bank publication.
De Widranges, M. le Comte Hippolyte. Des Anneaux it des Rouelles, antique Monnaie des Gaulois. Laguerre, Bar-le-Duc, 1861. Modern Reprint.
A mongraph on wheel and ring money of Celtic Gaul. Includes descriptions of gold, silver and base metal varieties. Each variety is illustrated and fully described. There is a short historical introduction.
Deyell, John S. Living without Silver - The Monetary History of Early Medieval North India. Oxford University Press, Delhi, 1990.
A history of money in northern India (and Afghanistan) from 750-1250. It is not a comprehensive catalogue, although there are good plates of ca. 350 coins. It is primarily concerned with the bull and horseman coinage, although other Islamic types are included as well. Much of the book is outside of Album's checklist, but some of his dynasties are included.
Diler, Ömer. Sehir Lakaplari/ Titles and Epithets of Islamic Towns. Published by the author, Istanbul. 2001.
The main body of the book is a comprehensive listing of mint names and the various epithets that were associated with them. Many are accompanied by photos of coins illustrating particular mints or epithets. There is an index of epithets and the towns they modified, with synonyms of mint towns also included (e.g. Shash = Binkat), a glossary that defines the epithets in English, and a table of locations of mint towns with latitude and longitude. Finally, there is an extensive bibliography of where coins with different epithets were seen, including a substantial number of Album’s price lists and other catalogues and lists. The book is generally a modern version of Zambaur and Codrington without the associations of mint names with particular dynasties or dates of issue (see Zambaur).
Diler, Ömer. Ilkhans: Coinage of the Persian Mongols. Turkuaz Kitapcilik Yayincilik Limited Sirketi, Istabul, 2006.
Fantastic type catalogue of Ilkhan coins. After an introductory section including an overview of the Ilkhan financial system and a description of legends on the coins (including Divani numerals, names of months, astrological star signs), there is a map of mint locations and a listing of all mints with variations in spelling, epithets, and all known dates and metals of coins struck from each mint. This is followed by an extensive listing of 838 types of gold, silver and copper coins, each type with a line drawing, list of mints and dates for each type. Many of the types should be considered varieties or subtypes of the general breakdown of Album’s types. The types are arranged sequentially by ruler, with a brief history of each reign and a map of mints for each reign. There are also lists of countermarks for some reigns. At the end there is a glossary of all legends and titles with translations into English, bibliographies, including sources for most of the coins, and twelve high-quality plates.
Diler, Ömer. Islamic Mints/ Islam darp yerleri. Three Volumes. Istanbul, 2009, distributed by Spink, London.
A magnificent three-volume work edited and published posthumously by Diler’s wife, Emine Nur, Garo Kürkman and J. C. Hinrichs. The first two volumes are an alphabetical (Arabic alphabet) listing of all Islamic mints known to Diler, including Indian mints, with known mint epithets. For each mint there is a comprehensive table with all dynasties that issues coins from the mint and the years for which coins are known in all three metals. Mint names are given in English, Turkish and Arabic. For each tabular entry there is a reference to the literature in which a coin bearing the mint and date is published. There are thousands of footnotes, many of which identify the ruler named on the coin. Volume 3 is an alphabetical listing of dynasties, within which is an alphabetical listing (not chronological) of rulers with their dates. There is a numbered bibliography of 1623 references. The numbered references are not alphabetical, but there follows another alphabetical listing of references that does not include all those listed in the numbered bibliography. Finally, there is a series of eight maps, some of which fold out, showing the location of all of the mints. All in all, this is a very important reference work that has instantly made Zambaur’s work on Islamic mints almost obsolete.
Dimitrijevic, Sergije. Medieval Serbian Coins. Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Belgrade, 1997.
A fantastic catalogue of a private collection of medieval Serbian coins. Most of the coins are shown in enlarged photographs, and the legends are written out. There is a good historical overview of medieval Serbia including emphasis on the towns in which coins were minted. There are also nice photos of towns in Serbia. One of my top five books on eastern Europe. Bilingual (Cyrillic Serbo-Croatian and English).
Dimitrijevic, Sergije. Katalog Zbirke Srpskog Srednovekovnog Novtsa/ Catalogue of a Collection of Medieval Coins of Serbia. Srpska Akademija Nauka i Umetnosti, Belgrade, 2001.
Catalogue of approximately 1800 coins from Serbia and Bosnia from the collection of the author (who died in 1987, so it is obviously a posthumous publication). It is nicely laid out with photos of every coin, obverse and reverse, and descriptions of the legends, weights, etc. The only negative is that the coins are mostly photographed at actual (small) size, and it is hard to see the details on such small photos. The book is almost completely catalogue with very little text, so it is easy to use if not fluent in Serbo-Croatian, here written in Cyrillic.
Dimnik, Martin and Julijan Dobrinic. Medieval Slavic Coinages in the Balkans: Numismatic History and Catalogue. Spink, London, 2008.
The best overall treatment of the Balkans to date, although there are better catalogues of some countries (e.g., Serbia). The first part of the book covers the political and numismatic history of Croatia (Slavonia), Serbia, Bosnia, towns of the east Adriatic, and Bulgaria. The second part is a nice catalogue of the coinage of each area with excellent line drawings and descriptions of each type. There is a good glossary, lists of patron saints of towns and ruling families, list of toponyms, a chronological table of important historical events, tables of rulers, a decent bibliography and a good index. Although no coins are described, the historical treatments include Nogai Khan and Chaka Khan of the Nogaid branch of the Golden Horde.
Dittrich, K. Ancient Coins from Olbia and Panticapaeum. Spring Books, London, No Date.
A very brief historical overview of the Greeks on the north shore of the Black Sea followed by enlarged black and white photos of coins. It is not comprehensive, but it does show the variety of coins from these two areas of present-day Ukraine.
Djaparidze, G. I. Nouvelles Additions a l’Ouvrage de Zambaur, Die Muenzpraegungen des Islams. Reprint from Bulletin d’Etudes Orientales, Vol. XXXII-XXXIII, pp. 89-97, 1980-1981.
A listing of 110 Islamic mints not found in Zambaur’s original work or in Miles’s additions. An important contribution, especially since many of the mints are from the Russian literature, often inaccessible to the west.
Djaparidze, G. I. Zolotiye Moneti v Irake v VIII-XI vv./ Gold Coins in Iraq in the 8th-11th Centuries.
Vostochnoye Istoricheskoye Istochnikovedniye i Spetsial’niye Istoricheskiye Distsiplini Vol. 2, pp.200-227, 1994.
Not a catalogue or description of coins. The work is primarily based on a large hoard of coins, most of which were Abbasid, Samanid, Buwayhid and Tulunid dinars. No illustrations.
Djaparidze, G. I. Gruzinskie Monety XII v. c arabskimi legendami (Mednie Monety c imenem tsarya Davida: voprosy atributsii/Copper Coins with the Name of King Dawith: the issue of attribution. Vostochnoe Istoricheskoe Istochnikovednie i Spetsial’nie Istoricheskie Distsipliny Vol. 4, pp. 155-161, 1995.
A reattribution of Georgian coins with Arabic legends formerly thought to be struck by Davith IV (1089-1125). The author contends that a previous reading of the Arabic legend referring to a Seljuq is incorrect and that the coins are actually attributed to Davith V, who ruled for six months in 1155 AD.
Djaparidze, G. I. O Monetakh Tbilisskogo Emira Ali b. Dzha’fara/ On the Coins of Ali b. Dja’far, Amir of Tbilisi. Vostochnoe Istoricheskoe Istochnikovedenie i Spetsial’nie Istoricheskie Distsipliny Vol. 5, Moscow, pp.204-216, 1997.
Coins of the Ja’farid dynasty, Amirs of Tbilisi. Photos, legends written out. English summary.
Djaparidze, G. I. On the Coins of the Tbilisi Amir ‘Ali b. Ga’far. Reprint from Bulletin d’Etudes Orientales, Volume L, pp. 97-107, 1998.
An English treatment of the coins discussed in his 1997 Russian paper. Nicely done with high-quality photos.
Djaparidze, G. I. and I. G. Dobrovol’skii. O Nekotorykh Abbasidskikh Monetakh s Izobrazheniyami Zhivykh Sushchestv v Sobranii Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha/ On Some Abbasid Coins with Images of Living Beings in the Collection of the State Hermitage. Near East and Georgia, pp. 143-153, 1991.
The authors describe two bull and horseman jitals of al-Muqtadir, a bull and horseman coin in gold (unique) of al-Muti, rare and unique silver coins of the same caliphs with images of a hare, and a unique dinar of al-Muqtadir, Madinat es-Salam 304, with a falcon on the obverse and a Bactrian camel on the reverse. There are photos of all coins.
Dmitriev, M. A. Fantasticheskiye Zhivotnye na Starinnykh Monetakh/ Fantastic Animals on Ancient Coins. Numizmatika No. 1 (20), pp. 10-11, February, 2009.
Nice selection of ancient coins and medieval Russian coins with winged horses, lion-headed bulls, hippogryphs, centaurs, and other sorts of beasts.
Dobromyslov, L.B. Mednaya Emissiya Khana Kil’dibeka Zolotoordynskogo Goroda Azaka/ Copper Emissions of Kildi Bek Khan of the Golden Horde from Azak. Regional’naya Obshchestvennaya Organizatsiya Tambovskoe Obshchestvo Lyubitelei Kraeveleniya, Tambov, 2011.
A study of the copper Puls of Azaq issued by the Golden Horde ruler Kildi Beg Khan. It has decent photographs of different types a dies. Now we need a catalogue of all coppers of Azaq.
*Dobromyslov, L. B. Shtempel’nyi Analiz Monet Toktamysha v Ordy i Ordu al-Mu’azzam v Poslednem Desytiletii XIV Veka/ Die Analysis of Coins of Toqtamish in Ordu and Ordu al-Mu’azzam in the Last Decade of the 14th Century. Pp. 22-31, Numizmatika Zolotoi Ordy, No. 4, 2014.
Golden Horde coinage of Toqtamish Khan from Ordu and Ordu al-Mu’azzam in AH 791. Includes diagrams of known die combinations.
*Dobromyslov, L. B. Serebryanyi Chekan Zolotoordynskogo Azaka pri Khane Toktamyshe: Katalog i issledovanie/ Silver Coins Struck by the Golden Horde in Azaq by Toqtamish Khan: Catalogue and Analysis. Izdatel’stvo Ippolitova, Moscow, 2016.
A very detailed analysis of Golden Horde coinage of Toqtamish Khan from the Azaq mint. The coinage falls into eight distinct groups from AH 782 - 794. The catalogue is well done with good photographs, clear line drawings, legends written out in Arabic
*Dobromyslov, L. B. and A.A. Sizganov. Dangi Khana Toktamysha v Azaka. Opyt Shtempel’nogo Analiza Produktsii Monetnogo Dvora Azak al-Makhrusa/ Dangs of Toqtamish Khan in Azak. Die Analysis of the mint Azaq al-Mahrusa. Numizmatika Zolotoi Ordy No. 3, pp. 68-75, 2013.
Die analysis of Golden Horde coins of Toqtamish from Azaq al-Mahrusa. Beautiful line drawings, decent photographs. The plates show a few copper coins as well.
Dobrovolskii, I. G. Samarkandskii Fel’s Iskhaka ibn Akhmeda/ A Samarqand Fals of Ishaq ibn Ahmad. Epigrafika Vostoka Vol. XV, pp. 88-89, 1963.
A Samanid fals from the reign of Ishaq b. Ahmad from Samarqand dated AH 301.
Dobrovolskii, I. G. Redkie Gruzinskie Monety v Sobranii Ermitazha/ Rare Georgian Coins in the Hermitage Collection. Proshloe Nashei Rodiny v Pamyatnikakh Numizmatiki, Gosudarstvennii Ordena Lenina Ermitazh, Leningrad, pp.161-168, 1977.
Photos and descriptions of nine Georgian coins from the Hermitage collection. These include an imitation Sasanian drachm in the name of Stephanos II, 2 Abbasid dirhams from Tiflis, a Jafarid dirham from Tiflis, and Bagratid coins of Georgii II, Rusudan and David Narin. Transliterated legends can be found in the text.
Dobrovolskii, I. G., I. V. Lubov and Yu. K. Kuz’menko. Klassifikatsiya i Interpretatsiya Graffiti na Vostochnykh Monetakh (Kollektsiya Ermitazha)/ Classification and Interpretation of Graffiti on Oriental Coins (Hermitage Collection). Trudy Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha XXI, pp. 53 - 77, Leningrad, 1981.
Graffiti on Islamic coins of the 8th - 10th centuries. The graffiti fall into five groups: Oriental letters and inscriptions; runics and separate runes; arm, boats and other objects; symbols, especially signs of Rurick; and indecipherable drawings.
Dobrynin, M. A. Stikhotvorniye Legendy na Monetakh Sefevidov/ Distich Legends on Coins of the Safavids. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume VIII, pp. 62 - 76, 1953.
Translation into Russian of rhymed Persian couplets on Safavid coins. The translations rhyme in Russian. Cool!
Dochev, Konstantin. Moneti i Parichno ob’rscheniye v T’rnovo XII-XIV v./Coins and coin circulation in T’rnovo in the 12th-14th centuries. F “Vital” Veliko T’rnovo, 1992.
A description of medieval Bulgarian coinage from T’rnovo. The coins are mostly copper. Coins are fully described in the text, and there are line drawings of design variants in a series of tables. Decent photographic plates. In Bulgarian, but still very useful.
*Dochev, Konstantin. Katalog na Bulgarskite Srednovekovni Moneti XIII-XIV Vek. Tipove, Varianti, Tseni/ Catalogue of the Bulgarian Medieval Coins of the 13th-14th Centuries. Types, Variants, Prices. Centrex, Turnovo, 2009. In Bulgarian and English.
Very nicely done catalogue of early Bulgarian coins. There is a historical overview of each ruler with a brief overview of the coinage. The introductory material includes an overview of the monetary system from the seventh to the fourteenth centuries, descriptions of coin denominations, overview of mints, and overview of legends found on the coins. The end of the book includes a list of rulers of Bulgaria from the Romans in the 4th Century through Russian Tsars of the 16th century. Coins are illustrated with line drawings and occasional photographs. There are detailed descriptions of varieties of legends and other features of the coinage.
Dolivo, Dimitri. Catalogue des Monnaies Suisses. II. Les Monnaies de l'Eveche de Lausanne. Societe Suisse de Numismatique, Berne, 1961. Reprint by Johnson Reprint Company, New York, 1967.
Coinage of Lausanne, Switzerland, 1100-1536.
Dolley, Michael. Anglo-Saxon Pennies. Trustees of the British Museum, London, 1964. Reprinted by Oxford University Press, 1970.
An overview of Anglo-Saxon coinage with photographs of representative types.
Dolley, Michael. Viking Coins of the Danelaw and of Dublin. Trustees of the British Museum, London, 1965.
An overview of the Viking coinages of England and Ireland, with photographs of representative types.
Dolley, Michael. The Hiberno-Norse Coins in the British Museum. Sylloge of Coins of the British Isles, No. 8. Trustees of the British Museum, London, 1966.
One of the standard references on Hiberno-Norse coinage of Ireland and the basis for the different phases used by Seaby. Over 250 coins described and photographed. Detailed history and numismatic analysis.
Dolley, Michael. The Norman Conquest and the English Coinage. Spink & Son, London, 1966.
A history of the coinage of William I and his sons, including a discussion of the chronology of the coins attributed to William I and II and to Henry I. England.
Dolley, Michael. Medieval Anglo-Irish Coins. B. A. Seaby, London, 1972.
A history of Irish coinage under the English kings, from King John through James I. An in-depth coverage of economic history of the times explaining the influence of English-Irish relations on the coinage of Ireland.
Domenech Belda, Carolina and Julio Trelis Marti. Hallazgos Numismaticos de Epoca Islamica en Crevillente (Alicante). III. Jarique de Numismatica Hispano-Arabe. Museo Arqueologico Nacional, Madrid, pp. 333-345, 1990.
Description of Spanish Umayyad and other Islamic coins from finds in Crevillente. Some legends are written out. Includes Muwahhid, Fatimid, and others.
Domaszewicz, Lidia and Michael L. Bates. Copper Coinage of Egypt in the Seventh Century. In: Jere L. Bacharach (editor), Fustat Finds: Beads, Coin, Medical Instruments, Textiles, and Other Artifacts from the Awad Collection. The American University in Cairo Press, Cairo, pp. 88-111, 2002.
Discussion and categorization of ten types of thick dumpy copper coins from Egypt. All are of Byzantine style. Five types were determined to be Roman Byzantine issues, three were Byzantine types struck under Arab rule, and two were of uncertain attribution. Thirty-four coins from the ANS collection are illustrated. Nice detailed study of these early Byzantine and Arab-Byzantine coppers.
Doo, Roger Wai San. Sichou zhi lu guguo Qianbi/Coins of the Ancient Kingdoms on the Silk Road. China, 1992.
A booklet in Chinese on Silk Road coins. Includes. Elam, Sasanian, Hephthalite, and Islamic coins. Perhaps its greatest usefulness is a long table of mint names found on Sasanian coins and a few lists of rulers for other dynasties. Not many illustrations.
Doo, Roger Wai San. Ban Liang Kao/ Catalog of Pan liang. Volume 1, Discussion, and Volume 2, Catalog. Shanghai Books & Fine Art Publication Co., Shanghai, 2000.
The most in-depth study of the Pan liang coinage of China in all its sizes and varieties. The book is entirely in Chinese, but with a bit of effort, it is possible to ferret out the sequence of types and maybe even the dynasties to which they belong. The book seems sufficiently important that a translation into a western language would be a worthy undertaking.
Dorn, Bernhard. Ueber die Muenzen der Ileke oder ehemaligan Chane von Turkistan. Melanges Asiatiques tires du Bulletin de l’Academie Imperiale des Sciences de St.-Petersbourg 8, pp. 703-744, 1880. Reprinted in Numismatics of the Islamic World, Volume 30, Studies in Oriental Coins by Bernhard Dorn, Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, 2004.
Description of 141 coins of the Qarakhanids with a tentative list of Khans issuing coinage. One of the earliest attempts at a comprehensive overview of the Qarakhanids.
Dorn, Bernhard. Nachtraege zu der Abhandlung ueber die Muenzen der Ileke oder ehemaligen Chane von Turkistan. Melanges Asiatiques tires du Bulletin de l’Academie Imperiale des Sciences de St.-Petersbourg 9, pp. 55-73, 1880. Reprinted in Numismatics of the Islamic World, Volume 30, Studies in Oriental Coins by Bernhard Dorn, Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, 2004.
Follow-up to his earlier work on Qarakhanids. Only two more coins described. Provides further historical overview of the numismatics of the dynasty and provides a list of mints and rulers known to him.
Doursther, Horace. Dictionnaire Universel des Poids et Mesures Anciens et Modernes, Contenant des Tables des Monnaies de Tous les Pays. Originally Published by M. Hayez, Imprimeur de l’Academie Royale, 1840. Reprinted by Meridian Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1976.
An extensive listing of weights and measures and their equivalents throughout history. Also includes weights of coins of various denominations. Not a numismatic work per se, but important for understanding the economics of coins.
Dowle, Anthony and Patrick Finn. The Guide Book to the Coinage of Ireland from 995 AD to the Present Day. Spink & Son, London, 1969.
Hiberno-Norse through modern coinage of Ireland with valuations.
Drescher, Franz. Die Muenzen von Bayern, 1506-1799. Verlag Franz Drescher, Bad Reichenhall, 1983.
A nice catalogue of Bavarian coinage. It includes many coins that aren’t in other catalogues, including post 1600 coins that are not in the Krause German catalogue. There are keys to identification, reasonable, but not great, photos, some line drawings, legends written out, brief historical outlines of each ruler.
Drias, al-Akhdar. Corpus des Monnaies Arabo-Musulmanes dans les Musees Algeriens. Vol 1. Musees de l’est Algerien. Published by the Musee National des Antiquites, Algiers, 1999. Photocopy, in French and Arabic.
Descriptions of 200 Islamic coins, mostly north African, from Algerian museums. Dynasties include Murabitid/Almoravid (1-16), Muwahhid/Almohade (17-28, 79-84, 178-188), Merinid (29-32, 191-197), modern Algeria (33-35), Ottoman (36-37), Tunisia (39-56), Umayyad (57-62), Aghlabid (63-66), Fatimid (67-78), Hafsid (85-86, 189), Merinid (87-91), Ottoman Tunisia (92-114, 129-173), Algeria under Ahmed Bey (115-127), Algeria under ‘Abd al-Qader (128), Morocco/’Alawi (174-176), Egypt (177), Ziyanid (190), Ottoman Algeria (198-200). The catalogue is organized by museum, so dynasties are represented in different places in the catalogue.
Drias, al-Akhdar. Corpus des Monnaies Arabo-Musulmanes dans les Musees Algeriens. Vol II. Musees de l’ouest Algeriens. Published by the Musee National des Antiquites, Algiers, 2000. Photocopy, in French and Arabic.
Descriptions of 252 Islamic coins, mostly north African, from Algerian museums. Dynasties include Umayyad (1-2), Abbasid (3-6), Aghlabid (7-14, 210-213), Murabitid/Almoravid (15-25), Muwahhid/Almohades (26-37, 216-243), Hafsid (38), Ziyanid (39-41), Merinid (42-43), Banu al-Ahmar, Gharnata (44-45), Mamluk (46), Ottoman Egypt (47-48), Ottoman (49-83), Ottoman Algeria (84-169), Algeria under ‘Abd al-Qader (170-174), Ottoman Tunisia (175-185), Sa’adian Sharifs (186), ‘Alawi Sharifs (187-209), Hudid (244-246), Nasrid (247-252).
Ducmane, Kristine and Evalds Vecins. Nauda Latvija/ Coins and Banknotes of Latvia. Latvijas Banka, Riga, 1996.
A fantastic bank publication outlining the history of coinage and banknotes in Latvia. It is an overview of the coinage, not a comprehensive catalogue. It is written in Latvian, but there are summaries in English, German and Russian, and the legends to the photographs are translated into all of those languages at the end of the book. A high quality richly-illustrated publication.
Duggleby, Vincent. English Paper Money, Fourth Edition. Spink & Son, London, 1990.
The standard reference. Decent historical overviews from earliest currency in 1694 to the present. With valuations.
Dundua, G. F. Numizmatika Antichnoi Gruzii/ Ancient Coins of Georgia. Metsniyereba, Tbilisi, 1987.
An overview of the numismatic history of ancient Georgia. It is mostly text and tables, with a few Greek legends scattered throughout the text. The only line drawings and photos are of very interesting imitations of Alexander the Great (Macedon) staters. There is an extensive bibliography.
*Dutkinskii, N. E. Novye Materialy k Izucheniyu Tamanskikh Podrazhanii Vizantiiskim Monetam/ New Material for the Investigation of Taman Imitations of Byzantine Coins. Pp. 153-170 In: Epokha Vikingov v Vostochnoi Erope v Pamyatnikak Numizmatike VIII - XI vv. St. Petersburg, 2014.
Byzantine imitations found on the Taman Peninsula. Some are like the types ascribed to Tmutarakan.
*Dutkinskii, N. E. K Voprosam o Sposobe i Vremeni Chekanki Nekotorykh Tamanskikh Podrazhanii Vizantiiskim Miliarisiyam/ On Questions about the Method and Time of Striking Taman Imitations of Byzantine Miliaresion. Pp. 295-330 In: Epokha Vikingov v Vostochnoi Erope v Pamyatnikak Numizmatike VIII - XI vv. St. Petersburg, 2015.
Further work by the author on Taman imitations of Byzantine coins.
Dutkowski, Jaroslav and Adam Suchanek. Corpus Nummorum Gedanensis: Catalogue of Coins, Medals and Tokens of Gdansk Origin and these associated with Gdansk in the Years 1200-1998. Drukarnia Triada, Gdansk, 2000.
Very well done bilingual (Polish and English) catalogue of coins struck in and circulated in the City of Danzig. It includes early bracteates of the Principality of Gdansk and East Pomerania, Teutonic Order, Kingdom of Poland, Prussian Occupation, Free City (under French occupation), private tokens and badges of the 19th and 20th century, Notgeld, Free City of Gdansk (1919-1939), People’s Republic of Poland, medals and official tokens. The catalogue has values in three grades, writes out full legends of all the coins and medals, and has decent photos throughout the text with the coin descriptions. Excellent book.
*Duval, Paul-Marie. Monnaies Gauloises et Mythes Celtiques. Hermann, Editeurs des Sciences et des Arts, Paris, 1987.
A neat book on Celtic coins mainly showing the devolution of their design from Greek prototypes to abstract figures. It is more of an art history than a numismatic work, but fun for those of us who like Celtic coins.
Eagleton, Catherine and Jonathan Williams. Money: A History. Firefly Books, Buffalo, 2007.
The second edition of a book published to accompany the opening of the HSBC Money Gallery in the British Museum. This edition marks the tenth anniversary of its opening. A richly illustrated overview of money, with chapters on Mesopotamia, Greece and Egypt, Rome, Medieval Europe, the Islamic lands, India and Southeast Asia, China and the East, Early modern, Africa and Oceania, and the modern period.
Edhem, Halil. Meskukat-i Kadime-i Islamiye Katalogu, Meskukat-i Osmaniye. Catalogue of Coins of the
Imperial Ottoman Museum, Part 6. Constantinople, 1334/1915.
An early catalogue of Islamic Ottoman coins. Includes a lot of copper. Legends fully written out. Many photographic plates, but photocopy didn’t do them justice. In Ottoman Turkish.
Egg, Erich. Der Tiroler Taler. Tiroler Landesmuseum Ferdinandeum, Innsbruck, 1972.
An excellent overview of the coinage of Hall, Tirol, Austria, from 1477 to 1809. The book accompanied a museum exhibit. There is good historical coverage and many plates of coins, mostly talers.
Eklund, O. P. Copper Coins of Austria-Hungary. Reprinted from The Numismatist, Olympic Press, Salina, Kansas, 1962.
Copper coins of Austria and Hungary, including the Holy Roman Empire from 1745, the Austrian Empire from 1806, Burgau, Goritz, Salzburg, Tyrol, Hungary from 1704, Croatia, Galizia and Lodomeria, Transylvania, Bohemia.
Eklund, O. P. Copper Coins of Central and South America. Reprinted from The Numismatist, Olympic Press, Salina, Kansas.
Guatemala, Honduras, Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Union of Central America, Venezuela, Colombia, Guiana, Ecuador, Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay, Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic.
Eklund, O. P. Copper Coins of Denmark and her Possessions. Reprinted from The Numismatist, Olympic Press, Salina, Kansas.
Denmark from 1588, Christianstad, Schleswig Holstein, Iceland, Greenland, Danish West India, Danish East India (Tranquebar).
Eklund, O. P. Copper Coins of France. Reprinted from The Numismatist, Olympic Press, Salina, Kansas.
Coins of France, from 1574, copper tokens, French Colonies, Martinique, Haiti, New Caledonia, Cochin-China, Tonkin, Cambodia, Pondicherry, Syria, Cameroun, West Africa, Morocco, Tunis, Egypt, Comoro Island, Madagascar, and some feudal coinage.
Eklund, O. P. Copper Coins of German States. Reprinted from The Numismatist, Olympic Press, Salina, Kansas.
Eklund, O. P. Copper Coins of Italy Excluding The Coins of Papal States. Reprinted from The Numismatist, Olympic Press, Salina, Kansas.
Copper coins of Italy and Italian states from 11th century to present. Italian Republic, Kingdom of Italy, Italian Somaliland, Corsica, Lucca, Guastalia, Genoa, Piombino, Malta, Mantua, Lunigiana, Milan, Mirandola, Modena, Monaco, Montalcino (Siena), Naples and Sicily, Orbetello, Palma Nova, Parma, Ragusa, San Marino, Sardinia (and Savoy), Tuscany, Urbino, Venice, Dalmatia, Albania, Venetian Possessions, Lombardy-Venice.
Eklund, O. P. Copper Coins of Norway. Reprinted from The Numismatist, Olympic Press, Salina, Kansas.
Norway under Danish Rule (1808-1816), under Swedish Rule (1816-1905), and as independent kingdom.
Eklund, O. P. The Copper Coinage of the Papal States. Reprinted from The Numismatist, Olympic Press, Salina, Kansas.
The Papal States from 1556, including the Roman Republic.
Eklund, O. P. Copper Coins of Portugal. Reprinted from The Numismatist, Olympic Press, Salina, Kansas, 1962.
Copper coinage of Portugal 1495 through present. Includes colonies of Angola, Madeira, St. Thomas and Princes Island, Mozambique, Nyassaland, Portugese India.
Eklund, O. P. Copper Coins of Russia and Poland. Reprinted from The Numismatist, Olympic Press, Salina, Kansas, 1962.
Copper coins of Russia, from 1689, including Russian possessions of Finland, Moldavia and Wallachia, Siberia, Georgia, the Crimea, Ionian Island. Coinage of Poland from 1648, including Curland, Lithuania, Zamosc, and Galicia and Lodomeria.
Eklund, O. P. Copper Coins of Spain. Reprinted from The Numismatist, Olympic Press, Salina, Kansas, 1962.
Copper coinage of Spain from 1474 through present, including Barcelona, Catalonia, Navarra, Lerida, Pampeluna, Perpignan, Valencia, Balearic Islands, Majorca, Palma, Ivica Island, Philippine Islands.
Eklund, O. P. Copper Coins of Sweden. Reprinted from The Numismatist, Olympic Press, Salina, Kansas. Includes section Coinage of Swedish Plate Money, by Berta Holmberg.
Swedish coins from 1611, including a history of the making of plate money.
Eklund, O. P. The Counters of Nuremberg. Originally published in The Numismatist, 1926. Reprinted by Alfred Szego, Oakdale, New York, 1978.
A brief introduction to the counters (jetons) from Nuernberg, Germany, with a description of the pieces in Eklund's own collection.
Eklund, O. P. German War Tokens "Notgeld". Originally published in The Numismatist, 1948-1955. Reprinted with additions and a supplement by Helen Woodburn, American Numismatic Association, 1961(?).
Eklund's collection of German Notgeld, arranged alphabetically by issuing city. Good written descriptions of coins, few photographs, mostly poor.
Elayi, J. and A. G. Elayi. La Monnaie a Travers les Ages. Editions Ideaphane, Paris, 1989.
A general popular overview of world coinage from ancient to modern, including a chapter on coins of Gaul, several on France (medieval, royal, modern), and chapters on manufacture of coins, metals, history of banks, and coin hoards. There are references at the end of each chapter, maps and photos. A decent introduction and good practice for reading French.
Eldada, Katharina. Glass weights and vessel stamps. In: Jere L. Bacharach (editor), Fustat Finds: Beads, Coin, Medical Instruments, Textiles, and Other Artifacts from the Awad Collection. The American University in Cairo Press, Cairo, pp. 112-166, 2002.
A description of 92 glass weights and vessel stamps from the ANS collection. Seventeen were previously unpublished. They are from the Umayyads and Abbasids in Egypt. Twenty of the pieces are photographed in the article. All have Arabic legends written out with translations into English.
elHadri, Mohamed. Les Monnaies Merinides dans l’Histoire Monetaire du Maroc (13eme - 15 eme Siecle). These de Doctorat d’Histoire (Nouveau Regime), Universite Lumiere-Lyon, Lyon 2007.
Very thorough treatment of the history and coinage of the Merinid dynasty in Morocco. The first part of the thesis is a long introductory section discussing the sources of the coins, mints, and establishing the questions to be addressed. He covers earlier coinage of the Idrisids, Midrarids, Murabitids and Muwahhids in a general sense. The second major part discusses in detail the coins and history of each Merinid ruler and examines the various legends found on the coins. There follows a corpus of 406 Merinid coins with complete Arabic legends written out, notes on prior publications of the type, anc full metric data. The bibliography is extensive and is divided into sources, references to Merinid history, economic history, numismatic studies and catalogues, chapters from the Encyclopedia of Islam, and websites. Finally there are photographic plates of 82 coins.
Elias, E. R. Duncan. The Anglo-Gallic Coins. Emile Bourgey and Spink & Son, Ltd., Paris and London, 1984.
The standard reference of Anglo-Gallic coinage from Henry II through Henry VI.
Ender, Celil. Abaka Han’in Darp Aylari Yazili Gumus Sikkeleri M 1265-1282/H 663-680/Abaka Khan’s Silver Coinage that bear the Date as well as the Month in Which They were Struck. Ozel Sayi No. 2, Turkish Numismatic Society, Istanbul, 1989.
A short booklet on the Ilkhan coins of Abaqa with the month and the year on them. Coin descriptions and photos included. In Turkish with an English summary.
Ender, Celil. Coinage of Ladik (Denizli). Ender Numismatik Yayinlari No. 1. Published by the author, Istanbul, 1994.
A history and catalogue of the coinage of Ladik in the Aegean region of Turkey. Includes a few ancient Greek coins. Mostly Islamic, including Seljuqs of Rum, Ilkhan, the Anatolian Beyliks of Denizli, Aydin and Germiyan, Ottoman and several anonymous types. Line drawings of all coins with full legends in Arabic and transliterated. All coins also photographed in nice plates. Turkish and English text.
Ender, Celil. Karesi, Saruhan, Aydin ve Mentese Beylikleri Paralari. Ender Numismatik Yayinlari No. 2,
Published by the author, Istanbul, 2000.
Catalogue of the Turkish Beyliks Karesi, Saruhan, Aydin and Menteshe. Arabic legends are written out and transliterated using the Turkish system. There are nice line drawings of each type in the text and photos at the end. There is no English summary. A very nice and useful book.
Ender, Celil. Candarogullari Beyligi (Isfendiyarogullari Beyligi) Paralari Katalogu/ Catalog of the Isfendiyarid Coins. Ender Numismatik Yayinlari No. 3. Published by the author, Istanbul, 2003.
A complete catalogue of coins known from the Isfendiyarid beylik in Turkey. The author points out that the correct name of the Beylik is the Candarogullari. Every coin has a line drawing, the legends written out in actual and transliterated Arabic, and an enlarged photograph. This will be the definitive work on the Beylik for some time, as are most of Ender’s publications. In Turkish, with English summary.
Ender, Celil, Üstün Erek and Gültekin Teoman. Germiyanogullari Beyligi Paralari Katalogu/ The Catalogue of Germiyanid Coins. Ender Numismatik Yayinlari No. 4, Istanbul, 2005.
Bilingual (Turkish and English) catalogue of the Germiyan beylik of Turkey. Like all of Ender’s publications, each type is illustrated with a very clear line drawing and the legends are written out. A very nice work.
Engel, Arthur and Raymond Serrure. Traite de Numismatique du Moyen Age. Three Volumes. Paris, 1891-1905. Reprinted by Arnoldo Forni Editore, Bologna, 1964. In French.
A treatise on coinage of medieval Europe. Volume 1 covers the Roman Empire through the Carolingian times. Volume 2 covers the end of the Carolingian times to the appearance of the Gros argent. The final volume goes until the appearance of the Thaler. Approximately 2000 illustrations. More suitable for general knowledge of coin types than for identification.
Engel, Arthur and Raymond Serrure. Traite de Numismatique Moderne et Contemporaine. Paris, 1897.
Reprinted by Arnoldi Forni Editore, Bologna, 1980.
A treatise on modern coinage of Europe, Africa and the Americas, as well as European possessions worldwide. Covers the 16th through 19th centuries. Approximately 500 coin illustrations. Same style as their treatise on medieval coinage.
Enkhbat, Chuluundorj, Nyamaa Badarch and Batsaikhan Tsend. The Coins and Banknotes of Mongolia.
Association of Mongolian Numismatists, Ulaanbaatar, 2002.
An attractive catalogue of Mongolian coins, meant as an overview of the coinage and not a complete listing. Includes the Turgesh Khaganate, an iron coin of Kidah, Chingizids, Ilkhans, the Golden Horde, Chaghatayids, and Yuan dynasty (China). There is then a more comprehensive listing of modern coins, beginning in 1925, modern commemorative coins, and finally, a beautiful section on banknotes. There are representive coins of many rulers, each photographed. There are lengthy descriptions, historical notes, genealogies, and other pertinent information, all in both English and Mongolian. A nice overview.
Erbstein, Julius and Albert Erbstein. Eroertungen auf dem Begiete der Saechsischen Muenz- und Medaillen-Geschichte bei verzeichnung der Hofrath Engelhardt’schen Sammlung. Originally published by the authors, Dresden, 1888. Facsimile Reprint by Zentralantiquariat der DDR, Leipzig, 1976.
A catalogue of coins of the German state of Saxony from a single large collection. There are few photos or illustrations, but the coins are described with their legends written out,and there is much descriptive and historical text.
Erel, Serafettin. Nadir Birkac Sikke. Volumes 1-4. Istanbul, 1963, 1967, 1970, 1973.
Four short monographs on some rare Islamic coins, with many Anatolian Beylik pieces. Volume 1 includes Ayyubid, Seljug, Chingizid, Ilkhan, Golden Horde (Dirham of Berke Khan, misattributed to Toqtu, attempted reading of reverse marginal legend)., Giray Khans, Kara Qoyunlu, Aq Qoyunlu, Karamanid, Ala'iya, Germiyan, Eshref, and Ottoman. Volume 2 includes Ayyubid, Rassid, Mamluk, Denizli, Saruhan, Ala'iya, and Ottoman. Volume 3 includes Arab-Sassanian, Umayyad, Abbasid, Uqaylid, Seljuq, Ghaznavid, Danishmanid, Menkujakid, Ayyubid, Karamanid, Chingizid, Ilkhan, Jalayrid, Artuqid, Mamluk, Chaghatayid, Sharaf Khans, Timurid, Aq Qoyunlu, Inalid, Aydin and Ottoman. Volume 4 includes Samanid, Ghaznavid, Seljuq, Ilkhan, Aq Qoyunlu and Ottoman.
Erkiletlioglu, Halit and Oguz Guler. Turkiye Selcuklu Sultanlari ve Sikkeleri. Erciyes Universitesi Yayinlari No. 89, Kayseri, 1996.
History and numismatics of the Islamic Seljuqs of Rum. Includes a historical overview of each sultan and a listing of all known coins by mint and date. Many black and white illustrations of mediocre quality and a few enlarged color photos. Legends are transliterated but not written out in Arabic. There is a map showing all Seljuq mints. A table at the end gives rarity indices.
Ertürk, Kazim and Metin Erüreten. Meçhul Erzincan Paralari/ The Unidentified Coins of Erzincan. MNG Bank, Istanbul, 2005.
This book is a fascinating description of 154 enigmatic coins struck in Erzincan (Turkey) during the rule of an as-yet unidentified ruler or series of rulers from an as-yet unknown dynasty. There are 14 small types of Akche size (approximately one gram) plus six types of a larger Four Akche size (approximately four - five grams). The coins are mostly in the name of an unknown Mustafa al-Husayn, most with mintname Erzincan and are undated. The catalogue is bilingual (Turkish and English), has a long history of Erzincan, and a great presentation of the coins. Each type is illustrated with a line drawing, then each individual coin is laid out on a single page with a photograph in actual size and in enlarged size. Metric data and transliterations of the legends are written out. The coins appear to be similar in style to early Ottoman and Beylik coins.
See See Ozturk, Husnu, and Haluk Perk. Anadolu Sikke Monografileri II/ Anatolian Coins Monographies II for a discussion of these coins with the conclusion that all were struck by the Aq Qoyunlu between AH 839 and 854.
Eustache, Daniel. Etudes de Numismatique et de Metrologie Musulmanes. Hesperis Tamuda, Volume 10, pp. 95-189, 1969. Photocopy
A discourse on the metrology of Islamic coins from before the reforms of ‘Abd al Malik (Umayyad) until the Mamluk dynasty. The paper cites numerous contemporary sources regarding the weight of coins and fineness of metal.
Eustache, Daniel. Etudes sur la Numismatique et l'Histoire Monetaire du Maroc. I. Corpus des Dirhams Idrisites et Contemporaines. Banque du Maroc, Rabat, 1970-1971.
A detailed corpus of coinage of the Islamic Idrisid dynasty of Morocco. Includes historical analyses of mints, enlarged photographic plates, several indices.
Eustache, Daniel. Etudes sur la Numismatique et l'Histoire Monetaire du Maroc. VI. Corpus des Monnaies Alawites. Three Volumes. Banque due Maroc, Rabat, 1984.
A comprehensive description of the history and coinage of the Islamic 'Alawi (Fileyli) Sharifs. Volume 1 is a lengthy history of the dynasty, with each ruler divided into a history of events and a numismatic history. Volume 2 is a description of the coins, with full legends written in Arabic, transliterated and translated into French. Volume 3 contains indices, corrections and additions, and 44 high-quality photographic plates.
Evstratov, I. V. Giias ad-Din Sar (?) Khan - Novyi Zolotoordynskii Emitent XV v/ Ghiyas al-Din Sar(?)Khan - A New Golden Horde Ruler from the 15th Century. Odinnadtsataya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Sankt Petersburg, 14-18 Aprelya 2003, pp. 91-93, 2003.
Coins of al-Saray dated AH 819-824 with the name Ghiyas al-Din and perhaps the laqab Sar Khan. Ghiyas al-Din was a son of Tash-Timur.
Excellent Uitgeverij. Officiele Katalogus 1977 voor Munten en Bankbiljetten van Nederland, Munten van
Suriname, Curacao, Ned. Antillen, Ned. Indie. Uitgeverij Excellent BV, Amsterdam, 1977.
A catalogue of coins and banknotes of the Netherlands and coins of Dutch colonies. Illustrated and values in several grades.
Fahmi, Samih. Al-Wahdat al-Nuqudit al-Mamlukiat ‘asr al-Mamalik al-Bahriat/ A catalogue of Mamluk Coins during the time of the Bahri Mamluks (648-792/1250-1390). Tihama Press, Mecca, Saudi Arabia, 1403/1983.
A catalogue of early Mamluk coinage. Legends are written out for each coin, and there are good photos of many of the coins collected in plates at the end. It was written after Balog, so contains many coins not found in his original work or subsequent supplements.
Fahmy, Abdel-Rahman. Early Islamic Coin Weights. Collections of the Museum of Islamic Art, Volume 2. Egyptian Library Press, Cairo, 1957.
A catalogue of 392 glass weights, each described in both English and Arabic. The text within the non-catalogue portions of the book is in Arabic. There are 36 excellent plates of black and white photos depicting well over half of the weights described in the catalogue. The majority of the weights are for dinars, 1/3 dinars and fulus, although there are some dirhams in there as well. Interesting catalogue.
Farahbakhsh, H. Iranian Hammered Coinage, 1500-1879. Published by the author, Berlin, 1975.
A treatment of the Safavid, Hotaki Afghan, Afsharid, Zand and Ghajar/Qajar dynasties in Iran. Their are brief historical sketches of each Shah. Coins are photographed and legends fully written out, though not transliterated or translated. A general introduction discusses minting, dating, etc. There are tables of mint towns with their epithets, shahs with their titles, and religious distiches associated with each shah.
Farahbakhsh, F. N. Standard Catalogue of Iranian Banknotes, 1888-1999. Fourth Edition. Published by the author, Tehran, 1999.
A reasonably well done bilingual (Persian and English) catalogue of banknotes from the Qajars to the present. Includes an index of signatures, varieties of seals, etc. A decent introduction.
Farr, James A. Florida Federation of Women’s Clubs Medal for Royal Palm State Park. Tokenews, Volume XXXIII No. IV, pp. 9-10, November, 2008.
Description of a medal relating to the first portion of the current Everglades National Park to be set aside for conservation. Royal Palm State Park was actually a private conservation area begun with a donation from Mrs. Henry M. Flagler to Mrs. Mae Mann Jennings in 1915, followed by donations from the State of Florida in 1916 and 1921.
Farr, James A. and Vladimir N. Nastich. An Unrecorded Fals of al-Shash, AH 149, in the name of al-Mahdi. ONS Newsletter No. 168, pp. 12-14, Summer, 2001.
Description of the earliest known Islamic coin from al-Shash, an Abbasid fals citing al-Mahdi as amir and heir, and an unknown Sa’id b. Yahya. The marginal legend includes the phrase sittin bi-dirham, indicating that 60 copper fulus were equivalent to one silver dirham.
Farrugia de Candia, J. Monnaies Aghlabites du Musee du Bardo. Revue Tunisienne, pp. 271-287, 1935. Photocopy.
A description of 28 coins of the Islamic Aghlabid dynasty. Legends written out and translated into French. Includes a brief introductory history.
Farrugia de Candia, J. Monnaies Aghlabites du Musee du Bardo (Premier Supplement). Revue Tunisienne, pp. 179-185, 1936. Photocopy.
Eight more coins of the Islamic Aghlabid dynasty, including to coppers.
Farrugia de Candia, J. Monnaies Aghlabites du Musee du Bardo (Deuxieme supplement). Cahiers de Tunisie, vol. IV, pp. 95-118, 1956. Photocopy.
An additional 45 coins of the Islamic Aghlabid dynasty.
Fatas, Guillermo, and Gonzalo M. Borras. Diccionario de Terminos de Arte y Elementos de Arqueologia,
Heraldica y Numismatica. Alianza Editorial, Madrid, 1992.
A Spanish dictionary (Spanish definitions for Spanish terms) of archaeology, heraldry and numismatics. There are drawings illustrating many characteristics of crosses, architecture, etc., but mostly it is just written definitions. If I ever learn Spanish, it will be helpful. Looks useful already. It is a mass-market paperback edition that first appeared in 1980 and has been revised and/or reprinted many times.
Fedorov, D. Monety Pribaltiki XIII - XVIII Stoletii/ Baltic Coinage of the 13th - 18th Centuries. Izdatel’stvo
“Valgus”, Tallin, Estonia, 1966.
A very nice catalogue of Baltic States coinage with nice photographs of coins, line drawings of important design elements, and very complete descriptions. It includes the Dorpat Bishops of Estonia, Livonian Order, Swedish Livonia, Riga Archbishopric of Latvia, Riga City Coinage, Polish issues, Kurland, and others. There are also nice foldout maps. A nice Soviet-era production on good heavy paper.
Fedorov, G. B. Moskovskiye Den’gi Vremeni Velikikh Knyazei Ivana III i Vasiliya III/ Moscow Dengas from the time of the Grand Princes Ivan III and Vasili III. Kratkie Soobshcheniya Instituta Istorii Marerial’noi Kul’tury Imeni N. Ya. Marra, Volume XXX, pp. 70-81, 1949.
Descriptions without illustrations of many types of dengas from these two princes.
Fedorov, M. N. Klad Sel’dzhukskikh Serebranykh Dinarov-Shekaste iz Yuzhnovo Uzbekistana/ A Hoard of Silver Seljuq Dinars and Fragments from Southern Uzbekistan. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XVIII, pp. 59-70, 1967.
A hoard of silver coins (pale gold dinars) of the Great Seljuqs from the reign of Sanjar (under Muhammad) and Sanjar alone. The coins cite three different Abbasid caliphs - alMustazhir, al-Mutarshid and al-Muqtafi and are from three mints - Herat, Balkh and Marw. His attribution of Marw is incorrect. He found it with the new epithet Marw al-hayy, but the mint with epithet should properly be read as the mint Warwalij.
Fedorov, M. N. Ob Odnoi Gruppe Karakhanidskikh Monet 388-404 gg. kh./ On a Group of Qarakhanid Coins from AH 388-404. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XX, pp. 85-89, 1971.
Descriptions and photos of fulus from Ilak 388, Ordu 398 and Soghd 404, and a dirham of Isbijab 399, all with the name of Salih or Saligh
Fedorov, M. N. Politicheskaya Istoriya Karachanidov v Kontse X - Nachalye XI v./A Political History of the Qarakhanids from the End of the 10th to the Beginning of the 11th Centuries. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Vol. X, pp. 131-154, 1972.
Islamic coinage of the earlier Qarakhanids. It is mostly a history, but there are a few coin descriptions scattered throughout the text and two good plates. There are many references to earlier numismatic literature on the dynasty.
Fedorov, M. N. Afrasiabskii Klad Zolotykh Monet Vtoroi Poloviny XII v./ An Afrasiabid Hoard of Gold Coins from the Second Quarter of the 12th Century. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XXI, pp. 32-34, 1972.
Don’t get excited. These aren’t Afrasiabid coins. They are Qarakhanid dinars of Qilij Tafghaj Khan Mas’ud citing the Caliph Mustanzhir
Fedorov, M. N. O Pokupatel’noi Sposobnosti Dirkhema i Dinara v Srednei Azii i Sopredel’nikh s Nei Stranakh v IX-XII vv/ On the Buying Power of the Dirham and the Dinar in Central Asia and Surrounding Lands. Sovetskaya Arkheologiya 1972(2), pp. 73-80, 1972.
An article summarizing salaries, cost of food, and cost of other items during the 9th - 12th centuries in Central Asia. Based on medieval sources. This article is only text, no coin descriptions of drawings.
Fedorov, M. N. Iz Istorii Denezhnovo Obrashcheniya v Srednei Azii Kontsa VIII - Pervoi Poloviny XII v (K Probleme “Chernikh Dirkhemov)/ On the History of Monetary Circulation in Central Asia from the End of the 8th - First Half of the 12th Centuries (The Problem of Black Dirhams). Sovyetskaya Arkheologiya 1973(2), pp. 75-82, 1973.
An article (text only) about the circulation of Bukharkhudat (Arab-Bukharan, Arab-Sogdian) dirhams in Central Asia. These coins consisted primarily of base metal and traded at a value higher than their intrinsic value.
Fedorov, M. N. Politischeskaya Istoriya Karachanidov b Kontse Pervoi i vo Vtoroi Chetverti XI v./Political History of the Qarakhanids from the beginning to the second quarter of the 11th century. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Vo. XI, pp. 158-178, 1974.
The second installment in the coinage of the Islamic Qarakhanids. Some coin descriptions, two good plates.
Fedorov, M. N. Po Povody Afrasiabskogo Klada Zolotykh Monet Vtoroi Poloviny XII Veka/On a Hoard of Gold Coins of the Second Half of the 12th Century. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Vol. XII, pp. 56-62, 1978.
Islamic coinage of the Qarakhanid dynasty. Legends of coins are included throughout the text. There are no illustrations.
Fedorov, M. N. Politicheskaya Istoriya Karachanidov vo Vtoroi Polovine XI v./Political History of the
Qarakhanids in the Second Half of the 11th Century. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Vol XIII, pp. 38-57, 1980.
The third installment in the coinage of the Islamic Qarakhanid dynasty. Some coin descriptions, line drawings in text.
Fedorov, M. N. Politicheskaya Istoriya Karakhanidov v XII - Nachalye XIII v./Political History of the
Qarakhanids from the 12th to the beginning of the 13th Century. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Vol. XIV, pp. 100-125, 1984.
The final installment in the coinage of the Islamic Qarakhanid dynasty. This segment has few coin descriptions, much history and one page of line drawings of coins.
Fedovov, Michael. New Data on the Monetary Circulation of Medieval Uzgend: Coins from the Kashka-Terek Hillfort. American Journal of Numismatics, Second Series, Volume 13, pp. 81-88, 2001.
Qarakhanid and Saghaniyan coins of Bukhara, Ferghana, Akhsikat, Ilaq, Uzgend, Uzjend. Descriptions of the coins, but no illustrations or photographs.
*Fedorov, Michael. Qarakhanid Coins of Tirmidh and Balkh as a Historical Source. New Numismatic Data on the History of the Qarakhanid Dominions of Tirmidh and Balkh. Numismatic Chronicle, Volume 163, pp. 261 - 285, plates 36-38. Photocopy.
Nice historical overview of the occupation of Tirmidh and Balkh by the Qarakhanids in the second half of the 6th century AH as deduced from rare coins found in those areas. He describes the coins in light of known historical information and provides a list of rulers of the Qarakhanids who were responsible for the coinage.
Fedorov, Michael. New Data on Monetary Circulation in Medieval Andukan and Shelji: Coins from the
Andizhanskoe and Kirovskoe Vodokhranilishche. American Journal of Numismatics, Second Series, Vol. 16-17, pp. 113-144, 2004-2005.
Qarakhanid and Timurid coins from Uzbekistan and the Kyrgyz Republic. Mints are Uzkend, Ferghana, Uzgend, Akhsikat, Ilaq, Ush, Samarqand, Kashgar, Taraz, Quz Ordu, Uzjend, Almaligh, Bukhara, Ispijab, Shash, Khuttalan, plus several Chinese coins of the Liao, Xi Xia, Ming and Qing dynasties. A total of 157 coins are at least partially described, with several photographed on three plates.
Fedorov, Michael. The Enigma of ‘Adud al-Dawla Kuch Tegin Resolved. American Journal of Numismatics, Secon Series, Vol. 19, pp. 131-143. 2007.
Qarakhanid ruler and brother of supreme ruler of the Eastern Qarakhanids, Qadir Khan Yusuf ‘Ali b. Harun. Kuch Tegin ruled AH 416-444. The author sorts out all the vassals, subvassals, and suzerains of his Kuch Tegin’s coinage from each of seven mints.
*Fedorov, Michael. Early Mediaeval Chachian Coins with Trident-Shaped Tamghas, and Some Others. American Journal of Numismatics, Second Series, pp. 317-337, 2014.
Copper coins of Chach with a trident tamga.
*Fedorov, Michael. Notes on the Early Medieval Numismatics of Central Asia. American Journal of Numismatics, Second Series, Volume 28, pp. 185-200, 2016.
Coins with Sogdian variants of the Turkic ram horn Tamga from Penjikent and coins with the Turkic runic monogram ush + j from Fergana. 2
Fedorov, Michael, Boris Kochnev, Golib Kurbanov and Madeleine Voegeli. Sylloge Numorum Arabicorum. Bukhara/Samarqand XVa Mittelasien / Central Asia I. Ernst Wasmuth Verlag, Tuebingen, 2008.
The long-awaited sixth volume in the Tuebingen series, the first in English.. Covers the mints of Amu, Bukhara, Tatkand, Harluh Ordu, Samarqand, Qarsi, Karmina, Kish, Kufin and Nasaf. The dynasties include Chaghatayid, Arab-Bukharan, Abbasid, Tahirid, Samanid, Ma’munid, Qarakhanid, Great Seljuq, Khwarizmshah, Great Mongol/Chingizid, Timurid, Shaybanid, Janid, Manghits of Bukhara. Includes a table of cartouches found on Shaybanid and Timurid coins.
Fedorov-Davydov, G. A. Monetnaya Sistema Khorezma XIV v./ The Monetary System of Khoresm in the 14th Century. Sovetskaya Arkheologiya 1957(2), pp. 239-246, 1957.
A translation and analysis of a 14th century document explaining the relationship among dinars, miscals, dirhams, daniks, tassuj and sha’ir. A photo of the document is included.
Fedorov-Davydov, G. A. Klady Dzhuchidskikh Monet: Osnovnie Periody Razvitiya Denezhnogo Obrashcheniya v Zolotoi Orde/ Hoards of Coins of the Golden Horde: Main Periods of Development of Monetary Use by the Golden Horde. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Vol. I, pp. 94-192, 1960.
An extensive analysis of hundreds of hoards of Golden Horde coins. There are no coin descriptions, drawings or photos, but there are great lists of mints and dates found in different locations.
Fedorov-Davydov, G. A. Klad Zolotikh Monet XIII v. iz Srednei Azii/ A Hoard of Gold Coins of the 13th Century from Central Asia. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Volume II, pp. 118-140, 1960.
A description of a very diverse hoard of gold coins from Mongke (Chingizid) and anonymous Chingizid issues. All the coins are fully described with legends written out in Arabic. There is one fold-out plate of photos.
Fedorov-Davydov, G. A. O Nachale Monetnoi Chekanki v Khorezme i Saraye v Kontse XIII v./ On the beginning of minting of coins in Khwarezm and Saray at the end of the 13th Century. Epigrafika Vostoka, Vol. XIV, pp. 79-89, 1961.
A description of six types of the Golden Horde. They are very early types from Khwarezm and Saray struck from AH 678-698. Most are from the reign of Toqtu. Four are photographed, but complete legends are written out for all of them.
Fedorov-Davydov, G. A. Nakhodki Dzhuchidskikh Monet/ Finds of Jujid Coins. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Volume IV, pp. 165-221, 1963.
This is an analysis of finds of hundreds of hoards of Golden Horde coins in Russia. There are a very few line drawings of coins, but for the most part it is an analysis of where the coins were found. There is an inventory of the individual hoard.
Fedorov-Davydov, G. A. Monety Rasskazyvayut/ What Coins Tell Us. Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Nauchno-
Populyarnaya Seriya, Moscow, 1963.
A popular book explaining the basics of numismatics. When the first coins were made, famous Russian numismatists, Islamic coins in Russia, monetary reform, monetary systems, etc. Fairly easy Russian vocabulary and written by one of Russia’s great modern numismatists.
Fedorov-Davydov, G. A. Nuzimatika Khorezma Zolotoordynskogo Perioda/ Numismatics of Khwarizm from the Period of the Golden Horde. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Vol V, pp. 179-224, 1965.
Coins of the short-lived Islamic Sufid dynasty in Khwarizm. Includes complete coin descriptions, very nice plates of line drawings, lower quality plates of photographs. There is also an analysis (in Russian) of the monetary system.
Fedorov-Davydov, G. A. Dva Klada Serebranykh Monet XIII b. iz Bolgar/Two Hoards of Silver Coins of the 13th Century from Bolgar. Numismatika i Epigrafika, Vol. X, pp. 167-173, 1972.
A description of two hoards of the Islamic Golden Horde (Jujids).
Fedorov-Davydov, G. A. Klad Serebranykh Dzhuchidskikh Monet s Selitrennovo Gorodishcha/A Hoard of Silver Jujid Coins. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Vol. XIII, pp. 58-76, 1980.
A hoard of coins of the Islamic Golden Horde. There are no coin descriptions in text, but there are plates of line drawings at the end of the journal.
Fedorov-Davydov, G. A. Monety Moskovskoi Rusi. Izdatyelstvo Moskovskovo Universiteta, Moscow, 1981.
Coins of medieval feudal Russian principalities around Moscow. Includes Islamic coinage of the Golden Horde. Hundreds of line drawings and photographs. Islamic coins do not have legends written out.
Fedorov-Davidov, G. A. Monety Rasskazyvayut/ What Coins Tell Us. Moskva Pedagogika, Moscow, 1981.
This appears to be a greatly revised and very different and simplified version of his 1963 work by the same title. It is a popular work concentrating on a history of Russian coinage. Very simple vocabulary.
Fedorov-Davydov, G. A. Monety Nizhegorodskogo Knyazhestva/Coins of Nizhny Novgorod. Izdatyelstvo
Moskovskogo Universiteta, Moscow, 1989.
Coins of medieval feudal Russian principalities of Nizhny Novgorod, Gorodzek, Suzdal and others. Includes Islamic coinage of the Golden Horde. Hundreds of line drawings and photographs. Islamic coins do not have legends written out, but some Arabic legends are transliterated.
Fedorov-Davydov, G. A. Klad Monet XIII v. iz Volzhskoi Bolgarii/ A Horde of Coins of the Volga Bolghars from the 13th Century . Pp. 181-192, In: V. A. Mogil’nikov (Ed.), Problemy Arkheologii Evrazii, Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Ordena Trudovogo Krasnogo Znameni Instituta Arkheologii, Moscow, 1991.
The description of a hoard of 906 coins, copper and silver, from the Volga Bulghars, sometimes described as very early Golden Horde. The coins are in the name of al-Nasir, Mongke and Arig Bugi. Ten coins are illustrated with line drawings, but most types are referenced to Fraehn, Yanina, and other references.
Fedorov-Davydov, G. A. Denezhnoye Delo Zolotoi Ordy. Paleograf, Moscow, 2003.
A wonderful catalogue of the coinage of the Golden Horde, mostly issues of Jani Beg and later, and discussion of their monetary system. This is a posthumous work compiled by Mel’nikova, Singatullina, Gaidukov, Volkov, Kolyzin, Pachkalov and Severova. There is a description of more than 340 recent hoards of GH coins, a catalogue of 614 coins, a bibliography of writings on Golden Horde coinage, and an English summary. Each coin has a line drawing, and legends are translated into Russian, but not written out in Arabic. Includes Uljay Timur and an excellent run of coppers from many mints.
Felix, Ervin J. The Bank Note Collector’s Guide and Companion. H. E. Harris & Co., Boston, 1976.
A very basic introduction to banknotes of the world. It has several guides to identifying world banknotes and has an alphabetical list of countries and the denominations used in those countries.
Fengler, Heinz, Gerhard Gierow and Wilhelm Unger. Slovar Numizmata. Radio i Svyaz, Moscow, 1993.
Originally published in German, 1976. In Russian.
A basic dictionary or encyclopedia of numismatics. It covers world coins. The definitions look good, and it is a good book for learning the Russian vocabulary of numismatics.
Fiala, Eduard. Beschreibung der Sammlung Boehmischer Muenzen und Medaillen des Max Donebauer.
Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz, Austria, 1970. One volume of text, a second volume of plates.
Bohemian coinage from Celtic times, and then beginning with Boleslaw I (935-967) and ending with Franz Joseph (1848- ). The majority is a description of Donebauer's collection, but Fiala also includes a second part with coins that were not in that collection.
Finn, Patrick. Irish Coin Values. Spink & Son, Ltd., London, 1979.
Irish coin values based on the catalogue of Irish coins by Dowle and Finn. Hiberno-Norse through modern.
Fisher, George A., Jr. Fisher's Ding. Published by the Author, Littleton, Colorado, 1990.
Ding Fubao's catalogue of old Chines cast conage selectively translated and annotated, with coin numbering, modern pricing, an index, a cross-reference to Schjoth's catalog, transliteration conversion tables, Manchu writing examples, a list of Qing (Ch'ing) Dynasty mints, etc., added.
Flensborg, Peter. Montarbogen 1977. P. Flensborgs Forlag, Copenhagen, 1977. In Danish.
A yearbook of prices of coins of Denmark through 1541. The first section covers all early and medieval coins described by Hauberg and has each consecutive Hauberg number illustrated. The end of this section also covers each of the 37 types found in Grenaa and described by Galster. The second section does the same for Mansfeld-Buelllner. The third covers coins by Galster number but does not illustrate all coins. There is an extensive overview of Roman coinage and a few book reviews.
Flerov, V. S. Osnovy Numizmatiki/ Fundamentals of Numismatics. Pages 105-201, In: A. M. Selivanova, Klady Zemli Yaroslavskoi, Yaroslavskii Gosudarstvennyi Universitet, Yaroslavl’, 1995.
In introduction to the study of numismatics, including chapters on numismatics as a science, the history of numismatics, importance of hoards, terminology, and techniques used in manufacturing and studying coins. Very few illustrations, but relatively simple Russian text.
Foerschner, Gisela. Glaspasten, Geschnittene Steine, Arabische Muenzgewichte. Kleine Schriften des
Historischen Museums Frankfurt am Main, Verlag Gutenberg, Melsungen, 1982.
A neat little catalogue of carved stones (intaglios, seals, etc.) from Roman through modern times and Arabic weights, mostly made from glass. These all apparently came from one collection in the 19th century. There are some nice color photos of some of the nicer pieces, and black and white photos of all of them, complete with translated (into German) legends, size and weight data, etc. There are more than 475 objects photographed and described.
Fomin, A. V. Kuficheskiye Monety Gnezdovskogo Klada/ Kufic Coins in the Gnezdov (?) Hoard. Drevneishie Gosudarstva Vostochnoi Evropi: Novoe v Numizmatike, Rossiiskaya Akademiya Nauk, Institut Rossiiskoi Istorii, Moscow, pp. 187-203, 1994.
The description of a hoard of Abbasid, Buwayhid and Samanid dirhams found in eastern Europe. There are photographs of some of the coins and a list of mints and dates found.
Fontenla Ballesta, Salvador. Un Hallazgo Numismatico en la “Huerta del Nublo” (Lorca, Murcia). II. Jarique de Numismatica Hispano-Arab, Institut d’Estudis Ilerdencs de la Diputacio de Lleida, Lleida, pp. 133-143, 1988.
Description of a coin hoard including Muwahhid, Kings of Murcia, and Hafsid. Nicely preserved coins. Beautiful photos, no inscriptions written out.
Fontenla Ballesta, Salvador. Moneda Inedita de Tipo Almohade. II. Jarique de Numismatica Hispano-Arab, Institut d’Estudis Ilerdencs de la Diputacio de Lleida, Lleida, pp. 297-302, 1988.
Previously undescribed Muwahhid square coins with a circle inscribed within, legends within circles. Apparently billon or silver. Nice photos and simple legends.
Fontenla Ballesta, Salvador. Las Acunaciones Medievales de Lorca. Amigos del Museo Arqueologico de Lorca, 1994.
Lorca is in southern Spain in Murcia. This small book covers the numismatic history of Lorca, mostly Islamic, but also early medieval. Each chapter is divided into a history, description of the coinage, and what is known about counterfeits. It covers the Caliphate, a rebel Daisam b. Ishaq, Almeria, Almohades, and the conquest by Alfonso X. The photographs of coins are rather dark and hard to read, so the book is best for the history and list of hoards, not for the coin illustrations.
Fontenla Ballesta, Salvador. La moneda andalusi en Andalucia Oriental. In: A. Canto and V. Salvatierra (Eds.), IV. Jarique de Numismatica Andalusi, Universidad de Jaen, Museo Casa de la Moneda,pp. 165-191, 2000.
Coins of the later Hudids of eastern Spain (Taifas Almoravides), of Baeza, and of the Nasrids of Granada, including square silver coinage of Almeria. There are some beautiful photos of some very rare coins, as well as extensive numismatic history and metrology.
Forrer, Robert. Keltische Numismatik der Rhein- und Donaulaende. Ergaenzte Neuaufgabe. Two volumes. Second volume edited by Karel Castelin. Volume 1 originally published by Karl J. Truebner, Strassburg, 1908. New expanded edition published by Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz, Austria, 1968 (Volume 1) and 1969 (Volume 2) .
A treatise on the Celtic coinage, particularly that of the eastern Celts. The reprinted Volume 1 includes extensive footnotes that refer to Volume 2. Castelin edited the second volume, which includes corrections and new information referring back to Forrer's original work. Many photos in the text and plates. Also includes maps.
*Foster, Ralph T. Fiat Paper Money: The History and Evolution of our Currency. Second Edition. Published by the author, Berkeley, California, 2006.
Fiat money, as used in this book, is money that is not convertible into coin or specie of equivalent value and thus is dependent for its value on the decree of government. The book is dedicated to the world’s worthless paper money. It is a history of currency that is not convertible into coin or specie.
Fraehn, Ch. M. Recensio Numorum Muhammedanorum. Academiae Imp. Scient. Petropolitanae, St. Petersburg, Russia, 1826. (Photocopy). In Latin.
Early and important compendium of Islamic coins. Fraehn invented the classic classification system for the Islamic dynasties that has been used or modified for almost two centuries (Class I, Umayyads, Class II, Abbasids, etc.). While much of the work has been superceded by more recent works, some of the sections on Russian dynasties (Golden Horde, for instance) are still very important. There are no illustrations, but legends are written out in Arabic and translated into Latin.
Fraehn, Ch. M. Monety Khadov Ulusa Dzhuchieva ili Zolotoi Ordy s Monetami Raznykh Inykh
Mukhammedanskikh Dinastii/ Coins of the Khans of the Ulus Jujid or the Golden Horde with Coins of Various Islamic Dynasties. St. Petersburg, 1832. Reprinted 2001, Nizhnii Novgorod.
An extremely important early work on the Golden Horde. It also includes some coins of the Giray Khans, Abbasid fulus, Tahirids, Samanids, Khwarezmshahs, Chingizid, Chaghatayid, Timurid, Shaybanid, Manghits of Bukhara, Umayyad, Ilkhan, Jalayrid, Afsharid, Zand, Qajar, and others. The Golden Horde portion is by far the most important, and it includes some of the rarest rulers. Legends are written out, and there are line drawings in plates at the back. There are also references to Recensio numbers. It is obviously incomplete, but definitely very useful.
Freeman-Grenville, G. S. P. Coinage in East Africa before Portuguese Times. The Numismatic Chronicle, Sixth Series, Volume XVII, pp. 151-175, 1957. Photocopy.
A description of coins from Kilwa, Mafia Islands, Zanzibar, Pemba and Kenya. It is additions to earlier known coins, not a comprehensive corpus. Some historical information.
Freeman-Grenville, G. S. P. Coins from Mogadishu, c. 1300 to c. 1700. The Numismatic Chronicle, Seventh Series, Volume III (1963), pp. 179-200.
A description of several hoards and collections of the coinage of Islamic Mogadishu, Somalia. Includes coinage of Kilwa found in Mogadishu. Includes Arabic inscriptions with translations, and one plate of photographs. Includes some history, but little of the sultanate is known.
Frere, Hubert. Le Denier Carolingien, Specialement en Belgique. Publications d’Histoire de l’Art et
d’Archeologie de l’Universite Catholique de Louvain VIII, Numismatica Lovaniensia 1, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, 1977.
European coinage from before the reform of Charlemagne until almost the end of the 10th century (752-987). There is a special section on those coins struck in mints in Belgium. All coins fully described and accompanied by photos and/or line drawings. There are maps showing mints during each reign. Nice specialist book.
Friedensburg, F. Schlesiens Muenzen und Muenzwesen vor dem Jahre 1220. Verlag von F. & P. Lehmann, Berlin, 1886. Reprinted by Verlag P. Maercker, Ihringen, 1984.
History and description of the earliest coinage of Silesia. Not a catalogue, but does include two plates of line drawings illustrating the various phases of the coinage. Includes as an appendix a description of four hoards of Silesian coins originally published in a journal Altschlesien.
Friedensburg, Ferdinand. Muenzkunde und Geldgeschichte der Einzelstaaten des Mittelalters und der Neueren Zeit. Originally published Munich and Berlin, 1926. Facsimile Reprint by Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt, 1972.
The history of coinage of each European country in medieval and modern times. It includes Jerusalem, Armenia, Georgia and other Christian states in the Middle East. There are lists of the most important literature, several plates of coin photos, but mostly text. It is somewhat like an abbreviated version of Engel and Serrure with fewer illustrations.
Friedensburg, F. and H. Seger. Schlesiens Muenzen und Medaillen der neueren Zeit. Vereins fuer das Museum schlesischer Altertuemer, Breslau, 1901.
The coinage of Silesia from the latter part of the 15th century through the late 1800's. The book is done in the style of and a supplement to Saurma's work on Silesia.
Friederich, K. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Kontermarkenwesens. Originally published as part II,
Auktionskataloges der Firma Adolph Hess Nachf., Frankfurt/Main, 1914. Reprint by Numismatischen Verlag H. Dombrowski, Muenster, 1970.
Both a catalogue and a history of countermarks on coins of Germany. Not all of the coins are photographed, and there aren’t many drawings of countermarks in the text. Nice book.
Frisione, Gino. Monete Italiane. La Moneta, Genoa, Italy, 1964.
Covers modern Italy from 1814 until 1964, including Eritrea, Italian Somalia, Albania, Lombardy (1848) and Venice (1848-1849). Includes rarities by date and an explanation of what is pictured on obverse and reverse of each coin type.
Frochoso Sanchez, Rafael. Las Monedas Califales de Ceca al-Andalus y Madinat al-Zahra, 316-403 H, 928-1013 J. C. Consejeria de Cultura de la Junta de Andalucia y Obra Social y Cultural Cajasur, Cordoba, 1996.
This is an important year-by-year description of the coinage of the Umayyads of Spain from ‘Abd al-Rahman III through Sulayman. Each year includes a discussion of the coinage and photos of important varieties of gold and silver. There is an extensive list of legends, ornamentation, etc., at the back, as well as a good bibliography. There is a small section on the copper coinage of Madinat al-Zahra.
Frochoso Sanchez, Rafael. Los feluses del periodo de los gobernadores omeyas en al-Andalus. Nvmisma 237, pp. 259-289, 1996. (Photocopy)
A predecessor of his later book on Spanish coppers. This article covers only the period of Umayyad governors in Spain, not the later independent Caliphate. Each coin is fully described with Arabic legends. There is a photo or drawing of each sub-type in plates at the end of the article.
Frochoso Sanchez, Rafael. Los Feluses de al-Andalus. Numismatica Cordoba, Madrid, 2001.
An exceptional work on the copper Fulus of the Umayyads in Spain. It covers the period of governors in the central Umayyad Caliphate and the independent Caliphs in Spain. Each type and sub-type is fully described with Arabic legends and translations into Spanish. Plates at the end have photos or drawings of each sub-type. The most complete work yet on Islamic coppers in Spain.
Frolova, Nina A. Essays on the Northern Black Sea Region Numismatics. Polis Press, Odessa (Ukraine), 1995.
English translation. Coinage of Cimmerian Bosporus. Descriptions, history and photos.
Frolova, N. A. Monetnoe delo Bospora (Seredina I v. do n.e. - Seredina IV v. n.e.)/ Monetary Affairs of Bosporus (Middle 1st Century BC - Middle 4th Century AD). Volumes 1 and 2. Editorial URSS, Moscow, 1997.
An extensive catalogue of the coins of Cimmerian Bosporus. It is more detailed than Stanislavskii’s catalogue in that the author has shown many more types and die varieties within reigns and within years. The photographs are not as clear as Stanislavskii, but it is an important contribution to Bosporus numismatics. There is a very good bibliography.
Frolova, N. A. Bosporskie Monety Vremeni Pravleniya Asandra (49/48 - 21/20 gg. do n. e.) / Bosporus Coins from the Time of the Reign of Asander. Pp. 17-60 In: A. S. Belyakov and A. A. Molchanov, Numizmatika v Istoricheskom Muzee, Trudy Gosudarstvennovo Istoricheskovo Muzeya, Numizmaticheskii Sbornik Chast’ 14, Moscow, 2001.
Cimmerian Bosporus from the second half of the first century B. C. It includes both Gold and Copper coins, most illustrated with mediocre photos. Asander is only the second Cimmerian Bosporus ruler listed in Sear.
Frolova, N. A. Monetnoe Delo Tiry v Period ot Pravleniya Septimiya Severa do Severa Aleksandra (193-235 gg/ Monetary Affairs of Tyra in the Period from the Rule of Septimus Severus to Severus Alexander (193-235 CE). Numizmaticheskii Sbornik GIM, Volume XVII, pp. 18-64, Moscow, 2005.
History and Catalogue of copper coins of Tyra (Black Sea, Thrace). There are photos of 279 coins.
Frost, Peter. The Bakumatsu Currency Crisis. Harvard East Asian Monographs No. 36, East Asian Research Center, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., 1970.
This is a fascinating economic history of Japan during the years 1853-1872, the first two decades after Japan ceased its isolationist philosophy and agreed to trade with other parts of the world. The U. S. was especially instrumental in breaking down the barriers to trade. The book describes the monetary problems as Japan had to negotiate an exchange rate and battle a serious bout of inflation. This is the period of Japanese numismatics with the elongate Hansatsu banknotes and the rectangular silver and gold coins.
Frye, Richard N. Notes on the Early Coinage of Transoxiana. Numismatic Notes and Monographs No. 113, The American Numismatic Society, New York, 1949.
A note on the numismatic history of pre-Islamic and early transitional coins of Sogdiana, Khwarizm and Bukhara in central Asia.
Gadoury, Victor, and Georges Cousinie. Monnaies Coloniales Francaises, 1670-1980. Published by the Gadoury, Monte Carlo, 1980.
One of the classic references on French Colonial coinage. There is much better background material than in Krause. Values in three grades, good photos.
Gaev, A. G. Monety Zolotoordynskogo Khana Makhmuda (1445-1461)/ Golden Horde Coins of Mahmud Khan (1445-1461). Sed’maya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Moscow, pp. 70-73, 1999.
A description of three types of silver dirhams of the Golden Horde, Mahmud Khan. They were struck at the Urdu or Ordu mint. There are line drawings of all three types.
Gaev, A. G. Genealogiya i Khronologiya Dzhychidov k Vyyasneniyu Rodosloviya Numizmaticheski
Zafiksirovannykh Pravitelei Ylusa Dzhuchi/ Genealogy and Chronology of the Jujids towards an Elucidation of the Genealogy of the Numismatic Record of the Rule of the Ulus Juji. Drevnosti Povolzh’ya i Drugikh Regionov, Bypusk IV, pp. 9-55, 2002.
An important analysis of genealogy and political relationships among rulers of the Golden Horde as derived from contemporary documents and names on coins. It focuses especially on the Blue Horde (including Mubarak Khodja, Urus Khan and Toqtamish, all of whom issued coins), several of the rulers during the time between the death of Birdi Beg and the ascension of Toqtamish to rule all of the Golden Horde, and rulers of the 15th century. The high point of the article is a massive genealogical chart covering most of the Golden Horde from Jochi through the end of the Dynasty. (Note: I have the genealolgical chart as an Excel file and printed on two 36" x 48" sheets of paper so it’s readable).
*Gaidukevich, V. F. Antichnye Goroda Bospora Mirmekii/ The Ancient Bosporus City of Myrmekion. Institut Arkheologii Akademiya NAUK USSR, Izdatel’no Nauka, Leningrad, 1987.
Mostly archaeological finds from the Bosporus city of Myrmekion. Nicely illustrated with black and white photographs. No coins.
Gaidukov, P. G. Mednie Russkie Monety Kontsa XIV-XVI Vekov/ Copper Russian Coins, End of XIV-XVI
Centuries. Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Archaeology, Moscow, 1993.
The highest-quality publication I have seen to come out of Russia or the Soviet Union. It is a compendium of medieval Russian copper coins, most from Tver, Pskov, Novgorod and Moscow. There are fantastic line drawings of each coin type and enlarged photos of each coin on high-quality plates at the end. Some series have die linkages illustrated as in Melnikova. It includes copper coins struck from dies for silver coins and silver coins struck from copper dies. A fantastic book.
Gaidukov, P. G. Kollektsiya Polushek XV-XVI vv./ A Collection of Polushkas from the 15th - 16th Centuries. In: Monety i Medali,Sbornik Statei po Materialam Kollektsii Otdela Numizmatiki, pp. 194-204, Gosudarstvennii Muzei Izobrazitel’nykh Iskusstv im. A. S. Pushkina, Moscow, 1996.
A high-quality description of three main types of polushkas from Moscow and Novgorod. It includes full descriptions, line drawings and photographic plates.
Gaidukov, P. G. O Datirovke “Polushek” c Izobrazheniem Dvuglavovo Orla pod Tremya Koronami/The Dating of Polushkas with a Depiction of a Two-Headed Eagle under Three Crowns. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Volume XVI, pp. 281-289, 1999.
Polushkas with a double-headed eagle and the word Tsar should be considered Dengas and were probably issued between 1698 and 1711. In Russian with English summary.
Gaidukov, P. G. Tverskie Polushki XVI v./ 16th Century Polushkas from Tver. Sed’maya Vserossiiskaya
Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Moscow, pp. 121-123, 1999.
Line drawings of two types of tiny silver Polushkas (1/4 kopeks) from the Tver mint.
Gaidukov, P. G. Pskovskie Monety XV - Nachala XVI v./ Pskov Coins of the 15th and Early 16th Centuries. Numizmatika i Epigrafika XVII, pp. 201-218, 2005.
Metrology and die-linkage analysis. Tiny line drawings, a few high-quality photographs.
Gaidukov, P. G. Russkie Poludengi, Chetveretsy i Polushki XIV - XVII vv. / Russian Poludengas, Chetveretsys and Polushkas of the 14th - 17th Centuries. Paleograf, Moscow, 2006. In Russian, with English Summary.
The highest-quality publication I have seen to come out of Russia or the Soviet Union since Gaidukov’s 1993 work on medieval copper coins of Russia. It is a compendium of medieval Russian half and quarter dengas, most from Tver, Pskov, Novgorod and Moscow. There are fantastic line drawings of each coin type and enlarged photos of each coin on high-quality plates at the end. Some series have die linkages illustrated as in Melnikova. It includes several types with Arabic or pseudo-Arabic legends based on contemporary Golden Horde coins. A fantastic book, every bit as important as his work on coppers.
Gaidukov, P. G. and I. V. Grishin. O Metrologii Deneg Moskvy Vremeni Pravleniya Vasilya Dmitrievicha/ On the Metrology of Dengas of Moscow from the Time of the Reign of Vasilii Dmitrievich. Pp. 136-139 In: Pyatnadtsataya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsia, Gosudarstvennyi Istoricheskii Muzei, Moscow, 2009.
Beautiful line drawings of 24 coins, all with Arabic legends copied from coins of the Golden Horde.
*Gaidukov, P. G. and V. L. Leibov. Rannie Monety Zvenigorodsko-Galitsogo Knyazhesta/ Rare Coins of the Galich-Zvengiorod Principality. Pp. 23-41 in Srednevokovaya Numizmatika Vostochnoi Evropy, Vypusk 2, Moscow, 2007.
Coins of Yurii Dmitrievich (1389-1434), some with imitations of dirhams of Jani Beg on one side, others with Toqtamish. Beautiful line drawings and photographs. This article does not identify the imitations, only says coins with Arabic or pseudo-Arabic inscriptions.
Gaidukov, P. G. and A. A. Molchanov. Novye Nakhodki Kuficheskikh Monet v Il’menskom Poozer’e. In
Antinova, E. V. And T. K. Mkrtychev, Tsentral’naya Aziya: Istochniki, Istoriya, Kul’tura, Izdatel’skaya Firma Vostochnaya Literatura RAN, Moscow, pp. 266-274, 2005.
Umayyad, Abbasid, Tahirid, and Samanid coins found in the area east of Novgorod. Mostly a list of coin finds with locations and maps. No coin descriptions, but eleven photographs of coins.
Galloway, Albert. Illustrated Coin Dating Guide for the Eastern World. Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, 1984.
Detailed instructions on how to read the dates on Oriental coins, with formulae for converting to western dates.
Galster, Georg. Montfundet fra Grenaa og de Jydske Penninge fra Tiden 1146-1234. Reprinted from Aarboger for Nordisk Oldkyndighed og Historie, 1931. H. H. Thieles Bogtrukkeri, Copenhagen, 1933.
An analysis of a find of over 12,000 coins from Grenaa, Denmark, mostly from the time of Valdemar II, and a review of coins from Jutland, Denmark. Thirty-seven types are described, with many more photographs of varieties.
Galster, Georg. Unionstidens Udmontninger. Dansk Numismatisk Forening, Copenhagen, 1972. Danish, with English summary.
Coinage of Denmark and Norway from 1397-1540 and of Sweden from 1363-1521.
Gamberini di Scarfea. Prontuario Prezzario delle monete, oselle e bolle di Venezia; monete dei possedimenti ed oselle di Murano, monete battute a venezia ed ossidionali di Napoleone; monete degli Absburgo e del Risorgimento. (814-1912). Second Edition, Forni Editore, Bologna, 1969.
Standard reference on the coinage of Venice, Italy, from 814 through 1912. Includes rarity listings and 1969 prices.
Ganesh, Krishnamurthy. The Coins of Tamilnadu. Published by the Author, Bangalore, 2002.
Catalogue of the coins of the southeast Indian state of Tamilnadu from the 9th - 18th centuries. Includes coins of the Cholas, Pandyas, Kongu Cheras, Madurai Sultans, Madurai Nayaks, Thanjavur Nayaks, Gingee Nayaks, Banas, Sethupatis, Thanjavur Marathas, Gingee Marathas, Sivaganga Rajas,Nawabs of Arcot. Nicely done with decent black-and-white photographs of each type followed by a description of the coins. Each section has a brief historical and numismatic historical introduction.
Ganesh, Krishnamurty. Karnataka Coins. Published by the Author, Bangalore, 2007.
Catalogue of the coins of the southwest Indian state of Karnataka from punchmarked coinage of BC 300 to Independent Kingdom of Mysore. Includes Badami Chalukyas, Rash trakutas, Western Gangas, Alupas, Chalukyas of Kalyana and Kalachuris, Kadambas of Hangal and Goa, Yadavas of Devagiri, Hoysalas, Vijayanagar, Bahmanis, Adil Shahi Dynasty, Feudatory Chiefs, and Mysore. Coins illustrated with high-quality black-and-white photos followed by description of the coin. Each section has a brief historical and numismatic historical introduction.
Ganesh, Krishnamurty. Coins of Banavasi (c. BC 300 - AD 600). Published by the Author, Bangalore, 2008.
Another excellent publication from this author. Banavasi is a small town in west central India on the border of Karnataka and Shimoga. The majority of the coins are previously unknown and unpublished types from a hoard found in 2006. There is a nice historical introduction beginning with the Satavahanas, then the Chutus, a period of “confusion”, and the Kadambas. Each coin is illustrated with a nice black and white photo, with full descriptions. The coins are a series of neat potin coins of the Satavahanas, lead and copper coins of the Chutus, an extensive series (180 examples) of potin coins from the Period of Confusion, many inscribed and with legends written out, then 58 incredible potin coins of the Kadambas, many inscribed in early Kannada characters. Each section has a brief historical and numismatic historical introduction.
Ganesh, Krishnamurty. Studies in Vijayanagar Coins. Published by the Author, Bangalore, 2009.
Another impressive work from the author including coins and history of this part of southern India. The book includes descriptions and photographs of 555 coins and seals. Includes history, currency system, observations from contemporary travelers, metrology, numismatic history of the various dynasties of the Vijayanagar Empire, Ramaraya, Tirumala and Venkatadri, an extensive catalogue of coins and seals, descriptions and explanations of gods and goddesses on the coins, coins of the Vijayanagar Feudatories, Nayaks of Madurai, Thanjavur and Gingee, chronology of coins, and the influence of Vijayanagar coinage on other dynasties.
Gao Wen and Yuan Yugao Bian. Sichuan tongbi tulu /Illustrated Record of Sichuan Copper Coins. Sichuan University Press, 1988. (In Chinese)
A small catalogue (88 pages) of the copper coins of Szechuan, beginning with the end of the Qing Empire, through the Republic, and including the Szechuan-Shensi Soviet coinage. Also included 29 copper tokens, most with a horse on the obverse.
Gardiakos, Soterios. The Coins of Cyprus, 1489-1571. Obol International, Oak Park, Illinois, 1969. Bound photocopy.
Includes a brief history, particularly of the influence of Venice, and a catalogue with rarity estimates.
Gardiakos, Soterios. A Catalogue of the Coins of Dalmatia et Albania (1410-1797). Obol International, Oak Park, Illinois, 1970. Bound photocopy.
Coinage struck by the government of Venice for Dalmatia and Albania. Includes present-day Albania, Jugoslavia, and parts of Greece (mainly coastal areas of Epirus).
Gardiakos, Soterios. The Coins of Cyprus, 1489-1571, 2nd Edition. Obol International, Chicago, 1975.
Includes a brief history, particularly of the influence of Venice, and a catalogue with rarity estimates.
Gardiakos, Soterios. A Catalogue of the Coins of Dalmatia et Albania (1410-1797). Obol International, Chicago, 1980.
Coinage struck by the government of Venice for Dalmatia and Albania. Includes present-day Albania, Jugoslavia, and parts of Greece (mainly coastal areas of Epirus).
Gardner, C. T. The Coinage of Corea and their Values. Scorpion Publishers, Buffalo, New York, 1976.
A reprint of an early work (1892-1893) on Korean square-holed cash-type coins. It is not nearly complete and has been superceded by Mandel and Krause.
Gardner, Percy. The Coinage of Parthia. Originally Published 1877. Reprinted by Sanford J. Durst, Rockford Center, NY, 2000.
A classic early work on the history and coinage of the Parthians. The history is easy to read, though sketchy. The plates are clear enough to be useful, and there are tables comparing legends and titles of different rulers. Given my ignorance of things Parthian, anything helps.
Gasparino Garcia, Sebastian. Algunas monedas almohades. In: A. Canto and V. Salvatierra (Eds.), IV. Jarique de Numismatica Andalusi, Universidad de Jaen, Museo Casa de la Moneda,pp. 213-216, 2000.
Essentially four notes on unusual Muwahhid square silver coins. There are three mintless types with Kufic script, a half dirham of Abu Muhammad ‘Abd al-Mu’min b. ‘Ali from Seville, a quarter dirham from Marrakesh, and two eighth dirhams, one mintless and one from Marrakesh. There is also an appendix explaining the historical context of the legend al-hadrat al-muminiyya al-murtadiyya that appears on one of the Kufic types. Each coin has an enlarged high-quality photo and full legends written in Arabic, with the legends of the fractions transliterated and translated into Spanish.
Gaube, Heinz. Arabosasanidische Numismatik. Handbuecher der mittelasiatischen Numismatic, Band II.
Klinkhardt & Biermann, Braunschweig, 1973.
An extensive treatment (in German) and guide to identification of Arab-Sasanian coinage in Iran. Covers mid 7th to late 8th century.
Gebhart, Hans. Numismatik und Geldgeschichte. Carl Winter Universitaetsverlag, Heidelberg, 1949.
A history of the development of coinage focusing more on why it developed and the way coinage became the basis of national economies.
Gebhart, Hans. Von der Numismatik zur Geldgeschichte. In Harald Ingholt, Centennial Publication of the
American Numismatic Society, New York, 1958, pp. 233-237.
A short essay on the study of why coinage developed.
Gel’tser, M. L. Drevnepalestinskaya Keramicheskaya Epigrafika kak Vazhnyi Istoricheskii Istochnik/ Ancient Palestinian Epigraphy as an Important Historical Source. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XVII, pp. 18-37, 1966.
Historical interpretation of inscriptions on ancient ceramics, including many interesting stamp seals. Many of the pieces are illustrated with nice line drawings. Most of the inscriptions are described in transliteration and translation into Russian with no rendition of the original.
Ghalib, Ismail. Takvim-i Meskukat-i Osmaniye/Essai de numismatique ottomane. Catalogue des monnaies et medailles de la colletion de l’auteur. Constantinople, 1307/1889.
An early catalogue of a private collection of Islamic Ottoman coinage. Legends written out. Few photographs. In Ottoman Turkish.
Ghalib, Ismail. Takvim-i Meskukat-i Selcukiyye/Catalogue des Monnaies Seldjoukides. Originally published Constantinople, 1892/1309. Reprinted by Basnur Matbaasi, Ankara, 1971. In Ottoman Turkish.
Coinage primarily of the Islamic Seljuqs of Rum, but includes Anatolian Beyliks of Saruhan, Aidin, Germiyan, Karamanid and Isfendiyarid. Arabic inscriptions written out. Several plates of photographs and some good indices.
Ghalib, Ismail. Meskukat-i Kadime-i Islamiye Katalogu. Catalogue of Coins of the Imperial Ottoman Museum, Part 1. Constantinople, 1312/1894. Two-sided photocopy, green hard thesis binding.
A catalogue of the earliest Islamic coinage. Includes Arab-Byzantine, Arab-Sasanian, Umayyad, Abbasid, Tulunid, Ikhshidid, Samanid, Buwayhid, Hamdanid, Marwanid, Alid dynasties. Legends are all written out. Several photographic plates. In Ottoman Turkish.
Ghalib Edhem, Ismail. Maskukat-i Turkmaniye Qataloghi. Constantinople, 1311/1894.
The original work in Ottoman Turkish on Atabeg coinage. Includes Artuqid, Zangid, Begteginid and Ayyubid dynasties.
Ghalib Edhem, Ismail. Catalogue des monnaies Turcomanes du Musee Imperial Ottoman. Originally published Constantinople, 1894. Reprinted by Arnoldi Forni Editore, Bologna, 1965 (200 Copies).
The old standard work on the Turcoman Atabegs. Includes Artuqid, Zangid, Begteginid and Ayyubid dynasties. Full descriptions of coins with Arabic legends, poor photographic plates, several indices of legends, titles, mints, dates, and genealogies. Not as useful as more modern references like Spengler and Sayles, but catalogue numbers still used by some. Better photos than the later reprint.
Ghalib Edhem, Ismail. Catalogue des monnaies Turcomanes du Musee Imperial Ottoman. Originally published Constantinople, 1894. Reprinted by Arnoldi Forni Editore, Bologna, 1978.
The old standard work on the Turcoman Atabegs. Includes Artuqid, Zangid, Begteginid and Ayyubid dynasties. Full descriptions of coins with Arabic legends, poor photographic plates, several indices of legends, titles, mints, dates, and genealogies. Not as useful as more modern references like Spengler and Sayles, but catalogue numbers still used by some.
Ghyssens, Joseph. Les Petits Deniers de Flandre des XIIe et XIIIe Siecles. Cercle d'Etudes Numismatiques Travaux 5, Brussels, 1971.
A thorough treatment of small deniers of Flanders, Belgium, in the 12th and 13th centuries. Gives a chronology and place of minting where possible. Several hundred coins described and photographed. In French and Dutch.
Gill, Dennis. The Coinage of Ethiopia, Eritrea and Italian Somalia. Dennis Gill, Garden City, New York, 1991.
A numismatic history of Ethiopia, Eritrea and Italian Somalia from ancient to modern times, with a complete catalogue of coins, banknotes and medals from the Amirs of Harar (1782) through the present including valuations. Includes a general non-numismatic history of the area.
Glock, Alice. Minuscule Monuments of Ancient Art: Catalogue of Near Eastern Stamp and Cylinder Seals Collected by Virginia E. Bailey. New Jersey Museum of Archaeology, Drew University, Madison, New Jersey, 1988.
A catalogue that accompanied an exhibit of 182 seals at the New Jersey Museum of Archaeology. Each seal is photographed in black and white with a few of the top, the bottom, and an impression of the seal’s design. There is only a brief introductory page, followed by the catalogue, with each seal nicely described. Includes stamp and cylinder seals as well as some really neat amulets. Sasanian seals are well-represented, including one with a scorpion.
Glueck, Harry, Birger Wennberg and Hans Hirsch. Artalsfoerteckning Svenska Mynt, Vaerderingspriser 1973. Numismatiska Bokfoerlaget AB, Stockholm, 1972.
Nice catalogue of Swedish coins from 1521 through 1972. Nice grayscale photos, values in two grades. Includes a nice bibliography.
Gnecchi, Ercole. Sammlung des Herrn Cav. E. Gnecchi in Mailand. I. Abteilung. Muenzstaetten Acqui bis Lucca. II. Abteilung. Muenzstaetten Maccagno bis Musso. III. u. letzte Abteilung. Muenzstaetten Napoli bis Zara. August Osterrieth, Frankfurt am Main, 1901 (Part I) and 1902 (Parts II and III). Reprinted by Alfred Szego, Oakdale, New York, 1973, as a single volume.
An auction catalogue in three parts of a massive collection of Italian coinage (5849 lots). Many coins photographed.
Gnyatovich, Dragana. Dobri i Zli Dinari/ Good and Evil Dinars. Yugoslovenski Pregled, Beograd, 1998. In Serbian with English Summary.
This is not a catalogue. It is a study of the functions of money and the monetary system of medieval Serbia. The term “evil dinars” refers to underweight coins or coins of inferior metal. There are a few nice illustrations of coins, medieval manuscripts, and woodcuts.
Goebl, Robert. Dokumente zur Geschichte der iranischen Hunnen in Baktrien und Indien. Band I. Katalog. Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 1967.
The first of four volumes of the only comprehensive work on the coins of the Huns, Hephthalites, Kidarites, and other related groups. It includes countermarked Sasanian coins and countermarked imitation Sasanian drachmas. This volume is the catalogue without illustrations. It has a bit of introductory text, but very little history. There are good indices of legends in different languages (Baktrian, Sogdian, etc.).
Goebl, Robert. Dokumente zur Geschichte der iranischen Hunnen in Baktrien und Indien. Band II. Kommentare. Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 1967.
This volume goes into detail explaining the coins. It is the longest volume, has a lot of history, explanations of names and legends found on coins, attempts at dating the coins (including Kushan).
Goebl, Robert. Dokumente zur Geschichte der iranischen Hunnen in Baktrien und Indien. Band III. 98 Fototafeln. Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 1967.
The photos that accompany the first two volumes. There are 98 plates, each with excellent photos.
Goebl, Robert. Dokumente zur Geschichte der iranischen Hunnen in Baktrien und Indien. Band IV. 48
Zeichentafeln. Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 1967.
The last volume with 48 plates of countermarks, crowns, symbols and tamgas, legends.
Goebl, Robert. Sasanian Numismatics. Manuals of Middle Asian Numismatics, Volume I. Klinkhardt &
Biermann, Braunschweig, 1971.
The standard reference on Sasanian coinage. Covers Persia or Iran prior to conversion to Islam (208-651). Very detailed treatments of all aspects of coin design and legends, many photographic plates and illustrations of design variations. A brief historical survey also included.
Goebl, Robert. Der sasanidische Siegelkanon. Handbuecher der mittelasiatischen Numismatik, Band IV.
Klinkhardt & Biermann, Braunschweig, 1973.
The standard reference on Sasanian seal stones. It is mostly a catalogue with a systematic means of grouping similar types. Many plates and illustrations of different designs.
Goetz, Christian Jacob. Deutschlands Kayser-Muenzen des Mittel-Alters. Originally Published by the Author, Dresden, 1827. Facsimile Reprint by Zentralantiquariat der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik, Leipzig, 1968.
A description of the coins of the Holy Roman Emperors from Charlemagne to Maximilian I (768-1506). Each emperor's coins are grouped by mint town. A summary of contributions of each emperor precedes the coin descriptions. Over 600 coins are described and illustrated with line drawings.
*Götz, Erich.. Die Münzprägung der Oberpfalz: Geschichte und Katalog. Verlag der Münzen-, Medaillen- und Papiergeldhandel oHG, Gradl & Hinterland, 1992.
Includes coins of Amberg, Kemnath-Fortschau, Nabburg, Neumarkt, Sulzbach and Nürnberg. The book includes a nice history of the mint towns, biographical sketches of the mintmasters, and a nice catalogue of the coins from the towns with high-quality black and white photographs. This has become a standard reference for the area in recent times, especially for crude 14th century issues.
*Goglov, S. A, and A. V. Golemikhov. O Monetnom Chekane Volzhskoi Bulgarii Kh. V./ On Coins struck by the Volga Bulghars in the 10th Century. Rus’. Litva Orda v Pamyatnikakh Numizmatiki i Sfragistiki, Volume 3, pp. 40-63, 2017.
A nice overview of Volga Bulghar coinage, most imitating Samanid dirhams, many with the names of Volga Bulghar rulers. There are excellent photographs and line drawings of many coins and a die linkage analysis.
Golfari, Lamberto. Monedas del Mundo Medieval: Diez Siglos de Historia. Jesus Vico, S. A. and Fernando P. Segarra, Madrid, 1994.
A very well done introduction to medieval coinage. All photographs of coins (about 300) are high quality and enlarged. The book is wide-ranging in scope, covering medieval Russia, Islamic coins, a lot of eastern Europe, and the tradtional European coinage over ten centuries. There are even a few Indian and other Asian coins. The text looks easy to read. I’ve been able to glean quite a bit of information from it with my rudimentary knowledge of Spanish. Nice book! An eBay treasure.
Golyenko, K. V. Klad Monet, Naidennii v 1951 g. v Patreye/ A Hoard of Coins found in 1951 i Patreye.
Sovetskaya Arkheologiya 1957(2), pp. 197-204, 1957.
Description and analysis of a hoard of 397 copper coins of Cimmerian Bosporus dated 572-633 (275-366 AD). There are two full-page plates of photos.
Golyenko, K. V. Vtoroi Patreiskii Klad Monet/ A Second Hoard of Coins from Patreisk. Numizmatika
i Epigrafika, Vol. I, pp. 223-288, 1960.
Description of a hoard of almost 400 coins of the later rulers of Cimmerian Bosporus. There are photos of all of the coins, tables with legends and dates, etc. Nice article.
Gomzin, A. A. K Tipologii Sredneokskikh Podrazhanii Dzhuchidam (Tipy XVII-XX, XXVI, XXVII)/ On the Typology of Jujid Imitations (Types XVII-XX, XXVI, XXVII) from the Central Oka Region. Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Sankt-Peterburg, pp. 85-88, 2007.
A nice group of imitation Golden Horde dirhams found in Ryazan. Some have the Ryazan tamga overstruck on them. A few have the name Timur.
Gomzin, A. A. Podrazhaniya Kreshcheno-Gaiskogo Klada Kontsa XIV v. / Imitations in the Kreshcheno-Gai Hoard from the End of the 14th Century. Pp. 149-159, in Srednevekovnaya Numizmatika Vostochnoi Evropy, Vypusk 3, Moscow, 2009.
Interesting group of imitations, many with the kalima on one side, reverse imitations of Gulistan types of Jani Beg.
Goncharov, E. Yu. Mednie Monety XIV v. Goroda Khadzhi-Tarkhan/Copper Coins of Hajji Tarkhan of the 14th Century. Vostochnoe Istoricheskoe Istochnikovedenie i Spetsial’nie Istoricheskie Distsipliny Vol. 5, Moscow, pp. 177-188, 1997.
Copper puli of the Golden Horde mint of Hajji Tarkhan. One has the name of Cherkes Beg, the rest are anonymous. Nice line drawings, legends written out.
Goncharov, E. Yu. Novosaraiskie Dangi Khana Urusa/ Dangis of Urus Khan from New Saray. Dvenadtsataya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Tezisy Dokladov i Soobshchenii. Gosydarstvennyi Istoricheskii Muzei, Moskva, pp. 89-90, 2004.
A description of two new silver coins of the Golden Horde ruler Urus Khan from Saray al-Jadida. The legends are written in the text, and there are decent photographs of both coins.
Goncharov, E. Yu. Monetnoe Obrashchenie Goroda Saraichuk v Srednie Veka/ Monetary Circulation in the Town of Saraichuk in the Middle Centuries. Trudy Mezhdunarodnykh Numizmaticheskikh Konferentsii, Monety i Denezhnoye Obrashcheniye v Mongol’skikh Gosudarstvakh XIII -XV Vekov, Saratov 2001, Murom 2003. Rossiiskaya Akademiya Nauk, Moscow, pp. 9-12, 2005.
Coins circulating and struck in Saraychik during the middle years of the Golden Horde. Coins are dated 740-767. The Saraichik coins are undated. Nice large photos of some rare types. (From 2001 Conference).
Goncharov, E. Yu. Monetnye Dvory Ulusa Dzhuchidov/ Mints of the Jujid Dynasty. Trudy Mezhdunarodnykh Numizmaticheskikh Konferentsii, Rossiiskaya Akademiy Nauk, Moscow, pp. 97-102, 2005.
Discussion of mint localities that struck coins during different periods of the Golden Horde.
Goncharov, E. Yu. Novoe Imya v Numizmatike Kryma XIII Veka/ A New Name in the Numismatics of Krim in the 13th Century. Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Sankt-Peterburg, pp. 83-85, 2007.
A group of more than 30 copper coins in the name of Ghiyas al-Din Mas’ud II, the Rum Seljuq sultan, found in Krim. The coins were probably struck in Krim around 1280 CE.
Goncharov, E. Yu. Mednyi Chekan Timuridov v Khorezme: Timur i Shakhrukh/ Copper Coins of the Timurids in Khwarizm: Timur and Shahrukh. Epigrafika Vostoka, Vol. XXVIII, pp. 27-38, 2009.
Three copper types of Timur struck during the 780s and early 790s and 25 types of his son Shahrukh struck from AH 807-850. Arabic legends written out, but no line drawings or photographs. English summary.
Goncharov, E. Yu. Novosaraiskie Dengi 741 g.kh. i Nachalo Pravleniya Khana Dzhanibeka/ Coins of Saray al-Jadida of AH 741 and the Beginning of the Administration of Jani Beg Khan. Numizmatika No. 7, pp. 23-26, March, 2005.
The author examines coins of Jani Beg from Saray al-Jadida with a date read previously as AH 741 by comparing them to known types from that mint from AH 742 - 758. He concludes that the coins read by many as AH 741 are really AH 751, based on similarities in style to those of that date with an unambiguous “5". In addition to showing the different types of this ruler from Saray al-Jadida, the author also clears up uncertainty as to whether the reign began in AH 741, as the numismatic evidence indicated, or in AH 742, as historical records indicated.
Goncharov, E. Yu. Novootkrytye Tipy Monet Khorezma XIV-XV vv./ Newly Found Coin Types of Khwarizm, 14th - 15th Centuries. Epigrafika Vostoka, Vol. XXIX, pp. 73-85 2011.
Sufid, Timurid and Golden Horde coins of Khwarizm. There are two gold types dated 782, one in the name of Timur, the other anonymous. Six silver types are from Toqtu (706), Timur Khan (813), Jalal al-Din (813, 815), and two without khan’s name and date off the flan. The copper types are all anonymous and dated 772, 808, 811, 813, 814, and types without dates. Three types have a tamga that allows attribution to Shadi Beg.
Goncharov, E. Yu. Khan Mubarek Khodzha i ego Monety/ Khan Mubarak Khoja and his Coins. In Khromov, K. K., Vostochnaya Numizmatika v Ukraine: Ulus Dzhuchi, Krymskoe Khanstvo I Sopredel’nye Gosudarstva XIII - XVIII vv., Sbornik Publikatsii Chast’ III, Izdatel’stvo Logos, Kiev, pp. 11-15, 2013
Mubarak Khoja was the first khan of the Jujid Blue Horde, the eastern branch of the Golden Horde. There are three major types, two from AH 768 and one from AH 769, all from Sighnaq. Eleven good photos of the coins.
*Goncharov, E. Yu. Monetnyi Dor Edil’ (Zolotaya Orda, 790-e gg.kh)/ The Mint Idil’ (Golden Horde, AH 790s). Numizmaticheskie Chteniya, pp. 64-67, 2013.
Copper coins of the Golden Horde dated AH 794 from Idil’, which apparently was near Saray al-Jadida. One obverse type is shared with coins of Idil’ and Saray al-Jadida. Photographs and legends written out
*Goncharov, E. Yu. Dvuglavyi Orel na Monetakh Zolotoi Ordy i Maloi Azii. Vtoraya Plovina XIII - XIV vv./ The Two-Headed Eagle on Coins of the Golden Horde and Asia Minor. Second Half of the 13th - 14th Century. Numizmatka Zolotoi Ordy, No. 5, pp. 5-15, 2015.
An analysis of coins of the Golden Horde, Rum Seljuqs, Turkish Beyliks and Ilkhans. The author concludes that the double-headed eagle arose as a coin motif in the eastern part of Asia Minor, spreading then to the Crimean Peninsula and ultimately to coins of the Golden Horde. Nice photographic plates of different coins with the eagle.
*Goncharov, E. Yu. Monety so Dna Aral’skogo Morya/ Coins from the Bottom of the Aral Sea. EpigrafikaVostoka,
pp 202-212, 2015.
Among other things, a second type of copper with the stirrup tamga, a pul of Syghnaq 769, and a group of dangs, presumably 13th century, without ruler, date or mint name.
*Goncharov, E. Yu., L. L. Galkin and A. R. Erzhanov. Dva Klada Monet Kontsa 780-kh gg.kh. iz Khorezma/ Two hoards of coins from the end of the 780s AH from Khwarizm. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XXX, pp. 154-175, 2013.
The first hoard contained 288 copper coins of the same type, anonymous and dated 788. The coins have a saddled horse, facing left on some coins, right on others. The second hoard contained 113 silver coins. One was an anonymous Sufid issued dated 780, 94 coins in the name of Toqtamish, and 18 in the name of Timur. Both hoards were apparently hidden/lost during the war between Toqtamish and Timur in AH 789.
Goncharov, E. Yu. and A. V. Pachkalov. O monetnom Dvore Ak-Sarai (Zolotaya Orda)/ The mint Aq-Saray (Golden Horde). Desyataya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Gosudarstvennyi Istoricheskii Muzei, Moscow, pp. 85-87, 2002.
Description of a type of anonymous Golden Horde pul with the mint name Aq Saray, read by Klokov and Lebedev as pul Saray (a pul from Saray). According to the authors there are only three examples known (one of which is in my collection). There is a photograph of one of the coins.
Goncharov, E. Yu. and O. V. Trost’yanskii. Khan Makhmud, Bulgar, 812-813 g.kh. Numizmatika No. 4, pp. 39-42, March, 2004.
Two types of silver coins of the Golden Horde issued by Mahmud Khan. Both are from the Bulghar mint, one dated 812 (retrograde date), the other dated 813. Dark photographs, good line drawings.
Goncharov, E. Yu. and M. M. Yakimov. Arabskie Den’gi Normannskikh Korolei. Sitsiliya, XI - XII vv. Arabic Coins of the Norman Kings. Siciliy, 11th - 12th Centuries. Numizmatika No. 1 (33), pp. 32-45, 2013.
A nice overview of the coinage of the Normans of Sicily with Arabic legends. Beautiful photographs.
Gondonneau, A. and M. F. Guerra. The Circulation of Precious Metals in the Arab Empire: The Case of the Near and the Middle East. Archaeometry, Volume 44, pp. 573-599, 2002.
Use of nuclear activation techniques and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry to analyze gold and silver coins from the 7th -12th centuries for trace element content as a means to deduce the source of the metals used in coinage. Before 750 CE, gold coinage tended to recycle the gold from earlier coins, Byzantine and Sasanian in the Orient, Byzantine coins in Norty Africa, and Visigoth coins in Spain. After 750 CE, Near and Middle Eastern mints of the Abbasids used an Egyptian-type gold (from Nubia, the Red Sea or Arabia). Another gold ore was used in the northeastern empire. The Fatimids in Egypt recycled Abbasid coinage as well as the use of another ore in Alexandria. The Aghlabids used an Ifriqiyan ore, while mints located on the gold caravan routes used West African gold.
*Gorlov, A. V. and A. A. Kazarov. O Gruppe Monet Kontsa XIV v. iz Nakhodok v Kursko-Belgorodskom Areale i o Vremeni Vkhozhdeniya “Yagoldayeoi T’my” v Sostav Velikogo Knyazhestva Litovskogo. On a Group of Coins of the end of the 14th Century in the Kursk-Belgorod Area from the Time of the Onset of the “Jagoldai Tumen” in the Composition of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Srednevekovaya Numizmatika Vostochnoi Evropy, Volume 5, pp. 46-63, 2015.
The Jagoldai Tumen was a a small Mongol duchy established in the 1420s in lands of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. However, there had been immigration of Mongols to the area for several decades. This paper addresses Golden Horde coinage in the name of Toqtamish from the Ordu mint dated AH 782 and 783 found in the Kursk-Belgorod area. The authors conclude that it was local coinage produced by these Mongols in what would later be the Jagoldai Tumen.. Nice photographs and line drawings, full descriptions, die linkages. Interesting coin designs.
Gorny, Dieter. Auktion nr. 27. Giessener Muenzhandlung Dieter Gorny, Muenchen, 1984. With prices realized.
An entire auction deveoted to Russian coinage, with an extensive collection of very early coinage.
Gorny, Norman F. Northern Song Dynasty Cash Variety Guide. Volume 1. Fugo Senshi. Published by the author, Portland, Oregon, 2001.
Fugo Shensi, by Yamada Kosho, is a two-volume work, published 1827-1829, that classifies Northern Sung one cash coins by die varieties. Gorny has based this work on Fugo Shensi, essentially giving a numerical classification to that work, transliterating and translating variety names and giving rarity ratings. There are rubbings or drawings of all of the varieties. Nice detailed work for those who want to go beyond one coin per reign.
Gorny, Norman F. Northern Song Dynasty Cash Variety Guide, Volume 2. Kosen Daizen, Song Yuan to Jing You, A. D. 968 - 1034. Published by the author, Eugene, Oregon, 2003.
A continuation of the authors detailed guide to die varieties of Northern Sung cash.
Gorny, Norman F. Northern Song Dynasty Cash Variety Guide, Volume 3. Kosen Daizen, Huang Song to Xi Ning, A.D. 1038-1071. Published by the author, Eugene, Oregon, 2003.
A continuation of the authors detailed guide to die varieties of Northern Sung cash
Gorny, Norman F. Northern Song Dynasty Cash Variety Guide, Volume 4. Kosen Daizen, Yuan Feng to Yuan You, A.D. 1078-1086. Published by the author, Eugene, Oregon, 2003.
A continuation of the authors detailed guide to die varieties of Northern Sung cash.
Gorny, Norman F. Northern Song Dynasty Cash Variety Guide, Volume 5. Kosen Daizen, Yuan You to ChongNing, A.D. 1093-1102. Published by the author, Eugene, Oregon, 2004
A continuation of the authors detailed guide to die varieties of Northern Sung cash.
Gorny, Norman F. Northern Song Dynasty Cash Variety Guide, Volume 6. Kosen Daizen, Chong Ning to Xuan He, A.D. 1102-1119. Published by the author, Eugene, Oregon, 2004
A continuation of the authors detailed guide to die varieties of Northern Sung cash.
Gorny, Norman F. Northern Song Dynasty Cash Variety Guide, Volume 7. Kosen Daizen, Xuan He to Jing Kang, A.D. 1119-1126. Also Including Southern Song, Western Xia, and Jin Dynasty Supplements. Published by the author, Eugene, Oregon, 2004
A continuation of the authors detailed guide to die varieties of Northern Sung cash.
Goron, Stan and J. P. Goenka. The Coins of the Indian Sultanates Covering the Area of Present-day India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd., New Dehli, 2001.
An extensive and incredibly well-produced catalouge of the Arab Governors of Sind, Amirs of Sind, Amirs of Multan, Ghaznavids, Sultans of Dehli, Sultans of Bengal, Madura, Bahmani Sultans and their precursors, ‘Adil Shahs of Bijapur, Barid Shahs of Bidar, Nizam Shahs of Ahmadnagar, Qutb Shahs of Golkonda, Sultans of Jaunpur, Kalpi, Gujarat, Khandesh, Kashmir, Sind and the Punjab. There is good introductory information, each type is photographed, and the legends are described. Legends are written out in Arabic in the coin descriptions, but can generally be found elswhere. Printed on good heavy paper. A wonderful production that generally makes Rajgor’s catalogue obsolete.
Goryachev, S. A. Monety Korolya Sigizmunda III/ Coins of King Sigismund III. Izdatyelstvo Gezakom, Saint Petersburg, 1998.
A nice high-quality catalogue of the coins of King Sigismund III of Poland (1587-1632). The illustrations are great, and there are descriptions of many varieties. Cool little book.
Goussous, Nayef G. Coinage of the Ancient and Islamic World. Arab Bank, Amman, Jordan, 1991.
A beautiful overview of the coins of Syria. Includes both ancient and Islamic, with heavy emphasis on Umayyad coppers of the five junds of Bilad al-Sham (Greater Syria). Fantastic photos, legends of coins written out, great maps. Outstanding bank publication.
Goussous, Nayef G. Umayyad Coinage of Bilad al-Sham. Arab Bank, Amman, Jordan, 1996.
History and numismatics of Umayyad Syria, with strong emphasis on copper coinage. It is not a comprehensive catalogue, but more a narrative of the historical development of the coinage and methods used to investigate it. He summarizes various authors’ classification schemes (Bates, Qedar, etc.). Nice book.
Grabar, Oleg. The Coinage of the Tulunids. Numismatic Notes and Monographs No. 139. American Numismatic Society, New York, 1957.
The standard reference on the Islamic Tulunid dynasty (868-905). Almost 100 coins described, with Arabic legends written out, and 25 photographed. Extensive history of the dynasty.
Grachev, A. I. Istoriko-Numizmaticheskii Ocherk Dinastii Indzhuidov (Fars, XIV v.)/ Historical-Numizmatic Study of the Injuyid Dynasty (Fars, 14th Century). Pp.93-99, In: Trudy Mezhdunarodnykh Numizmaticheskikh Konferentsii. Monety i Denezhnoye Obrashchenie v Mongol’skikh Gosudarstvakh XIII-XV Vekov. III - MNK Staryi Krym 2005, Numizmaticheskaya Literatura, Moscow, 2005.
Description of several new coins of the Injuyid dynasty. Nice line drawings and descriptions of the coins. Those with readable mints are from Shiraz, Kazirun and Shabankara
Grachev, A. I. O “Pravlenii” Khana Dzhanibeka v Dzhurdzhane/ On the “Correct” Jani Beg Khan in Jurjan. Pp. 94 - 102, In: Numizmatika Zolotoi Ordy, Bypusk 1, Kazan, 2011.
Coins in the name of the Golden Horde Ruler Jani Beg (Written as Jani Khan) from Bazar, Buyan Quli Khan from Bazar (Chaghatayid) and anonymous coins from Astarabad, AH 760, are all issues of the Amir Wali, Walid or Amir of Astarabad. The author studied coin hoards and historical chronicles and concluded that the Amir Wali took Jujid vassalage for political reasons.
*Grachev, S. Yu. Novye Dannye o Gruppe Russkikh Podrazhatel’nykh Monet, Chekanennykh v Ryzanskom Knyazhestve/ New Information on a Group of Russian Imitation Coins Struck in the Ryazan Principality. Proceedings of the 19th All-Russia Numismatic Conference, pp. 141 - 144, 2017.
Imitation Golden Horde coins previously assigned to Bryansk and/or Kiev. They are different from the usual Kiev-type imitations of the Jani Beg Gulistan 753 type. The location of several finds indicates that the are more likely from Ryazan. Some of the coins are imitations of the same Jani Beg type, but there are others as well, including one type with a kalima.
Granberg, Beatrice. Förteckning Över Kufiska Myntfynd I Finland. Studia Orientalia Edidit Societas Orientalis Fennica XXXIV, Helsinki, 1966.
A list of finds of Islamic coins found in Finland. The coins include Sasanian, Arab-Sasanian, Tabaristan, Umayyad, Spanish Umayyad, Abbasid, Tahirid, Idrisid, Tudgha, Zaidid, Saffarid, Samanid, Hamdanid, Ziyarid, Volga-Bulghar, Uqaylid, Marwanid, Qarakhanid, and imitations of Spanish Umayyad, Abbasid, Samanid, Uqaylid and other types. Some of the find desriptions have coin legends transliterated. Important coins are photographed.
Grasser, Walter. Bayerische Muenzen vom Silberpfennig zum Golddukaten. Rosenheimer Verlagshaus, 1980.
A heavily-illustrated narrative history of Bavarian coinage from the earliest times through the 20th century.
Gray, John C. F. Tranquebar: A Guide to the Coins of Danish India circa 1620-1845. Quarteman Publications, Lawrence, MA, 1974.
History and description of these crude coins. Includes both line drawings and photographs of each coin.
Grek, T. V. And E. V. Zeimal’. Indiiskaya Gemma-Pechat’ I v. N.E./ Indian Sealstones from the 1st Century AD. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XVI, pp. 29-34, 1963.
An Indian seal stone from the Kushan Empire. It has an image of Siva with a bull and a legend around. There are several photos of Kushan coins showing Siva and the bull for comparison.
Greter-Stueckelberger, Robert. Schweizerische Muenzkataloge IV. Obwalder im 18. une 19. Jahrhundert.
Nidwalden im 19. Jahrhundert. Societe suisse de numismatique, Berne, 1965.
Swiss cantons of Nidwalden and Obwalden, formerly united as Unterwalden.
Grierson, Philip. Bibliographie Numismatique. Cercle D'Etudes Numismatiques Travaux 2, Brussels, 1966. In French.
Numismatic bibliography by subject matter.
Grierson, Philip. Coins of Medieval Europe. B. A. Seaby, Ltd., London, 1991.
Heavily illustrated historical survey of European coinage from the fifth through the fifteenth centuries. Part of the Coins in History series.
Grierson, Philip, and Mark Blackburn. Medieval European Coinage 1. The Early Middle Ages (5th -10th
centuries). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1986.
Standard reference for early medieval coinage of Europe, with a catalogue of the coins in the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge.
Grierson, Philip, and Lucia Travaini. Medieval European Coinage 14. Italy (III) (South Italy, Sicily, Sardinia). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1998.
The much-awaited second volume to appear in Grierson’s Medieval European Coinage series. It is every bit as impressive as the first volume to appear. The Arabic legends on the Norman coinage of Sicily are transliterated, but not written in Arabic, but cross-references to Travaini’s book should help that. Includes Duchy of Naples, Princes of Capua, Principality of Salerno, Duchy of Amalfi, Duchy of Gaeta, Norman Dukes of Apulia, Sicily, Kingdom of Sardinia, Kingdom of Naples. The time period covered is mid 10th century to ca 1500.
Grigoriev, V. V. Opisanie Klada iz Zolotoordiyskikh Monet, Naidennago bliz Razvalin Saraya. Zapiski
Sanktpeterburgskago Arkheologichesko-Numizmaticheskago Obshchestva, Volume 2, pp. 1-63, 1850. (Photocopy, in pre-reform Russian).
A very important early study of coins of the Golden Horde. Approximately 175 coins are described, ranging from Toqtu (Saray al-Mahrusa 710) through Timur Pulad. It includes issues attributed to Jani Beg II, later believed to be die cutter’s errors on an issue of Jani Beg. Four plates of very nice line drawings of coins.
Grimalauskaite, D. Monety Velikogo Knyazhestva Litovskogo v Svete Novykh Otkrytii: Litva (Konets XX - Nachalo XXI v.)/ Coins of the Great Principality of Lithuania in the World of New Openness: Lithuania (End of the 20th - Beginning of the 21st Century). Pp. 137-161 In: Srednevekovaya Numizmatrika Vostochnoi Yevropy, Numizmaticheskii Sbornik, Vypusk I, Izdastel’stvo Drevlekhranilishche, Moscow, 2006.
An examination of recent changes in the attibution of mostly anepigraphic coinage of Lithuania in recent times. There is a table showing how authors from 1894-2004 have differed in their attribution of 14th and and early 15th century coins to specific rulers. Decent photos of various types.
Grishin, I. V. and V. N. Kleshchinov. Rekonstruktsiya i Klassifikatsiya Shtempelei Provolochnikh “Deneg” Tsarei Fedora, Ivana i Petra Alekseevichei/Reconstruction and Classification of the Varieties of Wire Dengas under Tsars Fedor, Ivan and Peter Alexievich. Mezhdunarodnyi Numizmaticheskii Al’manakh, Moneta No. 6, Vologda, pp. 73-77.
Die varieties and combinations of the wire Russian dengas struck from 1676-1698 under tsars Fedor, Ivan and Peter Alexievich. Line drawings of the different die types.
Grishin, I. V. and V. N. Kleshchinov. Katalog Russkikh Srednevekovykh Monet Vremeni Pravleniya Tsarya Mikhaila Fedorovicha (1613-1645 gg)/ Catalogue of Medieval Russian Coins Struck during the Time of the Reign of Czar Mikhail Fedovovich (1613-1645). Editorial URSS, Moscow, 2001.
A continuation of their earlier work on wire money of Russian Czars. This one covers the many die varieties during the lengthy reign of Mikhail Fedorovich. There are line drawings of all obverse and reverse die types and listings of all combinations of the types. The types are cross-listed with Mel’nikova numbers in a table at the end.
Gropp, Gerd. Some Sasanian Clay Bullae and Seal Stones. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, Vol. 19, pp. 119-144, 1974.
Descriptions of 5 Sasanian clay bullae and 42 seal stones (22 with inscriptions) from the ANS collection.
Grunthal, Henry. Richard Wagner in Medallic Art. In Harald Ingholt, Centennial Publication of the American Numismatic Society, New York, 1958, pp. 329-348.
Description of 89 medals devoted to Richard Wagner.
Guehler, U. Further Studies of Old Thai Coins. Journal of the Siam Society, Volume XXXV, Pt. 2, pp. 147-172, 1944. Reprinted in Siamese Coins and Tokens, Andrew Publishing Company, London, 1977.
Significant additions to Le May’s work on Thailand Bullet coins. Includes photographic plates (mediocre to lousy), and more line drawings of marks found on bullet money.
Guehler, U. Some Investigations on the Evolution of the Pre-Bangkok Coinage. Journal of the Siam Society, Volume XXXVI, Part 1, pp. 23-37, 1946. Reprinted in Siamese Coins and Tokens, Andrew Publishing Company, London, 1977.
An attempt at a chronology of Ayuthian bullet coins of Thailand. Many mediocre photographs.
Guehler, U. Notes on Old Siamese Coins. Journal of the Siam Society, Volume XXXVII, Part 1, pp. 1-25, 1948. Reprinted in Siamese Coins and Tokens, Andrew Publishing Company, London, 1977.
Descriptions of some new bullet types from Thailand, with line drawings of marks and photographs. Also some tiger tongue coins.
Guehler, U. Symbols and Marks of Old Siamese Coins. Journal of the Siam Society, Volume XXXVII, Part 2, pp. 124-143, 1949. Reprinted in Siamese Coins and Tokens, Andrew Publishing Company, London, 1977.
An attempt at explaining the meaning of symbols on old coins of Thailand. Covers pre-bullet and bullet coins. Line drawings of the various symbols and photos of various types of coins.
Guilloteau, Victor. Monnaies Francaises: Colonies 1670-1942, Metropole 1774-1942. Versailles, 1937-1942. Reprint.
An older classic reference on coinage of France and French Colonies. A bit disorganized, but it has types and patterns not found in Krause or Gadoury. It is arranged by periods and reigns rather than by country. Great photographs.
Gumayunov, S. V. Numizmaticheskii Material XIII - XIV vv. Saratovskaya Oblast’/ Numismatic Material of the13th - 14th Centuries from the Saratov District. Drevnosti Povolzh’ya i Drugikh Regionov, Bypusk IV, pp. 56-72, 2002.
Analysis of silver and copper coins of the Golden Horde. Most of the paper is devoted to to tables of coins found in the region, separate tables for silver and copper, but previously unpublished coins are described and illustrated with high-quality line drawings.
Gumayunov, S. V. And I. V. Evstratov. Shongat - Neizvestnyi Monetnyi Dvor Zolotoi Ordy/ Shongat, an unknown Mint of the Golden Horde. Odinnadtsataya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Sankt Petersburg, 14-18 Aprelya 2003, pp. 79-81, 2003.
Shongat is a town in Tatarstan. Two very distinctive anonymous coins are attributed to the Golden Horde in Shongat. Both are photographed. The probably stem from the 14th century.
Gumayunov, S. V. and V. P. Lebedev. Obzor Madzharskogo Chekana Khana Tokty/ A Survey of the Coins of Toqtu from Majar. P. 123-125 In: Trudy Mezhdunarodnykh Numizmaticheskikh Konferentsii. Monety i Denezhnoye Obrashchenie v Mongol’skikh Gosudarstvakh XIII-XV Vekov. IV - MNK Bolgar 2005, V - MNK Volgorad 2006, Numizmaticheskaya Literatura, Moscow, 2008.
Three major types of Golden Horde silver coins of Toqtu struck in Majar. Two types refer to the ruler as Toqtu Beg and are undated. A third type is dated AH 710, both varieties with date written retrograde.
Gumowski, Marian. Handbuch der polnischen Numismatik. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz, 1960.
Polish coins from the earliest times.
Gupta, Parmeshwari Lal. Punch-Marked Coins in the Andhra Pradesh Government Museum. Andhra Pradesh Government Museum Series No. 1, Government Press, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, 1961.
A description of 751 punch-marked coins from hoards found in Hyderabad. The coins are the oldest from India, emanating from the fifth to the second century B. C. The author attempts to divide the coins into sequential periods. There is a table denoting all the symbols found on the coins, as well as poor photographic plates of many of the coins.
Gupta, Parmeshwari Lal. The Amaravati Hoard of Silver Punch-Marked Coins. Andhra Pradesh Government Museum Series No. 6, Hyderabad, 1963.
Description of an immense hoard (over 7,600) Mauryan Punch-marked coins from India. Good plates and line drawings of the various symbols and combinations of symbols found on the coins.
Gupta, Parmeshwari Lal. Coins. Third Edition. National Book Trust, New Delhi, 1991.
An excellent introduction to the coinage of India from ancient to modern times. Includes much historical information, as well as a general survey of the coinage. There are 34 medium-quality photographic plates of 366 coins. Excellent bibliography.
Gupta, Parmeshwari Lal and Terry L. Hardaker. Indian Silver Punchmarked Coins: Magadha-Maurya
Karshapana Series. Indian Insititute of Research in Numismatic Studies, Maharashtra, India, 1985.
A summary of all of the types of Mauryan Punch-mark coins known at the time of writing. There are long series of line drawings of combinations of marks plus indices. Good introductory material placing the coins in an historical context. Very useful for attribution.
*Gupta, Parmeshwari Lal and Terry L. Hardaker. Indian Silver Punchmarked Coins: Magadha-Maurya
.Series. Revised Edition. Indian Insititute of Research in Numismatic Studies, Mumbai, India, 2014.
A significant update of the first edition. It include many more types, including earlier and later types, completely re-written text, more advanced analysis of dating the types, and an expanded catalogue section. As with the first edition, the catalogue is ideally laid out for attribution of types with nice drawings of the punchmarks, and there is again an index of the different punchmarks identifying the types on which they appear. It should be noted that Mr. Gupta had died before this edition was written, but Mr. Hardaker retained his name as first author in recognition of his significant contributions to the field.
Gupta, Parmeshwari Lal and Sarojini Kulashreshtha. Kushana Coins and History. D. K. Printworld Ltd., New Delhi, 1994.
A history of the Kushan empire with emphasis on its coinage. It is not a catalogue, although there are good photos of several important coin types. It has a lot on chronology of rulers, circulation of coins, and what the coins tell us about the Kushans.
Gvaberidze, Ts. M. O Novom Monetnom Dvore v Severnoi Ocetii/ On a New Mint in Northern Oseti.
Numizmaticheskii Sbornik Posvyashchayetsya Pamyati D. G. Kapanadze, pp.117-125. Akademiya Nauk Gruzinskoi SSR, Tbilisi, 1977.
Description of Islamic Ilkhan coins from the Georgian mint of Karjin.
Gvaberidze, Ts. M. Katalog Mednykh Monet Il’khanskogo Irana/ Catalogue of Copper Coins on Ilkhan Iran. Tbilisi, 1994. In Georgian.
Important catalogue of 352 Ilkhan coppers in the Georgian State Museum. The descriptions of the coins include the complete Arabic legends written out, and there are line drawings of 102 coins. Difficult to use because of the language, but not impossible.
Gyselen, Rika. Arab-Sasanian Copper Coinage. Verlag der Oesterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, 2000.
An exhaustive study of Arab-Sasanian coppers. The introductory material covers the monetary prototypes, the iconography of the coins (busts, fire altar, animals, symbols), letends, dates, and various religious formulae. More than 100 types are illustrated with good line drawings and very detailed descriptions. Finally, there are many indices of legends in different scripts, collections, finds, and, at the end, photographic plates.
Haeberle, Adolf. Ulmer Muenz- und Geldgeschichte des XVI-XIX Jahrhunderts. Verlag des Museums der Stadt Ulm, 1937. (Ex Libris John S. Davenport).
The catalogue itself has 116 different coins from the modern period of Ulm. The first part of the book is a numismatic history of the time. It is written in the old Fraktur script, which can definitely cause headaches to the uninitiated.
Haeck, Aime. De Munten van de Graven van Vlaanderen. Deel 1. Numismatic Pocket No. 16, De Mey, Brussels, 1973.
Flanders (Belgium), from 964-1220.
Hahn, W. R. O. Typenkatalog der Muenzen der bayerischen Herzoege und Kurfuersten, 1506-1805. Verlag Klinkhardt & Biermann, Braunschweig, 1971.
Bavarian coinage from Albrecht IV through Maximilian IV. Joseph.
Hahn, W. R. O. Moneta Radasponensis: Bayerns Muenzpraegung im 9., 10. und 11. Jahrhundert. Verlag Klinkhardt & Biermann, Braunschweig, 1976.
A detailed account of early Bavarian (Regensburg) coinage, including the neighboring Nabburg, Cham, Neuburg, Salzburg, Eichstaett, Freising, Passau, and Augsburg.
Hamidi, Hakim. A Catalog of Modern Coins of Afghanistan. Ministry of Finance, Kabul, 1967.
A catalog of machine struck coins of Afghanistan, 1880 to the time of publication of the book. More historic information than in Krause. Does not have Arabic legends, but does have transliterated Arabic and translations.
Harris, Robert P. A Guidebook of Russian Coins, 1725-1972. Second Edition. Mevius & Hirschhorn Int. B. V., Amsterdam, 1974.
A catalogue of coins of Catherine I through the Soviet Union. Includes mintage figures, 1974 prices in two grades, and more extensive notes on moneyers, mints, etc. than in Krause. Considered by some to be the standard reference for all metals.
Hartill, David. Cast Chinese Coins: A Historical Catalogue. Trafford Publishing, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, 2005.
The only catalogue for Chinese coins that you need. An amazing effort that replaces Schjoth, Fisher Ding, and Jen. Includes an extremely thorough treatment of early cowries, ant nose, spade and knife coins. Illustrated with rubbings. Includes fifteen grades of rarity, concordance with Schjoth and FD numbers, as well as identification guides, Wade-Giles and Pinyin concordance, lists of emperors, etc. Also very easy to use.
Hartill, David. Early Japanese Coins. Bright Pen, Sandy, Bedfordshire, 2011.
Another excellent work following the author’s book on cast Chinese coins. Covers all Japanese cast coins including the twelve antique coins, bita sen, Momoyama and early Edo periods, a greattreatment of the bewildering varieties of Kanei Tsuho coinage, other Edo period coinage, provincial coinage, decorative coins, amulets and e-sen, gold coins and silver coins. All types illustrated with clear rubbings, and numerous historical notes. As with his work on Chinese cash, this is the only reference you will need for Japanese coins.
Hattori, Naoto. The Khulba. Studies on the Islamic Coinages in Central Asia. Volumes 1 - 9 (Complete), with an index in two parts. Published by the author, Kyoto, Japan, 1990-2002.
All articles were written by Mr. Hattori, with extensive documentation based on contemporary writings and correspondence with today’s scholars. Each volume is individually made by hand with original color photos of many coins. This is truly a set of journals worth having and one that should be in more libraries. Articles with an asterisk (>) are revisited in subsequent issues.
Volume 1 (April, 1990)
>Ghazna before the so-called Ghaznavids. History and coinage of the earliest Ghaznavids..
>Central Asian Dinars in Medieaval Islamic Times. Nine Great Seljuq, Qarakhanid and
>The Dirhams of the Great Seljuq Empire. An attempt at a comprehensive listing of silver and
copper dirhams of the Great Seljuqs, with descriptions of some coins from the author’s collection.
Volume 2 (May, 1990)
>The Falus and Pashiz Hoard from Central Asian Dynasties (Mainly 4th Century A.H./ 10th
Century A.D. Description of part of a hoard (more than 529 coins) of copper fulus from Central Asia, presumably found in the Ghazna vicinity. Includes Abbasid, Samanid, early Ghaznavid, Saffarid, Muhtajid and Ma’munid. Very nicely done with coin descriptions, color photos, excellent references and maps.
Volume 3 (November, 1990)
A Short Additional Note to the Khulba (2), May, 1990. Three more fulus from the hoard.
The Small Fulus Hoard from the Early Samanids. Isma’il b. Ahmad, Nasr b. Ahmad II.
A Second Fals of Mansur b. Bilkatekin (of Ghazna). Early Ghaznavid.
A Dirham of Chagri Bak Da’ud. Great Seljuq
>A Dirham of the Ghuzz Leader in Herat around 550 A.H./ 1155-56 A.D. A dirham of Abu al-Muzaffar Bagor Quba from Herat, undated.
>The Ghurid Dirhams of Ghiyath al-Din Muhammad b. Sam from Central Asian Mint of Taliqan.
Ten Ghorid dirhams, and a good historical overview of the Ghorids in Taliqan.
Volume 4 (June, 1992)
Re-examinations of some Coins from The Khulba (1),(2),(3). Additional comments on coins in previous articles.
>A Complex Dinar of Saldjui Sandjar from Balkh. Description of a Great Seljuq dinar of Sanjar
with extremely small calligraphy.
Observations on the Bow and Arrow Device on the Tughril Bak’s Neyshabur Coins. Discussion
of a Great Seljuq dirham lacking the bow and arrow device.
>New Studies on Ghazna before the so-called Ghaznavids. History and numismatics of the early
Ghaznavid dynasty. Mansur b. Bilkatekin was a rival to Mahmud b. Sebuktekin.
Volume 5 (July, 1992)
A Falus of Ibrahim b. ‘Abd al-Ghaffar of 338 (Ghazna). A very rare Fals of the first Ghaznavid to issue coins.
>A Curious Dirham of Kabus b. Wushmagir of the Ziyarids (Die-Link Type). Obverse die of
Astarabad 389. Reverse die citing Caliph al-Ta’i, 363-381.
Mas’ud Bek al-Khwarazmi and His Coins in the Local Administration Office for Places Like
Beshbalik etc. Under Mongke Khan. An extensive treatment of the copper dirhams and history of Mas’ud.
Volume 6 (April, 1993)
Short Remarks. Qabus dirham reverse, two Great Seljuq dirhams from Balkh and Ushniya,
Khwarizmshah mint of Qal’ye Nay, Maysur b. Anis (early Ghaznavid).
Researches on Muhammad Arslan, Yusuf Arslan and Sulayman Kadir Tamghac Khakan (Three
main early Islamic coin-groups in Xinjiang). The coinage of late Qarakhanid rulers in eastern Turkestan, probably struck in Kashgar. Descriptions of crude copper coins from several large hoards. Good summary of origin and history of these rulers.
The New Caghatay Khans’ Mint, Uzdjand. Chaghatayid coins from Uzkand in Kyrgyzstan.
The Caghatay Khans’ Small Hoard from Afghanistan. Description of nine Chaghatayid coins.
Two are anonymous (Tarmashirin and Yesun Temur by date), three are Khalil Allah and four are Qazan. Mints are Tirmidh, Bukhara, Badakhshan and Samarqand. Extensive historical notes about the Chaghatayids.
Book Review - Jian Qixiang, Kara Khanid Coins from Xinjiang. Not very favorable.
Volume 7 (May, 1993)
Mas’ud Bek al-Khwarazmi and His Coins under the Kaidu Dynasty. An extensive examination of coins of the Chingizid Mas’ud al Khwarizmi and his place in history. In-depth discussion of the Kaidu dynasty (part of the Chaghatayids), their mints and monetary circulation. Notes on Chaghatayid history.
Volume 8 (October, 1993)
Short Remarks. Ghaznids, Ziyarids, Khwarizmshahs, Mas’ud al-Khwarizmi, Chaghatayid, Timurid.
The Enigmatic Samanid Fals (A Variant). Die linked to Mansur b. Nuh. Mint might be Farwan. Date off flan.
The Early Dirham from the Ghurid Talikan, dated 566 A.H. Muhammad b. Sam, Taliqan 566.
>The Khwarazm Shahs Army Knew the Site of Firuzkuh (The Secret Capital of the Ghurids).
Two dirhams of Muhammad b. Tekesh from Firuzkuh along with an extensive analysis of a proposed location for Firuzkuh in Afghanistan.
>The Swat Hoard and Who did bring Coins to Swat (from the Mongols to the Safavids).
Description of 37 coins from a hoard in northern Pakistan. Includes wide range of dynasties, including Chingizid of Mongke, Ilkhan, Sarbadar, Muzaffarid, Jalayrid, Timurid, Aq Qoyunlu, Qara Qoyunlu and Safavid. Analysis of history of the time these dynasties existed.
Volume 9 (May, 1994)
A Fals of the Audacious Fa’ik Muhammad under Samanids. Balkh 368 or 378. Al-Fa’iq
Muhammad helped put Mansur b. Nuh on the throne in AH 350.
One Comment on the Weight Standard of the Ghaznavid Coins.
The Solution to the Ghazna/Herat Problem.
A Outsize Dirham of Mahmud from Warwaliz. Multiple dirham from Warwaliz, 393 (?), issued by Mahmud (Ghaznavid).
A First Dated Dirhamof Caghri Bak from Balkh. Great Seljuq. Balkh 43x.
An End in Sight for Firuzkuh. More on the location of Firuzkuh. Khwarizmshah.
A Unique Dinar of the Independent Atsiz, the Khwarazm Shah. Atsiz was the earliest
Khwarizmshah ruler. The dirham was struck in Kharizm. A brief history of Atsiz is
The Dates of Mas’ud al-Khwarizmi Coins. Chingizid
A Unfamiliar Copper Coin dated 75(2,3,4). Neat coin, maybe struck in Bust.
Some Studies on Coins of the Kaidu Dynasty. Early anonymous Chaghatayid.
Hoard Report. 1. 10th Century coppers (lists only but for fals of Ma’munid Ahmad b.
Muhammad Shah). 2. Chaghatayid (list plus description of Taimur Shah from Otrar). 3. Supplements to Swat Hoard. Qara Qoyunlu, Safavid.
Hauberg, P. Myntforhold og Udmyntninger i Danmark indtil 1146, avec un resume en francais: Histoire
monetaire du Danemark jusqu'en 1146. Copenhagen, 1900. In Danish with French summary.
The key reference on the earliest coinage of Denmark through 1146. The book includes a historical overview of the coinage of the period (in Danish and in French), lists of moneyers, mints, hoards, etc., as well as twelve plates of drawings of the various coin types. Each plated coins is fully described.
Hauberg, P. Danmarks Myntvaesen i Tidsrummet 1146-1241, avec un resume en francais: Histoire monetaire du Danemark de 1146 a 1241. Copenhagen, 1906. In Danish with French summary. Bound with Hauberg (1900).
The key reference on coinage of Denmark from 1146 to 1241. Each coin is fully described and depicted with a line drawing. There are historical overviews in both Danish and French.
[Hauberg, P.] Fortegnelse over Museumsinspektor P. Hauberg's efterladte Samling af Danske og Norske Monter. Auction Catalogue, Holger Hede, Kopenhagen, 1929.
An auction catalogue of almost 4000 lots of Danish coins from the 9th through the 19th centuries. The auction represented duplicates in Hauberg's collection. There are 13 plates of photographs. There are many varieties of the earliest coinage with different obverse and reverse legends, moneyers, etc.
Haupt, Walther. Saechsische Muenzkunde. VEB Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, (East) Berlin, 1974. One volume of text, one of plates.
Coinage of Saxony, from the 9th - 20th centuries.
Hauser, Josef. Die Muenzen und Medaillen der im Jahre 1156 gegruendeten (seit 1255) Haupt- und Residenzstadt Muenchen mit Einreihung jener Stuecke welche hieraur Bezug haben. Verlag von Josef Hauser, Muenchen, 1905.
An extensive catalogue of coins and medals of Muenchen (Munich), Bavaria. The book is in seven sections, as follows. Medals of (1) Bavarian royalty, (2) famous personages, (3) awards and medals of events, festivities, buildings, etc., (4) religious medals, including medals of churches, (5) coins, including patterns and coinage stuck during the Austrian occupation of 1705-1714, (6) medals of festivities, clubs, etc. and (7) tokens, beer tokens, bread tokens, etc. Each section is followed by several plates of photographs. 1245 pieces are fully described and, particularly for medals, annotated with historical notes regarding reason for issue. Each section has a bibliography, and there is an exhaustive detailed index.
Hazard, Harry W. The Numismatic History of Late Medieval North Africa. American Numismatic Society
Numismatic Studies No. 8, New York, 1952.
The history and coinage of several Islamic dynasties, including Zirid, Hammadid, Hammudid, Murabitid, Muwahhid, Hudid, Hafsid, Ziyanid, Marinid, Nasrid and Wattasid. The standard reference.
Hazard, Harry W. Late Medieval North Africa: Additions and Supplementary Notes. ANS Museum Notes, Vol. 12, pp. 195-221, 1966.
Additions to his major corpus. Includes Islamic Murabitid, Muwahhid, Hudid, Hafsid, Ziyanid, Marinid, Nasrid and Hammudid dynasties.
Head, Barclay V. The Coinage of Lydia and Persia. Originally published 1867. Reprinted by Sanford J. Durst, Rockville Center, NY, 2000. Includes George Hill, Notes on Imperial Persian Coins.
Classic early publication on some of the earliest Greek and Persian coinage. Most is devoted to the Persian darics and sigloi with kneeling and running archers. The Lydian coinage includes that of Croesus. There is a bit of history, some coin descriptions, a few plates.
Head, Barclay V. Historia Numorum: A Manual of Greek Numismatics. New and Enlarged (Second) Edition. Originally published by Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1911. Reprinted by Spink & Son, London, 1963.
A classic treatment of ancient Greek numismatics. It contains historical and geographic overviews, descriptions of major coin types, with many photographs in text, and extensive indices, including one of legends in three languages.
Hebert, Raymond J. Notes on an Umayyad Hoard from Khurasan. ANS Museum Notes, Vol. 12, pp. 157-163, 1966.
Description of a small hoard of 196 Islamic Umayyad dirhams from years 86-115/705-773, from eighteen mints.
Hebert, Raymond J. Abish bint Sa’d and her Coinage. Hamdard Islamicus, Vol. IX, No. 2, pp. 21-42, 1986.
A nice biography of the queen Abish bint Sa’d, tenth and last Salghurid ruler, with a description of 19 gold, silver and copper types from her reign. There are photographs of 27 coins.
Hebert, Raymond J. Amirs of Nimroz. NI Bulletin, Vol. 25(6), pp. 130-134, 1990.
A brief article on the Islamic Samanid dynasty, with a list of rulers and description of one coin with month and year.
Hede, Holger. Danmarks og Norges Monter. Dansk Numismatisk Forening, Copenhagen, 1971.
Coinage of Denmark and Norway from 1541. Includes Wolfenbuettel, Bremen and Verden, Lauenborg, Oldenborg, Danish West Indies, Iceland and Greenland.
Heidemann, Stefan. Das Aleppiner Kalifat (AD 1261) Vom Ende des Kalifates in Bagdad über Aleppo zu den Restaurationen in Kairo. E. J. Brill, Leiden, 1994.
A fantastic hisory of the last days of the Ayyubid dynasty and the rise of the Mamluks. It is based on many sources, with numismatic sources playing an important part. Approximately one half of the book is dedicated to a chronology and numismatic typology of the principal players. It covers coinage of Cairo (Aibak, Qutuz, Baybars I), Alexandria (‘Ali, Qutuz, Baybars), Damascus (the Ayyubid al-Nasir Salah al-Din Yusuf II, Hulagu, Baybars I) Aleppo (including Lu’lu’id), Hamah, Harran, Mosul (Badr al-Din Lu’lu, with and without Möngke, al-Salih Isma’il with Baybars), al-Bawazig, Baghdad (al-Mustasim Billah, the last Abbasid Caliph, Hulagu, Möngke), Irbil. There are photos of the different coin types, including the only reference I have with Ilkhan coppers of Irbil. The book is very well written with an easy German style.
Heidemann, Stefan. A new Ruler of the Marwanid Emirate in 401-1010 - and Further Considerations on the Legitimizing Power or Regicide. ARAM, Volume 9-10, pp. 599-517, 1997-1998.
The description of a small hoard of Marwanid and Uqaylid dirhams. There was one coin of a previously unknown ruller, Sharwin b. Muhammad (401/ 1010-1011) who, according to contemporary sources, had taken the throne after killing the previous ruler, Mumahhid al-Daula Abu Mansur Sa’id. Sharwin had no family ties to the succession and rose to the throne only through the principle of regicide, He who kills the king becomes king. There are good photos of all of the coins and a detailed description of that of Sharwin.
Heidemann, Stefan. The Merger of Two Currency Zones in Early Islam. The Byzantine and Sasanian Impact on the Circulation in Former Byzantine Syria and Northern Mesopotamia. Iran, Volume 36, pp. 95-112, 1998.
An interesting discussion of the transition from pre-reform (Arab-Byzantine and Arab-Sasanian) coinage to the coins of the monetary reform of ‘Abd al-Malik. The author’s analysis is based on findings from several hordes.
Heidemann, Stefan. Ein Schatzfund aus dem Raqqa der Numairidenzeit, die “Siedlungsluecke” in
Nordmesopotamien und eine Werkstatt in der Grossen Moschee. Damaszener Mitteilungen, Volume 11, pp. 227-242, 1999.
A hoard of 8 Numayrid black dirhams were found in a work station of a mosque in an archaeological excavation in al-Raqqa. These were the first Numayrid coins to have been found in an archaeological setting. All eight coins are carefully and completely described, and there are very good photographic plates of all of them.
Heidemann, Stefan. Timur’s Campmint during the Siege of Damascus in 803/1401. Cahiers de Studia Iranica, Volume 21, pp. 179-206, 1999.
A discussion of the monetary and numismatic consequences of Timur’s (Timurid) siege of Damascus based on the nine known coins struck at the campmint during that time. Timur received a huge ransom, but was dissatisfied because of the debased nature of the coinage. The camp mint was responsible for refining the silver to lower its weight so it would be easier to transport. It earned money for Timur’s treasury and it served as a propaganda tool. Five of the coins known to have been struck with the Dimashq mint name are described and photographed.
Heidemann, Stefan. Die Fundmuenzen von Harran und ihr Verhaeltnis zur lokalen Geschichte. Bulletin of SOAS (School of Oriental and African Studies), Vol. 68(2), pp. 267-299, 2002.
The description and analysis of 264 coins found during archaeological excavations in Harran during the 1940s and 1950s. The coins show that Harran was more closely tied with cities in northern Syria (via Saruj and Manbij) than with al-Raqqa in the south of the Balikh valley. The coins include Byzantine, Umayyad, Abbasid, imitation Abbasid, Numayrid, Great Seljuq in Mosul (al-Malik Mas’ud), Antioch, Danishmendid, Rum Seljuq, Zangid of Aleppo, Ayyubid, Artuqid of Mardin, Ilkhan, Ottoman. The majority of the coins are copper. Most are described fully with legends written out, and many have a lengthy commentary about their significance in the grand scheme of the economy of Harran. Many are photographed. Another superb work by the author.
Heidemann, Stefan. Die Renaissance der Staedte in Nordsyrien und Nordmesopotamien: Staedtische Entwicklung und wirtschaftliche Bedingungen in ar-Raqqa und Harran von der Zeit der beduinischen Vorherrschaft bis zu den Seldschuken. E. J. Brill, Leiden, 2002.
A wonderful history of northern Syria and northern Mesopotamia in the 5th/11th and 6th/12th centuries based on, inter alia, numismatic sources. The dynasties covered are the Numayrids, Seljuqs, Rum Seljuqs, Artuqids, ‘Uqaylids, Abbasids and Hamdanids, with the emphasis being placed on the Numayrids. The primary mints for coins in the study are Harran, ar-Raqqa and ar-Ruha. There are very good photographic plates of 69 coins. Otherwise, the book is all text. This is the only publication I know of that covers the Numayrids.
Heidemann, Stefan. Maria Pawlowna und der Umbruch in der Orientalistik. Die Gruending des
Grossherzoglichen Orientalischen Muenzkabinetts. In: Joachin Berger and Moachim von Puttkamer (Editors), Jenaer Beitraege zur Geschichte, Volume 9, Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main, pp. 221-259, 2005.
Interesting history of the role of the wife of Grossherzog Carl Friedrich von Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach in the blossoming of interest in Islamic culture and the founding of the Coin Cabinet in Jena. Includes a photograph of the so-called crown of the Golden Horde ruler Jani Beg.
Heidemann, Stefan and Claudia Sode. Christlich-Orientalische Bleisiegel im orientalischen Muenzkabinett Jena. ARAM, Volume 11-12, pp. 553-593, 1999-2000.
Byzantine lead seals with Arabic and Syrian inscriptions. Most have busts of Christ, Mary or a saint. There is also a history of the collection including letters and drawings from the 19th century between Dr. A. D. Mordtmann and J. G. Stickel. Twenty-four seals are photographed and described.
Heiss, Aloiss. Descripcion General de las Monedas Hispano-Cristianas desde la Invasion de los Arabes, Three Volumes. Originally published in Madrid, 1865-1869. Reprinted in Zaragoza, 1962.
The old standard reference on post-Islamic Spain. The coin descriptions include full legends, and there are wonderful line drawings of the coins. A great reference that has not been replaced by more modern references like Cayon and Castan. The reprint is well done.
Heiss, Aloiss. Atlas of the Ancient Coins of Spain. Plates from Description Generale des Monnaies Antiques de l'Espagne published in Paris, 1870. Reprinted by Ares Publishers Inc., Chicago, 1976.
Sixty-eight plates of line drawings of ancient Spanish coins from B.C. 350 through Roman imperial times. There is an introduction by Barclay V. Head giving a brief overview of the coinage.
Henderson, J. R. The Coins of Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan. First published Madras, 1921. Reprint by
Asian Educational Services, New Delhi, 1989.
A catalogue of the coins of Mysore in southern India from 1761-1799. There is a decent historical introduction, followed by a catalogue of really good descriptions of the coins. The coins of Haidar Ali are arranged by type, while those of Tipu Sultan, a much more extensive series, is arranged by mint. The section on Tipu Sultan has a good introduction explaining the mints, dates, names of cyclical years, names of months, letter year, and denominations/names of coins. The photographic plates are actually quite good.
Hennequin, Gilles. Catalogue des Monnaies Musulmanes: Asie Pre-Mongole, Les Salguqs et leurs Successeurs. Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, 1985.
An exceptional catalogue of the Islamic coins in the Bibliotheque Nationale covering the Seljuq and post-Seljuq periods. Each of over 2000 coins is fully described and photographed, and each dynasty includes a bibliography. Dynasties covered include Great Seljuqs (also Syria, Kirman and Iraq), Burids, Zengids, Lu’lu’ids, Begteginids, Artuqids, Begtimurids, Ildegizids, Salghurids, Inalid (and other countermarked Byzantine), Shirvanshahs (Khaqanid), Sulamids, (Malik of Darband), Pishkinids, Seljuqs of Rum, Salduqids, Menkujakids, Danishmendids, Isfendiyarids, Saruhan, Menteshe, Eretnids, Qaramanids.
Hennequin, Gilles. Les Collections Monetaires: Monnaies de l’Islam et du Proche-Orient. Administration des Monnaies et Medailles, Paris, 1988.
A catalogue of museum holdings. It includes a brief historical overview of Islamic coinage with photos of coins from different periods. The listing of coins includes descriptions of legends, etc., but a lot of the catalogue is simply a list of coins with mints, dates, weight and diameter. Dynasties covered are ‘Abbasid, Ottoman, Umayyad of Spain, Almoravid, Almohade, Marinid, Alawi Sharifs, Mauritania, Algeria, Hafsid, Tunisia, Libya, Fatimid, Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Afars and Issas, Djibouti, Zanzibar, Comoros, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Crusader States, Palestine (British), Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Cyprus, Cilician Armenia, Seljuq of Rum, Turkey, Golden Horde, Giray Khans, Georgia, Shirvanshah, Zengid, Iraq, Ilkhan, Safavid, Afsharid, Zand, Qajar, Bukhara, Khiva, Khoqand, Durrani, Barakzai, Afghanistan. High point of book is its great photos.
Hennequin, Gilles. Les Collections Monetaires: Monnaies d’Asie du Sud et du Sud-Est. Direction des Monnaies et Medailles, Paris, 1991.
Catalogue includes Ghorids, Dehli Sultante, Jaunpur, Gujarat, Malwa, Mughals, independent states of India, Colonial India, Indian Princely States, Burma, Nepal, Pakistan, Ceylon, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaya, Dutch East Indies, Indonesia, Philippines. The catalogue itself is just a listing of coins with no descriptions, but there are great photos in the plates at the end. The beginning has a decent short overview of the coinage and history, and there are great maps of India from different periods of time.
Hennequin, Gilles, and Abu-l-Faraj al-’Ush. Les Monnaies de Balis. Institut Francais de Damas, Damascus, 1978.
A description of over 2,500 coins, mostly Islamic copper, found in Balis (Meskeneh), Syria. The hoard included Roman and Byzantine and the following Islamic dynasties: Arab-Byzantine, Umayyad, ‘Abbasid, Fatimid, Rum Seljuq, Artuqid, Zengid, Ayyubid, Ottoman. Legends written out where legible. Decent photographic plates of select examples.
Herinek, Ludwig. Oesterreichische Muenzpraegungen von 1657-1740. Muenzhandlung Herinek, Vienna, 1972.
Austrian coinage from Leopold I through Karl VI, the time immediately preceding Maria Theresa.
Herrli, Hans. The Coins of the Sikhs. Indian Coin Society, Nagpur, 1993.
The best work on the coins of the Sikh Empire in India and present-day Kashmir and Pakistan. There are great coin descriptions with excellent line drawings. The book is full of explanatory material making it not only a coin catalogue, but also a cultural history of the Sikhs. This should be the only book needed on the subject. Extensive bibliography.
Herrli, Hans. The Coins of the Sikhs. Second Revised and Augmented Edition. Munshiram Manoharlal
Publishers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 2004.
A significant expansion and update of his first edition. This book is the only one needed for both the numismatics and the history of the Sikhs. A beautiful book!
Herrli, Hans. Gold Fanams, 1336 - 2000. Reesha Books International, Mumbai, 2006.
Nice catalogue of tiny gold coins of India and Ceylon (Sri Lanka). Includes nice line drawings of the different types as well as enlarged black and white photos. Includes unidentified coins and some modern fakes.
Hessler, Gene and PCDA. Collecting U.S. Obsolete Currency. Professional Currency Dealers Association, Milwaukee, 1991.
A small booklet explaining in general terms the variety of U.S. currency issued between 1780 and the 1860's. It includes historical notes and tips on how to collect obsolete currency. Includes many photographs.
Hibler, Harold E. And Charles V. Kappen. So-Called Dollars: An Illustrated Standard Catalogue with Valuations. The Coin and Currency Institute, Inc., New York, 1963. With a 1978 Current Valuations Supplement.
Catalogue of a popular series of dollar-sized medals illustrating United States historical and cultural events. Most are photographed, and there is a useful index. There are 1033 medals, although many are multiple entries for a type in different metals.
el-Hibri, Tayeb. Coinage Reform under the ‘Abbasid Caliph al-Ma’mun. Journal of Economic and Social History of the Orient, Volume XXXVI, pp. 58-83, 2003.
The author traces three changes that occurred in the gold and silver coinage of the Abbasid Caliph al-Ma’mun. There was a change in the style of Kufic script, the addition of a second marginal “victory” legend from the Quran, and a trend back to anonymity of the coinage. The changes were not implemented simultaneously in all mints. The author attributes some of the changes to Ma’mun’s attempt to regain control of the Caliphate after the overthrow and execution of his brother al-‘Amin.
Hill, G. F. The Ancient Coinage of Southern Arabia. Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 7, pp. 57-84, 1915. Reprinted by Argonaut, Inc., Chicago, 1969.
A discussion of the earliest coinage from the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula. There are a few photographs and discussions of titles, legends, monograms, etc., found on the coins, but it is not comprehensive and does not really describe too many coins. Interesting, though, since my only other book on southern Arabia is in Russian.
Hinz, Walther. Die spätmittelalterlichen Währungen im Bereich des Persischen Golfes. Pp. .303-314, In: C. E. Bosworth (Ed.), Iran and Islam, In Memory of the Late Vladimir Minorsky. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 1971.
A study of of exchange rates between Europe and Lar (capital of Larestan in South Iran), Hormuz, Dehli Sultanate and the Mughal Empire in the middle ages (1300-ca 1600). The final table has the value of a Toman in Goldmarks from 1300-1907. The really interesting part of the article is that the currency of Lar was the Larin (also known then as a tängä). In 1527, one larin was worth 1.67 Goldmarkds. Neat economics!
Hinz, Walther. Islamische Waehrungen des 11. Bis 19. Jahrhunderts umgerechnet in Gold. Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 1991.
A study of exchange rates and costs of goods through nine centuries in the Islamic world. Each part of the world is treated separately, with a sequential listing of sources and data by year. Interesting book.
Hirano, Shinji. The Ghaghara-Gandak River Region. Archaic Silver Punchmarked Coinage, c. 600-300 B.C. Indian Institute of Research in Numismatic Studies (IIRNS) Publications, Maharashtra, 2007.
Part of the AHATA project documenting and classifying Indian punchmark coinage. This well-produced volume deals with coinage of the Ganges valley.The coins are of the Ayodhya Hoard-type and Narhan Hoard-type, mostly the latter. The author speculates that the Narhan coins circulated from BC 600-450 when Magadha was a local power. He develops a chronological series, establishes the order of punches, and has produced a beautiful catalogue with photographs of the coins and drawings of the different types with all the symbols.
Hirmer, Max. Roemische Kaisermuenzen. Insel-Verlag, Leipzig, 1941.
Plates of coins of the Roman Caesars from Augustus through Philippus II.
Hlinka, Jozef. Vyvoj Penazi a Medaili na Slovensku/History of Coins and Medals in Slovakia. Vydalo Slovenske Narodne Muzeum v Bratislave v Nakladatelstve Pravda. Bratislava, 1981. Trilingual (Czech, German, Russian, English).
A guide that accompanied an exhibit of coins, medals and banknotes of Slovakia. Includes ancient, medieval and modern. Some of the photos are fantastic.
HMZ. HMZ-Katalog, Schweiz, Liechtenstein, 15. Jahrhundert bis Gegenwart. HMZ, Hilterfingen, Switzerland, 1977.
A price catalogue of coinage of Switzerland and cantons, Liechtenstein, bishoprics, duchies, and other coin-minting entities in Switzerland from the 15th century to the present.
Hoernle, A. F. Rudolf. Catalogue of the Central Asiatic Coins, Collected by Captain A. F. De Laessoe, in the Indian Museum, Calcutta. Jour. Asiatic Soc. Bengal, Suppl. to Vol. IV, pp. 1-51, 1889.
Includes some ancients, Sassanian, and the Islamic Abbasids, Khwarezmshahs, Ghaznavids, Ghorids, Amir of Nishapur, Lu'lu'id, Great Seljuq, Seljuq of Rum, Maliks of Sijistan (third Saffarid dynasty), Chingizids, Ilkhanids, Timurids, Shaybanids, Mangits of Bukhara, Shahs of Persia, Durrani, and some Indian dynasties. Some coins are described, others just noted as similar to those in other published collections.
Hohertz, H. Edmund. A Catalog of the Square Islamic Coins of Spain, Portugal, and North Africa, 1130-1816 A.D.
Wooster Book Company, Wooster, Ohio, 2008.
A beautiful compilation of all known square Islamic coins. Each type is illustrated with a very clear line drawing, and Arabic legends are written out separately and translated. Dynasties included are Muwahhid (Almohad), the Taifas Almohad Algarbe, Ceuta, Lorca, Seville and Valencia, Nardis, Hudid, Hafsis, Merinid, Wattasid, Sa’dian Sharifs, Ottoman, and several unidentified coins. There is also a long section of Millares, Spanish imitations of anonymous Muwahhid coins. There is an index of all coin inscriptions with translations, including Koranic phrases, other religious phrases and selected words, names, and mint-related words. There is a table of concordances with Vives, Hazard and Medina, index of dates found on the coins, and a great index of mint names showing the name in proper Arabic and in the style as found on the coin. Finally, there is a good map of the mint locations and an extensive bibliography. Ed Hohertz has done a marvelous job, and anyone interested in learning about these coins should have a copy of this book.
Holland, Lionel. Islamic Bronze Weights from Caesarea Maritima. ANS Museum Notes, Volume 31, pp. 171-201, 1986.
The description of a large group (more than 600 pieces) of weights from the Mediterranean shores of Israel. They were for the most part scattered field finds, not part of a hoard. They are perhaps from Fatimid times, but dating is still uncertain.
Holtz, Walter. Abkuerzungen auf Muenzen. Klinkhardt & Biermann, Braunschweig, 1972.
An aid to coin identification. Includes variations in script found on coins, an alphabetical listing of abbreviations and their meanings, a glossary of terms, and variations on place names found on coins.
Hristovska, Katerina. A Contribution to the Fourteenth-century Venetian Imitative Coinage Found on the
Territory of the Republic of Macedonia. Macedonian Numismatic Journal, No. 2, pages 139-167, 1996.
An analysis of several hoards of imitation Venetian denars of Lorenzo Tiepolo with an attempt to date and sequence them. No photos, but weights and legends of coins from several hoards.
Hsu (Sü) T. K. Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Coins. Publisher and Date Unknown. In Chinese.
Standard Chinese reference with valuations of machine-struck coins in all metals. Contains coins with Hsu numbers in KM plus hundreds more.
Hua GuangPu. Zhong Guo Tong Yuan Mu Lu/ Chinese Struck Copper Coin Catalogue. Mainland China, 1992.
A catalogue of modern struck copper coins from China. Like his other catalogues, the illustrations are mediocre rubblings, but often there is enough detail to tell what is going on. It has values in Chinese Yuan. Includes Sinkiang, Tibet, etc.
Hua GuangPu. Zhong Guo Gu Qian Mu Lu/Chinese Ancient Coins Catalogue. Mainland China, 1996.
The standard catalogue of cast cash coins used in mainland China. The coins are illustrated with low-quality rubbings. Prices in Yuan. The prices are useful for determining relative rarity.
Hua GuangPu. Zhong Guo Yin Yuan Mu Lu/ Chinese Struck Silver Coins Catalogue. Mainland China, 1996.
The standard catalogue of milled silver coins used in mainland China. Includes Sinkiang and Tibet. All coins are illustrated with low-quality rubbings. Prices in Yuan.
Hua GuangPu. Ching Dai Hsien Feng Da Chien Mu Lu/ Catalogue of Ch’ing Dynasty Multiple Cash Coins of Hsien Feng. China Tribal Art Photography Publication Co., Beijing, 1998.
A price catalogue of multiple cash (in Chinese Yuan). It is illustrated with rubbings of multiple die varieties. Somewhat useful for relative rarities, but cannot compare with Ma’s comprehensive work.
Huerlimann, Hans. Zuercher Muenzgeschichte. Kommissionsverlag Berichthaus Zuerich, 1966.
A history of the coinage of Zurich, Switzerland, from earliest times through 1848.
Huletski, Dzmitry. Kalektsyinaya Spadchyna Vyalikaga Knyastva: Mapy, Gravyury, Manety, Pyachatki/ A Collection of the Heritage of the Grand Duchy: Maps, Engravings, Coins and Seals. I. P. Logvinai, Minsk, 2008. (In Belorussian)
Catalogue of Lithuanian coins, maps, seals. The earliest coins have designs that are sometimes found as countermarks on coins of the Golden Horde. The catalogue is beautifully done with clear photos, line drawings, and variations in lettering of later coins.
Huletzki, Dzmitry. Russian Wire Coins, 1533-1645. RIFTUR, Minsk, 2009.
Useful guide to the wire coinage of the Russian czars, beginning with Ivan I. It includes background material with paintings and biographical sketches of the czars, traditional and modern Cyrillic letters, weights and denominations, guide to die types and a catalogue. The catalogue includes valuations. Not as detailed as Mel’nikova or the recent publications of Kleshchinov and Grishin (and not intended to be), but much better than Lapa.
*Huletski, D. V. Monety Velikogo Knyashestva Litovskogo so Vtoroi Poloviny 14-go veka do 1536 Goda. Coins of the Grand Principality of Lithuania from the Second Half of the 14th Century to 1536. UP Entsiklopediks, Minsk, 2015.
A detailed catalogue of coinage in Lithuania including many imitations of or countermarks on coins of the Golden Horde. The author has done extensive original research on some of the series, including countermarks of columns on Golden Horde coins with identification of host coins, sequencing of different column countermarks and assigning to Lithuanian princes. Much of the information duplicates Huletski and Petrunin, but there is sufficient new material to warrant having this catalogue as well.
*Huletski, Dzmitry. Early Russian Coins and their Values. Volume 1. (2015)
Nice overview of early Russian coinage with valuations. For later types, it references numbers from Huletski and Petrunin. This volume includes Kievan Ruthenia, including early Kufic, Tmutarakan, Fur money, grivna ingots, Red Ruthenia, Lithuania, Russian principalities under Lithuania, and Ryazan. Nicely illustrated as his other works.
*Huletski, Dzmitry. Nakhodki Srednevekovykh Svintsovykh Plomb Bliz Letopisnogo Drutska/ Finds of Medieval Lead Seals near Drutsk. Rus’. Litva. Orda v Pamyatnikakh Numizmatiki i Sfragistiki, Volume 2, pp. 10-24, 2016.
A description of 86 lead seals found in Belarus near Drutsk.
*Huletski, Dzmitry. Vtoroi Drutskii Kompleks Svintsovykh Plomb/ A Second Complex of Lead Seals from Drutsk. Rus’. Litva. Orda v Pamyatnikakh Numizmatiki i Sfragistiki, Volume 3, pp. 143 - 156, 2017.
The description of 81 lead seals from Drutsk in Belarus.
*Huletski, Dzmitry and James Farr. Coins of the Golden Horde: Period of the Great Mongols (1224-1266). CleateSpace Independent Publishing, Charleston, S. C., 2016.
This book is an introduction to coinage of the Mongol Empire during its westward expansion through Central Asia, the Volga regions and the Crimea under the leadership of Chingiz (Genghis) Khan's oldest son Jochi. These lands eventually came to be ruled independently by Jochi's descendants as the Ulus Jochi, known in later times as Jochids, Jujids or the Golden Horde. Most of the early coins of Central Asia in the book are new discoveries only recently published in the Russian literature. The authors have attempted to relate the coinage to the historical context in which it was issued and to provide an overview of the westward expansion itself. The Golden Horde are the Mongols who were in Russia for two centuries and who had an indelible influence on the future development of the Russian Empire. Includes the mints of Jand, Urgench, Barjin, Bulghar Saray and Qrim and covers the time of Chingiz Khan and Jochi through Berke and the earliest coinage of Mongke Timur.
*Huletski, Dzmitry V. and K. M. Petrunin. Russkie Monety 1353-1533. UP “RIFTUR”, Minsk, 2013.
Very important new catalogue of Russian coins previously covered most extensively by Oreshinikov in 1896. It is a well laid out catalogue with high quality photographs of each type and with legends written out to the extent known. It is important for those interested in the Golden Horde because it has imitations of Golden Horde coinage, countermarks on Golden Horde coinage, and Russian coins with Arabic or pseudo-Arabic legends. It includes the principality of Moscow, Serpukhov, Galich-Zvenigorod, Mazhaisk, Dmitrov, Uglich, Nizhegorod-Suzdal’, Jaroslav, Ryazan, Principality of Lithuania, Principality of Tver, and others. Excellent and important work.
*Huletski, Dzmitry V., K. M. Petrunin and Alexander Fishman. Early Russian Coins (1353-1533). Createspace, Charleston, S. C., 2015.
An English translation of Huletski and Petrunin. The translation was done by Alex Fishman, who has been added as a third author on the English edition.
*Huletski, Dzmitry V. and Yu. V. Zaionchkovskii. Gnivan’skii Klad Nachala 2-i Chetverti XV Veka/ The Gnivan Hoard from the Second Quarter of the 15th Century. Rus’. Litva. Orda v Pamyatnikakh Numizmatiki i Sfragistiki., Volume 1, pp. 163-207, 2015.
A hoard of more than 500 coins found in Gnivan/Hnivan in Ukraine. Among the coins were 215 of the Golden Horde, 183 of which had column countermarks of various types. The majority of the paper describes the column countermarks by die type. Excellent enlarged photographs and drawings of the different styles of column countermarks.
al-Husayni, Muhammad Baqir. Analytic and Statistical Study of Islamic Titles. Sumer, Volume 27, pp. 185-231, 1971 and Volume 28, pp. 153-184, 1972. (Photocopy. In Arabic)
An analysis of names and titles found on coins primarily of the Great Seljuqs and Seljuqs of Rum. There is a listing of all of the titles, laqabs, names, etc. and the rulers who used them.
Huszar, Lajos. Muenzkatalog Ungarn von 1000 bis Heute. Ernst Battenberg Verlag, Muenchen, 1979.
The coinage of Hungary from Stephan I to modern times.
Huszar, Lajos. Az Erdelyi Fejedelemseg Penzverese/ Coinage of Transylvania. Akademiai Kiado, Budapest, 1995.
A hard-to-find catalogue of Transylvanian coinage from the author of the classic work on Hungarian coinage. This book is in Hungarian, but it is laid out like his book on Hungary and very easy to use. Each coin is photographed, and full legends and symbols are included in the coin description. A very nice well-produced book.
Huth, Martin. Coinage of the Caravan Kingdoms. Ancient Arabian Coins from the Collection of Martin Huth. Ancient Coins in North American Collections No.10, American Numismatic Society, New York, 2010.
An extensive collection of 478 pre-Islamic coins of the Arabian Peninsula. Format with coin descriptions and photographs on facing pages. Includes Levantine coast and Gaza, Idumaea, Nabataean, Kingdom of Hagar, Oman Peninsular coinage of Ab’iel (and imitations), Sabataean, Qatabanian, Himyarite, Hadramawt, South Arabian Incerti, and others. A companion volume to the Huth and van Alfen collection of papers.
Huth, Martin and Peter G. van Alfen (editors). Coinage of the Caravan Kingdoms. Studies in the Monetization of Ancient Arabia. Numismatic Studies 25, American Numismatic Society, New York, 2010.
A collection of 17 papers covering coinage of pre-Islamic Arabian peninsula. Includes Arabian Coinage: Background and Common Aspects (5 papers), the Levantine Coast and Northern Arabia (3 papers), Western and Southern Arabia (5 papers) and Eastern Arabia (3 papers). Richly illustrated plus high-quality photographic plates at the end. Major coin groups studied are imitation Athenian owls, Nabataean, Qatabanian, Sabaean, Abiel imitations of Alexander of Macedon coinage in Eastern Arabia, and Himyarite.
Hwa-Shia Numismatics Association. Market Prices for Ancient Chinese Coins. China, 2000.
A thin paper pamphlet with Ming and Ch’ing Dynasty coins, market prices in Yuan. Coins are illustrated with rubbings and are not too bad. Not really useful except for seeing die characteristics for Ch’ing coins to spot fakes.
Ibrahim, Tawfiq. Nuevas Monedas Almoravides de Tipo Taifas. II. Jarique de Numismatica Hispano-Arab,
Institut d’Estudis Ilerdencs de la Diputacio de Lleida, Lleida, pp.259-264, 1988.
New Murabitid coins with legends and good photos.
Ibrahim, Tawfiq. Adiciones al Oro del Califato Omeya de Cordoba. III. Jarique de Numismatica Hispano-Arabe. Museo Arqueologico Nacional, Madrid, pp. 313-324, 1990.
New gold coins of the Spanish Umayyads. Full legends written out in Arabic, good photographs.
Ibrahim, Tawfiq. El dinar andalusi. Nuevas aportaciones. pp. 35-51 In: A. Canto and V. Salvatierra (Eds.), IV. Jarique de Numismatica Andalusi, Universidad de Jaen, Museo Casa de la Moneda, 2000.
The description 28 previously unpublished gold Dinars from Islamic Spain. Dynasties include Spanish Umayyads, Hammudids, Abbadids of Sevilla, Almoravids, and the Nasrids of Granada. Each coin is superbly photographed and described. A very nice work.
IC Group Insurance Company. 2008 Annual Report. IC Group Insurance Company, Tbilisi, 2008. Bilingual, Georgian and English.
Nice publication with an overview of Georgian coinage prepared by Irakli Paghavi. Beautiful enlarged photographs of 21 coins from Colchis through the Mongols, Persian dynasties and modern coinage.
Ievlev, V. Dvuglavyi Orel na Persidskoi Monete XIX Veka/ Two-headed Eagle on Persian Coins of the 19th Century. Numizmatika Number 13, pp. 14-20, 2007.
Three variants of coins of Nasir al-Din Qajar from the Astarabad mint. Album 2937, AR Qiran.
Iliescu, Octavian. La monnaie genoise dans les pays roumains aux XIIIe - XVe siecles. Pp. 155 - 171, in Stefan Pascu (ed.), Colocviul Romano-Italian “Genovezii la Marea Neagra in Secolele XIII - XIV. Editura Academiei Republicii Socialiste Romania, Bucharest, 1977.
Early work on Genoese and Noghaid coinage in Romania.
*Iliescu, Octavian. Genois et Tatars en Dobroudja au XIVe Siecle: L’Apport de la Numismatique. Etudes
Byzantines et Post-Byzantines III, pp. 161-178, Bucharest, 1997.
A historical analysis of copper Follari found at Enisala and Chilia. The coins have a cross on one side and a symbol interpreted as a tamga on the other with no inscriptions. He concludes that the coins were struck at the fortress at Enisala under a Mongol Emir Dimitry, formerly Timur before he adopted a Christian name. Dmitry is mentioned in historical sources, particularly in a letter from the Hungarian King Louis I. He was nominal overlord of Genoese in the area.
Iliescu, Octavian and Gavrila Simion. Le Grand Tresor de Monnaies et Lingots des XIII et XIV Siecles Trouve en Dobroudja Septentrional. Notee Oreliminaire. Revue des Etudes Sud-est Europeennes, Tome II, pp. 217-228, 1964.
A large horde of Byzantine, Golden Horde and Noghaid coins, including coins of Mengu Timur, Tula Buqa and Toqtu. Most notably is the find of the first coin known of the Noghaid Chaka Khan, son of Noghai. Known as the Uzumbair hoard.
Ilisch, Lutz. Die Muenzpraegung der Goldenen Horde. Muenstersche numismatische Zeitung, No. 51, pp. 3-5, 1973. Ip numismatische Zeitung, No. 69, pp. 1-2, 1976.
A description of a copper coin from Mardin, AH 542, that is apparently the oldest known Artuqid type. It was struck in the name or Temurtash ibn al-Ghazi ibn Artuq. Legends written out completely, incomplete line drawing and a photograph.
Ilisch, Lutz. Die aelteste artuqidische Kupferpraegung. Muenstersche numismatische Zeitung, No. 69, pp. 1-2, 1976.
A description of a copper coin from Mardin, AH 542, that is apparently the oldest known Artuqid type. It was struck in the name or Temurtash ibn al-Ghazi ibn Artuq. Legends written out completely, incomplete line drawing and a photograph.
Ilisch, Lutz. Beitraege zur mamlukischen Numismatik II: Berichte ueber die Einfuehrung neuer Kupfermuenzen in Kairo im Jahr 759 H. Muenstersche numismatische Zeitung, N. 71, pp. 3-4, 1977.
An interesting report on the circumstances surrounding the minting of copper coins in Mamluk Egypt during the 8th/14th century. Prior to 759 AH there had been very little copper coinage from Cairo because of a shortage of copper for making the coins. The author reports excerpts from three contempory accounts of the striking of the copper issues of AH 759 and the increasing replacement of precious metal coinage by copper coinage through at least the end of the century.
Ilisch, Lutz. Ein neuer Teil des Fundes von Shiraz. Muenstersche numismatische Zeitung, Vol. 8, no. 77, pp. 9-10, 1978.
The composition of part of a hoard of Sasanian drachms of Khusru I, Hormizd IV and Khusro II. The hoard was found in Shiraz. Approximately 20 mints from six provinces were represented.
Ilisch, Lutz. Die Muenzen der Buhti von Gazira. Muenstersche Numismatische Zeitung, Vol. 8, no. 80/81, pp. 1-5, 1978. Photocopy.
The Islamic Bukhti Kurds. Descriptions of coins, a brief history.
Ilisch, Lutz. Die umayyadischen und 'abbasidischen Kupfermuenzen von Hims: Versuch einer Chronologie. Muenstersche Numismatische Zeitung, Volume X(3), pp. 23-30, 1980. Photocopy.
A description of fifteen known types of copper coins of Hims, Syria, struck by the Islamic Umayyad and Abbasid dynasties. Includes Arab-Byzantine types. Full legends of coins and a discussion of the chronology and approximate dating.
Ilisch, Lutz. Ein Fund von Dirham des Mirdasiden Nasr und das Muenzwesen Aleppos im 2. Viertel des 11. Jahrhunderts AD. Muenstersche numismatische Zeitschrift, vol. XI()4, pp. 41-50, 1981. Photocopy.
An extensive description of a hoard of coins of the Islamic Mirdasid dynasty. It has full descriptions of the coins and photos of each.
Ilisch, Lutz. Uneditierte Silbermuenzen der Salguqen und ihrer Nachfolger aus Nordsyrien. Muenstersche numismatische Zeitschrift, vol. XII(1), 1982. pp. 10-12.
Coins of the Seljuqs of Syria (Amir of Aleppo, Amir of al-Rahba). Only five coins are described, one of which is from the Artuqids in Aleppo.
Ilisch, Lutz. Ein Mas’udi-Dirham des Sarifen-Rebellen Gammaz aus Mekka 651 H. Muenstersche numismatische Zeitung, vol. XII(2), pp. 15-16, 1982.
The description of an extremely rare dirham (Steve Album says maybe a half dirham) of Jammaz b. al-Hasan of the Qatadid Sharifs of Mecca. Although the family served as sharifs of Mecca for more than 700 years, this it the only coin known from them. It was struck in Mecca in AH 651.
Ilisch, Lutz. Beitraege zur mamlukischen Numismatik V: Inedta des Abbasidenkalifen al-Musta’in billah aus syrischen Muenzstaetten. Muenstersche numismatiche Zeitung, Vol. XII(4), pp. 39-41, 1982.
Three previously unpublished coins (one silver, two copper) of the Abbasid Caliph al-Musta’in billah in Syria. He was made Sultan by the Mamluks in 815/1412, but was forced to abdicate after six months. He was recognized as Sultan in Syria until AH 817. Interesting article with a great historical explanation of how an Abbasid Caliph two centuries after the fall of the Abbasid dynasty.
Ilisch, Lutz. Mayafariqin 657 H. Muenstersche numismatische Zeitung, Vol. XIII(3), pp. 33-34, 1983.
Two interesting dirhams struck in Mayafariqin by the Ayyubids in AH 657. This was one year after the murder of the last Abbasid Caliph by the Mongols and during the time that Mayafariqin was besieged by the Mongol armies. The coins lack the name or titles of al-Kamil, the Ayyubid ruler, and have the names of the four Rashidun in the place of the deceased Caliph.
Ilisch, Lutz. Zwei Funde osmanischer Maydins aus dem Yaman. Muenstersche numismatische Zeitung, Vol. XIII(4), pp. 35-37, 1983.
Two small hoards of Ottoman silver in Yemen. The first contained 49 coins of Sulayman I from Halab, Zabid, Mar’ash, and Misr. The second contained coins of Sulayman I from Halab, Dimashq, San’a and Misr; Selim II from Halab and Misr; Murad II from Halab, Dimashq and Misr; Ahmad I, ‘Uthman II, Murad IV and Ibrahim, all from Misr, and four anonymous coppers, two from Zabid (one dated AH 926 and one undated), and two others without mint or date.
Ilisch, Lutz. Geschichte der Artuqidenherrschaft von Mardin zwischen Mamluken und Mongolen, 1260-1410 AD. Ph.D. Dissertation, Westfaelischen Wilhelms-Universitaet zu Muenster. 1984.
An in-depth history of the Artuqids of Mardin. It is not a numismatic study.
Ilisch, Lutz. Muenzgeschenke und Geschenkmuenzen in der mittelalterlichen islamischen Welt. Muenstersche numismatische Zeitung, Vol. XIV(2), pp. 7-12, 1984.
The first part of the publication of his Master’s thesis on Donative and/or presentation coins in the Islamic world. This part consists only of the introduction, acknowledgments, sources and bibliography.
Ilisch, Lutz. Muenzgeschenke und Geschenkmuenzen in der mittelalterlichen islamischen Welt (Fortsetzung). Muenstersche numismatische Zeitung, Vol. XIV(3), pp. 15-24, 1984.
This is the second installment o the author’s Master’s thesis on Islamic Donative or Presentation coins. It is the presentation of material analyzed in subsequent installments. This installment has Abbasid types in gold and silver including nice bull and horseman types of al-Muqtadir. The coins are nicely photographed and the legends are written out in Arabic.
Ilisch, Lutz. Muenzgeschenke und Geschenkmuenzen in der mittelalterlichen islamischen Welt (Fortsetzung). Muenstersche numismatische Zeitung, Vol. XIV(4), pp. 27-34, 1984.
The third installment on the series of Islamic donative and presentation coins. This one continues the presentation of material. It finishes up the Abbasid types and then covers early Iranian dynasties.
Ilisch, Lutz. Muenzgeschenke und Geschenkmuenzen in der mittelalterlichen islamischen Welt (Fortsetzung). Muenstersche numismatische Zeitung, Vol. XV(1), pp. 5-12, 1985.
The fourth installment. Finishes up Iranian dynasties (including Great Seljuq and Safavid), then briefly covers India and begins Iraq.
Ilisch, Lutz. Whole and Fragmented Dirhams in Near Eastern Hoards. In: Kenneth Jonsson and Brita Malmer, Sigtuna Papers: Proceedings of the Sigtuna Symposium on Viking-Age Coinage, Spink & Son Ltd., London, pp. 121-128, 1989.
There is a paucity of hoards in the Near East after the death of al-Rashid in AD 809. The author analyzed four hoards from after this time and discovered a substantial number of broken or fragmented coins. These coins tend to be ignored by collectors so never make it to market. The statistical comparison of hoards from this time and earlier times when fragmentation was infrequent can lead to faulty results.
Ilisch, Lutz. The dirham from Burial 16. In: Gernot Wilhelm and Carlo Zaccagnini, Tell Karrana 3, Tell Jikan, Tell Khirbet Salih, Verlag Philipp von Zabern, Mainz am Rhein, pp. 221-222, 1993.
A dirham from al-Mawsil dated AH 277 (890-891 AD) from the burial site is not only a unique previously unknown type, but also allows the dating of the burial to the last decade of the ninth Century. In addition to the Caliph and his successor, the coin has the names of Muhammad, referring to Muhammad ibn Abi-s-Saj Diwdad (Founder of the Sajid dynasty in Armenia) and the beginning of the title Dhu, referring to Ishaq ibn Kundaj, lord of Mosul, who was given the title Dhu-s-sayfayn.
Ilisch, Lutz. Sylloge Numorum Arabicorum Tuebingen. Palaestina. IVa Bilad as-Sam I. Ernst Wasmuth Verlag, Tuebingen, 1993.
The first installment in publication of the Islamic collection at Tuebingen, augmented significantly by the purchase of Steve Album's collection. Includes mint towns of Jerusalem, Filastin, Bayt-Gabrin, Ar-Ramla, 'Asqalan, Gazza, Qaysariya, Ludd, Yubna, Adri'at, Baniyas, Baysan, Garas, Sarruriya, Tabariya, al-Urdunn, 'Akka, 'Amman. Includes following dynasties: Umayyad (including Arab-Byzantine), Abbasid, Ottoman, Ikhshidid, Qaramita, Fatimid, Emir of Damascus, Ayyubid, and the Crusader State of Jerusalem. Good map, full Arab incriptions, wonderful plates, and analysis of chronology of undated coppers.
Ilisch, Lutz. Islamic Numismatics. In: Cecile Morrison and Bernd Kluge, A Survey of Numismatic Research, 1990-1995, IAPN Special Publication No. 13, Berlin, pp. 719-740, 1997.
An excellent summary of numismatic research broken down by geographic area and including a bibliography of 258 references, also divided by geographic area. A good bibliographic reference for finding recent literature on Islamic and some pre-Islamic coinage.
Ilisch, Lutz. Die Tuebinger Sammlung islamischer Muenzen. In: Stefan Heidemann, Islamische Numismatik in Deutschland: Eine Bestandsaufnahme, Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden, pp. 129-162, 2000.
A very nice historical narrative of the Islamic collection at Tuebingen, including a biographical sketch of Steve Album and outline of the circumstances leading up to the sale of his collection to the university. There is also an extensive bibliography of publications of Islamic numismatics in Germany going back at least 150 years. The concept of “German” seems rather broad for the bibliography, as it has Lane-Poole, Markov, and other non-German publications.
*Ilisch, Lutz. Sylloge Numorum Arabicorum Tuebingen. Die Muenzstaette Damaskus von den Umayyaden bis zu den Mongolen ca. 660-1260 AD. IVb1 Bilad as Sam II. Ernst Wasmuth Verlag Tuebingen. 2015.
Another excellent installment in publication of the Tuebingen collection. This one covers only the first part of the collection of the Dimashq/Damascus mint. There are 948 coins fully described and photographed from the following dynasties: Umayyad, Abbasid, Tulunid, Ikhshidid, Hamdanid, Fatimid, Great Seljuq, Burid, Zangid, Ayyubid. First rate publication as expected in this series.
Imhoof-Blumer, F. W., and Percy Gardner. Ancient Coins Illustrating Lost Masterpieces of Greek Art. A
Numismatic Commentary on Pausanias. Argonaut, Chicago, 1964.
Ancient Greek coinage depicting works of art.
*Isayenko, O. V. Numizmaticheskii Slovar’ Kryma/ Numismatic Dictionary of the Crimea. Simferopol, 2015.
Interesting little dictionary pertaining to coins found in the Crimea. Most are ancient coins, including entries for aspects of coin design (labrum, diadem, etc.). It also includes denominations such as pul, centime, and various denominations of the Giray Khans and Golden Horde.
Isenbeck, Julius. Das Nassauische Muenzwesen. Wiesbaden, 1879. Reprinted by Verlag H. Dombrowski,
A detailed historical treatment of the coins of middle-Rhine district of Nassau, Germany, from 1124 - 1866, with a descriptive catalogue of coins and medals. Includes Nassau-Idstein, Wiesbaden and Nassau-Sonnenberg. Several plates.
Ishankhanov, Sattikhan Khabibovich. Katalog Monet Kokanda XVIII-XIX vv. Izdatelstvo “FAN” Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent, 1976.
Catalogue of the Islamic Kokand dynasty of central Asia. Legends fully written out and translated into Russia. Good photographic plates.
Ivanauskas, E. Coins of Lithuania - 1386-2009. Kopa, Vilnius, 2009.
A wonderul catalogue of Lithuanian coinage including a good run of column countermarks on Golden Horde and other coinage. Includes valuations in U. S. Dollars. Large (A4) format.
Ivanisevich, Vujadin. Hoard of Serbian and Venetian Coins from Usje (14th Century). Macedonian Numismatic Journal No. 2, pp. 113-138 , 1996.
A hoard of 96 Venetian and Serbian coins in the City Museum of Skopje. The author was able to elucidate more about the sequence of appearance of subtypes of the denar de cruce of Milutin. The hoard contained coins of three Venetian doges, Stefan Dragutin and Stefan Uros II Milutin. All but 13 were from the latter, which showed 15 different variations of obverse inscription. Photos of 75 of the coins.
Ivanisevich, Vujadin. Novcharstvo Sredn’ovekovne Srbiye/ Coinage of Medieval Serbia. Stubovi Kulture, Belgrade, 2001.
Analysis and catalogue of medieval coins of Serbia beginning with the reign of Stefan Radoslav (1228-1234) and ending with Lazar Brankovich (1456-1458). There are photos of coins scattered throughout the text plus several high-quality plates of coins at the end of the book. There is a long (more than 30 pages) English summary of the coinage. Coins are presented at actual size, and enlarged photos would have been an asset. They are good enough that one can use a lens to magnify them.
Ivanov, N. N. Klad Dzhuchidskikh Monet Naidennyi v Krimu v 1964 Godu/ A Hoard of Jujid Coins Found in the Crimea in 1964. Published by the author, Moscow, 1996.
The decription of a hoard of more than 400 Golden Horde coins. There are line drawings of each type, die linkage studies, photographs of every coin (but not very useful in photocopy), and detailed metrological data. The coins are from Toqtamish, Beg Pulad Khan, Tash-Timur and Timur Qutlugh, mints of Qrim, Azak, Ordu, Ordu Jadid.
Ivanov, N. N. Monetniye Sbory v Arkheologicheskom Marshrute Khorezmskoi Ekspeditsii 1966 Goda/ Coin Gatherings on the Archaeological Route of the Khorezm Expedition of 1966. Drevnosti Povolzh’ya i Drugikh Regionov, Vypusk III. Numizmaticheskii Sbornik, Tom II, Istoriko-Arkheologicheskii Tsentr ‘Region’, Nizhny Novgorod, pp. 24-45, 2000.
Mostly Golden Horde, but also Khwarezmshah and Timurid. Most of the Golden Horde coins were previously-known types, but where there are new types or new variants, they are fully described with line drawings. In cases where there are variants of coins previously described by Fedorov-Davidov, drawings of both types are shown.
Ivanov, N. N. Monety Khorezmshakha Ala ad-dina Tekesha (1172-1200)/ Coins of the Khwarizmshah ‘Ala al-Din Tekesh (1172-1200). XIII Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Tezisy Dokladov i Soobshchenii. Gosydarstvennyi Muzei Izobrazitel’nykh Iskusstv Imeni A. S. Pushkina, Moskva, pp. 52-53, 2005.
Four copper types of ‘Ala al-Din Tekesh. The legends are written out for all four. One has a dark photograph, two have line drawings.
Ives, Herbert E. Foreign Imitations of the English Noble. Numismatic Notes and Monographs No. 93, American Numismatic Society, New York, 1941.
A monograph on imitations of medieval English nobles in France, the Low Countries, Scotland. Nice historical text and decent plates.
Izmir Numismatik Dernegi/Izmir Numismatic Society Bulletins
*Bulten No. 1 (2013)
Ustun Erek on Ottoman Coins of Mehmed Celebi
Kamil Eron on Karaman coins struck in Felekabad
Kamil Eron and Gultekin Teoman on coins of Ahmed Bey, Ramazanoglu
Gultekin Teoman and Husnu Ozturk on Ibrahim Bahadir Bey’s Coinage, Aydinoglu
Gultekin Teoman and Sevkullah Bal on the First Akche of Orhan Ghazi.
Izmirlier, Yilmaz. Hamidogullari Beyligi Paralari. Published by the author, Istanbul, 1999.
An extensive catalogue of the Hamit Beylik of Turkey. Each coin has a line drawing and the legends transliterated. There are tables in the back with the Arabic words written out to correspond with the Turkish transliteration. The plates of enlarged photos are somewhat dark, but they can be made out with the aid of the line drawings. A useful addition for anyone interested in the Anatolian Beyliks.
Jabir, Ibrahim Jabir al-. Arab Islamic Coins Preserved in the National Museum of Qatar, Volume II. Publication of the Ministry of Information in Qatar, Doha, 1992.
The second volume of the Qatar Museum catalogue. Includes Tulunid, Ikhshidid, Hamdanid, Fatimid, Qaramatid, Wajihid, Governors in Oman, Burid, Ayyubid, Zangid, Rassid, Sulayhid, Zuray’id, Rasulid, Crusaders, Mamluk and Ottoman coins. Each coin is photographed, photos placed with the coin description, not in plates in the end. All legends are written out. The book is in Arabic.
Jacobs, Norman and Cornelius C. Vermeule, III. Japanese Coinage. Numismatic Review, New York, 1972.
Essentially two books in one on the coinage of Japan. Part one is a monetary history of Japan from the earliest times to the present by Vermeule. Part two ia a catalogue of the coins of Japan, Modern Korea and Manchukuo by Jacobs. There are reasonable photos, but some would make it difficult to identify the coins. There is a 1972 price guide inserted.
Jaeckel, Peter. Die Muenzpraegungen des Hauses Habsburg, 1780-1918, und der Bundesrepublik Oesterreich, 1918-1964. 2. Ergaenzte und erweiterte Auflage. Muenzen und Medaillen, Basel, 1965.
Detailed catalogue of late Habsburg and Austrian coinage. Nice photos, good introductory material. Includes mintage figures, but no values.
Jaeger, Kurt and Charles Lavanchy. Schweizerische Muenzkataloge III. Die Muenzpraegungen des Kantons Appenzell-Ausserrhoden und der "Neuen Kantone" der Schweiz von 1803. Societe suisse de numismatique, Bern, 1963. Mostly German, with some parts in French.
Coinage of cantons of Appenzell, St. Gallen, Graubuenden, Aargau, Thurgau, Tessin and Vaud (Waadt) from 1803.
Jain, Manik. Couplets on Mughal Coins of India. Philatelia, Calcutta, 1998.
A chronological listing of Arabic couplets (and other legends) on Mughal coins, with transliterations and translations into English. For most couplets, the author shows at least one coin that has the couplet. At the end of the book is a list of Mughal emperors with the mints that issued coins for them in Gold, Silver and Coppers. The book is actually useful, and at first appearance is a first-class production. It comes with gild page ends, a nice slipcase, woven bookmark and protective clear plastic dust cover. Unfortunately, the binding is so awful that it comes apart with the first use. The loose pages diminish its usefulness.
Jalaganiya, Irina Levanovna. Iz Istorii Monetnogo Dela v Gruzii XIII Veka/ On the Monetary History of Georgia in the 13th Century. Akademiya Nauk Gruzinskoi SSR, Tbilisi, 1958. In Russian with an English summary.
A numismatic history of a pivotal period of the history of Georgia. It begins with anonymous Mongol coinage of Tiflis and other mints, then has national Georgian coinage, Georgia and the Great Khans, Georgian coinage under the Ilkhans, and coinage with the name of Georgian Tsars. There are photos of 52 coins, tables of coins and dates, a list of coin hoards. More of a narrative history than a catalogue, but there are coin descriptions within the text.
Jalaganiya, Irina Levanovna. Inozemnaya Moneta v Denezhnom Obrashchenii Gruzii V-XIII vv/Foreign Coins and Monetary Circulation in Georgia in the 5th-13th Centuries. Izdatel’stvo Metsniyereba, Tbilisi, 1979.
Russian text covering Sasanian, Abbasid, Aghlabid, Sajid, Ilkhan, Artuqid, Zengid, Idrisid, Ildegizid, Rum Seljuq, Sulamid, Umayyad, and others. It is more a century-by-century account of monetary affairs in Georgia than a catalogue. Several maps, many mediocre photographic plates.
Jalaganiya, Irina Levanovna. Monetnoe Delo i Denezhnoe Obrashcheniye Gruzii V - XIII vv po
Numizmaticheskim Dannym./ Monetary Affairs and Coin Circulation in Georgia in the 5th - 13th Centuries from Numismatic Evidence. Avtoreferat (Abstract) of her Doctoral Dissertation, Soviet Academy of Science, Institute of Archaeology, Moscow, 48 pp., 1981.
Overview of Georgian coinage. The abstract has no coin descriptions or illustrations, but is rather a lengthy summary of the thesis itself.
Janic, Branislav. Nekoliko Retkih Primeraka Srpskih Dinara Srednjeg Veka/ Some Rare Specimens of Medieval Serbian Dinars. Dinar Number 25, pp. 21-23, 2005.
Serbian Dinars of Stefan Dusan (one with Empress Jelena), ond of Jelena, Joint issue of Vuk Brankovic and Prince Lazar, one of Bals III, two of Dragutin and one of Queen Jevrosima Mrnjavcevic.
Jansen, Heinz. Das Deutsche Notgeld, 1915-1923. Buchdruckerei Erich Proeh, Berlin. Heft 1, Rheinprovinz und Provinz Westfalen, 1971. Heft 2, Pfalz, Hessen mit Hessen-Nassau, Lothringen und Elsass, 1971. Heft 3, Baden, Hohenzollern, Wuerttemberg, 1971. Heft 6, Norddeutschland - Hannover, Braunschweig, Bremen, Oldenburg, Hamburg und Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg, Pommern, 1972. Heft 7, Brandenburg, Posen, Preussen und Schlesien, 1972.
A series of booklets on Notbeld of Germany. Some photographs. Valuations in one grade. See also Mayer for another in the series.
Japanese Numismatic Dealers Association. Catalogue of Japanese Coins and Currency. Japan, 1978. (In Japanese).
A beautifully laid out annually-produced catalogue of ancient and modern coins and banknotes of Japan. Although mostly in Japanese, there is enough English to understand what is going on. Many of the photos of coins and banknotes are in color. The banknote photos are spectacular. It has many more of the so-called “Bookmark” notes than does Pick.
Japanese Numismatic Dealers Association. Catalogue of Japanese Coins and Currency. Japan, 1982 (In Japanese).
As above, but a newer edition.
Japanese Numismatic Dealers Association. Catalogue of Japanese Coins and Banknotes. Japan, 1990. (In Japanese).
As above, but a newer edition.
Jen, David. Chinese Cash: Identification and Price Guide. Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin, 2000.
A general catalogue on Chinese coins, including some Central Asian material (Sogdian, Turgic Khaganate, etc.) and Xinjiang/Sinkiang. The organization of the book is confusing and hard to use, and it does not cover all of the types in Schjoth or Fisher’s Ding. It does reference Schjoth and FD numbers if they exist. The sections on Wu Shu, Pan Liang and other early types are decent.
Jenkinson, Charles. A Treatise on the Coins of the Realm in a Letter to the King. Effingham Wilson, Royal Exchange, London, 1805. Reprinted by Augustus M. Kelley, New York, 1965.
A dissertation on the history of English coinage, with emphasis on the reign of George III, to whom the treatise was addressed. Includes comments included in second edition, published in 1880.
Jensen, Jorgen Steen. Tusindtallets Danske Monter fra den kongelige Mont- og Medaillesamling/Danish Coins from the 11th Century in the royal Collection of Coins and Medals. Nationalmuseet/Danish National Museum, Copenhagen, 1995.
A beautiful book designed to accompany a museum exhibit commemorating 1000 years of coinage in Denmark. Not a comprehensive catalogue. Each of 57 two-page chapters has a bilingual historical or numismatic note with a facing page of high-quality enlarged color photographs of Danish coins. Also includes Anglo-Saxon and Hiberno-Norse coins. An impressive overview of 11th century Viking coinage.
Jesse, Wilhelm. Der wendische Muenzverein. Originally published in Braunschweig, 1927. Reprinted by
Klinkhardt and Biermann, Braunschweig, 1967.
Coins of cities and states of the German Hanseatic League, including a selection of types circulating prior to formation of the League. Covers coins from the 10th through the 16th centuries. 716 coins described, including Hamburg, Rostock, Wismar, Lueneburg and many others. There is a long history of the German Hansa preceding the catalogue. All coins photographed.
Jesse, Wilhelm. Muenz- und Geldgeschichte Niedersachsens. Werkstuecke aus Museum, Archiv und Bibliothek der Stadt Braunschweig, Band 15. Kommissionsverlag Wolfgang Brandes, Braunschweig, 1952.
A history of the coinage of Niedersachsen (Brunswick/Braunschweig) from Roman times through the first World War. The area includes Wolfenbuettel, Braunschweig, Hannover, Celle, Oldenburg, Bremen, Osnabrueck, Minden, Goslar, Stade and other important cities. The book includes an extensive bibliography, a list of mint towns, a fold-out map and 17 plates of coins. The book is not an exhaustive catalogue.
Jha, Amal Kumar and Sanjay Garg. A Catalogue of the Coins of Katoch Rulers of Kangra. Indian Institute of Research in Numismatic Studies, Nashik, Maharashtra, India, 1991.
Kangra is in Himachal Pradesh on the border of Punjab. There is an extensive history of the region followed by a discussion of the coinage, which is mostly bull and horseman jitals with Samanta Deva and jitals with the horseman on the obverse and legends identifying rulers on the reverse. The catalogue contains 732 coins, ending with a few from the Delhi Sultantate. The photos of coins are mediocre at best, which is too bad given the incredible detail that the authors accomplished in describing differences in die varieties.
Jha, Amiteshwar and Dilip Rajgor. Studies in the Coinage of the Western Kshatrapas. Indian Institute of
Research in Numismatic Studies, Maharashtra, 1994.
An extensive catalogue of Western Kshatrap coinage with almost 1,100 coins described. The photos of the coins are mediocre at best, but the authors do write out the legends. It would have been nice to include some basic identification guides, like Mitchiner’s list of all names that are found on Kshatrap coinage. There is a nice section on the alphabetic variation seen on the coins. A useful book, but more useful when used in conjunction with Mitchiner.
Jiang Qi Xiang. Xinjiang Hei Han Chao Qianbi/Xinjiang Black Khans. Hong Kong?, 1990. Text in Chinese.
A treatise on the Islamic Karakhanid coins of Xinjiang (Sinkiang). There are several photographs and drawings of coins, and central (but not marginal) legends are written out in places. Not altogether useful if one doesn't read Chinese.
Jiang QiXiang and Dong Qingxuan. Xinjiang Numismatics. Xinjiang Art and Photo Press and Educational and Cultural Press, Hong Kong, 1991.
A comprehensive history of the coinage of Xinjiang/Sinkiang in Chinese Turkestan. Not a catalogue, but a richly illustrated bilingual overview of the coinage through the ages. Includes Chinese coinage that circulated in Xinjiang (Han through Ming dynasties), coinage actually struck in Xinjiang prior to the Qing/Ch'ing dynasty, the numismatics of the Qing dynasty, and the Republic of China. There are many Islamic coins, including Qarakhanid and Chaghatyid dynasties and the various rebels who minted coins with Arabic inscriptions.
Jidejian, Nina. Lebanon: Its Gods, Legends and Myths Illustrated by Coins. Bank Audi, Beirut, Lebanon, No Date (1985?) Bilingual English and French.
Phoenician, Greek, Roman Imperial and Roman coins illustrating cultural and religious history of ancient Lebanon. The author is apparently one of the foremost experts of Lebanese coinage and archaeology. Just a genuinely interesting book with great photographs of coins and other artifacts. Good maps, tables of alphabets.
Job, H. S. The Coinage of the Mahdi and the Khalifa. Sudan Notes and Records, Vol. III, No. 3, pp. 163-196, Date?
A numismatic history of Sudan from AH 1298-1316/1881-1898. It includes a list and description of all coin types from Khartoum and Omdurman, with legends written out. There is a long historical treatment prior to the list of coins.
Joseph, Paul, and Eduard Fellner. Die Muenzen von Frankfurt am Main nebst einer Muenzgeschichtlichen Einleitung. Joseph Baer & Co., Frankfurt am Main, 1896. Reproduced by Wilhelm Weihert, Darmstadt.
The coinage of Frankfurt am Main from medieval times through the 19th century.
Joseph, Paul, and Eduard Fellner. Die Muenzen von Frankfurt am Main. Supplementband I/II. Joseph Baer & Co., Frankfurt am Main, 1903, and Adolph Hess Nachfolger, Frankfurt am Main, 1920.
Supplemental volumes to the original publication. Reprinted as one volume.
Joshi, Satya Mohan. Catalogue of the Coins of Nepal. Department of Archaeology and Culture, Nepal, 1963.
A bilingual booklet listing coins from the Lichhavi Period through the Shaha period. There are no illustrations, but the legends are written out in Nepalase and in English, along with notes about the design of the coins. Not especially useful, although having the legends written out is a help.
Jovanovic, Miroslav. Novacs Uchecnika Kosovske Bitke ca Crpske Strane (The Coins of the Warriors oon the Side of Serbia in the Battle of Kosovo. Numizmaticar, Vol. 12, pp. 43-52, 1989. In Serbian, with English Summary. Photocopy.
A description of 94 later medieval Serbian coin types. Includes cross references to his major work and to Ljubic. Line drawings of each coin type.
Jovanovic, Miroslav. Srpski Srednjovekovni Novac. Published by the Author, Beograd, 1990. (Originally published in 1984).
Description of 247 coin types and 5 forgeries of medieval Serbian coins. The text includes a series of genealogies. Coin descriptions have all legends written out. Every coin type photographed at twice actual size.
Jovanovic, Miroslav. Srpski Srednjovekovni Novats. Published by the Author, Belgrade, 2001.
Although it has the same title, this book is very different from his 1984/1990 work. This work appears to have more coins, each photographed at least twice normal size, and each with the legends or abbreviations written out with weights, diameters, and cross-references to other references (including his earlier catalog and Lyubic). There is a nice section on forgeries, with the imitations photographed along side the original coins. It is a nice looking catalogue, but I am told that some of his attributions are controversial and that he has made many errors in the book. Probably best to use it with others, most of which do not have the quality of photos as in this one.
Jovanovic, Miroslav. Ostava Lipljan/ The Lipljan Hoard of Serbian Coins. Dinar, Number 23, pp. 19-23, 2004.
Actually two hoards, one probably buried 1-2 years after the death of Stefan Dusan, the second 7-10 years later. There are nice photos of coins along with metrological data and references to Jovanovic’s catalogue.
Jovanovic, Miroslav. Novcarstvo Durda Brankovica. Durd - Vladar sa Najduzim Stazom Kovanja/ Coinage of Durd Brankovic: Ruler with the Longest Experience in Minting Coins. Dinar Number 24, pp. 20-25, 2005.
Photos of 48 coins of the Serbian king Durd Brankovic (1402-1459) divided into 14 periods of approximate dates of issue.
Jungk, Hermann. Die Bremischen Muenzen. Muenzen und Medaillen des Erzbisthums und der Stadt Bremen. Verlag von C. Ed. Mueller, Bremen, 1875. Reprint by Klinkhardt & Biermann, Braunschweig.
The coinage of Bremen, Germany.
Kabaklarli, Necdet. Mangir: Osmanli Imparatorlugu Bakir Paralari/ Copper Coins of the Ottoman Empire, 1299-1808. Usaklilar Egitim ve Kultur Vakfi Yayinlari No. 1, Istanbul, 1998.
An exceptional catalogue of copper coins of the Ottoman Empire. There are beautiful line drawings of every type, and legends are transliterated into Turkish. At least one of each type is photographed on good-quality plates. There is an English introduction.
Kabaklarli, Necdet. Mangir: Yemen’de Darbedilen Osmanli Bakir Paralari/ Ottoman Copper Coins Minted in Yemen 1517-1640. Turkish Numismatic Society, Istanbul, 2007. With introduction by Vladimir Suchy.
History and numismatics of the Ottoman Empire in Yemen. Nicely illustrated catalogue with full coin descriptions and line drawings and photos of all coins.
Kabaklarlı, Necdet. Mangir: Tire’de Darbedilen Osmanli Bakir Paralari/ Ottoman Copper Coins Minted in Tira 1411-1516. Tire Belediyesi Kültür Hizmeti, Istanbul, 2007.
A beautifully produced volume on the Ottoman coins of this town in central Turkey (currently within ths city of Izmir). The book begins with introductory remarks on the strategic location of Tire, the political environment in the 14th-16th centuries, the importance of Tire in the Ottoman administration, and cultural and religious aspects of the city. There are explanations of ornamental coins, mintage and distribution of copper coins, minting techniques, metrology and a bibliography. There is an extensive catalogue of the coins of Tire with line drawings, photographs, or both of all the coins. Finally, there is a long discussion of snake figures on the copper coins of Tire and Ayasluq.
Kakareko, V. I and I N. Shtalenkov. Monety Velikogo Knyzhestva Litovskogo, 1492-1707/ Coins of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, 1492-1707. Belorusskoye Numizmaticheskoye Obshchestvo, Ekoperspektiva, Minsk, 2005. In Belorussian.
Catalogue of 103 coin types, 440 dates/varieties, with rarities and values. All coins nicely illustrated with line drawings.
Kalgan Shih. Modern Coins of China. Sin-Hwa, Shanhai, 1946. (In Chinese).
A catalogue of milled silver coins of China, Tibet, Burma, Sinkiang/Xinjiang, Annam and Hong Kong. It is entirely in Chinese, but the photos are good and someone has written in the names of the provinces in English. There is a decent map. It includes its own numbering system for the coins.
Kalinin, V. A. (Saint Petersburg) Moneti Ivana III c Russko-Tatarskimi Legendami/ Coins of Ivan III with Russo-Tatar Legends. Trudy Gosudarstvenno Ordena Lenina Ermitazha XXI, Leningrad, pp. 111-116, 1981.
A discussion of coins of Ivan III, Grand Prince of Moscow, with Arabic legends. The legends are written out in the text and translated into Russian. The coins are depicted with enlarged photographs. A very useful paper for reading the legends on these Russo-Tatar “hybrids”.
Kalinin, V. A. (Moscow) Bukhara v 390 g.kh. po Numizmaticheskim Dannym/ Bukhara in AH 390 as determined by Numismatic Evidence. Desyataya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Gosudarstvennyi Istoricheskii Muzei, Moscow, pp. 61-63, 2002.
Coins of Bukhara during the transition from Samanid to Qarakhanid in AH 390. One coin cites ‘Ali b. Ma’mun (Ma’munid), another has Isma’il b. Nuh (Samanid) with the title Ilek (referring to the Qarakhanid Nasr b. ‘Ali). The article is text only, no drawings of coins, but explains the coins well with Arabic legends in the text.
Kalinin, V. A. Neizvestnyi Karakhanid ‘Umar b. Makhmud/ An Unknown Qarakhanid ‘Umar b. Mahmud. Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Sankt-Peterburg, pp. 73-76, 2007.
A Qarakhanid fals fragment dated AH 496 with the name Malik Sanjar on the obverse and Arslan Khan ‘Umar b. Mahmud on the reverse.
Kalinin, V. A. and A. M. Kamyshev. Drevneishii Karakhanidskii Fals/ The Earliest Known Qarakhanid Fals. XIV
Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Sankt-Peterburg, pp. 71-73, 2007.
A Qarakhanid fals in the name of Shihab al-Daula Abu Musa struck in Taraz, AH 381. Full coin description and photo.
Kaminski, Czeskaw. Illustrowany Katalog Monet Polskich, 1916-1977. Krajowa Agencja Wydawnicze, Warsaw, 1977. In Polish.
A nice little catalogue with line drawings of all coins. It includes Lodz Ghetto and German occupation coinage.
Kamyshev, Aleksandr Mikhailovich. Rannesrednevekovyi Monetnyi Kompleks Semirech’ya/ Early Medieval Monetary Complex of Semirech’ye. Izdatel’stvo Raritet Info, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, 2002.
An analysis and catalogue of coins used in ancient Semirech’ye. It includes Chinese Wu Shu and Tang Dynasty coinage, coins generally classified as Sogdian, and many types unique to Semirech’ye, including the Turgesh Khaganate coinage. Line drawings of each type, legends transliterated using the standard format. In Russian with an English summary.
Kamyshev, A. M. Novye Nakhodki Rannesrednevekovykh Monet v Chuiskoi Doline/ New Finds of Early Medieval Coins in the Chuiski Valley. Numizmatika No. 16, pp. 18-20, 2008.
New finds of coins of Semirech’ye allowing corrections and additions to his mongraph of 2002.
Kamyshev, A. M. Vvedeniye v Numizmatiku Kyrgyzstana/ Introduction to the Numismatics of Kyrgyzstan. Kyrgyzsko-Rossiiskii Slavyanskii Universitet, Bishkek, 2008.
Overview of the coins of Kyrgyzstan. The book begins with a survey of the numismatists important to Kyrgyz numismatics, then a chapter on the place of numismatices in the study of history. There follow chapters on each period of coinage, including Greek, Roman, Parthian, Kushan, Chinese, Sasanian, Bukharkhudat, Samanid, Uighur Khaganate, Ghaznavid and other early Islamic, Sogdian, Semirechn’ye, Turgesh Khaganate, Proto-Qarakhanid, Qarakhanid, Kara-Khitay, Mongol (mostly Chaghatayid), Timurid, Shaybanid, Janid and Bukhara, as well as Russian, Soviet and Kyrgyz. Also includes banknotes. Nice photos.
Kamyshev, A. M. Novye Tipy i Raznovednosti Sheibanidskikh Monet Akhsiketa i Andigana/ New Types and Varieties of Shaybanid Coins from Akhsikat and Andigan. Numizmatika No. 2 (29), pp. 12-14, May, 2011.
Eleven copper types of Akhsi (Akhsiket) with dates 910 and 920, and four types of Andigan, all undated. Several have a bird in the center.
*Kamyshev, Aleksandr. Numizmatika Kyrgyzstana/ Kyrgyzstan Numismatics. Published by the author, Bishkek, 2014.
Monetary History of Kyrgyzstan. The book is mostly text, with chapters devoted to ancient through modern Kyrgyz coinage. There are plates of representative coins with descriptions. This is a second edition expanding his 2008 publication.
Kann, E. Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Coins (Gold, Silver, Nickel and Aluminum). Mint Productions, Inc., Riverdale, New York, 1966.
The standard English-language reference for modern coins of China, including Sinkiang. It have a good representation of Sinkiang coins including the early hammered ½ miscal pieces. There are more than 1200 black and white photos of coins, plus more medals and forgeries. An important book for just about everything that isn’t ancient or a square-holed cash.
Kapanadze, D. G. Gruzinskaya Numizmatika. Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Moscow, 1955.
One of the classic Russian-language works on ancient, medieval and modern coins of Georgia. It is more of a history than a catalogue, but there are coin descriptions throughout the text. Nice photographic plates at the end.
Kapanadze, D. G. Mednaya Moneta Gruzinskogo Tsarya Davida, Syna Georgiya/ Copper coins of the Georgian Tsar David, Son of Georgii. Epigrafika Vostoka XII, pp. 39-47, 1958.
Description and analysis of six types of coins of Georgia, three silver and three copper, of David and Georgii III. Decent photos of all six coins. Arabic legends in text.
Kapanadze, D. G. Klad Monet Nachala XI v. Tbilisskogo Emira ‘Ali ibn Dzhafara. Epigrafika Vostoka XIV, pp. 71-78, 1961.
Description of a hoard of ten Georgian coins of the Ja’farid dynasty, reign of ‘Ali b. Ja’far. There are photographs of eight of the coins, and Arabic legends are written out within the text.
[Karolkiewicz, Henry V.] The Extraordinary Collection of Henry V. Karolkiewicz featuring Polish Coins from a Thousand Years. Presented by Karl Stephens. Triton IV, December 6, 2000, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc., Freeman & Sear, Numismatica Ars Classica.
A fabulous auction catalogue a collection of coins of Poland from ancient to modern times. The coins actually span more than 2000 years, as the collection begins with ancient Greek coinage. Almost every lot is photographed, many enlarged and in color. There is a nice section at the end with portraits and biographical sketches of all Polish kings.
Karishkovskii, P. O. Moneti Ol’bii/ Coins of Olbia. Akademiya Nauk Ukrainskoi SSR, Odesskii
Arkheologicheskii Muzei, Kiev, 1988.
This is not a catalogue, but rather a detailed treatment of the monetary system of ancient Olbia on the Black Sea. There are many line drawings of coins in the book, including a few pages of dolphins of several types. There are better-than-usual photographic plates, as well as several pages showing inscriptions and monograms found on coins. A nice little book.
Karlov, Evgen. Istoriya Parfyans’kogo Tsarstva y Pam’yatkakh Numizmatiki: Dinastiya Arshakidiv/ The History of the Parthian Kings through their Coins - The Arsacid Dynasty. Numizmatika i Faleristika 2008(1), pp. 8-15.
A listing of Parthian kings with examples of their coinage.
Karlov, Yevgenii. Pro Datuvannya Monet Musul’mans’kikh Krain. Numizmatika i Faleristika 1998(1), pp. 27-31. (In Ukrainian)
A nice article on reading dates on Islamic coins and converting Hijri dates to European dates. There are some nice line drawings of coins, including Central Asian coppers, and several tables illustrating Arabic numerals, numbers as words (Kufic and otherwise), names of the months, etc.
Karlov, Yevgenii. Nachalo Monetnoi Chekanki v Zolotoi Orde/ The Origins of Coinage of the Golden Horde. Numizmatika i Faleristika, 2001(4), pp. 33 - 36.
Overview of the very early coinage of the Golden Horde under Batu. Includes the silver and copper al-Nasir issues and coins in the name of Mongke Khan, which actually overlap with Berke’s reign. Nice line drawings and legends written out.
Karlov, Yevgenii. Istoriya Bosporskovo Tsarstva v Monetakh/ The History of the Bosporus Kings in their
Coinage. Numizmatika i Faleristika 2003(1), pp. 9-15.
A listing of all 57 rulers of Cimmerian Bosporus with their dates, photographs of their coins, and other personal data.
Karlov, Yevgenii. Istoriya Krymskovo Khanstva v Monetakh/ The History of the Qrim Khans in their Coinage. Numizmatika i Faleristika 2003(3), pp. 10-15.
A listing of the Giray Khan rulers from Hajji Giray through Selim I Giray, with their dates, line drawings of their coins, and other personal and historical data. Neat overview.
Karlov, Yevgenii. Istoriya Krymskovo Khanstva v Monetakh/ The History of the Qrim Khans in their Coinage. Numizmatika i Faleristika 2003(4), pp. 12-14.
A continuation of his treatment in the previous issue from Ghazi III Giray through Salamat II Giray.
Karlov, Yevgenii. Istoriya Krymskovo Khanstva v Monetakh/ The History of the Qrim Khans in their Coinage. Numizmatika i Faleristika 2004(1), pp. 8-11.
A continuation of his treatment in the previous two issues from Selim II Giray through Bahadur II Giray, the latter having ruled after Shahin Giray, but without issuing coins.
Karlov, Yevgenii. Kitaiskaya Denezhnaya Sistema - Tovaro-Den’gi/ Chinese Monetary System - Object Coins. Numizmatika i Faleristika 2007(2), pp. 5-7.
Chinese coins in the shape of various objects - Fish money, bridge money, bell money, spade and knife coinage.
Karras, Ruth Mazo. Early Twelfth-Century Bohemian Coinage in Light of a Hoard of Vladislav I. ANS Museum Notes, Volume 30, pp. 179-210, 1985.
Statistical anaylsis of a large hoard (more than 250 coins) of Vladislav I. Includes die analyses and chronology of types.
Karst, J. Precis de Numismatique Georgienne. Faculte des Lettres de l’Universite de Strasbourg, Paris, 1938.
A very nice and apparently scarce monograph on coins of Georgia, ancient through modern. There is an extensive section on metrology, a summary of numismatic history, and excellent descriptions of coins with very clear plates.
Kassis, Hanna. Notas Historicas sobre las Monedas de los Almoravides. I. Jarique de Estudios Numismaticos Hispano-Arabes, Institucion Fernando el Catolico, Zaragoza, pp. 55-66, 1988.
Historical essay on the coins of the Murabitids. Some legend are written in transliterated Arabic. Most coins are just cited as being found in other publications. No illustrations.
Kassis, Hanna. Les Taifas Almoravides. II. Jarique de Numismatica Hispano-Arab, Institut d’Estudis Ilerdencs de la Diputacio de Lleida, Lleida, pp. 51-91, 1988. (In French)
A history of the Murbatids with a catalogue of their coins. It appears to be an attempt at a corpus, with a list of all year and mint combinations. There are plates at the end with all know legends from Murabitid coins.
Katz, Viktor. A Thousand Years of Bohemian Coinage (929-1929). Original published by Czechoslovak
Numismatical Society, Prague, 1929. Reprinted by Sanford J. Durst, New York, 1980.
A small booklet on the history of coinage of Bohemia, a part of Czeckoslovakia. There are photos of 86 coins. A good introduction, but useless for identification.
Katzer, Friedrich I. Die Sammlung anhaltischer Muenzen und Medaillen im Museum des Kreises Bernburg. Ein Beitrag zur Muenz- und Geldgeschichte Anhalts. Published by the Museum im Schloss Bernburg, 1966.
A history of the coinage of Anhalt, Germany, centered around a museum collection. Fourteen plates. A fairly detailed description of the various periods of coinage.
Kay, Henry C. Notes on the History of the Banu ‘Okayl. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, N. S., Volume 18, pp. 491-526, 1886.
A history of the Uqaylid dynasty of the Jazira and parts of Syria. There is a description of only one coin in the paper.
Kazamanova, Ludmila Nikolaevna. Vvedeniye v Antichnuyu Numizmatiku/ Introduction to Ancient
Numismatics. Izdatel’stvo Moskovskovo Universiteta, Moscow, 1969.
A nice introduction to Ancient Coinage focusing on the area around the Black Sea. There are brief historical and numismatic discussions for each period and more than 60 plates illustrating the different types of coins from the area. Several hundred coins are photographed. High points of the coins covered include several imitations of Roman and Greek coins that appear not to be published in English-language literature, and a lengthy section on Cimmerian Bosporus. There are several lists of abbreviations, legends, alphabets, and rulers in tables before the plates.
Kazan, William. The Coinage of Islam: Collection of William Kazan. Bank of Beirut SAL, Beirut, 1983/1404.
Perhaps the most droolworthy coin publication I have ever seen. It contains color photos of 1182 gold Islamic coins. There is a brief historical summary of each dynasty, and the legends of the coins are written out next to the coins. The book is bilingual (English and Arabic). A super book.
*Kazarov, Aleksandr, E. Yu. Goncharov and A. V. Krivenko. Vypuski Monetnogo Dvora Sakchi al-Makhrusa pri Khane Uzbeke/ Issues of the Saqchi al-Mahrusa mint under Khan Uzbek. Stratum Plus, 2011(6), pp. 59-66, 2011.
Coins of Muhammad Uzbek struck at the Romanian mint Saqchi al-Mahrusa. There are both copper and silver coins. The coins are undated.
Kazarov, Aleksandr and Andrei Krivenko. Nokhodki Zolotoordynskikh Monet Sakchi v Moldove i v Ukraine. Novyi Monetnyi Dvor - Akcha Kerman/ Finds of Golden Horde Coins of Saqchi in Moldova and in the Ukraine. A New Mint - Aqcha Kirman. Revista Arheologica, Serie Noua, Volume VI, Nr 2, pp. 138-145, 2010.
Two silver coins from the new mint Aqcha Kirman, one in the name of Noghai (or Toqtu), the other anonymous with a really neat tamga. There are also 18 coppers from Saqchi and Solkhat. Coins are photographed and completely described with legends written out.
*Kazarov, A. A. and Andrei Krivenko. Akcha Kerman - Novyi Monetnyi Dvor Zolotoi Ordy/ Akcha Kerman - A New Mint of the Golden Horde. Pp. 91-95 In RASMIR: Vostochnaya Numizmatika: 1-ya Mezhdunarodnaya Nauchnaya Konferentsiya, Al’fa Reklama, Kiev, 2013.
An anonymous coin with a Noghaid tamga and the sole legend zarb aqcha kerman. Found in Moldova. Really pretty coin somewhat in the style of some of the anepigraphic Bulghar issues.
*Kazarov, A. A., Ya. V. Studitskii, and R. Yu. Reva. Monety Murtazy, syna Akhmada - Final’nyi Etap
Denezhnogo Dela Zolotoi Ordy/ Coins of Murtaza b. Ahmad - The Final Stage of Golden Horde Coinage. Pp. 53 - 58 in RASMIR: Vostochnaya Numizmatika: 1-ya Mezhdunarodnaya Nauchnaya Konferentsiya, Al’fa Reklama, Kiev, 2013.
Coins of the last ruler to issue coins of the Golden Horde. The authors describe five types, most resembling early coinage of the Giray Khans. Known mints are Qiriq Yer, Ordu Bazar. Most are undated or have undecipherable dates, although one is dated AH 888. The coins were found in the Crimea and were probably issues from 1482-1485 when he came to power in the Crimea during one of the times when Mengli Giray was temporarily dethroned.
*Kazarov, A. A., Ya. V. Studitskii, and R. Yu. Reva. Monety Khana Murtazy, syna Akhmada (80-90-e gody XV v.)/ Coins of Murtaza Khan, Son of Ahmad (1480's - 90/s). Pp. 340-377 In V. P. Stepanenko and A. G. Yurchenko (eds.) Ot Onona k Temze: Chingizidy i ikh Zapadnye Sosedi, Mardjani Publishing House, Moscow, 2013.
Murtaza was the last Golden Horde ruler to issue coins. This article is the most complete description of all examples known to the authors. There are 13 coins divided among four types. They are in the style of Giray coins and were probably issues of 1482-1485 when Murtaza came to power in the Crimea when Mengli Giray was temporarily dethroned. They are from the Ordu Bazar and Qiriq Yer mints.
Kellner, Hans-Joerg. Bayerische Muenzkataloge. Band 1. Die Muenzen der Freien Teichsstadt Nuernberg. Hugo Geiger, Gruenwald bei Muenchen, 1957.
Germany, Bavaria, Nuernberg. Coinage from 1429 through the earl 19th century. Includes valuations from 1965.
Kellner, Hans-Joerg. Bayerische Muenzkataloge. Band 2. Die Muenzen der niederbayerischen Muenzstaetten. Hugo Geiger, Gruenwald bei Muenchen, 1958.
Germany, Bavaria, Niederbayern. Includes Landshut, Straubing, Braunau, Passau, Neuburg am Inn, Sinzendorf, Sprinzenstein. 12th through 18th centuries.
Kennepohl, Karl. Die Muenzen von Osnabrueck. Numismatischer Verlag H. Dombrowski, Muenster-
Coinage of the bishopric and city of Osnabrueck and of the city of Wiedenbrueck. 11th through 19th centuries. Member of Hanseatic League, absorbed by Hannover in 1803.
Khabibullaev, Akram and David Spencer Smith. Paper Money of the Islamic Republic of Eastern Turkistan. II. Issues of Khotan. International Banknote Society Journal Volume 37(3), pp. 23-26, 1998. (Photocopy. Filed under second author, David Spencer Smith) .
History and banknotes of Khotan, Sinkiang/Xinjiang in the 1930s when it was part of the Turk-Islamic Republic of Eastern Turkistan.
Khan, Muhammed Abdul Wali. Qutub Shahi Coins in the Andhra Pradesh Government Museum. Andhra
Pradesh Government Museum Series No. 3. Government of Andhra Pradesh, Hyderabad-Deccan, 1961.
Coins of the Islamic Golkonda sultanate (1489-1687). The catalogue is a description of copper coins of the dynasty. Legends are written out in Arabic and transliterated into English. Photographic plates are of better than average Indian quality.
Khan, Nikolai. K Voprosu o Nachale Rasproctranennya Arabskikh Dirkhemov v Evrope (po Materialam Kladov Velikogo Kavkaza)/ On the Question of the Beginning of Circulation of Arab Dirhams in Europe (based on hoards found in the Caucasus). Numizmatika i Faleristika, No. 2, pp. 17-21, 2006.
Umayyad and Abbasid dirhams dated AH 100-172.
Khan, Sohail A. Ancient, Medieval & Recent History and Coins of Pakistan. Leo Books, Islamabad, Pakistan, 1998.
This is a nice overview of the numismatic history of Pakistan, not a catalogue. The author is chairman of the Pakistan Numismatic Society. The book begins with the Achaemenid Persians, goes through Baktrians and Indo-Greeks, Sasanians, Hephthalites and Hindu Shahis. Islamic dynasties include Ghaznavids, Ghorids, Sultans of Delhi, Mughals, Durrani and Barakzai. The Sikhs are the last covered before a very nice chronological summary of dynasties, kings and rulers of what is now Pakistan. There are foldout chronologies, nice line drawings and good maps. Neat book.
Khodzhaniyazov, T. Klad Zolotykh Monet XII v. iz Kunya-Urgenchskovo Raiona Turkmenskoi SSR/ A Hoard of Gold Coins of the 12th Century from Kunya-Urgenchska in the Turkmenistan SSR. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XX, pp. 90-94, 1971.
A small hoard of gold dinars of the Great Seljuq Sanjar from Nishapur and the Khwarizmshahs Atsiz (one with Sanjar, others with Ghiyas al-Din Mas’ud), Taj al-Din al-Arslan and ‘Ala al-Din Takish. The coins are fully described with Arabic legends written out and photographed. A rare opportunity to see coins of the first three Khwarizmshahs.
Khodzhaniyazov, T. K Boprocu o Nachalye Monetnogo Chekana v Gosudarstve Velikikh Seldzhukov/On the Question of Source of Coins Struck by the Great Seljuqs. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Vol. X, pp. 155-159, 1972.
Coins of the Great Seljuqs, with some coin legends and a table of titles, dates and mints.
Khodzhaniyazov, T. Katalog Monet Gosudarstva Velikikh Seldzhukov. (Catalog of Coins of the Great
Seljuqs). Published by the Academy of Science of Turkmenistan, Ashkhabad, 1979.
The Islamic Great Seljuq dynasty and many of their vassals. Includes the Seljuqs of western Iran/Iraq, Khwarizmshahs, Ildegizid, Qarakhanids, and coins of many governors and atabegs. Full descriptions of coins, full legends written out, index of mints, chronological listing of known coins by issuers and mints, no plates or illustrations.
Khodzhaniyazov, Tirkish and Luke Treadwell. The Marv Hoard of Early Islamic Dirhams. Iran, Volume
XXXVI, pp. 85-94, 1998.
Description of a hoard of Sasanian, Umayyad, Abbasid Revolutionary, and Abbasid dirhams found in Marw. It is the only published eastern Iranian hoard from the time of al-Ma’mun’s residence in Khurasan. There were twenty Umayyad mints and 26 Abbasid mints in the hoard.
Khromov, Konstantin. Neskol’ko Neopisannykh Monet Dinastii Gireev/ Some Unpublished Coins of the Giray Khans. Numizmatika i Faleristika 1997(2), p. 21.
A copper coin of Nur Dawlat Giray and a silver akche of Dawlat Giray b. Selim.
Khromov, Konstantin. Medniye Monety Khodzhi-Gireya/ Copper Coins of Hajji Giray. Numizmatika i Faleristika 1997(3), p. 25.
Two copper coins of Hajji Girey from Qirik Qer (sic?) dated AH 857.
Khromov, Konstantin. ‘Novyi Gorod’ (Yangi-Shekhr = Shekhr al-Dzhedid). Numizmatika i Faleristika 1997(4), pp. 19-21.
Golden Horde dirhams. One is from ‘Abd Allah, al-Mahrusa Yangi-Shahr, AH 765, and one is Toqtamish, Shahr al Mahrusa, with only the numeral 9 as a date. There are also several anonymous coppers, some dated from Jani Beg’s reign.
Khromov, Konstantin. From the History of Money Circulation on the Territory of Present Ukraine. Numizmatika i Faleristika 1998(1), pp. 14-17. Bilingual (English and Ukrainian)
A nice overview of the coins used in present-day Ukraine over the centuries. It includes Greek, Pantikapaion, Roman, Byzantine, Sasanian, Kievian Rus, British (!), Polish, Russian, and Genoese-Tatar coins.
Khromov, Konstantin. Noviye Nakhodki Monet s Nadchekankami Goroda Madzhar/ New Finds of Coins with Countermarks of the Mint Majar. Numizmatika i Faleristika 1998(2), p.47.
Copper coins of the Golden Horde countermarked with the mint town Majar.
Khromov, Konstantin. Neskol’ko Zametok po Zolotoordynskoi Numizmatike Kryma/ Some Notes on the
Numismatics of the Golden Horde in Qrim. Numizmatika i Faleristika 1999(3), p. 20-23.
Actually three separate notes within one article. The first covers new finds from the reign of Tole-Buqa and has line drawings and photos of three silver dirhams and four coppers from the reign, Qrim mint. The second described two coin weights of the Golden Horde from Old Qrim. The last concerns a copper pul of Qrim with the apparent date AH 686, but which the author concludes is actually dated AH 684.
Khromov, Konstantin. Zametki po Zolotoordynskoi Numizmatike Kryma. Monety Solkhata/ Notes on the
Numismatics of the Golden Horde in Qrim. Coins of Solkhat. Numizmatika i Faleristika 1999(4), p. 31-32, 1999
Six types of copper puls of the Golden Horde from the Solkhat mint. There are line drawings and photos of the coins, all of which have sunfaces and an interesting tamga. Solkhat is apparently a synonym for Qrim.
Khromov, Konstantin. Zametki po Zolotoordynskoi Numizmatike Kryma: Ob Utochnenii Datirovki Krymskogo Dirkhema Tokty 704 g.kh. (Ok.1304 g.)/ Notes on the Numismatics of the Golden Horde in Qrim: On Better Establishing the Date of a Qrim Dirham of Toqtu from AH 704 (ca. 1304). Numizmatika i Faleristika 2000(1), p. 44-45, 2000
He shows dirhams of Toqtu from the Qrim mint dated AH 694, 696, and three from 704, the latter all with retrograde dates.
Khromov, Konstantin. O Pravlenii Dzhuchidskikh Khanov v Krymu v 1419-1422 gg. po numizmaticheskim dannym/ On the administration of the Jujid Khans in Qrim from 1419-1422 from numismatic data. Desyataya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Gosudarstvennyi Istoricheskii Muzei, Moscow, pp. 92-94, 2002.
Description of a hoard of about 600 coins of the Golden Horde. There were 50 coins in the name of Dervish Khan (Qrim, seven dated 822, the remainder without date), 200 coins of Beg Sufi (Qrim, dated 822, 823, 824 and without date), 70 coins of Dawlat Birdi (Qrim, 824 and 825, Kaffa al-Jadid without dates). There were coins dated 822 with the names of both Beg Sufi and Dervish Khan, coins of Dawlat Birdi overstruck on coins of Qrim 825, and other interesting overstrikes. The article has no drawings or coin descriptions, but rather reconstructs the sequence of rulers in Qrim and Kaffa from the numismatic data.
Khromov, Konstantin. Novye Dannye o Serebryanom Monetnom Chekane Kryma Rannego Zolotoordynskogo Perioda/ New Information on Silver Coins of Qrim from the Early Period of the Golden Horde. Numizmatika No. 5, pp. 15-17, July, 2004.
Two new early types of the Golden Horde. One is anonymous with just Amir on the obverse, Qrim on the reverse. The other is in the name of Temir Buka or Tuka and includes the denomination name Yarmak. Clear photos and legends written out and discussed in the text.
Khromov, Konstantin. Vostochnaya Numizmatika v Ukraine: Monety Dzhuchidov XIII - XV Vekov/ Oriental Numismatics in the Ukraine: Coins of the Jujids in the 13th - 15th Centuries. Sbornik Publikatsii Chast’ I, Published by the author, Kiev, 2004.
A series of notes and articles by the leading expert on Golden Horde and Giray coins in the Ukraine. The notes include a new fractional yarmak from the Emir of Qrim, a fractional yarmak from the time of Berke Khan, a copper coin from Signaq dated AH 734, a series of puls of Jani Beg from Qrim, and, most importantly, a fantastic article on coins of the mint Ordu Bazar from the 15th century. The latter includes coins of the last rulers of the Golden Horde - Kuchuk Muhammad b. Timur, Sayyid Ahmad b. Kerim Berdi, Mahmud b. Kuchuk Muhammad, Ahmad b. Kuchuk Muhammad, and Hajji Giray of the Giray Khans. There are also Genoese-Tartar coins from Ordu Bazar, and anonymous coppers. Each article is accompanied by very clear and beautiful drawings as well as very high quality photographs. An excellent and important work.
Khromov, Konstantin K. Novyi Tip Krymskogo Yarmaka Mengu Timura/ A New Type of Yarmak of Mengu Timur from Qrim. Trudy Mezhdunarodnykh Numizmaticheskikh Konferentsii, Rossiiskaya Akademiy Nauk, Moscow, p. 130, 2005.
Interesting type of silver yarmak of the Golden Horde ruler Mengu Timur. Mint name and date are not on the coin.
Khromov, Konstantin K. Novoe v Izychenii Mednykh Genyezsji-Tatarskikh Monet Goroda Kaffy XV Veka/ New findings in the Study of Copper Genoese-Tatar Coinage from Caffa in the 15th Century. Trudy Mezhdunarodnoi Numizmaticheskoi Konferentsii, III MNK, Numizmaticheskaya Literatura, Moscow, pp. 6-8, 2005.
A chronology of five types of Genoese-Tatar coinage with approximate dates of issue of the different types All types are anonymous and undated. Nice addtional information to supplement Retowski. There are good photographs of 40 coins on six plates at the end of the volume.
Khromov, Konstantin K. Vostochnaya Numizmatika v Ukraine: Monety Dzhuchidov i Sopredel’nykh
Gosudarstv v XIII - XV v.v./ Oriental Numismatics in the Ukraine - Coins of the Jujids and Contiguous States in the 13th - 15th Centuries. Sbornik Publikatsii Chast’ II, Izdatel’stvo Kupola, Kiev, 2007.
A second series of original notes and articles by Konstantin and others collected in a single volume. The articles include a lengthy analysis of types and subtypes of Yarmaks from Qrim by Khromov including coins of Tuqa Timur, the Emir of Qrim, Berke Khan, Mangu Timur, Tuda Mengu and Tula Buqa. There is a series of notes on Yarmaks of Tuda Mengu, copper coins of Toqtu and new copper coins of Muhammad Uzbek. An interesting collection of imitations of coins of Jani Beg. E. Yu. Goncharov has an interesting note on the occurrence of a cobra-likeor eyeglasses-like tamga on Jujid coins of Urus from Sighnaq and coppers of Toqtamish and others, and a dirham of Ghiyas al-Din Muhammad, Ordu 773. Finally there are descriptions of several hoards with photos of the coins.
Khromov, Konstantin K. Ispol’zovaniye Privoznykh Monet v Kachestve Syr’ya dlya Chekanki v Krymskom Uluse v 60-e Gody XIII Veka/ The Utilization of Imported Coins in the Quality of Raw Materials for Striking Coins in Krim in the 1260s. 14 Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Sankt-Peterburg, pp. 96-97, 2007.
Golden Horde Yarmaks of Berke Khan, AH 665 and Mengu Timur, Qrim 665, were found overstruck on other Arabic coins and on Venetian Grossos.
*Khromov, Konstantin K. O Khronologii Pravleniya Davlat Berdi Khana v Krymskom Uluse po Numizmaticheskim Dannym (Poslednie Dzhuchidskie Serebrynye Monety Kryma/ On the Chronology of the Rule of Dawlat Birdi Khan in the Crimean Ulus from Numismatic Data (Late Juchid Coins in the Crimea). Pp. 378-416 In V. P. Stepanenko and A. G. Yurchenko (eds.) Ot Onona k Temze: Chingizidy i ikh Zapadnye Sosedi, Mardjani Publishing House, Moscow, 2013.
An analyis of coins of the Golden Horde Khan Dawlat Birdi from the Qrim and Kaffa al-Jadid mints Coiins are dated 824-827, earlier than previous accounts of his reign.
Khromov, Konstantin K. Vostochnaya Numizmatika v Ukraine: Ulus Dzhuchi, Krymskoe Khanstvo i Sopredel’nye Gosudarstva, XIII - XVIII vv/ Oriental Numismatics in the Ukraine: Ulus Juji, Crimean Khans and Contiguous.States, 13th - 18th Centuries. Sbornik Publikatsii Chast’ III, Izdatel’stvo Logos, Kiev, 2013.
This is the third installment in Khromov’s ongoing series. Unlike the first two volumes, this one has papers on the Golden Horde from several authors. Many are short, others more comprehensive. Khromov’s papers are as follows. Others are listed alphabetically by first author in the main bibliography.
Khromov, K. K. Shakhr Abd - Monetnyi Dvor Abdallakh na Kubani/ Shahr ‘Abd - a New Mint of Abdallah in Kuban. Pp. 8-10. (Note: Pages 9 and 10 are out of order).
An enigmatic type of Abdallah originally attributed to Shahr al-Jadid by Savel’ev (1858), later dismissed as being from that mint by Yanina (1977), but unread. Khromov has read the mint as Shahr Abd or Shahr Abdallah located in southern Ukraine based on recent finds of the type.
Khromov, K. K. and I. K. Khromova. Znak “ ” na Gruppe Dzhuchidskikh Monet/ The “Infinity” Symbol on a Group of Jujid Coins. Pp. 16-33. (Pages 17-20 in reverse order).
A seemingly disparate group of coins with the infinity symbol either integrated as an ornament in the field or as a large feature of the design. It includes 16 types of silver coins and 11 types of copper. Silver coins include Jani Beg, al-Jadid: ‘Abdallah, Ordu 770, Toqtamish, Orda al-Jadid 78, Ordu al-Jadid 785, Ordu al-mu’azzam 789, Ordu, Sarai 790, Sarai 791, Saray al-Jadid 791, Saray al-Jadid nd, Hajji Tarkhan nd, Ordu al-Jadid nd; Ghiyas al-Din Muhammad, Ordu 773; Urus Khan, Sighnaq 775. Coppers include Kildi Beg, Mokhshi 763: a large group of anonymous undated types with mint designation al-Jadid; Toqtamish, nm, nd; anonymous nm, nd; anepigraphic types of the 14th century; anonymous of Sighnaq, nd; Saray 792 with deer; plus several imitations in both metals.
Khromov, K. K. K Voprosy ob Anonimnykh Serebryanykh Monetakh Nekotorykh Gorodov Ulusa Dzhuchi v Kontse XIV - Nachale XV vv./ Questions about Anonymous Silver Coins of Some Jujid Towns at the end of the 14th and Beginning of the 15th Centuries. Pp.34-37.
Golden Horde coins of Hajji Tarkhan (nd), Azaq al-Mahrusa 809, Ordu (al-Jadid) (nd), Ordu al-Jadid 808 and nm, nd. All anonymous. The author suggests that the coin of Hajji Tarkhan is similar in style to those in the name of Bulyak, 782, and that it might be a type between the influence of Mamai and the beginning of the reign of Toqtamish. The others might be from the period between the reigns of Shadi Beg and his son Pulad Khan when influence of the Derbent Sheik Ibrahim waned and Edigu became influential.
Khromov, K. K. Serebryanye Monety s Imenem Bek-Pulada/ Silver Coins in the name of Beg Pulad.
Catalogue of the coins of Beg Pulad. There are three main types - Ordu al-Jadid 793, Qrim 794, including a Qrim type without date and mint name simply as Beled, and Azaq 79x. It also includes some imitations.
Khromov, Konstantin and V. N. Nastich. Dva Redkikh Tipa Serebryanykh Monet Kryma Zolotoordynskovo Perioda/ Two Rare Types of Silver Coins of Qrim from the time of the Golden Horde. Odinnadtsataya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Sankt Petersburg, 14-18 Aprelya 2003, pp. 77-79, 2003.
Two examples of fractional yarmaks from Qrim, anonymous and undated, and a yarmak of Timur-Buqa from Qrim with no date. It has the denomination Yarmak on the coin. All three coins are photographed, legends written out in transliterated Arabic.
Khudyakov, G. A. Novye Dannye o Monetnom Chekane Rannikh Samanidov/ New Information on Coins Struck by the Early Samanids. In: E. V. Rtveladze (editor), Numizmatika Tsentral’noi Azii V, Tashkent, pp. 56-62, 2001.
Copper coins of the earliest Samanids, Ahmad b. Asad, Nuh b. Asad, Yahya b. Asad, Yahya b. Asad with Tahir b. ‘Abdallah. Legends written out, coins photographed.
Khudyakov, G. A. Karakhanidskiye Fel’sy Ilaka 400 g.kh./1009 g. Numizmatika Tsentral’noi Azii VI, Tashkent, pp. 67-74, 2002.
Five beautiful fulus from Tunkat and Ilak, AH 400. Two have hares, three have both a sword and a bow and arrow. They all have the name Qutb al-Dawla. The two with hares (from Tunkat) also have the name Nasr, while the other three, from Ilak, have Sana al-Dawla. There are line drawings and full descriptions of each coin.
Khudyakov, G. A. Novye Dannye o Monetnom Chekane Togryl-Khanov Kasana Vtoroi Poloviny XII Veka/ New Data on Coins Struck by Tughril Khan in Kasan in the Second Half of the 12th Century. Numizmatika Tsentral’noi Azii VIII, Tashkent, pp. 85-103, 2008.
Coins of Nasr b. Husayn, known as Tughril Khan, from the third period of Qarakhanid coinage, and from Muhammad b. Nasr. All are Dirhams from the Kasan mint. Legends fully written in Arabic, good line drawings, mediocre photographs.
Khudyakov, G. A. Drevneishie Karakhanidskie Fel’sy (Nauchnoe Soobshchenie)/ The Earliest Qarakhanid Fulus (A Scientific Report). Numizmatika Tsentral’noi Azii Volume X, Tashkent, pp. 115-118, 2011.
The discovery of two Qarakhanid coppers from Ilak dated AH 381from the reign of Harun b. Sulayman, the first Qarakhanid to issue coins. He is cited as Shihab al-Dawla Abu Musa on the coins. Album notes only coppers from Taraz from this date (Album 3300E), the earliest date known for Qarakhanid coins. Gold is also known from AH 381.
Khukharev, V. V. Dengi Novogo Torga v XV v/ Dengas of New Torg from the 15th Century. Pp. 126-129, Devyataya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Gosudarstvennyi Ermitazh, Sankt-Petersburg, 2001.
New Torg, or Torzhok, was a medieval town in Novgorod. The article describes a small group of silver coins from there with the name of New Torg on the reverse legend. There are line drawings of four variants.
Khukarev, V. V. Denga Novotorzhskaya/ Coinage of Novyi Torzhok. Numizmatika No. 12, pp. 18-21,
Two types of silver coins with the name of Novyi Torzhok on the reverse legend. There are four variants of one type and a single example of the second type. Nice line drawings and full descriptions of the coins.
Kienast, Gunter. W. The Medals of Karl Goetz. Artus Company, Cleveland, Ohio, 1967. Reprinted 1980.
The standard reference on political, satirical and historical medals of Karl Goetz covering the period 1914 - 1945.
Kiezebrink, H. R. De Munten van Overijssel (1578-1796). Numismatic Pocket No. 13. De Mey, Brussels, 1971.
Coinage of Overijssel, Netherlands.
Kilar, Rifat. Türk Nümismatiğinde Jetonlar/ Turkish Jetons. Burak Nümismatik Yayinlari No. 1, Istanbul, 1989.
A great little catalogue of tokens of Turkey, including the latter part of the Ottoman Empire. Includes transportation, service, communication and other tokens. There are line drawings and rarity ratings for each type. Although in Turkish, the book has an English introduction and is very easy to use.
Kim Il Sik. (Korean Coins and Banknotes Catalogue). Korea, 1978. In Korean.
Comprehensive catalogue of ancient and modern coins and banknotes of Korea. The rubbings or photos of the square holed cash are good enough to find different types, and the valuations give a hint as to relative rarity. There is no English at all, so little help for anything but finding a match to a picture unless one reads Korean.
King, L. White. History and Coinage of the Barakzai Dynasty of Afghanistan. Numismatic Chronicle, 3rd Series, Volume XVI, pp. 277-344, 1895. Photocopy.
A history of the Islamic Barakzai dynasty of Afghanistan (1824-1901) and a catalogue of the known coin types with legends and some translations (but no transliterations). Much more informative than Krause.
King-on Mao. History of the Sinkiang Province Provincial Bank. Numismatic World Bimonthly, Taiwan,
January 15, 1978. Photocopy.
A history of the provincial bank, which issued both coins and banknotes. Some banknotes are illustrated.
Kirchheimer, Franz. Die Bergbaugepraege aus Baden-Wuerttemberg. Kricheldorf Verlag, Freiburg im Breisgau, 1967.
Coins, medals, jetons struck for, by and about mines. Germany, Baden-Wuerttemberg. Nicely produced, great photos, not of great use.
Kirschner, Bruno. Deutsche Spottmedaillen auf Juden. Ernst Battenberg, Muenchen, 1968.
Medallic representations of caricatures of Jews from the 16th century through the Third Reich.
Klyashtornyi, S. G. (Editor). Tyurkologicheskii Sbornik 2001: Zolotaya Orda i ee Naslediye/ The Golden Horde and its Heritage. Rossiiskaya Akademiya Nauk, Sankt-Petersburgskii Filial Instituta Vostokovedeniya, Izdatel’skaya Firma Vostochnaya Literatura RAN, Moscow, 2002.
A history of the Golden Horde, with the following chapters (not complete)
T. I. Sultanov: The Family of Shiban, son of Jochi: The place of the dynasty in Eurasian History.
J. E. Boyle. Posthumous titles of Batu Khan
I. V. Zaitsev. The Formation of the Khans of Astrakhan.
D. M. Iskhakov. On the genealogy of the khans of the Ulus Muhammad (Khans of Kazan)
M. A. Usmanov. On some peculiarities of the early stages in the ethnic history of the Jujids.
Gorskii, A. A. Noghai and Rus’.
Klat, Michel G. Catalogue of the Post-Reform Dirhams of the Umayyad Dynasty. Spink & Sons Ltd., London, 2002.
A beautifully done corpus of over 725 Umayyad dirhams arranged by mint and date. Every mint and date combination known to the author is described and nicely photographed. The introduction includes a list of all of the known mints with their location, and there is a final table or dirhams arranged by year.
Klawans, Zander H. An Outline of Ancient Greek Coins, 2nd Edition. Whitman Publishing Co.,
An introduction to identification. It includes maps, denominations, how to read and date the coins, an alphabetic guide to symbols and city names (each accompanied by a photo), an alphabetic guide to persons and things seen on coins (with photos), Greek kings and petty rulers (with photos). Useful for a novice like me.
Kleshchinov, V. N. Atlas Monet Khorezma 1337-1338 gg. Kh. (1918-1920 gg)/ Atlas of the Coins of Khorezm, AH 1337-1338 (1918-1920 CE). URSS, Moscow, 2006.
Bilingual (Russian and English) atlas of all die varieties and die linkages of the 1, 2 ½, 5 and 15 Tenga coins of Junaid Khan from Khwarizm/Khorezm. Includes nice line drawings and high-quality photographs. Little historical information, but very detailed accounting of the incredible number of dies used to produce this short-lived series.
*Kleshchinov, V. N. Rimskie i Rimsko-sarmatskie Denarii Kontsa II - Serediny IV Vekov n.e./Roman and Roman-Sarmation Denarii from the End of the 2nd - Middle 4th Century C.E. Numizmatika 2(26), pp. 26-33, 2014.
Roman coins of Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius and a succession of imitations with the Mars walking reverse. The imitations span those that are only slightly degraded to fully degraded unrecognizable types.
Kleshchinov, V. N. and I. V. Grishin. Opredelitel’ Litsevykh Storon Provolochnykh Kopeek Tsarya Petra
Alekseevicha/Determinant of the obverses of Wire Money of Tsar Peter Alexeyevich. Izdatel’stvo Irius, Moscow, 1992.
A small guide to identification of the wire kopeks of Czar Peter I (the Great). Although the title would indicate otherwise, it includes descriptions of reverses, too.
Kleshchinov, V. N. and I. V. Grishin. Reconstruction and Classification of the Wire Kopecks of the Joint Reign of Ivan & Peter Alexievich (1682-1696). Journal of the Russian Numismatic Society, Number 54, pp. 55-62, 1994. Photocopy.
An important contribution covering the wire kopeks of the joint reign of Ivan and Peter (The Great) Alexievich with die linkage charts. These coins seem to be omitted from most treatments of Russian wire coinage.
Kleshchinov, V. N. and I. V. Grishin. Rekonstruktsiya i Klassifikatsiya Shtempelei Provolochnykh Kopeek
Sovmestnogo Pravleniya Tsarei Ivana i Petra Alekseevichei (1682-1696 gg)/ Reconstruction and Classification of the Wire Kopecks of the Joint Reign of Ivan and Peter Alexievich (1682-1696). Mezhdunarodnii Numizmaticheskii Al’manakh, Moneta, No. 2, Vologda, pp. 24-31, 1995.
Die varieties and combinations for Russian wire kopeks struck during the reign of Ivan and Peter Alexievich (1682-1696). Line drawings of each die variety.
Kleshchinov, V. N. and I. V. Grishin. Katalog Russkikh Srednevekovykh Monet s Pravleniya Tsarya Ivana IV Vasil’yevicha do shvedskoi okkupatsii Novgoroda (1533-1617 gg). Izdatel’stvo URSS, Moscow, 1998.
Drawings of wire kopeks from Russia from Ivan IV (The Terrible) through the Swedish occupation of Novgorod (1617). Each Chapter has an English summary, and there is a table of concordances with Melnikova. Great book for attributing the wire money of this period. Dedicated to me by both authors!
*Kleshchinov, V. N. and A. E. Zhiravov. Atlas Monet Sovetskogo Khorezma 1338-1340 gg.kh. (1920-1922 gg)/ Atlas of Coins of Soviet Khwarezm AH 1338-1340 (1920-1922 CE). Media-Grand, Moscow, 2015.
Detailed analysis of the coins of Soviet Khwarizm. There are excellent line drawings and die relationships of all denominations and high-quality photographic plates.
*Klochkov, Yu. V. Materialy k Topografii Nakhodok Dvustoronnikh Podrazhanii Serebryanym Monetam Zolotoi Ordy (2000-2006 gg)/ Material for a Geographical Analysis of Finds of Two-Sided Imitations of Silver Coins of the Golden Horde (200-2006). Pp. 73-96 in Srednevekovnaya Numizmatika Vostochnoi Evropy, Vypusk 2, Moscow, 2007.
Description of 97 imitations of coins of the Golden Horde arranged by where they were found. Two-sided in the title refers to the fact that both sides of the coins are in Arabic script. The Golden Horde khans whose coins were prototypes for the imitations are Jani Beg, Muhammad Uzbek, Birdi Beg, Khizr Khan, Toqtamish, Muhammad Bulaq, Murid or Aziz Sheikh (Gulistan), Shadi Beg, ‘Abdallah, and several of undetermined prototype. Many were found with genuine coins of the Golden Horde, and the coins are listed, but not described. Excellent line drawings and photographs.
*Klochkov, Yu. V. Materialy k Topografii Nakhodok Dvustoronnikh Podrazhanii Serebryanym Monetam Zolotoi Ordy (2007-2008 gg)/ Material on the Topography of Finds of Two-sided Imitations of Silver Coins of the Golden Horde (2007 - 2008). Pp. 160-171 in Srednevekovnaya Numizmatika Vostochnoi Evropy, Vypusk 3, Moscow, 2009.
Russian imitations of Golden Horde coinage with Arabic or pseudo-Arabic inscriptions on both sides. The catalogue is divided by find spots. A few of the coins are similar to the Kiev imitations of the Jani Beg Gulistan type.
Klohkov, K. V. Neizdannye Russkie Monety XVI-XVII vv./ Unpublished Russian Coins from the 16th - 17th
Centuries. Trudy Gosudarstvennogo Istoricheskogo Muzeya, Noveishiye Issledovaniya v Oblasti Numizmatiki, Part XIII, Moscow, pp. 84-94, 1998.
Previously unknown Russian wire kopeks from Ivan IV through Alexei Mikhailovich. Most are from Pskov, with a few from Moscow. There are also some counterfeits. Each coin is photographed with a line drawing alongside the photo.
Klokov, V. B. Fal’shivye Monety v Denezhnom Obrashchenii Gorodov Zolotoi Ordy/ Counterfeit Coins and Monetary Circulation in Cities of the Golden Horde. P. 51-54 In: Trudy Mezhdunarodnykh Numizmaticheskikh Konferentsii. Monety i Denezhnoye Obrashchenie v Mongol’skikh Gosudarstvakh XIII-XV Vekov. IV - MNK Bolgar 2005, V - MNK Volgorad 2006, Numizmaticheskaya Literatura, Moscow, 2008.
Contemporary counterfeits of Golden Horde coins from Saray, Saray al-Jadida, Gulistan and Ordu.
Klokov, V. B. and V. P. Lebedev. Zagadki Novosaraiskogo Chekana Mednykh Monet v Zolotoi Orde/ The Enigma of Copper Coins of the Golden Horde struck in Saray al-Jadida. Sed’maya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Moscow, pp. 64-67, 1999.
A discussion of copper puls of the Golden Horde from AH 752 struck in Saray al-Jadida. There is a page of line drawings showing die linkages.
Klokov, V. B. and V. P. Lebedev. Monetnoe Obrashcheniye Zolotoordynskogo Goroda Bel’dzhamen/ Coin Circulation in the Golden Horde Town of Beljamen. Drevnosti Povolzh’ya i Drugikh Regionov, Vypusk III. Numizmaticheskii Sbornik, Tom II, Istoriko-Arkheologicheskii Tsentr ‘Region’, Nizhny Novgorod, pp. 56-147, 2000.
The authors analyzed 51 silver dirhams and 1311 copper puls of the Golden Horde. There were 93 types and 66 variants of copper puls, of which 20 types and 40 variants had not been published previously. All are illustrated with great line drawings, and the text descriptions sometimes include Arabic legends. An important work for Golden Horde copper, one that I use often in attributing unsorted lots.
Klokov, V. B. and V. P. Lebedev. Monetnoi Kompleks c Selitrennogo Gorodishcha/ Monetary Complex in the Ancient Settlement of Selitrennoe. Drevnosti Povolzh’ya i Drugikh Regionov, Bypusk IV, pp. 73-165, 2002.
Selitronnoe is the site of old Saray, an important Golden Horde mint town. This paper illustrates 126 silver coin types and 174 copper coin types found in the area in several hoards, each with a careful and clear line drawing. The coins are described with Arabic legends in the text. There are also descriptions of overstruck and counterstruck coins. Excellent, as are all papers of Klokov and Lebedev.
Kluge, Bernd. Deutsche Muenzgeschichte von der spaeten Karolingerzeit bis zum Ende der Salier (ca. 900 bis 1125). Monograph 29 of the Roemisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Forschungsinstitut fuer Vor- und Fruehgeschichte. Jan Thorbecke Verlag, Sigmaringen, 1991.
A history of the early coinage of Germany from the late Carolingian times to the end of the Saliers (Franks). The book accompanied a museum exhibit. There is a detailed monetary and economic history of Germany during the time, several maps of mint towns, photographs (enlarged) and complete descriptions of 528 coins, summaries of the types of designs found on coins throughout Germany, and an index of mint towns which refers to coins illustrated in the book. The descriptions include parts of France, Switzerland and the Low Countries. A beautiful book!
Klyashtornyi, S. G. Iz Istorii Bor’by Narodov Srednei Azii Protiv Arabov (po Runicheskim Tekstam)/ On the History of the Struggle of Central Asian Towns Against the Arabs (as revealed in Runic Texts). Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume IX, pp. 52-64, 1954.
An interesting history of Central Asia (Turgic Khaganate, Sogd, Fergana, al-Shash, Samarqand, Khwarizm, Semirech’nye) as told from contemporary sources. It covers the years 710-714 AD and describes a coalition formed by the Turgic Khaganate (in Semirech’nye), Fergana, al-Shash and Sogd against the Arabs. A breakdown in this coalition from traditional squabbles among the towns played a significant role in the ascension of the Samanid dynasty.
Kneedler, W. Harding. The Coins of North Siam. Journal of the Siam Society, Vol XXIX, pp. 1-11,
1937.Reprinted in Siamese Coins and Tokens, Andrew Publishing Company, London, 1977.
A nice article on primitive money of Thailand, including flower money, tiger tongues, toks, pig-mouth money, C’ieng money, fish money, bullets, and other weird things. There are several mediocre photographs.
Koch, Bernhard, Helmut Ertl, Helmut Jungwirth and Karl Schulz. Die Wiener Muenze: Eine Geschichte der Muenzstaette Wien. Oesterreichische Numismatische Gesellschaft, Wien, 1989.
A history of the mint at Wien/Vienna, Austria. The book is dedicated to 150 years of the mint's occupation of the its present location. There is one chapter that covers the entire history of coinage in Vienna from Celts to the present, and another that gives a short history of all mints in Austria through the middle ages. Book is nicely done with excellent photographs. Not a comprehensive catalogue.
Koch, Heidemarie. A Hoard of Coins from Eastern Parthia. Numismatic Notes and Monographs No. 165, The American Numismatic Society, New York, 1990.
The description of a hoard of copper coins from late Parthian times and Indo-Parthians in Khoresm, especially Abarshahr (Nishapur) and Margiana (Marw). Especially important for the coins of Sanabar II and his successor(s). There is a lengthy discussion of the groupings, dates of issue, etc. Each coin is photographed.
Kochnev, B. D. Novye Numizmaticheskiye Dannye po Istorii Karakhanidov Vtoroi Poloviny XII-Nachala XIII v.
Pp 75-103 In: E. A. Davidovich (ed.) Kirgiziya pri Karakhanidakh, Akademiya Nauk Kirgizskoi SSR, Institut Istorii, Frunze, 1983.
One of Kochnev’s early works on Qarakhanid numismatics. Some coin descriptions, photos of three coins.
Kochnev, B. D. Monety Kharashketa (Kharachketa)/ Coins of Kharashket (Kharachket). Obshchestvennie Nauki v Uzbekistane, Vol. 6, pp. 48-51, 1988.
A description of two very rare Qarakhanid fulus of the Kharachket mint in the Shash province. One is dated AH 405 and is in the name of Ahmad bin ‘Ali. The other is dated AH 420 and is anonymous.
Kochnev, B. D. Togryl-Khan i Togryl-Tegin. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XXIV, pp. 57-67, 1988.
Description of 15 coin from Benaket, Gannaj, Taraz, Tunket, Chinanchiket, Shash, Marginan from the Qarakhanids, Eastern branch. Tughril Khan Yusuf was ruler of the eastern Khanate. The Tashkent Oasis was under the rule of his son Tughril-tekin Umar, who transferred Gannadj, Chinanchiket, Benaket and Tunket to his vassals. When Tughril Khan died, his son Tughril Tekin became supreme ruler with the title Qarakhan. Coins fully described with Arabic legends.
Kochnev, B. D. Klad Monet Bukharkhudarskogo Tipa iz Miankalya. pp. 49-78 In: Rtveladze (Ed.) Numizmatika Uzbekistana, Akademiya Nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent, 1990, pp. 49-78.
Description of a small hoard of Arab-Bukharan coinage. Includes the Arabic legends on each coin type and a metrological analysis.
Kochnev, B. D. Zametki po Srednevekovoi Numizmatike Srednei Azii, Chast’ 10 (Karakhanidy)/ Notes on the Medieval Numismatics of Central Asia, Part 10 (Qarakhanids). Istoriya Materialnoi Kultury Uzbekistana, Volume 24, pp. 207-214, 1990.
Notes pertaining to the third period of Qarakhanid coinage (local rulers). Primarily historical rather than numismatic.
Kochnev, B. D. Karakhanidskiye Monety: Istochnikovedcheskoye i Istoricheskoye Issledovaniye/ Qarakhanid Coins: Investigations of Sources and History. Autoreferat, Moscow, 1993.
A summary of Kochnev’s doctoral dissertation on Qarakhanid coinage. There are not illustrations or coin descriptions. The work was eventually summarized in his later publications on Qarakhanid legends and titles.
Kochnev, B. D. Svod Nadpisei na Karakhanidskikh Monetakh: Antroponimy Titulatura (Chast I)/A Corpus of Inscriptions on the Qarakhanid Coins: Anthroponymes and Titles(Part I). Vostochnoe Istoricheskoe Istochnikovedenie i Spetsial’nie Istoricheskie Distsipliny Vol 4, pp. 201-279, 1995.
A tabular listing of all the titles and legends on early Qarakhanid coins arranged by date and mint.
Kochnev, B. D. Rannesamanidskie Udel’nie Fel’sy Fergany/ Early locally-minted Samanid Fulus from
Ferghana. In: Monety i Medali,Sbornik Statei po Materialam Kollektsii Otdela Numizmatiki, pp. 180-191, Gosudarstvennyi Muzei Izobrazitel’nykh Iskusstv im. A. S. Pushkina, Moscow, 1996.
Fulus from Akhsikat, AH 250-303,and from Khodjend, AH 279, the latter in the name of Nuh bin Asad.
Kochnev, B. D. Svod Nadpisei na Karakhanidskikh Monetakh: Antroponimy Titulatura (Chast 2)/A Corpus of Inscriptions on the Qarakhanid Coins: Anthroponymes and Titles(Part 2). Vostochnoe Istoricheskoe Istochnikovedenie i Spetsial’nie Istoricheskie Distsipliny Vol. 5, Moscow, pp. 245-314, 1997.
The completion of his tabular listing of titles and legends on Qarakhanid coins.
Kochnev, B. D. Nachal’nii Etap Sel’dzhukidskoi Chekanki/ The First Stage of Seljuq Coinage. Mezhdunarodnyi Numizmaticheskii Al’manakh, Moneta No. 5, Vologda, pp. 5-15, 1998.
Fulus from the Kirmine region dated AH 415 and 419 are in the name of Muizz ad-Daula Yabgu Musa bin Seljuk. This part of the Zarafshan valley was granted to him by the Qarakhanid ‘Ali bin Hasan. Musa was allowed to mint coins in his own name without citing ‘Ali as overlord. There are no illustrations of the coins.
Kochnev, B. D. Partiya Monet iz Klada, Soderzhashchego Dirkhemy Saganiana XI Veka/ A Group of Coins from a Hoard Containing 11th Century Dirhams of Saghaniyan. Drevnosti Povolzh’ya i Drugikh Regionov, Vypusk III. Numizmaticheskii Sbornik, Tom II, Istoriko-Arkheologicheskii Tsentr ‘Region’, Nizhny Novgorod, pp. 229-244, 2000.
The coins are Muhtajid(?) of Abu’l-Qasim, Qarakhanid of Tafghaj Khan Ibrahim b. Nasr, Ghaznavid of Mawdud b. Masud (Termez mint), Great Seljuq of Chagri Beg Daud, and several that could not be identified to dynasty, mint or date. Legends written out in Arabic as far as possible. No drawings or photos.
Kochnev, B. D. Konechnyi Etap Numizmaticheskoi Istorii Karkhanida Mukhammada b. Nasra/ The Final Stage of the Numismatic History of the Qarakhanid Muhammad b. Nasr. In: E. V. Rtveladze (editor), Numizmatika Tsentral’noi Azii V, Tashkent, pp. 63-75, 2001.
Description of two dirhams from Quz-Ordu, dated AH 453, allowing the author to verify the date of death of Muhammad b. Nasr through numismatic evidence. No Arabic legends written out and no illustrations or photos.
Kochnev, B. D. Monety Musy Yabgu, Syna Sel’dzhuka (O Rannikh Etapakh Sel’dzhukidskovo Chekana)/ Coins of Musa Yabghu, Son of Seljuq (On the Early Stages of Seljuq Coins). Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XXVI, pp. 34-51, 2001.
Coins illustrating the relationship of the Qarakhanid Mu’izz al-Daula (‘Ali b. al-Hasan) in Kermine and the early Great Seljuq Musa Yabghu b. Seljuq in Kermine and Herat. The Great Seljuqs lost their rights in Kermine in 1029 AD. From 1024 - 1028, Musa Yabghu issued coins without the name of his Qarakhanid overlord.
Kochnev, B. D. Klad Zolotykh Monet XII - Nachala XIII v./ A Hoard of Gold Coins from the 12th - Beginning of the 13th Century. Monety i Medali, Volume II, Gosudarstvennyi Muzei Izobrazitel’nykh Iskusstv im. A. S. Pushkina, pp. 134-168, 2004.
98 gold dinars found in Uzbekistan. They include Great Seljuq, Khwarizmshah, Qarakhanid, Ghorid and anonymous (probably Mongol) coins from the mints of Nishapur, Balkh, Termez, Bukhara, Samarqand, Khwarizm, and Ardistan (?). The coins are all nicely described with all legends written out. All are photographed, but the photos are very dark and not very useful.
Kochnev, B. D. Numizmaticheskaya Istoriya Karakhanidskogo Kaganata (991-1209). Chast’ I.
Istochnikovedcheskoe Issledovanie/ Numismatic History of the Qarakhanid Khaganate. Part I. Investigation of the Sources. Rossiiskaya Akademiya Nauk, Institut Vostokovedeniya, Moscow, 2006.
Posthumous work completed by Vladimir Nastich. It is not a catalogue of coins, but has great information for identifying them. Chapters include explanation of legends, including all the variations of names, lists of mints in Arabic and Russian, and Koranic and non-Koranic inscriptions; methods of study; summary of all the names found on Qarakhanid coins; a long political history of the Qarakhanids; and a final chapter on what the coins tell us about the history of the Qarakhanids. This book begs for a translation into English!
Kochnev, B. D. Novoe o Monetnom Chekane Kuz Ordu i Barskhana/ New Data on Coins Struck in Quz Ordu and Barskhan. Materialy i Issledovaniya po Arkheologii Kyrgyzstana, Vypusk 3, Bishkek, pp. 68-82, 2008.
Descriptions of 41 coins of the Eastern Qarakhanids. Followed by pp. 83-4, Addenda and Corrigenda by V. N. Nastich and V. G. Koshevar.
Kochnev, B. D. K Istorii Bor’by Mezhdu Samadidami i Karakhanidami v Kontse X v./ On the History of the Rivalry between the Samanids and the Qarakhanids at the end of the Tenth Century. Materialy i Issledovaniya po Arkheologii Kyrgyzstana, Vypusk 4, Bishkek, pp. 104-111, 2009.
The use of numismatic evidence to define more precisely the conquest of the Samanids by the Qarakhanids known in the historical literature.
Kochnev, B. D. and M. N. Fedorov. Dva Klada Karakhanidskikh Dirkhemov Serediny XI V. iz Kirgizii/Two hoards of Qarakhanid Dirhams of the middle of the 11th Century from Kirghizia. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Vol. XI, pp. 179-195, 1974.
Detailed descriptions of two large hoards of Islamic Qarakhanid coins with many legends written out.
Koelnisches Stadtmuseum. Koelner Geld aus der Sammlung Dr. Lueckger und dem Muenzkabinett des
Koelnischen Stadtmuseums. Koeln, 1970.
A booklet prepared to accompany an exhibit of coins used in Koeln (Cologne). There are very few illustrations or photos, but several hundred coin descriptions. It appears to be of limited use for coin attribution, but there is a decent historical introduction and a reasonable bibliography.
al-Kofahi, M. M., K. F. al-Tarawneh and J. M. Shobaki. Analysis of Abbasid Dirhams Using XRF Techniques. X-Ray Spectrometry, Volume 26, pp. 10-14, 1997.
Description of a non-destructive techniqe, X-Ray Fluorescence, to determine the composition of five Abbasid dirhams from AH 158-218. Silver composition ranged from 41 to 84 percent by weight. Other metals with concentration of greater than one percent included Mercury, Lead, Gold, Copper and Tin. Silver fineness was highest in two dirhams struck in Madinat al-Salam (Baghdad), the capital, while those in the more distant provinces had significantly lower fineness. The authors conclude that quality control was less stringent in the provinces than in the capital and that perhaps techniques for refining high-quality silver were better known in Baghdad.
Koifman, Alexander. Fulus of the Mamluk Sultans of Egypt and Syria. Maalot, Israel, 2012.
A very nice catalogue of Mamluk fulus adding more than 200 types to those published by Balog. The author has maintained Balog’s numbering system and inserted new types by adding letters and numbers to Balog’s catalogue numbers. The main catalogue has full descriptions of the coins with legends written in Arabic and transliterated, but not translated. Plates at the end have photographs and/or line drawings.
Koifman, A. A. and V. P. Lebedev. Klad Serebryanykh Sel’dzhukskikh Dinarov i ikh Fragmentov Serediny XII v/ A hoard of silver Seljuq Dinars and their Fragments from the middle of the 12th century. Desyataya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Gosudarstvennyi Istoricheskii Muzei, Moscow, pp. 72-75, 2002.
Description of a hoard of approximately 600 Great Seljuq silver dinars, of which 71 percent were fragments. They spanned five reigns and were from six identifiable mints. Most of the coins were of types already known, but a few were new. There are reconstructed drawings of eight of the types.
Kolbas, Judith. Mamluk Bronze Weights: An Extinct Species? ANS Museum Notes, Volume 31, pp. 203-206, 1986.
Shows that the only known Mamluk bronze weight is a forgery.
Kolbas, Judith Grace. Mongol Money: The Role of Tabriz from Chingiz Khan to Uljaytu, 616-709 AH / 1220-1309 AD. Ph.D. Dissertation, New York University, 1992.
A lengthy (more than 600 pages) doctoral dissertation on the theory, structure and techniques of monetary policy in the southwestern portion of the Mongol empire from Chingiz Khan to the mid reign of Uljaytu (Ilkhan). The thesis also explores social and political structure, administrative languages and cultural symbols. Most of the direct work on coins in metrological, not descriptive, although there are descriptions and photos of several coin types as an appendix.
Kolbas, Judith. The Mongols in Iran. Chingiz Khan to Uljaytu 1220-1309. Routledge, Oxford, 2006.
A detailed numismatic history of the Mongols and early Ilkhans. The first part of the book covers the development of Mongol coinage at various mints during the rise of the Mongol empire and the initial coinages of the Golden Horde and Ilkhans. The second part concentrates on the early Ilkhans through Uljaytu. Each part incorporates political, military and economic history and traces the development of coinage through individual mints. There are copious photos of different coin types. I question some of her conclusions, particularly the assignment of the Nasir al-Din type of Bulghar to the time of Chingiz Khan and Jochi rather than to the more conventional attribution to the time of Batu.
*Kolbas, Judith. Financial Interaction between the Mongol Uluses of Russia and Iran: Conflict and Co-operation. Numizmatika Zolotoi Ordy, Volume 5, pp. 125-133, 2015.
A discussion of conflict between the Golden Horde and Ilkhans concluding that the primary motivation was pragmatic and economic, not theoretical or religious.
Kolesnikov, A. I. Denezhnoe Khozaistvo v Irane v VII Veke. Izdatelskaya Firma Vostochnaya Literatura
Rossiiskaya Akademiya Nauk, Moscow, 1998.
An in-depth analysis of Sasanian and Arab-Sasanian coins from Iran in the seventh century, with illustrations from the collection of the Ermitage Museum collection. There are good plates of photographs of coins and much descriptive material in the text. It is less of a catalogue for identification than it is an analysis of the coins. It is mostly text.
Kolyzin, A. M. O Monetnom Chekane v Poslednie Gody Khyazheniya Dmitriya Donskovo/ On Coins Struck in the Last Years of Prince Dmitri Donskoi. Moskovskoe Numizmaticheskoe Obshchestvo, Numizmaticheskii Sbornik No. 2, Moscow, pp. 21-32, 1992.
An analysis of the coins of the last part of the reign of Prince Dmitri Konstantinovich Donskoi (1365-1383) of the Russian principality Suzdal-Nizhegorod. There are no illustrations.
Kolyzin, A. M. Torgovlya Drevnei Moskvy (XII - Seredina XV v)/ Trade in Old Moscow (12th - mid 15th
Centuries). Published by the author, Moscow, 2001.
A detailed analysis of trade in medieval Moscow based on archaeological and numismatic evidence. The book is mostly text and was not intended to be a catalogue or either artifacts or coins. There is an entire chapter devoted to numismatic evidence with discussions of coinage of both Moscow Rus’ and the Golden Horde. The illustrations in plates at the end include a great series of maps, many line drawings of artifacts, line drawings of four great coins of Dmitry Donskoi, and a few Golden Horde coins. The book is organized such that the Russian text is easy to follow.
Kolyzin, A. M. and E. V. Yanushkina. Unpublished Copper Coins of the Ryazan Grand Duchy. Journal of the Russian Numismatic Society, Number 71, pp. 40-42, Winter, 2001.
The description of two Ryazan copper Puls consisting of a tamga overstruck on copper coins. Both coins were countermarked with the same punch with a tamga consistent with that of the reigns of Fedor Olgovich and Ivan Fedorovich. The punch itself was probably made in an earlier reign. One of the coins, the one in Figure 3, seems to be a countermarked Golden Horde pul of Saray al-Jadida 752 (not stated in the article, but the coin is in my collection).
Komaroff, Linda. The Epigraphy of Timurid Coinage: Some Preliminary Remarks. ANS Museum Notes, Volume 31, pp. 207-232, 1986.
An important discussion of the legends on Timurid coins. This is one of the only analyses of Timurid coins and is based to some extent on unpublished work of Steve Album.
Kool, Robert and Warren C. Schultz. The Copper Coins of the Mamluk Sultan al-Malik al-Mansur Lajin . AH 696-698/1297-1299 CE). Israel Numismatic Journal Volume 4, pp. 135-144, 2009.
The authors describe three types of copper Fulus from the Mamluk sultan’s reign. One was known to Balog, a second had been previously published, but overlooked by Balog, and the third is a new type.
Korn, Lorenz. Sylloge Numorum Arabicorum Tuebingen. Hamah IVc Bilad as-Sam III. Ernst Wasmuth Verlag, Tuebingen, 1998.
This volume contains coins of only one mint, Hamah. The dynasties included are Ayyubid, Mongols (Ilkhan Hulagu and Chingizid Mongke) and Mamluk. Outstanding photos, maybe better than previous volumes.
Koshevar, V. G. O Pokupatel’noi Sposobnosti Monet Semirech’ya v Pervoi Polovine VIII Veka/ On the
Purchasing Power of the Coins of Semirech’ye in the First Half of the 8th Century. In: Kol’chenko, V. A. and F G. Rott (eds.) Materialy i Issledovaniya po Arkheologii Kyrgyzstana, Vypusk 1, pp. 89-92, Bishkek, 2005.
Contradicts Kamyshev by stating that there are no confirmed data about what coins of Semirech’ye could purchase. One can only conclude that Chinese coins of different issues and coins of several local mints with different diameters circulated simultaneously.
Koshevar, V. G. O Khronologii Pravleniya Vostochnykh Karakhanidov vo Vtoroi Polovine XI v./ On the Chronology of Khans of the Eastern Qarakhanids in the Second Half of the 11th Century. Materialy i Issledovaniya po Arkheologii Kyrgyzstana, Vypusk 4, Bishkek, pp. 121-130, 2009.
The genealogy and chronology of the Eastern Qarakhanids based on written historical sources and numismatic evidence.
Koshevar, V. G. Neizvestnyi Karakhanidskii Fals Kuby 415/1024-25 g s Titulom Kadyr-Khana Iusufa b. Kharuna/ An Unknown Qarakhanid Fals of Kuba from 415/1024025 with the Title Kadir-Khan Yusuf b. Harun. Numizmatika No. 1 (24), pp. 8, Februrary 2010.
Three examples of a Fals from the rare Qarakhanid mint Kuba dated AH 415. Clear photos, Arabic legends written out.
Koshevar, V. G. Novoe o Karakhanidskom Chekane Ispidzhaba/ New Information about the Karakhanid Coins from Ispijab. Numizmatika No. 1 (28), pp. 6-7, February 2011.
Two dirhams from Ispijab, Qarakhanid dynasty. One is dated AH 439 from the reign of Muhammad b. Yusuf with the title Mushayyid al-Dawla. The other is dated AH 450, also with the title Mushayyid al-Dawla, and with his vassal Arslan Tegin.
Koshevar, V. G. and A. T. Abasbekov. Klad Karakhanidskikh Dirkhamov 2-i Pol. XI v. c Gorodishcha Sadyr-Kurgan/ A Hoard of Qarakhanid Dirhams from the Second Half of the 11th Century from Sadyr-Kurgan. Materialy i Issledovaniya po Arkheologii Kyrgyzstana, Vypusk 4, Bishkek, pp. 112-121, 2009.
Coin evidence established the chronology or the reigns of Khans of the Eastern Qarakhanids. Coins are described with legends written out.
Kotlyar, N. F. Klad Monet Vladimira Olgerdovicha/A Hoard of Coins of Vladimir Olgerdovich. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Vol. VIII, pp. 88-100, 1970.
The description of a hoard of rare coins of the 14th century Prince of Kiev, Russia, Vladimir Olgerdovich.
Kotlyar, N. F. Severorusskie (“Chernigovskie”) Monetnye Grivny/ North Russian Monetary Grivnas.
Drevneishie Gosudarstva Vostochnoi Evropy: Novoe v Numizmatike, Rossiiskaya Akademiya Nauk, Institut Rossiiskoi Istorii, Moscow, pp. 80-142, 1994.
A nice article with great photographs describing sevral different styles of silver grivnas found in northern Russia.
Kouymjian, Dickran Karnick (editor). Near Eastern Numismatics, Iconography, Epigraphy and History: Studies in Honor of George C. Miles. American University of Beirut,1974.
A Festschrift to Miles. Includes his bibliography and many important articles, including: Balog on Sasanian and Islamic Ornamental Glass Vessel Stamps, Bacharach and Awad on early bronze coinage of Egypt, al-’Ush on rare Islamic coins, Bykov on Islamic coins hoards in the Soviet Union, Kmietowicz on Samanid dirhams, Lewicki on Samanid commerce with Europe, Bikhazi on Hamdanid coins, Bulliet on Seljuq, Cahen on Egyptian coinage of the 6th/12th century, Brown on Artuqid and Zengid coinage, Bivar on a Mongol hoard, Bates on Crusader imitations of Ayyubid coins, Smith and Benin on Ilkhan economics, Artuk on Ottoman coins of Orhan.
Kouymjian, Dickran Karnick. A Numismatic History of Southeastern Caucasia and Adharbayjan Based on the Islamic Coinage of the 5th/11th to the 7th/13th Centuries. Ph.D. Dissertation, Columbia University, New York, 1969. Photocopy from University Microfilms, Inc. Dissertation Services.
A thorough historical treatment and corpus of all known coins of the Ildegizids, Sulamids (Maliks of Darband), Khaqanids (Shirvanshahs, 1st dynasty) and Pishkinids (Maliks of Ahar). Legends completely written out and translated.
Kozhara, A. Subway Tokens that Circulated in the Territory of the Former USSR. Tybydym Steed, Tallinn, 1996.
A neat little bilingual (Russian and English) catalogue of subway tokens from Baku Azerbaijan), Yerevan (Armenia), Minsk (Byelorussia), Tbilisi (Georgia), Ekaterinburg, Moscow, Novosibirsk, St. Petersburg, Samara (Russia), Tashkent (Uzbekistan), Dniepropetrovsk, Kiev, Kharkov (Ukraine). Each type is photographed and fully described with legends, diameter, material, color.
*Kozlov, A. P. Monety Goroda Krym (Solkhat) v Period Zolotoi Ordy (655-831gg.kh./ 11257-1428gg.)/ Coins of the City of Qrim (Solkhat) in the Period of the Golden Horde (AH 655-831/ 1257-1428 CE). Privately published, Staryi Krym, 2013.
A catalogue of 325 coin types from the Golden Horde mints of Qrim and Solkhat with many rarities. Seems to be reasonably complete with many examples from the author’s private collection. Photographs and/or line drawings of each type. Legends translated into Russian, not written out in Arabic or Uighur. Useful.
Krachkovskaya, V. A. Evolyutsiya Kuficheskogo Pis’ma v Srednei Azii/ The Evolution of Kufic Script in Central Asia. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume III, pp. 3-27, 1949.
A study of Kufic script found on coins, monuments, pottery and manuscripts in Central Asia. There are only two coins illustrated in the article, an Umayyad dirham of Marw, AH 76 (?) and a Samanid dirham of Nasr II b. Ahmad, Nishapur 305.
Krachkovskaya, V. A. Pamyatniki Arabskovo Pis’ma v Srednei Azii i Zakavkaz’ye do IX v/ Monuments with Arabic Writing in Central Asia and Caucasia up to the 9th Century. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume VI, pp. 46-100, 1952.
An extensive review of Arabic script found on early monuments with analyses of how the letters changed over time. There are numerous reproductions of the source material and tables of alphabetic examples. Many of the tables fold out to show the entire alphabet as it changed over time. Neat article for anyone interested in calligraphic evolution.
Krasnov, Dzh. Kratkii Obzor Monetnovo dela Srednevekovoi Khorvatii/A Brief Survey of Coins from Medieval Croatia. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, Vol. XIV, pp. 76-83, 1984.
A short article on coins of medieval Croatia, with three photographic plates of coins at the end of the Journal. Includes Friesacher-type pfennigs, Weasal dinars of Slavonia and Croatia, Dalmatia, Venice, Ragusa, Hungarian, and civic coins of Split.
Kreissparkasse Koeln. Vom Scripulum zur Schnellwaage. Das Fenster in der Kreissparkass Koeln, Thema 102, October, 1978. 12 pp.
A neat history of weights and scales from ancient times until the 20th century. Includes ancient Egypt and Babylon, Byzantium and medieval Europe.
Kreissparkasse Koeln. Vom Taler zum Dollar: Aus Joachimsthal in alle Welt. Das Fenster in der Kreissparkass Koeln, Thema 110, February, 1981. 8 pp.
Brief overview of the history of German and other European talers, focusing on Cologne, but also including Hungary, Austria, Saxony, Frankfurt, Prussia, Bavaria and the Netherlands.
Kreissparkasse Koeln. Von der Geldkatze zur Brieftasche. Das Fenster in der Halle der Kreissparkasse Koeln, Thema 111, May, 1981, 8 pp.
Brief history of purses, moneybags, etc.
Kreissparkasse Koeln. Luxemburg: Muenzen und Medaillen eines kleinen Landes mit grosser Geschichte. Das Fenster in der Kreissparkass Koeln, Thema 141, September, 1991. 16 pp.
A small well-produced booklet accompanying an exhibit of the coins of Luxemburg at this bank in Cologne, Germany.
Kreissparkasse Koeln. Serbien, Slowenien, Kroatien: Geldgeschichte der Suedslaxischen Voelker auf dem Balkan. Das Fenster in der Kreissparkass Koeln, Thema 143, May, 1992. 16 pp.
Overview of medieval and modeern Balkan coinage.
Kreissparkasse Koeln. Nicht erst seit Kolumbus: Das Alte in der Neuen Welt, dargestellt auf Zahlungsmitteln. Das Fenster in der Kreissparkass Koeln, Thema 144, October, 1992. 16 pp.
Representations of Columbus and native North and South Americans on the coins and banknotes of the New World.
Kreissparkasse Koeln. Vom Weinzeichen der Ratsherren zur Biermarke des Koebes: Gepraegte Zeugen der Koelner Wirtschaftsgeschichte. Das Fenster in der Kreissparkass Koeln, Thema 146, October, 1993. 16 pp.
Merchant tokens from Cologne, 15th - early 20th centuries. The earliest are wine tokens, then several bread tokens, one really neat one for a casket maker with a skull on it, tokens for ship passage, many others.
Krisadaolarn, Ronachai and Vasilijs Mihailovs. Siamese Coins from Funan to the Fifth Reign. River Books, Bangkok, Thailand, 2012. Slipcased with CD of addtiional coin images.
A beautifully produced volume on Siamese coinage from the earliest times through the 20th Century. Introductory material gives an overview of the numismatic history of the pre-Siamese states of Funan, Kra Isthmus, Sri Dvaravati, Haripunjaya, the Maritime Empires and Angkor, then the beginnings of Siamese history with the Yonok, Sukhothai, Pattani, Lan Na, La Chang and Ayutthaya, then the later periods beginning with the Rattanakosin Period of 1782-1932. There follows a chapter on emblems on Siamese coins, legends on Siamese flat coins, and finally the catalogue with plates and descriptions of coins. There is a good selection of Rising Sun coinage and variants and other Burmese-related coinage and a great selection of ingot coinage (Tok, Pig mouth, flower, leaf, Tiger tongue, Chiang ingots, and bullet money). There are brass and porcelain gambling tokens, bi- and tri-lingual round coins, many with holed centers, gold coinage and modern flat coinage. The book concludes with historical documents referencing coinage. One of those books you could leaf through for hours.
*Krivenko, A. V. and E. Yu. Goncharov. Vostochnye Monety XIII - Pervoi Chetverti XV v. iz Nakhodok v.
Mezhdurech’e Pruta i Dnestra/ Eastern Coins of the 13th - First Quarter of the 15th Century from Finds Between the Prut and Dniestr Rivers. Srednevekovaya Numizmatika Vostochnoi Evropy, Vypusk 5, pp. 64-87. 2015.
Coin finds mostly in Romanian lands around Shahr al-Jadid, Kosteshty and Saqchi. The finds include Rum Seljuq, Ilkhan, Anatolian Beyliks (Jandarid/Isfendiyarid, Menteshe, Saruhan, Aydin and Inanch), Mamluk and Ottoman. Nice photographs of 106 coins, including Beylik coppers that are similar to and often confused with Golden Horde coppers. A nice map showing the location of towns known to have struck Golden Horde and related coins.
Krivenko, A. V. and A. A. Kazarov. Dzhuchidskie Monety Sakchi iz Nakhodok na Rogodishche Kostewhty v Moldove/ Jujid coins of Saqchi found in Kosteshti in Moldova. Slova i Veshchi No.6, pp. 201-209, 2010.
Five silver and 14 copper types from Saqchi from the Noghaids Noghai Khan and perhaps Chaka Khan. One silver type (c5) was not completely read, but the authors speculate that it could be in the name of Chaka Khan. Coins are photographed, legends written out, and cross-referenced to published literature and internet sites.
*Krivenko, A. V. And A. A. Kazarov. Dzhuchidskie Monety is Nakhodok u s. Orlovka (Odesskaya oblast’ Ykrainy/ Jujid Coins Found near Orlovka (Odessa Oblast, Ukraine). Numizmatika Zolotoi Ordy, Vypusk 2, Kazan, pp. 25-37, 2012.
Mostly coins from adjacent Saqchi, including the silver type with a lion (here attributed ot Toqtu, attribued to Noghai elsewhere),others mostly copper an anonymous with Noghaid tamgas. Includes coins of Saqchi al-Mahrusa from Muhammad Uzbek’s reign.
Krivtsov, V. D. Avers No. 5. Katalog Tsarskikh i Sovetskikh Nagrad, Znakov, Zhetonov i Nastol’nykh Medalei. Antikvarno-Auktsionnyi Dom Gelos, Moscow, 2001.
A catalogue of tokens and medals from imperial and Soviet Russia.
Kropotkin, V. V. and T. I. Makarova. Nakhodka Moneti Olega-Mikhaila v Korcheve/ A Find of Coins of Oleg-Mikhail in Korchev. Sovetskaya Arkheologiya 1973(2), pp. 250-254, 1973.
The report of finding a rare silver coin of Oleg-Mikhail of Tmutarakan in a grave. There is a photo of the coin in question and three coins out of museum collections for comparison.
Krotkov, A. A. Dva Sobraniya Dzhuchidskikh Monet./ Two Collections of Jujid Coins. Trudy Nizhne-Volzhskogo Obshchestva Kraevedeniya, Izdaniya, Saratov, 1930.
A description of 105 + 69 copper and silver coins of the Golden Horde. The descriptions translate Arabic legends into Russian but are not written out in Arabic. There are drawing of many coins, including several coppers from Mohshi.
Krusy, Hans. Gegenstempel auf Muenzen des Spaetmittelalters. Numismatischer Verlag P. N. Schulten,
Frankfurt am Main, 1974.
A comprehensive catalogue of German countermarks. There are plates of drawings of just the countermarks and plates of countermarked coins. Alphabetically arranged by city or state.
*Kubankin, D. A. and P. N. Petrov. Dzhuchidskie Monety iz Materialov Raskopok na Ukekskom Gorodishche v 2010-2012 gg. v Kontekste Arkheologicheskikh Nakodok./ Jujid Coins from Material of the Excavationjs at Ukek in 2010-2012 in the Context of Archaeological Findings. Numizmatika Zolotoi Ordy No. 3, pp. 55-60, 2013.
Golden Horde coins from Qrim, Saray al-Jadida, Saqchi and Gulistan found in Ukek indicating a trade relationship between Qrim and Ukek.
Kukuranov, L. N. The “Urdu” Issues of Emperor Akbar. ANS Museum Notes, Volume 15, pp. 137-140, 1969.
Coins from Mughal India of Akbar have three forms of the mint name Urdu. Urdu is the camp mint of the Mughal emperors.
Kurbanov, Golib. Zolotye Monety (Ashrafi) Sheibanidov Kontsa XVI v. v Kollektsii Universiteta Tyubingena (Germaniya)/ Gold Coins (Ashrafi) of the Shaybanids from the end of the 16th Century in the Collection of the University of Tuebingen (Germany). In Antinova, E. V. And T. K. Kmrtychev, Tsentral’naya Aziya: Istochniki, Istoriya, Kul’tura, Izdatel’skaya Firma Vostochnaya Literatura RAN, Moscow, pp. 412-426, 2005.
Description of 13 Shaybanid gold coins of ‘Abd Allah II and ‘Abd al-Mumin. Table of different cartouches, partial descriptions of the coins, photographs of all of them. Coins are from Herat, Mashhad, Badakhshan, and without mint.
Kurkman, Garo and Omer Diler. Alaiye Paralari/Coinage of 'Ala'iye. Yenilik Basimevi, Istanbul, 1981. Bound with Monographs on Turkish Coinage.
Coinage of the Islamic Turkish Alanya beylik. Includes late Seljuq, early Ilkhanid and some Mamluk coinage. Line drawings of coins with full Arabic legends written out and tranliterated. No translations. Eight photographic plates and several maps.
Kuteliya, T. S. Catalogue of the Iranian Copper Coins in the State Museum of Georgia. Tbilisi Metzniereba, Tbilisi, 1990. Text in Georgian, English and Russian. Tables and Figures in Georgian only.
Descriptions and very nice line drawings of 545 Iranian Civic Coppers. My copy has translations into English of the Georgian text in the tables and figures. A very useful book given the paucity of publications with good collections of civic coppers.
Kuteliya, T. S. Klad Monet XVII Beka iz Norio/ A Hoard of Coins of the 17th Century from Norio. Numizmaticheskii Sbornik Posvyashchaetsya Pamyati D. G. Kapanadze, pp. 135-149. Akademiya Nauk Gruzinskoi SSR, Tbilisi, 1977.
A hoard of Safavid coins from Georgia.
Kuteliya, T. S. Gruziya i Sefevidskii Iran/Georgia and Safavid Iran. Akademiya Nauk Gruzinskoi SSR, Tbilisi, 1979.
The book is primarily about the Islamic Safavid coins struck in Georgia. It includes civic coppers. There are also chapters on hoards and single finds of Safavid coins found in Georgia but struck at other mints. Legends are written out. Plates are mediocre but readable.
Kuznetsov, A. V. Katalog Monet Chaganiana V-VIII vv. Izkatelstvo Fan, Akademii Nauk Respubliki Uzbekistan, Tashkent, 1994.
A catalogue or booklet on Sasanian and countermarked Sasanian coins from Chaganiana in Central Asia, as well as coins struck with Chaganianan legends. Nice plates with photographs of over 200 coins.
Kuznetsov, A. V. Ynikal’naya Chchskaya Moneta, Izgotovlennaya po Kitaiskomu Obraztsu/ A Unique coin of Chach, Manufactured in a Chinese Style. Numizmatika No. 16, p. 17, 2008.
A square-holed coin of Chach with clear legends written out and translated. The legends include the name Chach. The reverse has a nice tamga.
La Baume, Peter. Keltische Muenzen: Ein Brevier. Klinkhardt & Biermann, Braunschweig, 1960.
A brief introduction to Celtic coinage. It includes a historical overview of the origin and distribution of Celtic tribes and illustrates several examples of their coinage. A map traces the evolution of Celtic coin types from several ancient Greek prototypes.
Lachman, Samuel. A Hoard of Silver Coins of Barsbay. ANS Museum Notes, Vol. 18, pp. 163-166, 1972.
A description of 78 Islamic coins of the Mamluk Barsbay.
Lachman, Samuel. The Initial Letters on Ottoman Coins of the Eighteenth Century. American Numismatic Society Museum Notes, Vol. 19, pp. 199-224, 1974.
Covers Ottoman coinage from Mustafa II to Selim III (1106-1222/1695-1807).
Lachman, Samuel. The Use of Mameluk Coins in the Zaydi Yemen in the late 9th/15th Century.
Spink's Numismatic Circular, Vol. 93, pp. 330-331, 1985.
A historical note on use of coins in the Yemen between the Rasulid and Qasimid dynasties. Notes that no coins of the Tahirids yet known.
Lachman, Samuel. A Coin of the Tahirids of the Yemen. Spink's Numismatic Circular, Vol. 94, p. 223, 1986.
The description of a single coin from the 15th century Tahirid dynasty.
Lachman, Samuel. The Ibrahimi. Spink's Numismatic Circular, Vol. 95, pp. 182-183, 1987.
Notes several historical references to a gold coin called an Ibrahimi, which he deduces from the evidence is an Ottoman issue from Egypt.
Lachman, Samuel. The Period of the Early Qasimid Imams of the Yemen. 1006-1054H/1597-1644. Spink's Numismatic Circular, Vol. 96, pp. 39-43, 1988.
A historical outline, mention of Ottoman coins in the Yemen, and descriptions of Qasimid coins.
Lachman, Samuel. The Zaidi Imam al-Mahdi Ahmad b. al-Hasan. 1087-1092H/1676-1681. Spink's Numismatic Circular, Vol. 96, pp. 143-146, 1988.
A history and description of coins of one Imam of Islamic Qasimid Yemen.
Lachman, Samuel. The Gold Coins of the Zaidi Imams of the 17th to 19th Centuries. Spink's Numismatic
Circular, Vol. 96, pp. 211-2, 1988.
Lachman, Samuel. The Coins of the Zaidi Imam al-Mutawakkil 'ala allah Isma'il b. al-Qasim, 1054-1087 H/1644-1676. Parts I and II. Spink's Numismatic Circular, Vol. 97, pp. 147-50 and 183-185, 1989.
Lachman, Samuel. The Coins of the Zaidi Imams of the period 1224-1265 H/1809-1849. Spink's Numismatic Circular, Vol. 98, pp. 1-7, 1990.
Lachman, Samuel. A Gold Coin of the Zaidi Imam al-Mutawakkil al-Qasim b. al-Husayn. Spink's Numismatic Circular, Vol. 98, p. 84, 1990.
Lachman, Samuel. A Tughra' on a Gold Coin of the Azidi Imam al-Mahdi al-'Abbas. Spink's Numismatic
Circular, Vol. 98, p. 351, 1990.
Lachman, Samuel. The Numismatics of the Yemen of the 10th/16th Century. Parts 1-6. Spink's Numismatic Circular, Vol. 100, pp. 113-114, 147-8, 185-6, 223-4, 263-4, 300-2, 1992.
Mostly a historical overview of Yemen numismatics. The coinage of two Qasimid Imams is described in Part 6.
Lagerqvist, Lars O. Svenska Mynt under Vikingatid och Medeltid samt Gotlaendska Mynt. Numismatiska
Bokfoerlaget, Stockholm, 1970.
Viking and medieval coinage of Sweden (995-1521) and Gotland (1140-1565). Includes photographs of most coin types and valuations in two grades.
Lam Wing Cheung. Coins of Kwangtung Mints. Urban Council, Hong Kong, 1979.
A production of the Hong Kong Museum of History. A small book about coins that were struck and circulated in Kwangtung province. Includes cast cash and modern milled coinage. Bilingual, Chinese and English. Illustrations are a mix of low-quality rubbings and mediocre photos.
Lamb, Robert A. Catalogue of German War Tokens: The Municipal Issues, 1914-1921. Lamb Press, Tucson, Arizona, 1966.
One of the standard catalogues of German Notgeld. At least one of each city is photographed. Out of date valuations give a hint of the rarity.
Lamb, Robert A. A Catalogue of French Emergency Tokens of 1914-1922. Lamb Press, Tucson, Arizona, 1967.
A catalogue of French Notgeld, including Tokens of Algeria, Morocco, French Indo-China. There is a photo of one coin from most of the towns in the catalogue. Includes values (from 1967).
Lambros, Paul. Unpublished Coins of the Medieval Kingdom of Cyprus. Originally published by K. N. Sathas, Vienna, 1873. Reprinted by Obol International, Chicago, 1980. Full text in English, French and Greek.
A history and catalogue of the coinage of Cyprus from 1184 until 1571. Each coin is illustrated with a line drawing. This was apparently the earliest catalogue of the coins of Cyprus.
*Lambros, Paul. The Coins of the Genoese Rulers of Chios (1314-1329). Originally published in the Deltion of the Historical and Ethnological Society of Greece, 1885. Reprinted by Obol International, Oak Park, 1968. Full text in English and Greek.
History and coinage of Genoa in the Greek colony of Chios.
Lane-Poole, Stanley. The Coins of the Amawi Khalifehs. Originally published 1874. Reprinted by Argonaut, Inc., Chicago, 1968.
A catalogue of a collection of coins of the early Islamic Umayyid dynasty, broken down by mint and year of issue. Several plates of photographs are included. There is no historical overview.
Lane-Poole, Stanley. Coins of the Urtuki Turkumans. Truebner and Co., London, 1875.
Lane-Poole, Stanley. Coins of the Urtuki Turkumans (Foes of the Crusaders). Originally published as Numismata Orientalia, Part II, London, 1875. Reprinted by Charles H. McSorley, Closter, New Jersey. Xerox copy.
An early standard work on the Islamic Artuqid dynasty of Syria, covering the period AH 516-693 (1122-1295). Includes a historical outline, descriptions of coins (without legend translations), photographic plates.
Lane-Poole, Stanley. Catalog of Oriental Coins in the British Museum. Ten Volumes. Originally published by the British Museum, London, 1875-1890. Reprinted by Forni Editore, Bologna, 1967.
Each volume includes historical and numismatic overviews. The corpus itself includes complete Arabic legends written out. Each volume has numerous indexes to legends, mints, rulers, etc.
Volume I, The Coins of the Eastern Khaleefehs - Umayyads (post-reform only) and Abbasids
Volume II, The Coins of the Muhammadan Dynasties - Umayyads of Spain, other Spanish dynasties, Idrisids, Aghlabids, Tulunids, Ikhshidids, Tahirids, Saffarids, Samanids, Banijurids (Abu Da'udid), Khan of Volga-Bulghar, Qarakhanid (Ilek Khans), Ghaznavids, Khwarizmshahs, Amir of Umara, Buwayhids
Volume III, The Coins of the Turkuman Houses of Seljook, Urtuk, Zengee, etc. - Hamdanids, Ziyarids, Saffarid (Governors of Sijistan), Kakwayhids, 'Uqaylids, Marwanids, Seljuqs, Salduqids, Shah of Mazendaran, Amir of Neysaboor, Artuqids, Zangids, Begteginids, Ildegizid, Salghurid (Atabegs of Faris), Pishkinid (Kings of Ahar)
Volume IV, The Coinage of Egypt (AH 358-922) under the Fatimee Khaleefehs, the Ayyoobees, and the Memlook Sultans - Fatimid, Ayyubid, Mamluk
Volume V, The Coins of the Moors of Africa and Spain, and the Kings and Imams of the Yemen -
Murabitid, Muwahhid, Hafsid, Merinid, Ziyanid, Sa'dian Sharifs, 'Alawi Sharifs, Sulayhid, Zurayid, Rasulid, Rassid, Qasimid
Volume VI, The Coins of the Mongols - Great Mongols (Chingizid), Ilkhan, Golden Horde (Jujid), Khan of Kazan, Giray Khans, Chaghatayid, Kart, Jalayrid, Injuyid, Muzaffarid, Sarbadarid
Volume VII, The Coinage of Bukhara (Transoxiana) from the Time of Timur to the Present Day -
Timurid, Shaybanid, Janid , Mangit of Bukhara, Khans of Khoqand, Khans of Khiva, Ottoman Kashgar, Amir of Budlees.
Volume VIII, The Coins of the Turks - Qara Qoyunlu, Aq Qoyunlu, Karamanid, Aydin, Saruhan,
Volume IX, Additions to Volumes I. -IV. - Adds Arab-Byzantine
Volume X, Additions to Volumes V. - VIII.
Lane-Poole, Stanley. Catalogue of the Mohammadan Coins preserved in the Bodleian Library at Oxford.
Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1888.
Catalogue of a small collection of Islamic coins in Oxford. Includes early coppers, Umayyad, Abbasid, Umayyad of Spain, Saffarid, Samanid, Qarakhanid, Sijistan, Rum Seljuqs, Artuqid, Begteginid, Ayyubid, Mamluk, Saruhan, Eretnid, Qaramanid, Ottoman, Muwahhid, Sa’dian, Alawi, Great Mongol, Ilkhan, Golden Horde, Chaghatayid, Timurid, Bukhara, Ghaznavid, Khwarizmshah, Indian, Safavid, Afghan, Afsharid, Zand, Qajar, Durrani and glass weights. Good indices, legends written out. Good old photos.
Lane-Poole, Stanley. The Coins of the Moghul Emperors of Hindustan in the British Museum. Originally
published by the British Museum, London, 1892. Reprinted by Inter-India Publications, New Delhi, 1983.
One of the standard references on the Mughal coins of India. Standard BMC format with good historical information in the introduction. Legends fully written out.
Lane-Poole, Stanley. The Mohammadan Dynasties. Chronological and Genealogical Tables with Historical Introductions. Originally published London, 1893. Reprinted by Khayat Book & Publishing Company, Beirut, 1966.
A non-numismatic summary of the various Islamic dynasties broken down geographically. Contains historical summaries, genealogies, and index of rulers. No maps. The preface explains the meaning of several Islamic names.
Lane-Poole, Stanley. Catalogue of the Collection of Arabic Coins Preserved in the Khedivial Library in Cairo. Originally published Oxford, 1897. Reprint by al-Arab Bookshop S. Boustany, Cairo, 1984.
A catalogue of the museum holdings including Umayyad, Abbasid, Aghlabid, Tulunid, Ikhshidid, Fatimid, Ayyubid, Mamluk, Ottoman, Sudan, Umayyad of Spain, Hammudid of Malaga, Hudid of Zaragoza, King of Denia, Idrisid, Murabitid, Muwahhid, Granada, Hafsid, Marinid, ‘Alawi Sharifs, Dulafid, Samanid, Ghaznavid, Buwayhid, Hasanwayhid, Hamdanid, Qarmatid, Mirdasid, ‘Uqaylid, Marwanid, Great Seljuq, Artuqid, Zangid, Begteginid, Chingizid, Ilkhan, Zand, Qajar, Manghits of Bukhara, Khoqand, Kashgar, Normans of Sicily. Legends are written out, no illustrations. It is obviously strongest in Egyption dynasties, with very few coins of the others.
Lang, David M. Studies in the Numismatic History of Georgia in Transcaucasia. Numismatic Notes and
Monographs No. 130. American Numismatic Society, New York, 1955.
A detailed history of coinage in Georgia from classical to modern times. Includes Islamic Abbasid, Bagratid, Great Mongols (Chingizid), Chaghatayid Khans, Ilkhanids, Jalayrids, Safavid, Ottoman, and Afsharid dynasties. Many photographic plates. Coins fully described with legends written out in Arabic and translated. No transliterations.
Lang, David M. Coins of Georgia in Transcaucasia (Acquired by the American Numismatic Society: 1953-1965. ANS Museum Notes, Vol. 12, pp. 223-232, 1966.
Additions to his earlier monograph on coins of Georgia.
Langlois, Victor. Numismatique de l'Armenie au Moyen-Age. Originally published by M. Camille Rollin, Paris, 1855. Reprinted by Editions Louis Pariente, Paris, 1978.
The standard reference to medieval Cilician Armenia prior to Bedoukian. Includes good historical introductions to each ruler and full descriptions of coins, with all legends written out in Armenian. Not translated.
Langlois, Victor. Numismatique des Arabes avant l"Islamisme. Originally published in Paris, 1859. Reprinted by Forni, Bologna, 1979.
Coins of the Kingdom of Nabataea, Kingdom of Characene, Kingdom of Palmyria, Arab-Armenian Kingdom of Edessa, Kingdom of Atratene, Kingdom of Homerites, Arabic Egypt and the Axumites. It is a classic work with more history than coin descriptions.
Langlois, Victor. Essai de Classification des Suites Monetaires de la Georgie, depuis l’Antiquite jusqu’a nos Jours. L’Imprimerie Imperiale, Paris, 1860. Photocopy.
An important reference on the coins of Georgia. A narrative-style catalogue typical of Langlois and other 19th-century French numismatists. This one has much overlap and much different from my other catalogues of Georgia. This one has a good emphasis on imitation Sasanian coinage and several smaller denominations with Arabic writing from the reign of Constantine II. Nice addition to my Georgia material.
Langlois, Victor. Supplement a l’Essai de Classification des Suites Monetaires de la Georgie, depuis l’Antiquite jusqu’a nos Jours. Revue Numismatique Belge, 3rd Series, Volume 5, pp. 331-346, 1861.
Additions of several more coins to his 1860 publication. Georgia, Bagratids, Mongols, Persians.
Lapa, Frank A. Russian Wire Money. Published by the author, 1967. Copy No. 641 of 1000 numbered copies.
Guide to the identification of wire kopecks of Russia. Translations of legends, guide to mintmarks and dates, rarity indices.
Lasa, Carmelo. Hallazgos Numismaticos de Epoca Islamica: Alcaniz y Zaragoza. II. Jarique de Numismatica Hispano-Arab, Institut d’Estudis Ilerdencs de la Diputacio de Lleida, Lleida, pp. 249-257, 1988.
Hoards of gold, silver and copper coins of the Spanish Umayyads and other Spanish Islamic dynasties. Nice photos of squarish fulus.
Launois, A. Estampilles et Poids Faibles en Verre Omeyyades et Abbassides au Musee Arabe du Caire. Publications de l’Institut Francais d’Archeologie Orientale du Caire, Melanges Islamologiques III, 1957. Photocopy
An extensive description of Umayyad and Abbasid glass jetons. All are fully described with Arabic legends written out, and there are photographic plates at the end of the article. The Arab Museum in Cairo has a collection of more than 1700 glass jetons. This work only looks at those from the Caliphate.
Lauter, Klaus. Ueber 2000 Jahre Muenzen im trierer Land. Kleine Muenzgeschichte von den Kelten bis zur Gegenwart. Stadtsparkasse Trier, 1967.
A brief history of the coinage of Trier, Germany, and associated coinage of Koblenz. Approximately 200 types illustrated. Published by a Trier bank.
Lapa, Frank A. Kandy Kings of Ceylon, 1055-1295 A.D. Published by the Author, Beverly Hills, 1968.
A monograph on the bronze coinage of medieval Ceylon. There is an accounting of all varieties known to the author with rarity and price notations. Transliteration of the legends is given for each ruler.
Lavoix, Henri. Monnaies a legendes arabes frappees en Syrie par les Croises. Joseph Baer et Cie, Paris, 1877. Photocopy.
A historical treatment of imitations of Islamic coins struck in Syria by the Crusaders. It quotes heavily from original sources. Not a catalogue.
Lavoix, Henri. Catalogue des Monnaies Musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. I. Khalifes Orientaux. Imprimerie Nationale, Paris, 1887. Two-sided photocopy, green hard thesis binding.
Arab-Byzantine, Arab-Sasanian, Umayyad, Abbasid, Abbasid partisans. Many early bronzes. Legends written out, good indices, plates of many of the coins.
Lavoix, Henri. Catalogue des Monnaies Musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. II. Espagne et Afrique. Originally published in Paris, 1891. Reprint by Forni, Bologna, 1977.
Umayyad of Spain, Hammudid, ‘Abbadid, Aftasid, Zirid of Granada, Dhu’l-Nunid, ‘Amirid, Hudid of Zaragoza, Hudid of Denia, Kingdom of Mallorca, King of Tortosa, Berghwata of Ceuta, Murabitid, Kings of Cordoba, Kings of Murcia, Muwahhid, Nasrid, Aghlabid, Idrisid, Midrarid, Zirid of Qayrawan, Hafsid, Merinid, Ziyanid, Sa’adian, ‘Alawi, Christian imitations.
Lavoix, Henri. Catalogue des Monnaies Musulmanes de la Bibliotheque Nationale. III. Egypte et Syrie.
Originally published in Paris, 1896. Reprint by Forni, Bologna, 1978.
Tulunid, Ikhshidid, Fatimid, Ayyubid, Mamluk.
*Lazarov, L. Ts. Sokrovishche s Anonimnymi Dirkhemami na Raiona Balchika (Severo-Vostochnaya Bolgariya)/ A Treasure with Anonymous Dirhams from the Balchik Region (Northeast Bulgaria). Pp, 158-167 In: Numizmatika Zolotoi Ordy, Vypusk 1, Kazan, 2011.
Anonymous dirhams with a Jujid tamga within a hexagram or pentagram and a knot within a triangle on the reverse. The author had originally suggested the coins were struck during the reign of Toda Mengu in the 1280s CE, but their absence in a large hoard of 23,000 coins deposited no later than 1300 or 1301 suggests they were struck during the reign of Toqtu and after the death of Noghai.
*Lazarov,, L. Ts. Dzhuchidskie Monety, Chekanennye v Sakchi na Territorii Sovremennoi Bolgarii/ Jujid Coins Struck in Saqchi from the Modern Territory of Bulgaria. Numizmatika Zolotoi Ordy, Vypusk 2, Kazan, 2012, pp. 10-24.
Copper coins struck in Saqchi, found in Bulgaria. 27 coins in all, all described and with nice line drawings and photos. Some have only the Jujid tamga, others have the Noghaid tamga, later issues are Genoese but with Jujid tamga.
Lebedev, V. P. Serebryanye Monety Azerbaidzhana Vremeni Voin Timura i Tokhtamysha/ Silver Coins of Azerbaijan from the Time of the War between Timur and Tokhtamish. Epigrafika Vostoka, Vol. XXIII, pp. 63-78, 1985.
Jalayrid (Ahmad), Golden Horde (Toqtamish) and Timurid coins from the AH 780s and 790s from the Bakuya, Derbend, Shabiran, Shemakhi, Mahmudibad, and Tabriz mints. These are from a hoard of more than 180 coins. The coins of Toqtamish are the silver 2 Dinar denomination, Album 2049. There are great coin descriptions, drawings of coins and cartouches, and cross-references to Savel’yev’s seminal work.
Lebedev, V. P. Mednaya Dzhuchidskaya Krymskaya Moneta Goda Zmei/Copper Jujid Coins from Krim in the Year of the Dragon. Numizmatika i Epigrafika, vol. XV, pp. 129-131, 1989.
Islamic coins of the Golden Horde (Jujids). A brief article with legends of coins and plate of line drawings and photos.
Lebedev, V. P. Simvolika i Yazik Monet Kryma Zolotoordynskogo Perioda. Numizmaticheskiye Issledovaniya po Istorii Yugo-vostochnoi Evropy, pp. 139-156, Akademiya Nauk SSR Moldova, Kishinev, 1990.
A nice article about symbols and legends on copper and silver coins of the Golden Horde. It includes very nice line drawings of reconstructions of coins. There is a table of legends (Arabic, Persian and Greek) found on the coins. Most of the coins are from the Krim mint.
Lebedev, V. P. Neizdannye Medniye Moneti Krymskogo Khana Shakhin Gireya/ Unpublished Copper Coins of the Crimean Khan Shahin Giray. Moskovskoe Numizmaticheskoe Obshchestvo, Numizmaticheskii Sbornik No. 2, pp. 58-61, 1992.
A brief description new types of copper coins of Shahin Khan Giray. There are decent line drawings of the coins.
Lebedev, V. P. K Numizmatike Gireev. Moneti Sa’adata I (1523-1532/ On Girei Numismatics. The Coins of Sa’adat I )1523-1532). Pyataya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Moscow, pp. 38-40, 1997.
A description of silver akches of the early Giray Khan Sa’adat I (bin Mengli Giray). Line drawings of the different types, struck at the Kaffa mint.
Lebedev, V. P. K Numizmatike Gireev: Monety Sa’adat-Gireya I (929-938?/ 1523-1532?). Drevnosti
Nizhegorodskovo Povolzh’ya, Vypusk II. Numizmaticheskii Sbornik, Tom I, Istoriko-Arkheologicheskii Tsentr ‘Region’, Nizhny Novgorod, pp. 87-96, 1997.
A description of silver akches and copper puls, with die varieties, of Sa’adat Giray I, the seventh Giray Khan. There are nice line drawings of the coins and a metrological analysis.
Lebedev, Valentin. Neskol’ko Primerov Neizdannykh Monet Krymskovo Khanstva XV-XVII vv./ Some Examples of Unknown Coins of Crimean Khans from the 15th - 17th Centuries. Numizmatika i Faleristika 1998(3), p. 18-19.
Six new types of coins of the Giray Khans. A copper, silver and silver-washed copper of Mengli Giray I, a silver-washed bronze of Ghazi Giray I, and silver akches of Sahib Giray I and Bahadur b. Salamet Giray.
Lebedev, Valentin. K Numizmatike Gireev. Monety Sa’adat-Gireya I (929-938 Khidzhry/ 1523-1532)/ The Numismatics of the Giray Khans. Coins of Sa’adat Giray I. Numizmatika i Faleristika 1998(4), pp. 16-19.
Silver and copper coins of Sa’adat Giray I, including silver-washed coppers. There is a metrological analysis of coins of this reign and a suggestion as to how the different types evolved from previous types.
Lebedev, Valentin. Utochneniye Sistemy Nominalov Monet Shakhin Gireya/ A More Precise Definition of the System of Denominations of the Coins of Shahin Giray. Numizmatika i Faleristika 1999(2), p. 14-17.
A historical account of monetary reforms of the last of the Giray Khans, Shahin Giray, with a discussion of the many denominations of his coinage.
Lebedev, V. P. Numizmaticheskiye Etudy Saratovskogo Kraeveda i Numizmata Yu. E. Pyrsova (1930-1997)/ Numismatic Studies by the Saratov Student of Local Lore Y. E. Pyrsov (1930-1997). Drevnosti Povolzh’ya i Drugikh Regionov, Vypusk III. Numizmaticheskii Sbornik, Tom II, Istoriko-Arkheologicheskii Tsentr ‘Region’, Nizhny Novgorod, pp. 9-18, 2000.
A series of short reports on work by Pyrsov on coins of the Golden Horde. Legends of some coins are written out in the text, and there are line drawings of coins.
Lebedev, Valentin. K Numizmatike Kryma Zolotoordynskogo Perioda/ On the Numismatics of Qrim during the Period of the Golden Horde. Numizmaticheskii Sbornik Number 7, Moskovskoe Numizmaticheskoe Obshchestvo, Moscow, pp. 52-64, 2000.
Another of the author’s articles on coins, mostly copper, from the Golden Horde mint of Qrim, with some Solkhat coins as well. Most of the line drawings appear in previous and later works by the same author. This one does include the Qrim al-Mahrusa 720 dirham and several of its countermarks.
Lebedev, Valentin. Korpus Monet Kryma v Sostave Zolotoi Ordy (Seredina XIII - Konets XV vv.)/Corpus of Coins of Qrim of the Golden Horde (Middle 13th - End of 15th Centuries). Numizmatika i Faleristika 2000(1), p. 19-23.
Nicely done article of coins of Golden Horde coins of the Qrim mint. There are excellent line drawings of 16 types (some with subtypes) of silver coins, from Berke Khan through Toqtu, and 18 types of copper coins, mostly anonymous, most dated. There is a table of Arabic legends similar to that found in his 1990 work. This article includes coins of Solkhat, which is another name for the Qrim mint.
Lebedev, Valentin. Korpus Monet Kryma v Sostave Zolotoi Ordy. II. Anonimnyi Chekan Rubezha XIII-XIV vv. I Monety Uzbek-Khana (1312-1339)/ Corpus of Golden Horde Coins from Qrim. II. Anonymous Issues of the 13th-14th Century and Coins of Uzbek Khan. Numizmatika i Faleristika 2000(2), p. 32-35.
A continuation of the work begun in the previous issue. This one has coppers numbered 19-44 (anonymous types) and 45-49 (in the name of Uzbek Khan). It also three silver types (numbered 17-19) from Uzbek Khan, along with three examples of the Qrim al-Mahrusa 720 Dirham with various countermarks.
Lebedev, Valentin. Korpus Monet Kryma v Sostave Zolotoi Ordy. III. Monety Vremeni Toktamysha, evo
Sopernikov I Preemnikov (1375-1430). Corpus of Coins of Qrim from the Golden Horde. III. Coins from the time of Toqtamish, His Rivals and Successors. Numizmatika i Faleristika 2000(3), p. 10-15.
Copper coins, mostly anonymous and undated, numbered 50-62, and silver coins numbered 23-64. The dirhams are from the reigns of Muhammad Bulaq Khan, Toqtamish, Beg Pulad Khan, Tash Timur (?), Timur Qutlugh, Shadi Beg, Pulad Khan, Timur Khan, Dervish Khan, Beg Sufi, Beg Sultan and Daulat Birdi. Excellent line drawings as in the first two installments.
Lebedev, V. P. Sem’ Neizdannykh Monet Krymskogo Khanstva XV - XVII vv./ Seven Unpublished Coins of the Crimean Khanate from the 15th - 17th Centuries. Drevnosti Povolzh’ya i Drugikh Regionov, Vypusk III. Numizmaticheskii Sbornik, Tom II, Istoriko-Arkheologicheskii Tsentr ‘Region’, Nizhny Novgorod, pp. 162-168, 2000.
Coins of the Giray Khans, including Nur Dawlat Giray, Mengli Giray (copper), Mengli Giray (silver), Ghazi Giray I, Sahib Giray I, Bahadur Giray. Line drawings of all coin, with full or partial legends of each.
Lebedev, V. P. K Numizmatike Kryma Zolotoordynskogo Perioda. 5. Da Sokhranitsya Krym ot Bedstvii (Monety Kontsa XIV - Nachala XV v/ On Numismatics of Qrim during the Period of the Golden Horde. 5. Final issues before the Fall of Qrim (end of the 14th to the beginning of the 15th Century). Pp.137-149 In: Numizmaticheskii Sbornik 9, Moskovskoye Numizmaticheskoye Obshchestvo, Moscow, 2002.
Coins of Qrim from the Golden Horde reigns of Toqtamish, Tash-Timur, Timur Qutlugh. Coins of Shadi Beg from Kaffa. Qrim issues of Beg Sufi and Dervish Khan. The paper has his usual very good line drawings.
Lebedev, V. P. Yangikent - Monetnyi Dvor Zolotoi Ordy Vremeni Uzbeka/ Yangikent - A Golden Horde Mint from the time of Uzbek. Odinnadtsataya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Sankt Petersburg, 14-18 Aprelya 2003, pp. 89-91, 2003.
A very rare pul in the name of Uzbek dated AH 738 with the mint name Yangikent. Fraehn read the legend as 16 Dang, while Yanina read it as Saray. The author examined five new examples and read the mint as Yangikend. There is a line drawing of the type.
Lebedev, V. P. Poshtempel’nyi Analiz Novobulgarskogo Chekana Khanov Shadibeka i Pulada (1400-1411 gg.)/ Die-link Analysis of Coins of Shadibek and Pulad from Bulghar al-Jadid (1400-1411 CE). Numismatika Number 14, pp. 19-21, 2007.
Coins of the Golden Horde rulers Shadi Beg and Pulad struck in Bulghar and Bulghar al-Jadid, AH 802-813.
Lebedev, V. P. Korpus Monet Kryma v Sostave Zolotoi Ordy (Ser. XIII - Nach. XV v.)/ A Corpus of Coins of Qrim of the Golden Horde (Middle of the 13th - Beginning of the 15th Centuries). In: Materialy po Numizmatike i Arkeologii Dervnego Severnogo Prichernomor’ya. Sbornik Vestnikov Odesskogo Muzeya Numizmatiki Bypuski NoNo 1-30, Odessa, pp. 12-34, (2000) 2008.
Important work describing all copper and silver types known to the author from the Golden Horde mint of Qrim. Nice line drawings of all but a couple of types, legends written out. The paper was actually written in 2000, but was collected as one of 30 papers in this volume that appeared in 2008. It is the same as a photocopy I have of an apparent original appearance of the paper that I have used constantly.
Lebedev, V. P. Unikal’nyi Dirkhem Dinastii Khashimidov Derbenda 80-x gg. X Veka/ A Unique Dirham of the Hashimid Dynasty of Derbend from the 980s. Numizmatika 2010, No. 2 (25), pp. 14-15, 2010.
A silver dirham of Abu-l-Qasim Maimun b. Ahmad (366-387 AH) with the Shirvanshah Muhammad b. Ahmad (370-381 AH) and the Abbasid Caliph al-Tai’ (AH 363-381).
Lebedev, V. P. Klad Nadchekanennykh Pulov iz Vostochnogo Kryma/ A Hoard of Countermarked Puls from Eastern Crimea. In: Khromov, K. K., Vostochnaya Numizmatika v Ukraine: Ulus Dzhuchi, Krymskoe Khanstvo i Sopredel’nye Gosudarstva, XIII - XVIII vv, Sbornik Publikatsii Chast’ III, Izdatel’stvo Logos, Kiev, 2013, pp. 45-50.
A hoard of countermarks on coppers of the Golden Horde. There were two general types of countermarks - variations on a wheel and variations on a “window”, which somewhat resembles the Genoese portal in one variant. It includes a table of the host coins for each type of countermark.
*Lebedev, V. P. and A. I Bugarchev. Topografiya Nakhodok Dirkhamov Monetnogo Dvora Kerman/ The Topography of Finds of Dirhams of the Kerman Mint. Numizmatka Zolotoi Ordy, No. 5, pp. 28-32, 2015.
Investigation of finds of Golden Horde coins of the Kerman/Kirman mint. The authors conclude that the coins were struck during the period of 1266-1275 and that the mint was located in Tatarstan near the modern village of Stary Nohraty. Nice photographic plates of some examples of this mint.
Lebedev, V. P., A. I. Bugarchev and S. V. Gumayunov. Monetnoye Obrashchenie Dzhuketau po Numizmaticheskim Dannym/ Monetary Circulation in Juketau from Numismatic Information. Pp. 39-49 In: Trudy Mezhdunarodnykh Numizmaticheskikh Konferentsii. Monety i Denezhnoye Obrashchenie v Mongol’skikh Gosudarstvakh XIII-XV Vekov. IV - MNK Bolgar 2005, V - MNK Volgorad 2006, Numizmaticheskaya Literatura, Moscow, 2008.
Description of 51 silver and 46 copper coins of the Golden Horde found near Kazan. Includes Lebedev’s usual great line drawings and Arabic legends written out.
Lebedev, V. P. and V. N. Dunin. Zolotoordynskie Monety iz Nakhodok v Gorodtse na Volge/ Golden Horde Coins from Finds in Gorodets on the Volga. Drevnosti Nizhegorodskovo Povolzh’ya, Vypusk II. Numizmaticheskii Sbornik, Tom I, Istoriko-Arkheologicheskii Tsentr ‘Region’, Nizhny Novgorod, pp. 25-47, 1997.
An analysis of 95 silver and 10 copper coins of the Golden Horde. Most were known types, but a few previously unknown types appear as line drawings in the report. All the coins are earlier than Toqtamish.
*Lebedev, V. P. and S. V. Gumayunov. Obzor Chekana Zolotoordynskogo Monetnogo Dvora Mokhshi/ An Overview of the Coins of the Golden Horde Mint Mokhshi. Stratum Plus 2011(6), pp. 67-90, 2011.
A description of 26 types of silver coins from AH 709 - 726 and 44 types of copper coins from AH 717 - 768 from the Mokshi mint of the Golden Horde. There are nice line drawings of each type along with descriptions and Arabic inscriptions.
Lebedev, V. P. and A. A. Koifman. Novyi Klad Shaddadidskikh Dirkhemov Nachala XI Veka/ A New Hoard of Shaddadid Dirhams from the Beginning of the 11th Century. Drevnosti Nizhegorodskovo Povolzh’ya, Vypusk II. Numizmaticheskii Sbornik, Tom I, Istoriko-Arkheologicheskii Tsentr ‘Region’, Nizhny Novgorod, pp. 97-107, 1997.
A hoard of 57 dirhams from the reign of the Shaddadid al-Fadl I b. Muhammad. They were all dated AH 401 and 403 and were all from the Janza mint. Includes line drawings, legends in the text, and a metrological analysis.
Lebedev, V. P. and A. A. Koifman. K Numizmatike Azerbaidzhana. Dirkhemy Shirvanshakha Salara b. Yazida (441-455/ 1049-1063)/ On the Numismatics of Azerbaijan. Shirvanshah Dirhams of Salar b. Yazid (441-455/ 1049-1063). Drevnosti Nizhegorodskovo Povolzh’ya, Vypusk II. Numizmaticheskii Sbornik, Tom I, Istoriko-Arkheologicheskii Tsentr ‘Region’, Nizhny Novgorod, pp. 108-116, 1997.
A description of an important hoard of twelve coins of Salar b. Yazid, the father of the earliest Shirvanshah heretofore known to have issued coins. There are line drawings of the different types, legends written out, and a metrological analysis.
Lebedev, V. P. And A. A. Koifman. Klad Serebryanykh Sel’dzhukskikh Dinarov i ikh Fragmentov Serediny XIIv/ A Hoard of Silver Seljuq Dinars and their Fragments from the Middle of the 12th Century. Maalot - Tarshikha, Israel, 2008.
A description of 434 coins and fragments of the Great Seljuqs. Identifiable rulers includ Sanjar b. Malik Shah, Mahmud b. Muhammad, Ahmad b. Togan Tegin, Farukh Shah, and Husain Abu ‘Ali. The coins are from Balkh, Walwaliz, Wakhsh, Herat, and Termez. Legends are written out in Arabic, and there are excellent line drawings of the coins showing known obverse and reverse die linkages from the hoard. Nice work.
Lebedev, V. P. and D. B. Markov. Shaddaddiky: Monety Shavura b. Fadla i ego Synovei pri Sel’dzhukakh/ The Shaddadids: Coins of Shawur b Fadl and his Sons under the Seljuqs. Numizmaticheskie Chteniya, pp. 47-52, 2013.
Additions to his earlier work on the Shaddadids.
Lebedev, V. P., D. B. Markov and A. A. Koifman. Monetnoe Delo I Monetnoe Obrashchenie Gandzhiiskogo Emirata Shaddadidov (ser. X-XI vv)/ Monetary Affairs and Monetary Circulation of the Shaddadid Emirate in Ganja (10th - 11th Centuries). Izdatel’stvo Numismaticheskaya Literatura, Russia, 2006.
Long-awaited monograph on the coinage of the Shaddadid dynasty. Includes a historical overview, genealogy, coin typology with full descriptions, line drawings and photographs, diagrams of die matches, and extensive metrology and numismatic analysis.
Lebedev, V. P. and V. M. Pavlenko. Neizdannye Dshuchidskie Mednnye Monety iz Madzhara/ Unknown Jujid Copper Coins from Majar. Dvenadtsataya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Tezisy Dokladov i Soobshchenii. Gosydarstvennyi Istoricheskii Muzei, Moskva, pp. 82-84, 2004.
Thirteen Golden Horde types with some subtypes. Nice line drawings as in all of Lebedev’s works.
Lebedev, V. P., V. M. Pavlenko and A. I. Bugachev. Kompleks Mednykh Monet c Madzharskogo Gorodishcha/ A Complex of Copper Coins from Majar. Trudy Mezhdunarodnykh Numizmaticheskikh Konferentsii, Rossiiskaya Akademiy Nauk, Moscow, pp. 131-141, 2005.
A nice group of copper coins of the Golden Horde, many anonymous, several in the name of Toqtamish, many with countermarks. Twelve mints in all represented. Lebedev’s usual good line drawings.
Lebedev, V. P. and P. N. Petrov. Dva Klada Mednykh Poserebrennykh Dirkhemov Khorezmshakha ‘Ala ad-Dina Mukhammada b. Tekesha (1200-1220)/ Two Hoards of Silver-Plated Copper Dirhams of the Khwarezmshah ‘Ala al-Din Muhammad b. Tekish (1200-1220). Drevnosti Nizhegorodskovo Povolzh’ya, Vypusk II. Numizmaticheskii Sbornik, Tom I, Istoriko-Arkheologicheskii Tsentr ‘Region’, Nizhny Novgorod, pp.150-178, 1997.
A hoard of 171 so-called black dirhams of the Khwarezmshahs from Tirmidh, Chaghanian, Balkh and Samarqand. There are line drawings of all of the types and dates, legends written out in the text, and there is a table that includes the epithets (mansuri, khani, etc.) found on the different types. Much of the information duplicates that found in other articles, but the presentation is simpler and more complete. Very useful.
Lebedev, V. P. and P. N. Petrov. Monety Shirvanshakha Mukhammada b. Akhmada (370-381/981-991).
Numizmatika, pp. 31-33, March, 2004.
Two coins of the rare Mazyadid (first Shirvanshah) dynasty centered at Shirvan in the Caucasus. Both are issues of Muhammad b. Ahmad, one from the Shirwan mint, date missing, the other from the Shabiran mint, dated AH 372. This ruler is unlisted in Album.
Lebedev, V. P. And V. G. Sitnik. Zaklyuchitel’naya Tochka v Datirovke Redkogo Krymskogo Pula Dzhanibeka I ego Massovogo Analoga/ Concluding Remarks on Dating a Rare Pul from Qrim of Jani Beg and its Analagous Weight. In: Khromov, K. K., Vostochnaya Numizmatika v Ukraine: Ulus Dzhuchi, Krymskoe Khanstvo i Sopredel’nye Gosudarstva, XIII - XVIII vv, Sbornik Publikatsii Chast’ III, Izdatel’stvo Logos, Kiev, 2013, pp. 6-7.
Description of a rare coin of Qrim with a reverse like that found on common coins of Qrim with a double-headed eagle on the obverse. This one has Jani Beg’s name in a rhomboid on the obverse, with the reverse read as the mint and the date 744 written in words. Earlier attempts to read this had the mint as Saray al-Jadida, with sanat misread as Saray.
*Lebedev, V. P. and V. G. Sitnik. Dzhuchidskie Dvuyazychnye Dange Vremeni Ulu Mukhammada iz Niznego Dzhulata (Severnyi Kavkaz)/ Bilingual Jujid Dangs from the time of Ulu Muhammad from the Lower Julat (Northern Caucasus). Rasmir: Oriental Numismatics, 2nd International Scientific Conference, Odessa, Ukraine, pp 44-51, 2015.
The description of a group of 34 coins found in the northern Caucasus. There was one coin of the Golden HordeUlu Muhammad struck in Hajji Tarkhan dated AH 822, a few with a Jujid tamga on one side with Muhammad’s name and titles around in Arabic and a T-like tamga on the reverse with a legend in an unknown language, perhaps Kuban. Most have the legends on both sides in the unknown language about a Jujid tamga and a T-linke tamga.
*Lebedev, V. P. and V. I. Sitnik. Dva Klada Dzhuchidskikh Monet Kontsa XIV v. iz Kurskoi Oblasti/ Two Hoards of Jujid Coins from the End of the 14th Century from the Kursk Oblast. Srednevekovaya Numizmatika Vostochnoi Eropy, Volume 5, pp. 22-45, 2015
The coins range from Muhammad Uzbek through Toqtamish (including Tulak), as well as imitations, coins of Starodub. Great photos of all coins.
Lebedev, V. P. and V. V. Smirnov. Novosaraiskiye Puly c Tsvetochnoi Rozetkoi iz Kryma i Azova/ Saray al-Jadida Puls with Flower Rosette from Qrim and Azov. P. 24-30 In: Trudy Mezhdunarodnykh Numizmaticheskikh Konferentsii. Monety i Denezhnoye Obrashchenie v Mongol’skikh Gosudarstvakh XIII-XV Vekov. III - MNK Staryi Krym 2005, Numizmaticheskaya Literatura, Moscow, 2005.
Die linkages and countermarks on the common Golden Horde pul of Saray al-Jadida, reign of Jani Beg.
Lebedev, V. P. and V. V. Smirnov. Inogorodnie Mednye Dzhuchidskiye Monety v Denezhnom Obrashchenii Kryma/ Non-local Jujid Copper Coins in Circulation in Qrim. Pp. 145-152 In: Trudy Mezhdunarodnykh Numizmaticheskikh Konferentsii. Monety i Denezhnoye Obrashchenie v Mongol’skikh Gosudarstvakh XIII-XV Vekov. IV - MNK Bolgar 2005, V - MNK Volgorad 2006, Numizmaticheskaya Literatura, Moscow, 2008.
Line drawings and descriptions with Arabic legends of 106 copper coins of the Golden Horde found in Qrim. Most are not from the Qrim mint.
Lebedev, V. P. and O. V. Trostyanskii. Nebol’shoi Klad Dzhhuchidskikh Dirkhemov XIV-XV vv. iz-pod
Saratova/ A Small Hoard of Jujid Dirhams of the 14th - 15th Centuries in Saratov. Chetvertaya Vserossiiskaya Numizmaticheskaya Konferentsiya, Moscow, pp. 40-43, 1996.
The description of a group of twelve silver coins of the Golden Horde. There is a table listing the ruler, mint and date (where readable) and line drawings of all twelve coins.
Lebedev, V. P. and O. V. Trostyanskii. Nebol’shoi Klad Dzhhuchidskikh Dirkhemov XIV-XV vv. iz-pod
Saratova/ A Small Hoard of Jujid Dirhams of the 14th - 15th Centuries in Saratov. Drevnosti Nizhegorodskovo Povolzh’ya, Vypusk II. Numizmaticheskii Sbornik, Tom I, Istoriko-Arkheologicheskii Tsentr ‘Region’, Nizhny Novgorod, pp.78-86, 1997.
Twelve Golden Horde dirhams from Saray al-Jadida, Kaffa Jadid, Ordy Muazzam, Saray, Hajji Tarkhan. Line drawings and legends.
Lebedev, V. P. and O. V. Trostyanskii. Klad Dirkhemov Zolotoi Ordy Pervoi Poloviny XIV v. iz Tatarstana/ A Hoard of Dirhams of the Golden Horde from the First Half of the 14th Century from Tatarstan. Drevnosti Povolzh’ya i Drugikh Regionov, Vypusk III. Numizmaticheskii Sbornik, Tom II, Istoriko-Arkheologicheskii Tsentr ‘Region’, Nizhny Novgorod, pp. 46-49, 2000.
A small hoard of 25 coins, Toqtu through Murid, from Gulistan, Saray, Saray al-Jadida and Khwarezm. There are nice line drawings of seven of them.
Lebedev, V. P. and V. A. Vinnichek. Novoe v Tipologii Monet Zolotoordynskogo Goroda Mokhshi/ New Information on the Typology of Coins from the Golden Horde City of Mohshi. Pp. 31-38 In: Srednevekovyi Gorod Mokhshi i Naruchatskaya Zemlya/ The Medieval Town of Mohshi and the Lands around Narovchat, Penzenskii Institut Razvitiya Obrazovanniya, Penza, 2010.
New types from the mint of Mohshi/Mokhshi. Line drawings of silver and copper types and photographs of others.
Lebedev, V. P., A V Zorin and P. N. Petrov. Novyi Klad Dzhuchidskikh Monet iz Shexhovtsovo pod Kurskom./ A New Hoard of Jujid Coins from the Village of Shekhovstovo near Kursk. Pp. 167-170 In: Trudy Mezhdunarodnykh Numizmaticheskikh Konferentsii. Monety i Denezhnoye Obrashchenie v Mongol’skikh Gosudarstvakh XIII-XV Vekov. IV - MNK Bolgar 2005, V - MNK Volgorad 2006, Numizmaticheskaya Literatura, Moscow, 2008.
55 Golden Horde coins, including seven imitations and one counterfeit. Line drawings of the imitiations and counterfeit plus four examples of dnags of Abdallah from Ordu Mu’azzam 766.
*Lecomte, Jean. Monnaies et Jetons des Colonies Francaises. 2nd Edition. Editions Victor Gadoury, Monaco, 2007.
Outstanding catalogue of coins and tokens of French colonies with valuations in three grades. Most types are illustrated with a high-quality black and white photograph, and there are abundant historical notes throughout. The book begins with a historical chronology of French expansion throughout the world, and it ends with a very comprehensive index.
Leimus, Ivar. Sylloge of Islamic Coins 710/1 - 1013/4 in Estonian Public Collections. Thesaurus Historiae II, Estonian History Museum, Tallinn, 2007.
3,772 Islamic coins laid out on 158 black and white photographic plates of decent quality with identification and minimal description on facing pages. For the most part, especially on common types, there are no legends written out. There is a comprehensive list of hoards and single coin finds. Almost all coins are identified with a literature citation to another publication. Dynasties are Umayyad, Abbasid, Governors of Tudga, Idrisid, Aghlabic, Ikhshidid, Amir al-Umara, Hamdanid, ‘Uqaylid, Marwanid, Tahirid, Saffarid, Banijurid, Governors of Andaraba and Panjhir, Simjurid, Samanid, Governor of Khorasan, Samanid Rebels, Sajid, Khazars, Volga-Bulgarians, Kurs of Azarbayjan, Sallarid, Qarakhanid, Bawandid, Ziyarid, Buwayhid, Governors of Batiha, Governors of Barqa’i, ‘Abbasid imitations, Samanid imitations. Well produced catalogue.
Le May, Reginald. The Coinage of Siam. Originally published by The Siam Society, Bangkok, 1932. Reprinted in Siamese Coins and Tokens, Andrew Publishing Company, London, 1977.
The first comprehensive study of bullet coinage of Thailand, both Ayuthian and Bangkok. Still the most useful primary reference on the series. Includes blocks with line drawings of the different marks found on the coins. There are mediocre photos of many of the bullets and a few other primitive type coins. The greatest drawback is that there is not a system of assigning catalogue numbers.
*Lemberg, A. M. Neizvestnyi ‘Abbasidskii Dirkham (ar-Rafiqa, 196/811-12 g.)/ An Unknown Abbasid Dirham (ar-Rafiqa 196 AH). Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XXX, pp. 176-184, 2013.
A previously unknown mint/date combination of Abbasid Dirham. The author concludes that the coin was struck under the authority of ‘Abd al-Malik b. Salih, the governor of Syria under the caliph Muhammad al-Amin.
Le Strange, Guy. Notes on some inedited coins from a collection made in Persia during the years 1877-1879. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society, vol. 12, pp. 1542-1547, 1880. Photocopy.
Descriptions of three coppers of Sanabares, a Bactrian king, an Aghlabid denar, 'Alid from Amul, Samanid from Nishapur, Buwayhid of Muhammediyah.
Leuthold, Enrico, Jr. Di un Dirhem coniato nel 120 A. H. (A.D. 737-738) a Balkh. Italia Numismatica, No. 4, 2 pages, 1967.
Description of a nice Umayyad dirham from Balkh, AH 120, from the reign of Caliph Hisham.
Leuthold, Enrico, Jr. Due rare Testimonianze della Prima Monetazione Musulmana a Cartagine. Rivista Italiana di Numismatica, Vol. XV, pp. 93-99, 1967
An analysis of Arab-Byzantine coins from Carthage, including two previously unpublished specimens. These appear to be the first coins struck in Carthage after conquest by the Arabs in 698 CE. Includes deciphering of the Latin abbreviations on the coins.
Leuthold, Enrico, Jr. Monete Cufiche dell’I. R. Museo di Milano. Notizie dal Chiostro del Monastero Maggiore, Fasc. I-II, pp. 59-62, 1968.
Several Kufic coins from the Museum of Milan. An Umayyad dirham, AH 77, Umayyad dirham, al-Taymara 92, two Rum Seljuq dirhams of Qilij Arslan IV, Tulunid dinar of Misr, 278, an Ikhshidid dinar of Filastin, 354, a Fatimid dinar of al-Mansuriya, 349, and an unusual Mamluk dinar of Jaqmaq, probably of al-Qahira type.
Leuthold, Enrico, Jr. Un dinaro coniato nel primo anno del terzo regno di Mohammed ibn Qalaun (AH 709 = A.D. 1310). La Gazette Numismatique Suisse, Vol. 18, ppl 122-123, 1968.
The description of a nice dinar from the first year of the third reign of the Mamluk Muhammad ibn Qalaun. Struck in al-Qahira, AH 709.
Leuthold, Enrico, Jr. Di un Dinaro coniato alla Mecca da al-‘Aziz ‘Othman. Italia Numismatica No. 3, pp. 3-4, 1969.
The description of a previously-unknown Ayyubid Dinar from the reign of al-‘Aziz ‘Uthman struck in Mecca, AH 594. A remarkable coin of the Fatimid bull’s eye type.
Leuthold, Enrico, Jr. Di un dinaro coniato ad Alessandria dal Sultano Hajji II nel 783 h. = 1381 d.C. Bolletino Numismatico, Vol. VII(3), pp. 9-10, 1970.
A rare Dinar from the first reign of the Mamluk sultan Hajji II from Iskandariya, dated AH 783. Includes historical notes of the struggle between Barquq and Hajji II for the position of Sultan.
Leuthold, Enrico, Jr. Tre Monete dei Fatimidi. Italia Numismatica, No. 3, pp. 3-5, 1971.
Three previously undescribed Fatimid coins: a half dirham from the Barqah (Barce) mint dated AH 348, a Dinar from Dimashq, AH 383, and a half Dinar struck in Palestine, AH 454. Barqah was not know as an important Fatimid mint at the time of this publication.
Leuthold, Enrico, Jr. Monete con Leggende in Arabo - Islamiche e Dei Crociati - in un Ripostiglio del XIII Secolo. Rivista Italiana di Numismatica, Vol. XIX, pp. 175-184, 1971.
A 13th Century hoard of 114 Islamic and Crusader coins with Arabic legends. Includes Ayyubid coinage of al-Zahir Ghazi, al-Nasir Yusuf, Salah al-Din, al-‘Aziz ‘Uthman, al-‘Adil Sayf al-Din, al-Salih Ayyub, and al-Mu’azzam Turunshah; Rum Seljuq coinage of Qutb al-Din Malikshah II; Artuqid of Mardin coinage of Nasir al-Din and Nijm al-Din Ghazi I, Crusader imitations of Ayyubid coinage, and an Ilkhan coin from Tabriz. Nice photographs of several of the coins.
Leuthold, Enrico, Jr. Di alcune Monete Fatimidi inedite. Notizie dal Chiostro del Monnastero Maggiore, Fasc. XI-XIV, pp. 2-8, 1971-1974.
The description of 35 unpublished Fatimid gold coins from the reigns of al-Mu’izz, al-Hakin, al-Zahir, and al-Mustansir. Most are Dinars, with a few fractions.
Leuthold, Enrico, Jr. Di un Dirham Coniato all Mecca nel 201 H. (816 d.C.) da Muhammad al-Dibaj Gazette Numismatique Suisse, Vol. 25, pp. 42-43, 1975.
A very rare Abbasid dirham from the reign of al-Ma’mun struck in Mecca in AH 201, with the name of the governor Muhammad (al-Dibaj) below the obverse and Dhu’l-Riyasatayn on the reverse.
Leuthold, Enrico, Jr. La Monetazione Argentea dei Sultani Aynal ed Ahmad. Rivista Italiana di Numismatica, Vol. LXXXIV, pp. 139-159, 1983.
A nice catalogue of the silver dirhams of the Mamluk sultans Aynal and Ahmad. There are nice line drawings of most types. The Arabic legends are not written out separately, but they are clear from the drawings. A nice addition to Balog.
Leuthold, Enrico Jr. 1056 Dirham Umaiyadi ed Abbasidi. 24 Pages + VII Plates. Published by the Author, Milan, 1988.
The description of a group of 1056 Umayyad and Abbasid dirhams with dates ranging from AH 87 - 212 and representing 40 mints. The paper consists mostly of a list of mints, dates and weights, with occasional notes about the coins. No legends are written out. Ninety-two of the coins are photographed on high-quality plates.
Leuthold, Enrico, Jr. The Silver Coinage of the Mamluk Sultan Khushqadam. Yarmouk Numismatics, Volume 1(1), pp. 7-10, 1989.
A short addition to Balog’s corpus on Mamluk coins. He has reconstructed the complete legends based on looking at many examples of each type. Each coin is photographed.
Leuthold, Enrico, Jr. La Riforma Monetaria di al-Salih Ayyub. 8 Pages. Published by the Author, Milan, 1990.
A metrological history of early Ayyubid coinage demonstrating increasing variability of the weight of the gold dinar up until AH 638, the second year of the reign of al-Salih Ayyub. After AH 638, there appears to be a much more constant weight of the gold coinage at around 4.25 grams for the dinar.
Leuthold, Enrico Jr. Inizio e Splendore della Dinastia Buwayhide: 50 Anni di Storia del IV. Sec. J./ X. Sec. D.C. Illustrati da 100 Dirham Inediti o Rari. 26 Pages. Published by the Author, Milan, 1990.
Photos and descriptions of 100 rare and/or unpublished dirhams (mostly) and dinars from the first 50 years of Buwayhid coinage. The coins are from 29 different mints. The photographs are nicely done. The legends are not written out. Dr. Leuthold has sent me an addendum with a complete description of coin number 74, a dirham from ‘Uman, plus correcting the mint of coin number 45 (Tustar min al-Ahwaz) and no. 46 (Mah Surr-man-ra.
Leuthold, Enrico Jr. 124 Dirham dell’Epoca di Kayqubadh I, Salgiuqide de Anatolia. 11 Pages + IV Plates. Published by the Author, Milan, 1992.
A nice collection of 124 dirhams from the time of the Rum Seljuq Kayqubad I. The coins are mostly from the Konya and Sivas mints. The author writes out some of the legends and illustrates variations in ornamentation and style of legend. Approximately 90 of the coins are photographed.
Leuthold, Enrico Jr. Dirham dei Califfi Abbasidi e dei Dinasti Hamdanidi - Buwayhidi - Samanidi. 21 Pages + XI Plates. Published by the Author, Milan, 1995.
A description of 706 dirhams from 34 mints. The groupe includes Abbasid, Hamdanid, Buwayhid, Samanid, Ikhshidid, Saffarid, Wajihid, Saluqid and Ghaznavid coins. Legends are not written out. The descriptions give the mint, date, weight, and name(s) found on the coins. Almost 250 coins are photographed on good plates.
Leuthold, Enrico Jr. La monetazione argentea del Sultano Aynal. Societa Numismatica Italiana, Comunicazione N. 35, pp. 28-29, November, 2000.
A short note about one type of silver dirham of the Mamluk sultan Aynal.
Leuthold, Enrico Jr. Un Dinaro Coniato a Tarabulus (Tripoli di Libia) nel 416 H./ 1025 A.D. durante la “assenza” dell’ Imam al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah. Published by the Author, Milan, 2002.
The Fatimid Caliph al-Hakim was deposed in AH 411, after which al-Zahir assumed the title. Al-Hakim continued a rule in the north, with gold dinars being issued in AH 412-414 in al-Mahdiya and al-Mansuriya, and in Tarablus in AH 415. The paper provides references for these coins from various catalogues, both museum and sale. This paper describes a dinar from Tarablus dated AH 416, the latest for which coins of al-Hakim are now known. Interesting article, nice color photos of the coin.
Leuthold, Enrico, Jr. Un Dinaro del 486 H./ 1093 A.D. di Arslan-Arghu, Re Saljuqide, con il Versetto del Kursi. Published by the Author, Milan, 2004.
A gold Dinar of the Great Seljup Arslan Arghu, brother of Malik Shah struck in Balkh, AH 486. The reverse field has Quranic verse II 255. The paper has an excellent summary of the history of Arslan Arghu’s reign. The coin lacks the name of a sultan, indicating the independence of Arslan Arghu in Balkh.
Leuthold, Enrico, Jr. Miliaresie Bizantine e Dirham Arabi. Published by the Author, Milan, 2005.
Characteristics of the Miliaresion of the Byzantine emperors Leo III with Constantine V and Leo IV with Constantine VI. A wonderful Miliaresion of Leo III overstruck on an Umayyad dirham, Wasit 93. Metrology of the miliaresion of Leo III and Leo IV in relation to contemporary dirhams. Historical notes about Leo III. Metrological characteristics of the miliaresion of Basil I in relation to contemporary dirhams.
Leuthold, Enrico, Jr. Richerchi sui Dirham Umayyadi. Published by the Author, Milan, 2008 (Hardbound)
Several research notes on various aspects of Umayyad coinage. Includes:
Excavations in the mint of Wasit (with Jungfleisch’s original notes of dirhams of Ifriqiya and al-Andalus minted in Wasit and exported), biographical sketches of Jungfleisch and de Morgan, description of unique dirham of Ifriqiya 105, dirhams of al-Andalus, 106 and 107, with metallurgical analysis of all three. Succession of al-Andalus governors, and coinage of al-Andalus in Wasit after 107.
Reforms of the Caliph Hisham, with translation of al-Maqrizi, ratio of gold and silver, work of Oresme, centralization of the mint of Wasit, and “Khalidiya” dirhams.
Twelve Fiscal Districts in Iraq, with mints and years of Umayyad coins from each.
A dirham of al-Qandal 96 attributed to Gandava.
Umayyad Dirhams of Khurasan
Dirhams of al-Jisr.
Leuthold, Enrico, Jr. Mubaraka: Altre ricerche sui Dirham Umayyadi. Published by the Author, Milan, 2010 (Hardbound).
Three Umayyad dirhams with the mint name al-Mubaraka dated AH 109, 117 and 119. The author argues that al-Mubaraka is one of five different names for Balkh used between AH 105 and 120. He correlates use of the mint name al-Mubaraka with events involving Khalid al-Qasri al-Mubarak, governor of Iraq and the East.
Levy, Abraham H. The Making of Coin Dies. Studies in Memory of Paul Balog. Israel Numismatic Journal, Volume 10, pp. 137-141, 1988-1989.
A brief discussion of the manufacture of coin dies for ancient and medieval coins, particularly using the lost-wax casting method.
Lhotka, John F. Medieval Feudal French Coinage. Reprinted from The Numismatist, American Numismatic Association, Olympic Press, Salina, Kansas, 1966.
A brief guide to the identification of Feudal French coins. It includes an alphabetical listing of legends, as well as maps, monograms, medieval place names found on coins, and a brief historical introduction.
Lhotka, John F. Introduction to Medieval Bractates. Sanford J. Durst, New York, 1989. Originally printed in The Numismatist, 1958, with new material in this edition.
Guide to identification of bracteates by subject matter and legends. Germany, Austria, Bohemia and Switzerland.
Lhotka, John F., and P. K. Anderson. Survey of Medieval Iberian Coinages. Reprinted from the Numismatist, Olympic Press, Salina Kansas, 1963.
Medieval Portugal and Spain, including Castile and Leon, Aragon, Navarre, and feudal Spain.
Lichnowsky, Robert v. and Eduard Edlen v. Mayer. Des fuerstlichen Hochstiftes Olmuetz Muenzen und Medaillen nach der zu Kremsier befindlichen Sammlung. Published by the Authors, Vienna, 1873. Facsimile reprint by Akademischen Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz, Austria, 1963.
A catalogue of a collection of coins and medals of the Bishopric of Olmuetz, Moravia, from the reign of Stanislaus Pawlowsiy (1579-1598) to that of Friedrich Landgraf von Ruerstenberg (1853). There is a historical section on the granting of minting privileges to Olmuetz and detailed written descriptions of all coins. There are no plates or illustrations and no index.
Liddle, Andrew. Conage of Akbar: The Connoisseur’s Choice. Kapoori Devi Charitable Trust, Gurgaon (India), 2005.
(My review of the book for Islamic Coins Group)
This is not a comprehensive catalogue of mint/date combinations, but looks like it will be an invaluable aid in identifying the myriad types of Akbar in all three metals. The book contains the following:
Military Campaigns and Conquests (1 Page)
Akbar as Administrator (1 Page)
Religious Policy (1 Page)
Akbar as Patron of Art and Architecture (1 Page)
Coins of Akbar - A list of all mints known on gold, silver and copper, respectively, followed by an alphabetical list of all mints with an approximate location and other pertinent information.
Symbols and Ornaments on Akbar's Coins - Line drawings of 67 symbols found on Akbar's coins along with a list of mints and metals on which the symbols are found. (A very important contribution!) There are notes about the origin and meaning of some of the symbols.
The bulk of the work is a description of different types in all three metals. There is a good written description of each type along with a list of the mints that produced the type and the range of known dates. There are 42 Gold types, 77 Silver types, and 67 Copper types. There are also notations about errors, two pages of Controversies, and three pages on additional notes on eight new mints.
Then there is a map showing all of Akbar's mint towns, a bibliography and several appendices.
Appendix 1 - Hijri and CE date conversions and Persian word dates
Appendix 2 - Ilahi and Hijri date conversions and Ilahi months written in Persian
Appendix 3 - Mints of Akbar written in Arabic script
Appendix 4 - Mint epithets written in Arabic with a transliteration and translation and mints that used the epithet.
Appendix 5 - Phrases and pious wishes on Akbar's coins. Written in Arabic, transliterated and translated.
Appendix 6 - Couplets on Akbar's coins. Written in Arabic, transliterated and translated.
Finally, the color plates with color photographs of each type, some types showing multiple mints. The photos of gold and silver coins are mostly readable, those of copper coins are often too dark to make out everything. However, the photos are more useful when used in conjunction with the written descriptions of the types and with available museum catalogues.
Lin Gwo-Ming. Dates and Types of the Sinkiang 5-Mace Silver Coins. Numismatic World Bimonthly No. 33, Taiwan, 1982. Photocopy in Chinese.
Early work on Sinkiang silver, greatly expanded in his book.
Lin Gwo-Ming, Ma Tak-Wo and Chen Gi-Mao. Illustrated Catalogue of Sinkiang Gold and Silver Coins. Taiwan, 1990.
Fantastic well-illustrated catalogue of the many subvarieties of silver and gold coins from Sinkiang/Xinjiang at the end of the Ch’ing dynasty and the very early years of the Republic. It is especially strong in the varieties of silver ½ miscal coins from the various mints, including the coins of Yakub Beg. There are enough English descriptions to make the book useful, although most of the descriptions of subvarieties are written only in Chinese. Apparently this is the only serious treatment of the many varieties of these coins.
Lin Gwo-Ming. Illustrated Catalogue of Chinese Gold & Silver Coins. Taisei Stamps & Coins Ltd., Hong Kong, 1992.
High-quality catalogue of milled gold and silver coins from China, including Mongolia, Tibet and Xinjiang (Sinkiang). It does not go into the detail as the Xinjiang catalogue does, but has major types from all mints. The photos are very good.
Linder-Welin, Ulla S. Ein grosser Fund arabischer Muenzen aus Stora Velinge, Gotland. Nordisk Numismatisk Arsskrift, pp. 74-120, 1941. Photocopy.
Description of a hoard of Islamic coins found in Sweden. Few coin descriptions, mostly list of dates and mints by dynasty. Ummayid, Abbasid, Idrisid, 'Alid of Tabaristan, Tahirid, Saffarid, Banijurid, Samanid.
Linder-Welin, Ulla S. Sayf ad-Dawlah’s Reign in Syria and Diyarbekr in the Light of the Numismatic Evidence. In: Commentationes de Nummis Saeculorum IX-XI in Suecia Repertis, Part 1, pp. 21-102, 1962. Photocopy.
A numismatic history of the Hamdanid dynasty through an analyis of Hamdanid, Ikhshidid and Abbasid coins dated AH 331-358. Coin legends are written out in Arabic and translated. Plates are decent, even in photocopy.
Linder-Welin, Ulla S. The First Arrival of Oriental Coins in Scandinavia and the Inception of the Viking Age in Sweden. Fornvaennen Volume 69, pp. 22-29, 1974.
Although the largest hoards of Islamic coins found in Sweden are Abbasid and Samanid coins found in Gotland, the author points out that Sasanian and Umayyad coins have been found in 30 distinct locales, none in Gotland. She postulates that the Viking Age in Sweden (and Scandinavia in general) may have begun ca. 700 CE rather than the 800 CE date that is normally cited.
Livshits, V. I. Den’gi Rossii/ Russian Money. Interbuk-biznes, Moscow, 2000.
A wonderful coffee-table-type book on the history of Russian coinage and banknotes. It concentrates mostly on the last two centuries, with great emphasis on Soviet coinage, but enlarged photos of early coinage are wonderful. It has Olbian, Roman, Sasanian, early Islamic coinage and then covers Kiev, the different Russian Principalities and later wire coinage before getting into the milled coinage of the Czars. There are nice illustrations of old cities, historical personages, etc. The text is straightforward and relatively easy to read.
Livshits, V. A., K. V. Kaufman and I M. Dyakonov. O Drevnei Sogdiiskoi Pis’mennosti Bukhary/ On Ancient Sogdian Writing in Bukhara. Vestnik Drevnei Istorii 1954(1), pp. 150-163, 1954.
A description of different forms of letters of the Aramaic alphabet found on Sogdian coins and other texts, including a table of the different letter forms from all sources. Could eventually be useful in reading, translating and further attributing Sogdian coins.
Ljubic, Sime. Opis Jugoslavenskih Novaca. University of Zagreb, 1875. Photocopy beautifully bound by Marshall Tito’s bookbinder. In Serbo-Croatian.
The classic reference on medieval coinage of Bulgaria, Serbia and Bosnia. Although replaced by subsequent works, it still contains valuable descriptions of coins and line drawings that often show more detail than photos found in more recent books. Definitely useful.
Lobel, Richard, Mark Davidson, Allan Hailstone, and Eleni Calligas. Coincraft’s 1998 Standard Catalogue of English and UK Coins, 1066 to Date. Coincraft, London, 1998.
A new (third edition) standard catalogue of British coinage from the conquest onwards. Many find better than Seaby.
Loehr, August. Oesterreichische Geldgeschichte. Veroeffentlichungen des Instituts fuer Oesterreichische
Geschichtsforschung, Band 4. Universum Verlags Ges.m.b.H. Wien, 1946.
A short history of coinage in Austria from Celtic times until the 20th century. Several plates of photographs show selected coins through Austrian history. The history explains much about the economic times during which the coins were struck and the historical importance of the localities that struck coins.
Loginov, S D. and A. B. Nikitin. Monogrammy Monetnogo Dvora Merva/ Monograms of the Marw Mint. Epigrafika Vostoka, Volume XXIV, pp. 37-43, 1988.
Focuses on coins of Varahran V (Sasanian). Nearly half of his coins are from Marw, many of which are imitated. There was a 70-year interruption of striking coins in Marw because of defeats by the Hephthalites. Coins of Peroz, Valash and Zamasp attributed to Marw are really MY, misread by Mordtmann.
Loginov, S. D. and A. B. Nikitin. Sasanidskie bronzovie Monety Merva/Sassanian Bronze Coins of Merv. Vostochnoe Istoricheskoe Istochnikovedenie i Spetsial’nie Istoricheskie Distsipliny Vol. 5, Moscow, pp. 217-229, 1997.
Copper coins struck in or circulating in Merv (Merw, Marw) during Sasanian times. Some line drawings. English summary.
Lowick, N. M. Some Unpublished Dinars of the Sulayhids and Zuray’ids. Numismatic Chronicle, 7th Series, Vol. IV, 1964. Reprinted 1990 in Lowick, Coinage and History of the Islamic World, pp. III: 261-270.
Historical overview of the Sulayhid and later dynasties in Yemen and a description of several gold coins found in Aden. There is a good explanation of the titles used on the coins. The coins are fully described with their legends written out in Arabic.
Lowick, N. M. Some Countermarked Coins of the Shaybanids and Early Moghuls. Journal of the Numismatic Society of India, Vol. XXVI, Part II, 1965. Reprint 1990 in Lowick, Coinage and History of the Islamic World, pp. XII: 157-169.
The countermarks are Mughal, with both Mughal and (mostly) Shaybanid hosts. The Mughal countermarks are in the name of Babur, Kamran, and Akbar, and some have the formula Adl Kabul.
Lowick, N. M. Coins of Sulaiman Mirza of Badakhshan. Numismatic Chronicle, 7th Series, Volume V, 1965. Reprint 1990 in Lowick, Coinage and History of the Islamic World, pp. XIII: 221-229.
Sulayman Mirza was a descendent of Timur and nominal vassal of the Moghuls during the reigns of Humayun and Akbar. Some of the gold coins had been mistakenly attributed to the Ottoman Sulayman I by Lane-Poole
Lowick, N. M. Shaybanid Silver Coins. Numismatic Chronicle, Seventh Series, Volume VI, pp. 251-330, 1966. Reprint 1990 in Lowick, Coinage and History of the Islamic World, pp. XI: 251-330.
A detailed discussion of the history and coinage of the 16th century Shaybanid dynasty of Kazakhstan. Includes full legends of all coins and an extensive history. Not as much detail as Davidovich, but much more useful for those who don't read Russian.
Lowick, N. M. A Gold Coin of Rasultegin, Seljuk Ruler in Fars. Numismatic Chronicle, 7th Series, Vol. VIII, 1968. Reprinted 1990 in Lowick, Coinage and History of the Islamic World, pp. V: 225-230.
The desription of a unique dinar struck by Rasultegin, a Seljuq prince in Fars. The dinar was struck in Istakhr in AH 455.
Lowick, N. M. Seljuq Coins. Numismatic Chronicle, Seventh Series, Vol. X, pp. 241-251, 1970. Reprinted 1990 in Lowick, Coinage and History of the Islamic World, pp. VI: 241-251.
A description of 21 coins of the Great Seljuqs, Seljuqs of Iraq, and Seljuqs of Kirman. Full Arabic legends are given, as well as historical notes.
Lowick, N. M. A Hoard of Seljuq Dirhams. Spink’s Numismatic Circular, June 1970. Reprinted 1990 in Lowick, Coinage and History of the Islamic World, pp. VII: 1-6.
A description of a hoard of Rum Seljuq dirhams. They span a 26-year period, reigns of Kaykhusraw II through Qilij Arslan IV, mostly Sivas and Konya mints. There is a very useful table of diwani numerals, the abbreviated way of writing numbers (in words) found on many Rum Seljuq coins.
Lowick, N. M. Feudalism in Syria: An Ayyubid Silver Hoard. Spink’s Numismatic Circular, October, 1971. Reprint 1990 in Lowick, Coinage and History of the Islamic World, pp. X: 1-6.
A historical interpretation of the names found together on Ayyubid dirhams. There are no coin descriptions per se.
Lowick, N. M. More on Sulaiman Mirza and his Contemporaries. Numismatic Chronicle, 7th Series, Vol. XII, 1972. Reprint 1990 in Lowick, Coinage and History of the Islamic World, pp. XIV: 283-287.
The description of a series of small gold coins struck in Badakhshan by the Mughal Humayun,Sulayman Mirza, Muhammad Shah Rukh, and finally the Shaybanid ‘Abdallah II bin Iskandar. The latter 1/4 mithqals, Album 2994. The author uses the series of coins to illustrate the shifting political allegiances of Badakhshan during the time, culminating in its conquest by Abdallah.
Lowick, N. M. The Horseman Type of Bengal and the Question of Commemorative Issues. J. Numis. Soc. India, Vol. XXXV, 1973. Reprint 1990 in Lowick, Coinage and History of the Islamic World, pp. XVII: 196-208.
A discussion of early gold and silver coins with a galloping horseman from the Dehli Sultanate. Some of the coins are dated 19 Ramadan AH 601, and it is concluded by the author that the issue is a commemorative issued on the anniversary of the conquest of Ghor by Muhammad bin Sam. There is a subsequent discussion of other possible commemorative issues.
Lowick, N. M.